Sydney A. Jones, Quefeng Li, Allison E. Aiello, Angela M. O'Rand, Kelly R. Evenson (United States) - Research Article
884. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Retirement: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
An interesting read on retirements levels and physical activity.
Gordon et al 2018 (Australia) - Research Article
879. Association of Efficacy of Resistance Exercise Training With Depressive Symptoms: Meta-analysis and Meta-regression Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials
In this meta-analysis of 33 randomised controlled trials involving 1877 participants,
Gordon and colleagues aimed to determine the effect of resistance training on depressive symptoms across a diverse range of populations.
Chapman R, Keall M, Howden-Champan P, Grams M, Witten K, Randal E and Woodward A. (New Zealand) - Research Article
878. A Cost Benefit Analysis of an Active Travel Intervention with Health and Carbon Emission Reduction Benefits
The ACTIVE before-and-after quasi-experimental study (2010-2013) estimated the net benefits of health and other outcomes from New Zealand’s Model Communities Programme (MCP) using an empirical analysis comparing two intervention cities with two control cities.
Chesham, R. A., Booth, J. N., Sweeney, E. L., Ryde, G. C., Gorely, T., Brooks, N.E.,?and Moran, C. N. (United Kingdom) - Case Study
875. The Daily Mile makes primary school children more active, less sedentary and improves their fitness and body composition: a quasi-experimental pilot study
Does engaging in ‘The Daily Mile' (promoted by Scottish Government) make primary school children more active, less sedentary and improve their fitness and body composition?
Dumuid, D, Pedisic, Z, Stanford, T. E, Martín-Fernández J. A., Hron K., Maher C., Olds, T. (Australia) - Research Article
877. The Compositional Isotemporal Substitution Model: A method for estimating changes in a health outcome for reallocation of time between sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity.
This paper by Dumuid and colleagues  describes a new statistical technique relevant to the analysis of physical activity data.
Charlie Foster, Paul Kelly, Hamish A B Reid, Nia Roberts, Elaine M Murtagh, David K Humphreys, Jenna Panter, Karen Milton (United Kingdom) - Research Article
874. What works to promote walking at the population level? A systematic review
The authors of this study systematically reviewed the effectiveness of population approaches to promote walking among individuals and groups.
Rebecca Bentley, Tony Blakely, Anne Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Tania King, Paul McElwee, Billie Giles-Corti, and Gavin Turrell (Australia) - Case Study
871. A Longitudinal Study Examining Changes in Street Connectivity, Land Use, and Density of Dwellings and Walking for Transport in Brisbane, Australia
Societies face the challenge of keeping people active as they age. Walkable neighborhoods have been associated with physical activity, but more rigorous analytical approaches are needed.
Eime, R., Harvey, J and Charity, M. (Australia) - Research Article
880. Girls transition from participation in a modified sport program to club sport competition – a study of longitudinal patterns and correlates
Interesting results from this study. The suggested age to start our children in sport if we want them to continue to club competition level may surprise you.
Laura Wilde (United Kingdom) - Research Article
7. ISPAH Early Career Network
This systematic review protocol outlines the methods for synthesising the qualitative literature on the barriers and facilitators of using apps and wearables for monitoring physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour in adults.
Champion, R.B., Smith, L.R., Smith, J., Hirlav, B., Maylor, B.D., White, S.L. and Bailey, D.P. (United Kingdom) - Research Article
870. Reducing prolonged sedentary time using a treadmill desk acutely improves cardiometabolic risk markers in male and female adults
In developed countries and the rapidly urbanizing populations of developing countries, too much sitting as distinct from too little exercise has become the default behavioural option. Reducing prolonged periods of sitting has therefore emerged as a new focus for reducing the risk of cardiometabolic diseases.
Harris, T., Kerry, S.M., Limb, E.S., Furness, C., Wahlich, C., Victor, C. R., Iliffe, S., Whincup, P.H., Ussher, M., Eklund, U., Fox-Rushby, J., Ibison, J., DeWilde, S., McKay, C. and Cook, D.G. (United Kingdom) - Research Article
869. Physical activity levels in adults and older adults 3–4 years after pedometer-based walking interventions: Long-term follow-up of participants from two randomised controlled trials in UK primary care
Physical inactivity is an important cause of noncommunicable diseases. Interventions can increase short-term physical activity, but few interventions have evaluated physical activity objectively beyond 12 months. We followed up two pedometer interventions with positive 12-month effects to examine objective physical activity levels at 3–4 years.
Stamatakis E, Kelly P, StrainT, Murtagh E.M, Ding D and Murphy M.H. (United Kingdom) - Research Article
879. Self-rated walking pace and all-cause, cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality: individual participant pooled analysis of 50 225 walkers from 11 population British cohorts
This study examined the associations between walking pace, all-cause and cause specific mortality, as well as potential modifying variables, such as physical activity volume.
Barbara J Jefferis, Tessa J Parsons, Claudio Sartini, Sarah Ash, Lucy T Lennon, Olia Papacosta, Richard W Morris, S. Goya Wannamethee, I -Min Lee, Peter H Whincup (United Kingdom) - Research Article
864. Objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behaviour and all-cause mortality in older men: does volume of activity matter more than pattern of accumulation?
Understand how device-measured sedentary behaviour and physical activity are related to all-cause mortality in older men, an age group with high levels of inactivity and sedentary behaviour.
Rissel, C, Crane, M, Standen, C, Wen, L, Ellison, R, Greaves, S. (Australia) - Research Article
874. Public support for bicycling and transport policies in inner Sydney, Australia: a cross sectional survey
This paper describes the degree of community support and factors associated with this support, for a number of potential transport policy options among an inner-city sample of residents in Sydney, Australia.
Ina Becker, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlick, Robert Rupp, Jens Bucksch (Germany) - Research Article
859. Workplace Interventions to Reduce Sedentary Behavior: A Systematic Review
This systematic review investigates the extent to which interventions aid in the reduction of sedentary behaviour among office workers, and explores a range of variables which moderate intervention effects.
Alpa V. Patel, PhD, Janet S. Hildebrand, MPH, Corinne R. Leach, PhD, Peter T. Campbell, PhD, Colleen Doyle, MS, Kerem Shuval, PhD, Ying Wang, PhD, Susan M. Gapstur, PhD. (Australia) - Research Article
857. Walking in Relation to Mortality in a Large Prospective Cohort of Older U.S. Adults
Walking in relation to mortality in a large US prospective cohort of older adults.
Ms Jane Ahn (United Kingdom) - Research Article
ISPAH Early Career Network
This paper examines the relationship between objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity, and mental health in children from the UK Millennium Cohort Study.
Emmanuel Stamatakis, I-Min Lee, Jason Bennie, Jonathan Freeston, Mark Hamer, Gary O'Donovan, Ding Ding, Adrian Bauman, Yorgi Mavros (Australia) - Research Article
854. Does strength promoting exercise confer unique health benefits? A pooled analysis of eleven population cohorts with all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality endpoints
Learn about the specific benefits of strength training in this new international study of combined health survey data.
Pedišic Ž, Dumuid D, Olds T (Australia) - Research Article
851. Integrating sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity research in the emerging field of time-use epidemiology: definitions, concepts, statistical methods, theoretical framework, and future directions
Discover how different behaviours can be integrated in this new model featuring definitions, concepts, statistical methods, theoretical framework, and future directions.
Butte, Nancy F.; Watson, Kathleen B.; Ridley, Kate; Zakeri, Issa F.; McMurray, Robert G.; Pfeiffer, Karin A.; Crouter, Scott E.; Herrmann, Stephen D.; Bassett, David R.; Long, Alexander; Berhane, Zekarias; Trost, Stewart G.; Ainsworth, Barbara E.; Berrigan, David; Fulton, Janet E. (United States) - Research Article
852. A Youth Compendium of Physical Activities: Activity Codes and Metabolic Intensities
Take a look at the new compendium for young people containing 196 different physical activities!
Peter Edwards, National Heart Foundation of Australia (United Kingdom) - Research Article
855. Does strength promoting exercise confer unique health benefits? A pooled analysis of eleven population cohorts with all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality endpoints.
Does strength promoting exercise confer unique health benefits? A pooled analysis of eleven population cohorts with all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality endpoints.
Stuart J.H. Biddle, Enrique García Bengoechea and Glen Wiesner (Australia) - Research Article
844. Sedentary behaviour and adiposity in youth: a systematic review of reviews and analysis of causality
Learn about the latest evidence on the links between childhood sedentary behaviour and obesity in this new review of reviews.
 Althoff T, Hicks JL, King AC, Delp SL, Leskovec J  Evenson KR, Wen F, Furberg RD (Australia) - Research Article
842. Big data opportunities from new technologies – iPhone and Fitbit
Discover the opportunities new technologies offer through wearable devices and smart phones with these two articles on iPhones and Fitbits for physical activity measurement.
Jancey, J., Holt, Anne-Marie., Lee, Andy., Kerr, Deborah., Robinson, Suzanne., Tang, Li., Anderson, A.S., Hills, Andrew., and Howat, Peter (Australia) - Research Article
841. Effects of a physical activity and nutrition program in retirement villages: a cluster randomised controlled trial
Learn about the effects of an intervention for older people in residential settings.
Pavey, Toby G., Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L. , Uijtdewilligen, Leonie and Brown, Wendy J. (Australia) - Research Article
840. Which Women are Highly Active Over a 12-Year Period? A Prospective Analysis of Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health
Find out about factors associated with being active in a new data analysis of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.
Reddon, Hudson; Meyre, David; Cairney, John (Canada) - Research Article
838. Physical Activity and Global Self-worth in a Longitudinal Study of Children
Find out about the relationships between youth physical activity and future positive mental health in this large study from Canada.
Füzéki E, Engeroff T, Banzer W (Germany) - Research Article
834. Health Benefits of Light-Intensity Physical Activity: A Systematic Review of Accelerometer Data of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)
Learn about the specific benefits of light intensity physical activity in new data from the U.S.
Mann KD, Howe LD, Basterfield L, Parkinson KN, Pearce MS, Reilly JK, Adamson AJ, Reilly JJ, Janssen X (United Kingdom) - Research Article
829. Longitudinal study of the associations between change in sedentary behavior and change in adiposity during childhood and adolescence: Gateshead Millennium study
Discover the latest effects on weight of the age when sedentary behaviour and physical activity levels change in children in this new study from the UK.
Carlos A Celis-Morales, Donald M Lyall, Paul Welsh, Jana Anderson, Lewis Steell, Yibing Guo, Reno Maldonado, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell, Naveed Sattar, Jason M R Gill (United Kingdom) - Research Article
828. Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study
Find out about the long term links between walking and cycling and the risk of heart disease in new research from the UK Biobank Study.
Jenna Panter, David Ogilvie on behalf of the iConnect consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article
821. Can environmental improvement change the population distribution of walking
Discover how different types of walking are affected by changes in active transport provision in this new study from the UK.
Gary O’Donovan, I-Min Lee, Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis (United Kingdom) - Research Article
819. Association of “Weekend Warrior” and Other Leisure Time Physical Activity Patterns With Risks for All-Cause, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer Mortality
Discover how the timing of physical activity participation affects the risk of developing chronic disease.
Morseth B, Jacobsen BK, Emaus N, Wilsgaard T, Jørgensen L (Norway) - Research Article
814. Secular trends and correlates of physical activity: The Tromsø Study 1979-2008
Explore long term leisure time and work related physical activity trends in Norway.
Monica L. Wendel, Mark E. Benden, Hongwei Zhao, and Christina Jeffrey (United States) - Research Article
813. Stand-Biased Versus Seated Classrooms and Childhood Obesity: A Randomized Experiment in Texas
Discover the effects of standing desks in classrooms on body mass index in this new multi-school trial.
Shiroma, Eric J; Cook, Nancy R; Manson, JoAnn E; Moorthy, MV; Buring, Julie E; Rimm, Eric B; Lee, I-Min (United States) - Research Article
807. Strength Training and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease
See how women's participation in strength training affected their risk of developing diabetes.
M.J. Hamlin, E. Yule, C.A. Elliot, L. Stoner, Y. Kathiravel (New Zealand) - Research Article
800. Long-term effectiveness of the New Zealand Green Prescription primary health care exercise initiative
Learn about the impact on physical activity levels and sedentary behaviour of this long running initiative.
Stella S. Yi, Jeannette M. Beasley, Simona C. Kwon, Keng-Yen Huang, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Judith Wylie-Rosett (United States) - Research Article
796. Acculturation and activity behaviors in Chinese American immigrants in New York City
Learn about how social and cultural factors influence physical activity patterns of Chinese immigrants.
Deborah Cohen, Bing Han, Kathryn P. Derose, Stephanie Williamson, Aaron Paley, Christina Batteate (United States) - Research Article
795. CicLavia: Evaluation of participation, physical activity and cost of an open streets event in Los Angeles
Read about the impact of an mass cycling event in the U.S.
Justin B Moore, Jason Brinkley, Sara F Morris, Theresa M Oniffrey, Mary Bea Kolbe (United States) - Research Article
793. Effectiveness of Community-Based Minigrants to Increase Physical Activity and Decrease Sedentary Time in Youth
Discover the effectiveness of targeted grant funding for the implementation of multilevel community interventions for young people.
Andrea K. Chomistek, Beate Henschel, A. Heather Eliassen, Kenneth J. Mukamal and Eric B. Rimm (United States) - Research Article
792. Frequency, Type, and Volume of Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Young Women
Learn about what sort of physical activity is beneficial in preventing this type of heart disease in new results from the Nurses' Health Study in the US.
Michael W. Beets, R. Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Jennifer Huberty, Dianne S. Ward, Russell R. Pate, Darcy Freedman, Brent Hutto, Justin B. Moore, Matteo Bottai, Jessica Chandler, Keith Brazendale, Aaron Beighle (United States) - Research Article
791. Physical activity outcomes in afterschool programs: A group randomized controlled trial
Find out the potential of, and challenges in, promoting physical activity within after-school program settings in results from a recent intervention in the U.S.
J L Hollis, R Sutherland, L Campbell, P J Morgan, D R Lubans, N Nathan, L Wolfenden, A D Okely, L Davies, A Williams, K E Cohen, C Oldmeadow, K Gillham and J Wiggers (Australia) - Research Article
789. Effects of a ‘school-based’ physical activity intervention on adiposity in adolescents from economically disadvantaged communities: secondary outcomes of the ‘Physical Activity 4 Everyone’ RCT
Discover how a physical activity program led to reductions in weight in children in a new study from Australia.
Hussain SM, Urquhart DM, Wang Y, Dunstan D, Shaw JE, Magliano DJ, Wluka AE, Cicuttini FM (Australia) - Research Article
784. Associations between television viewing and physical activity and low back pain in community-based adults: A cohort study
Find out whether television viewing or physical activity has a stronger association with lower back pain and whether the association has more of an impact on men or women.
Ellen Flint, Steven Cummins (United Kingdom) - Research Article
774. Active commuting and obesity in mid-life: cross-sectional, observational evidence from UK Biobank
Find out the relationship between active commuting and obesity in middle aged adults using objectively measured anthropometric data from UK Biobank.
Mélanie Henderson, Andrea Benedetti, Tracie A. Barnett, Marie-Eve Mathieu, Johnny Deladoëy, Katherine Gray-Donald (Canada) - Research Article
769. Influence of Adiposity, Physical Activity, Fitness, and Screen Time on Insulin Dynamics Over 2 Years in Children
Find out how physical activity and other healthy behaviours affect insulin sensitivity in children in this new study from Canada.
Angie L. Cradock, Jessica L. Barrett, Catherine M. Giles, Rebekka M. Lee, Erica L. Kenney, Madeleine E. deBlois, Julie C. Thayer, Steven L. Gortmaker (United States) - Research Article
770. Promoting Physical Activity With the Out of School Nutrition and Physical Activity (OSNAP) Initiative: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial
Take a look at the effects of an after school program in the U.S. on children's physical activity levels and sedentary behaviour.
Christina B Petersen, Adrian Bauman, Janne S Tolstrup (Denmark) - Research Article
767. Total sitting time and the risk of incident diabetes in Danish adults (the DANHES cohort) over 5 years: a prospective study
The impact on physical activity and obesity on the relationship between sedentary behaviour and diabetes is explored in this new large scale study.
Anne Loyen, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Adrian Bauman, Johannes Brug, Jeroen Lakerveld (Netherlands) - Research Article
761. European Sitting Championship: Prevalence and Correlates of Self-Reported Sitting Time in the 28 European Union Member States
Where in Europe do adults spend the most time sitting down? Find out in this comprehensive new study.
E. L. James, F. G. Stacey, K. Chapman, A. W. Boyes, T. Burrows, A. Girgis, G. Asprey, A. Bisquera and D. R. Lubans (Australia) - Research Article
760. Impact of a nutrition and physical activity intervention (ENRICH: Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) on health behaviors of cancer survivors and carers: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial
See how this intervention in New South Wales affected physical activity levels of cancer survivors.
White DK, Gabriel KP, Kim Y, Lewis CE, Sternfeld B (United States) - Research Article
758. Do Short Spurts of Physical Activity Benefit Cardiovascular Health? The CARDIA Study
Discover the benefits of short bouts of physical activity in new data from the U.S.
Meghan Winters, Kay Teschke, Michael Brauer and Daniel Fuller (United States) - Research Article
759. Bike Score®: Associations between urban bikeability and cycling behavior in 24 cities
Find out how community Bike Score is related to actual cycling transport.
Ding D, Rogers K, van der Ploeg H, Stamatakis E, Bauman AE (Australia) - Research Article
752. Traditional and Emerging Lifestyle Risk Behaviors and All-Cause Mortality in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: Evidence from a Large Population-Based Australian Cohort
Find out the joint effects of physical activity, diet, smoking, alcohol, sleep and sedentary behaviour on mortality rates in new Australian analyses.
Jason A. Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Jannique G. Z. van Uffelen, Joanne Gale, Lauren K. Banting, Ineke Vergeer, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Adrian E. Bauman and Stuart J. H. Biddle (Australia) - Research Article
The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behaviour among Australian adults – results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.
Find out how many adults meet national recommendations for strength training as well as physical activity and sedentary behaviour in new national data from Australia.
Jason A. Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Jannique G. Z. van Uffelen, Joanne Gale, Lauren K. Banting, Ineke Vergeer, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Adrian E. Bauman and Stuart J. H. Biddle (Australia) - Research Article
771. The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behaviour among Australian adults – results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.
Find out how many adults meet national recommendations for strength training as well as physical activity and sedentary behaviour in new national data from Australia.
Shibata, Ai; Oka, Koichiro; Sugiyama, Takemi; Salmon, Jo; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville (Australia) - Research Article
749. Physical Activity, Television Viewing Time and 12-Year Changes in Waist Circumference
Learn about how long term physical activity and TV viewing behaviour affects weight.
Sebastien F M Chastin, Christoph Buck, Ellen Freiberger, Marie Murphy, Johannes Brug, Greet Cardon, Grainne O’Donoghue, Iris Pigeot, Jean-Michel Oppert, on behalf of the DEDIPAC consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article
741. Systematic literature review of determinants of sedentary behaviour in older adults: a DEDIPAC study
Find out what determines older adults' sedentary behaviour in this new review.
Pulsford, R. M., Stamatakis, E., Britton, A. R., Brunner, E. J., Hillsdon, M (United Kingdom) - Research Article
743. Associations of sitting behaviours with all-cause mortality over a 16-year follow-up: the Whitehall II study
Discover the latest evidence around sedentary behaviour in this new British study.
Khan MK, Chu YL, Kirk SF, Veugelers PJ (Canada) - Research Article
739. Are sleep duration and sleep quality associated with diet quality, physical activity, and body weight status? A population-based study of Canadian children
Discover how sleep is related to physical activity and other lifestyle behaviours of children.
Vijay R. Varma, Erwin J. Tan, Alden L. Gross, Greg Harris, William Romani, Linda P. Fried, George W. Rebok, Michelle C. Carlson (United States) - Research Article
738. Effect of Community Volunteering on Physical Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial
See if volunteering led to increased walking among older adults in this new study from the U.S.
Kylie Ball, Alison Carver, Katherine Downing, Michelle Jackson, Kerryn O'Rourke (Australia) - Research Article
736. Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours
Learn how physical activity and sedentary behaviours can be improved among disadvantaged populations in this new review by Australian researchers.
Rachel Cole, Peter Dunn, Ian Hunter, Neville Owen, Takemi Sugiyama (Australia) - Research Article
730. Walk Score and Australian adults' home-based walking for transport
See how residential walk score relates to actual walking in this Australian study.
Srinivasan Beddhu, Guo Wei, Robin L. Marcus, Michel Chonchol, and Tom Greene (United States) - Research Article
728. Light-Intensity Physical Activities and Mortality in the United States General Population and CKD Subpopulation
Take a look at how physical activity is related to chronic kidney disease in new large scale study findings.
David Hupin, Frédéric Roche, Vincent Gremeaux, Jean-Claude Chatard, Mathieu Oriol, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, Pascal Edouard (France) - Research Article
723. Even a low-dose of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity reduces mortality by 22% in adults aged =60 years: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Take a look at how much physical activity older adults actually need to reduce mortality. The findings may surprise you.
Elliot Fishman, Lars Böcker, Marco Helbich (Netherlands) - Research Article
725. Adult Active Transport in the Netherlands: An Analysis of Its Contribution to Physical Activity Requirements
Find out how much of an effect active transport had on overall physical activity levels of Dutch adults.
Anthony Laverty, Raffaele Palladino, John Lee, Christopher Millett (United Kingdom) - Research Article
720. Associations between active travel and weight, blood pressure and diabetes in six middle income countries: a cross-sectional study in older adults
Read about the links between active travel and health outcomes in China, India, Mexico, Ghana, Russia and South Africa.
Lee Smith, Abigail Fisher, Mark Hamer (United Kingdom) - Research Article
715. Prospective association between objective measures of childhood motor coordination and sedentary behaviour in adolescence and adulthood
Examine the specific relationships between motor coordination in childhood and physical activity and sedentary behaviour across the lifespan.
Karen Milton, Joanne Gale, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Adrian Bauman (United Kingdom) - Research Article
714. Trends in prolonged sitting time among European adults: 27 country analysis
Compare trends sitting time across multiple European countries in new analyses of the Eurobarometer surveys.
John P Buckley, Alan Hedge, Thomas Yates, Robert J Copeland, Michael Loosemore, Mark Hamer, Gavin Bradley, David W Dunstan (United Kingdom) - Research Article
713. The sedentary office: a growing case for change towards better health and productivity. Expert statement commissioned by Public Health England and the Active Working Community Interest Company
Take a look at this new consensus statement which provides guidelines for employers to promote reductions in prolonged periods of sedentary work.
Kylie Ball, Alison Carver, Katherine Downing, Michelle Jackson, and Kerryn O'Rourke (Australia) - Research Article
709. Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours
Take a look at this new review about how social determinants relate to physical activity.
Kenji Tsunoda, Naruki Kitano, Yuko Kai, Ken Uchida, Tsutomu Kuchiki, Tomohiro Okura, Toshiya Nagamatsu (Japan) - Research Article
708. Prospective Study of Physical Activity and Sleep in Middle-Aged and Older Adults
Discover how physical activity can help improve sleep.
Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Ester Cerin, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Benedicte Deforche, Jenny Veitch (Belgium) - Research Article
704. Park proximity, quality and recreational physical activity among mid-older aged adults: moderating effects of individual factors and area of residence
Find out how aspects of parks influence physical activity in Australian middle to older aged adults.
Ai Shibata, Koichiro Oka, Takemi Sugiyama, Ding Ding, Jo Salmon, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen (Japan) - Research Article
705. Perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and prospective changes in TV viewing time among older Australian adults
Explore new findings from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study.
Klaus Gebel, Ding Ding, Tien Chey, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Wendy J. Brown, Adrian E. Bauman (Australia) - Research Article
699. Effect of Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity on All-Cause Mortality in Middle-aged and Older Australians
Read about how different intensities of physical activity were associated with reduced risk of dying in new findings from the large scale 45 and Up Study.
Gavin Turrell, Belinda Hewitt, Michele Haynes, Andrea Nathan, Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article
695. Change in walking for transport: a longitudinal study of the influence of neighbourhood disadvantage and individual-level socioeconomic position in mid-aged adults
Find out how walking relates to level of disadvantage in this new Australian study.
David A Shoham, Lara R Dugas, Pascal Bovet, Terrence E Forrester, Estelle V Lambert, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Dale A Schoeller, Soren Brage, Ulf Ekelund, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Richard S Cooper, Amy Luke (United States) - Research Article
694. Association of car ownership and physical activity across the spectrum of human development: Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS)
See how car ownership is linked with physical activity levels in this study from Ghana, South Africa, Jamaica, Seychelles and the U.S.
Lauren N. Gase, Noel C. Barragan, Paul A. Simon, Richard J. Jackson, Tony Kuo (United States) - Research Article
685. Public awareness of and support for infrastructure changes designed to increase walking and biking in Los Angeles County
Find out the views of Los Angeles residents towards walking and cycling infrastructure developments in the results of this telephone survey.
Sugiyama, Takemi; Shibata, Ai; Koohsari, Mohammad J; Tanamas, Stephanie K; Oka, Koichiro; Salmon, Jo; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville (Australia) - Research Article
679. Neighborhood Environmental Attributes and Adults' Maintenance of Regular Walking
Take a look at new evidence of the long term effects of the neighborhood environment on walking in new findings from Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab).
Nancy M. Wells, Beth M. Myers, Charles R. Henderson Jr. (United States) - Research Article
681. School gardens and physical activity: A randomized controlled trial of low-income elementary schools
Find out about how school gardens impacted physical activity levels of children in New York City schools.
Tiago V. Barreira, John M. Schuna, Emily F. Mire, Stephanie T. Broyles, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William D. Johnson, Catrine Tudor-Locke (United States) - Research Article
675. Normative Steps/Day and Peak Cadence Values for United States Children and Adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006
Take a look at this detailed data from the U.S. which gives sex-and-age specific normative values for children and adolescents' accelerometer-determined steps/day.
National Institute on Aging (United States) - Guideline
674. Give Me an A for Activity! Motivating Others To Be Physically Active
The National Insitute on Aging has developed a resource that can be used to motivate people to be physically active. The document is tailored towards older demographics and includes information that teaches people how to support and motivate participation in physical activity.
Michael D. Jensen et al (United States) - Guideline
671. Guideline for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society.
Find a 2013 report of the American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society in regards to guidlines for managing overweight and obesity in adults.
Bezold, C.P., Konty, K.J., Day, S.E., Berger, M., Harr, L., Larkin, M., Napier, M.D., Nonas, C., Saha, S., Harris, T.G. & Stark, J.H. (United States) - Epidemiological Report
670. The Effects of Changes in Physical Fitness on Academic Performance Among New York City Youth
Develop insight into the impact of physical activity levels on academic performance among middle-school students, and the way in which this relationship is effected by socioeconomic status.
L Smith, B Gardner, M Hamer (United Kingdom) - Research Article
664. Childhood correlates of adult TV viewing time: a 32-year follow-up of the 1970 British Cohort Study
Take a look at this study of long term tracking of childhood TV habits and how they are related to physical activity and obesity.
Hamer M, de Oliveira C, Demakakos P (United Kingdom) - Research Article
654. Non-Exercise Physical Activity and Survival: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
Find out how daily activities contribute to preventing disease in older adults.
L.D. Gunn, Y. Lee, E. Geelhoed, A. Shiell, B. Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article
653. The cost-effectiveness of installing sidewalks to increase levels of transport-walking and health
Gain an insight on the cost impacts of improved walking infrastructure in this new study from Perth.
Anna Goodman, Shannon Sahlqvist, David Ogilvie, and on behalf of the iConnect Consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article
652. New walking and cycling routes and increased physical activity: One and 2-year findings from the UK iConnect Study
Take a look at the effect on physical activity levels of new provision for walking and cycling.
I.A. Lesser, T. Dick, D. Gasevic, D.C. Mackey, J.A. Leipsic, S.A. Lear (Canada) - Research Article
650. The association between physical activity and liver fat after five years of follow-up in a primary prevention multi-ethnic cohort
Find out about the links between physical activity, alcohol consumption and liver fat in this new large scale study.
Siri Steinmo, Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Lion Shahab (United Kingdom) - Research Article
647. Bidirectional association between mental health and physical activity in older adults: Whitehall II prospective cohort study
Learn more about the relationship between physical activity and mental health in middle aged and older adults.
Neuhaus M, Eakin EG, Straker L, Owen N, Dunstan DW, Reid N, Healy GN. (Australia) - Research Article
646. Reducing occupational sedentary time: a systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence on activity-permissive workstations
Discover the latest evidence on the benefits of workstations that reduce sedentary behaviour.
Mitchell, Jonathan A.; Bottai, Matteo; Park, Yikyung; Marshall, Simon J.; Moore, Steven C.; Matthews, Charles E. (United States) - Research Article
643. A Prospective Study of Sedentary Behavior and Changes in the BMI Distribution
Learn about new associations between sedentary behaviour and body mass index (BMI).
Trine Moholdt, Ulrik Wisløff, Stian Lydersen, Javaid Nauman (Norway) - Research Article
639. Current physical activity guidelines for health are insufficient to mitigate long-term weight gain: more data in the fitness versus fatness debate (The HUNT study, Norway)
Take a look at this 16 year study amongst Norwegian adults and learn about the potential weight benefits of exceeding physical activity recommendations.
Henry E.Wang, John Baddley, Russell L. Griffin, Suzanne Judd, George Howard, John P. Donnelly, Monika M. Safford (United States) - Research Article
638. Physical inactivity and long-term rates of community-acquired sepsis
Take a look at this new research on the links between physical activity and television viewing time and sepsis.
Hamer, M., Oliveira, C.D & Demakakos, P. (United Kingdom) - Epidemiological Report
669. Non-Exercise Physical Activity and Survival: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.
Explore the identified health benefits of light/mild-intensity "non-exercise" activity among older adults in this longitudinal study.
Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Case Study
667. The impact of development through sport: Australian Sports Outreach Program case studies
Access the findings of research into Australian Sports Outreach Programs in Vanuatu, Tonga and Nauru.
Carol Maher, Tim Olds, Emily Mire, Peter T. Katzmarzyk (Australia) - Research Article
635. Reconsidering the Sedentary Behaviour Paradigm
Read about novel findings from a study that examined the interactions between physical activity and sedentary behaviour indicators.
National Institue for Health and Care Excellence (United Kingdom) - Guideline
675. Overweight and obese adults - lifestyle weight management
This resource offers professionals with guidelines for implementing effective lifestyle and weight management services to encourage a reduction in energy intake and increased levels of physical activity among overweight and obese individuals.
British Heart Foundation, National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Guideline
676. Physical Activity in the Early Years.
This resource offers professionals with a comprehensive set of PowerPoint slides that explore key information regarding physical activity in the early years.
David Martínez-Gómez, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Luz M. León-Muñoz, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo (Spain) - Research Article
620. Household physical activity and mortality in older adults: A national cohort study in Spain
Find out the association between household physical activity (HPA) and all-cause mortality amongst older men and women and the effect of sedentariness on this association.
James Woodcock, Marko Tainio, James Cheshire, Oliver O’Brien, Anna Goodman (United Kingdom) - Research Article
614. Health effects of the London bicycle sharing system: health impact modelling study
Read about the overall health impacts of the bike share scheme in London in this new study in the British Medical Journal.
Michelle W. Voss, Lucas J. Carr, Rachel Clark, Timothy Weng (United States) - Research Article
612. "Revenge of the “sit” II: Does lifestyle impact neuronal and cognitive health through distinct mechanisms associated with sedentary behavior and physical activity? "
Following on from the original 'Revenge of the “Sit”' paper in 2006, this new research presents evidence on the independent effect of sedentary behaviours on neurological functioning, such as preventing dementia.
Mark Hamer, Richard Weiler, Emmanuel Stamatakis (United Kingdom) - Research Article
608. Watching sport on television, physical activity, and risk of obesity in older adults
See if watching sport on TV is linked to participating in more or less physical activity in this new study.
Anna Goodman, Jenna Panter, Stephen J. Sharp, David Ogilvie (United Kingdom) - Research Article
606. Effectiveness and equity impacts of town-wide cycling initiatives in England: A longitudinal, controlled natural experimental study
See how prevelance of cycling changed in this multi-site initiative across England.
Shifalika Goenka (India) - Case Study
601. Increasing density in Indian cities – leading to increased sitting time
Read about the effects of increased population density in India's large cities from GlobalPANet Regional Correspondant Shifalika Goenka.
Edward Archer, Carl J. Lavie, Samantha M. McDonald, Diana M. Thomas, James R. Hébert, Sharon E. Taverno Ross, Kerry L. McIver, Robert M. Malina, Steven N. Blair (United States) - Research Article
613. Maternal Inactivity: 45-Year Trends in Mothers’ Use of Time
This study sought to quantify maternal behaviour by examining 45-year trends in maternal allocation of time spent in physical activity and sedentary behaviour
Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis (United Kingdom) - Research Article
597. Prospective Study of Sedentary Behavior, Risk of Depression, and Cognitive Impairment
Learn about the links between different types of sedentary behavior and aspects of mental health.
Xiaolin Yang, Risto Telama, Mirja Hirvensalo, Tuija Tammelin, Jorma S.A. Viikari, Olli T. Raitakari (Finland) - Research Article
598. Active commuting from youth to adulthood and as a predictor of physical activity in early midlife: The Young Finns Study
Read about how active commuting as a child affected physical activity in adults 27 years later in this new study from Finland.
The Ramblers and Macmillan Cancer Support (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
593. Walking works
This new report from the UK demonstrates how walking is the solution to getting the nation active, and shows how the Walking for Health program is already changing people’s lives.
Carbusters (Netherlands) - Newsletter
595. Groningen. The World’s Cycling City
See how transport and planning developments resulted in bicycling being the main form of transport in this Dutch city.
Elin Ekblom-Bak, Björn Ekblom, Max Vikström, Ulf de Faire, Mai-Lis Hellénius (Sweden) - Research Article
592. The importance of non-exercise physical activity for cardiovascular health and longevity
Read about the important of daily non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) for older adults in this new study from Sweden.
Phillip J Morgan, Lisa M Barnett, Dylan P Cliff, Anthony D Okely, Hayley A Scott, Kristen E Cohen, David R Lubans (Australia) - Research Article
584. Fundamental movement skill interventions in youth: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Take a look at the latest evidence of the benefits of fundamental movement skill development.
British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (BHFNC) (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document
588. Practical strategies for promoting physical activity with children
This practice briefing from the British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (BHFNC) suggests practical strategies for promoting physical activity with children aged 6-11.
Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Daniel Girdano, Yi Tong Liu, Stuart JH Biddle, Steven N Blair (Singapore) - Research Article
582. Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with psychological distress: a cross-sectional study from Singapore
Find out about the psychological relationships with physical activity and sedentary behaviour in this Singaporean study.
Lucinda E. Saunders, Judith M. Green, Mark P. Petticrew, Rebecca Steinbach, Helen Roberts (United Kingdom) - Research Article
580. What are the health benefits of active travel? A systematic review of trials and cohort studies
Learn more about the health benefits of active travel in this new review.
D Rojas-Rueda, A de Nazelle, O Teixidó, MJ. Nieuwenhuijsen (Spain) - Research Article
579. Health impact assessment of increasing public transport and cycling use in Barcelona: A morbidity and burden of disease approach
Take a look at the potential health benefits of replacing car trips with public transport and cycling.
D.R. Lubans, C. Lonsdale, R.C. Plotnikoff, J. Smith, K. Dally, P.J. Morgan (Australia) - Research Article
565. Development and evaluation of the motivation to limit screen-time questionnaire (MLSQ) for adolescents
Read about the development by Australian researchers of a new measurement tool for assessing motivation to limit screen time in adolescents.
The League of American Bicyclists (United States) - Strategy Document
576. Bike League 'Women on a Roll'
As part of The League of American Bicyclists, Women Bike is committed to being a go-to source of information and best practices in engaging and empowering more women to ride a bike — and rise in the movement.
Jannique G.Z. van Uffelen, Yolanda R. van Gellecum, Nicola W. Burton, Geeske Peeters, Kristiann C. Heesch, Wendy J. Brown (Australia) - Research Article
572. Sitting-Time, Physical Activity, and Depressive Symptoms in Mid-Aged Women
Take a look at new evidence from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.
Britta A. Larsen, Matthew A. Allison, Eugene Kang, Sarah Saad, Gail A. Laughlin, Maria Rosario G. Areneta, Elizabeth Barret-Connor and Christina L. Wassel (United States) - Research Article
571. Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior with Regional Fat Deposition
Find out more about how physical activity levels and sedentary behaviour affect different types of fat in adults.
Dong-Chul Seo, Mindy H. King, Nayoung Kim, Danielle Sovinski, Rhonda Meade, Alyssa M. Lederer (United States) - Research Article
556. Predictors for moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity during an 18-month coordinated school health intervention
See how the HEROES program in the U.S increased vigorous physical activity levels of participating children.
Jenna Panter, Kirsten Corder, Simon J Griffin, Andrew P Jones, Esther MF van Sluijs (United Kingdom) - Research Article
554. Individual, socio-cultural and environmental predictors of uptake and maintenance of active commuting in children: longitudinal results from the SPEEDY study
Take a look at the factors relating to active commuting behaviour of school children in this longitudinal study from the UK.
Anna Goodman, Shannon Sahlqvist, David Ogilvie (United Kingdom) - Research Article
560. Who uses new walking and cycling infrastructure and how? Longitudinal results from the UK iConnect study
Find out about the usage and uptake of new walking and cycling infrastructure in several towns in the UK.
Torunn H Totland, Mona Bjelland, Nanna Lien, Ingunn H Bergh, Mekdes K Gebremariam, May Grydeland, Yngvar Ommundsen, Lene F Andersen (Norway) - Research Article
559. Adolescents’ prospective screen time by gender and parental education, the mediation of parental influences
See how parental attributes influence screen time in young people.
Ester Cerin, Ka-yiu Lee, Anthony Barnett, Cindy HP Sit, Man-chin Cheung, Janice M Johnston (Hong Kong) - Research Article
550. Walking for transportation in Hong Kong Chinese urban elders: a cross-sectional study on what destinations matter and when
See how destinations for walking relate to walking behavior in older people in Hong Kong.
Takemi Sugiyama, Billie Giles-Corti, Jacqui Summers, Lorinne du Toit, Eva Leslie, Neville Owen (Australia) - Research Article
549. Initiating and maintaining recreational walking: A longitudinal study on the influence of neighborhood green space
Find out how neighbourhood green space affects walking in this new study from South Australia.
Rachel A. Jones, Trina Hinkley, Anthony D. Okely, Jo Salmon (Australia) - Research Article
548. Tracking Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Childhood: A Systematic Review
Learn about the most recent evidence around the tracking of physical activity and sedentary behaviours in young people.
Canada Walks (Canada) - Case Study
546. WALK Friendly Ontario
WALK Friendly Ontario is a recognition program that encourages municipalities to create and improve spaces and places to walk by awarding Bronze, Silver, Gold or Platinum designations.
Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Strategy Document
545. The Importance of Lifelong Physical Literacy
Learn more about the concept of physical literacy, why it is important and how it can be maintained over time.
Active Living Research (United States) - Strategy Document
539. How to Increase Bicycling for Daily Travel
This brief summarizes the available evidence about strategies for increasing bicycling levels and encouraging bicycling as a mode of transportation. It also presents related policy implications.
Public Health England (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document
537. Active travel briefings for Local Authorities
The national ‘Active Travel and Health' group in the UK has produced three briefings on walking and cycling for local authorities, designed to help local authorities make the case for action to increase walking and cycling.
Gerrie-Cor M Herber-Gast, Caroline A Jackson, Gita D Mishra, Wendy J Brown (Australia) - Research Article
532. Self-reported sitting time is not associated with incidence of cardiovascular disease in a population-based cohort of mid-aged women
Take a look at these new results from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health which found no link between sedentary behaviour and heart disease.
Rania A. Wasfi, Nancy A. Ross, Ahmed M. El-Geneidy (Canada) - Research Article
531. Achieving Recommended Daily Physical Activity Levels through Commuting by Public Transportation: Unpacking Individual and Contextual Influences
Read about the links between walking and public transport use in this new Canadian study.
Luz M León-Muñoz, David Martínez-Gómez, Theresa Balboa-Castillo, Esther López-García, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo (Spain) - Research Article
524. Continued Sedentariness, Change in Sitting Time, and Mortality in Older Adults
Learn more about the effects of changes in sedentary behaviour over time in adults.
All Party Parliamentary Cycling Group (APPCG) (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
523. Get Britain Cycling
Take a look at this summary and recommendations from the All Party Parliamentary Cycling Group with the aim to enable more people across the UK to take up cycling, cycle more often and cycle more safely.
Every Body Walk! (United States) - Website
520. Every Body Walk!
Every Body Walk! is a campaign aimed at getting Americans up and moving.
Paul T. Williams, Paul D. Thompson (United States) - Research Article
514. Walking Versus Running for Hypertension, Cholesterol, and Diabetes Mellitus Risk Reduction
Read about how walking and running have give similar health benefits in the large National Runners' and Walkers' Health Study in the U.S.
Lahjibi E, Heude B, Dekker JM, Højlund K, Laville M, Nolan J, Oppert JM, Balkau B; the RISC Study Group (France) - Research Article
512. Impact of objectively measured sedentary behaviour on changes in insulin resistance and secretion over 3years in the RISC study: Interaction with weight gain
Learn more about how sedentary behaviour affects insulin resistance in this new European study.
Louise L Hardy, Lisa Barnett, Paola Espinel, Anthony Okely (Australia) - Research Article
513. Thirteen-Year Trends in Child and Adolescent Fundamental Movement Skills: 1997-2010
Take a look at trends in fundamental movement skills among school children across NSW using data from the Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS).
Elliot Fishman, Simon Washington and Narelle Haworth (Australia) - Research Article
506. Bike Share: A Synthesis of the Literature
Read an overview of the current evidence around bike share programs in Australia and around the world.
Every Body Walk! (United States) - Strategy Document
504. A Walking Revolution: A Movement Making Americans Happier and Healthier
Find out how to get Americans walking in this campaign, supported by a number of public, private and voluntary organisations.
Coaching Ireland (Ireland) - Strategy Document
502. Fundamental skills and physical literacy
Take a look at this document from Coaching Ireland about the importance of pathways for fundamental movement skills and physical literacy.
Ophea (Canada) - Website
495. HANDS UP for Health and Physical Literacy
Check out this series of videos from Canada about physical and health literacy in children.
Toby G Pavey, GMEE (Geeske) Peeters, Wendy J Brown (Australia) - Research Article
488. Sitting-time and 9-year all-cause mortality in older women
Learn more about the negative effects of too much time spent sitting in new research from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.
President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition (United States) - Strategy Document
487. Too Much Sitting: Health Risks of Sedentary Behaviour and Opportunities for Change
Read the latest facts around sedentary behaviour in this Research Digest from the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition, including MET values for different types of activities and daily time allocations of sedentary people.
Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Diana C. Parra, Pedro C. Hallal, Ross C. Brownson (Brazil) - Research Article
483. Bicycling and Walking for Transportation in Three Brazilian Cities
This study describes the prevalence of cycling and walking for transportation and their association with personal and environmental factors in adults from three state capitals in Brazil.
Sedentary Behaviour Research Network (Canada) - Strategy Document
480. SBRN Definition of Sedentary Behaviour Now Available in Spanish and Portuguese
The Sedentary Behaviour Research Network (SBRN) has translated their published updated definition of the terms “sedentary” and “sedentary behaviour” into Spanish and Portuguese, supplementary to versions in English and French.
National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
476. Walking and cycling: local measures to promote walking and cycling as forms of travel or recreation
This guidance aims to set out how people can be encouraged to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes to help meet public health and other goals such as reducing traffic congestion.
Steven C. Moore, Alpa V. Patel, Charles E. Matthews, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Yikyung Park, Hormuzd A. Katki, Martha S. Linet, Elisabete Weiderpass, Kala Visvanathan, Kathy J. Helzlsouer, Michael Thun, Susan M. Gapstur, Patricia Hartge, I-Min Lee (United States) - Research Article
473. Leisure Time Physical Activity of Moderate to Vigorous Intensity and Mortality: A Large Pooled Cohort Analysis
Read about the importance of the intensity of physical activity in evidence from a number of large scale studies combined.
Andrea Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos and Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article
470. Access to commercial destinations within the neighbourhood and walking among Australian older adults
Learn about the influences of walking destinations for older adults in this study from Perth.
America Walks (United States) - Policy Document
466. Steps to a Walkable Community
Download this collection of innovative, multidisciplinary tactics that have improved and encouraged walking in communities in the U.S.
Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document
458. Cycle-rail Toolkit
This new tookit from the UK contains details of interesting active communting initiatives.
Nicolaas Pronk, Abigail Katz, Marcia Lowry, Jane Rodmyre Payfer (United States) - Research Article
452. Reducing Occupational Sitting Time and Improving Worker Health: The Take-a-Stand Project, 2011
Check out the results from this intervention to reduce sitting time at work.
Blake JJ, Benden ME, Wendel ML (United States) - Research Article
434. Using Stand/Sit Workstations in Classrooms: Lessons Learned From a Pilot Study in Texas
Take a look at this innovative studies which measured the effects of stand/sit desks in schools.
Glazer NL, Lyass A, Esliger DW, Blease SJ, Freedson PS, Massaro JM, Murabito JM, Vasan RS (United States) - Research Article
436. Sustained and Shorter Bouts of Physical Activity are Related to Cardiovascular Health
Examine the health effects of bouts of physical activity of less than 10 minutes.
Rhian E. Evans, Henrietta O. Fawole, Stephanie A. Sheriff, Philippa M. Dall, P. Margaret Grant, Cormac G. Ryan (United States) - Research Article
432. Point-of-Choice Prompts to Reduce Sitting Time at Work
Find out how the presence of point-of-decision prompts to break up sedentary behaviour affected office workers in this intervention.
Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Strategy Document
428. Yoga for Cancer Survivors
Read about evidence of the beneifts of yoga in the latest Alberta Centre for Active Living Research Update.
Keith M. Drake, Michael L. Beach, Meghan R. Longacre, Todd MacKenzie, Linda J. Titus, Andrew G. Rundle, Madeline A. Dalton (United States) - Research Article
414. Influence of Sports, Physical Education, and Active Commuting to School on Adolescent Weight Status
In this new study from the U.S., the influence of different types of physical activity on the weight of adolescents was examined, finding sports to be strong strongly associated with weight, as well as active commuting.
Louise L. Hardy, Tracie Reinten-Reynolds, Paola Espinel, Avigdor Zask, and Anthony D. Okely (Australia) - Research Article
416. Prevalence and Correlates of Low Fundamental Movement Skill Competency in Children
Read about the biological and sociodemographic factors of children who have a low compentency of fundamental movement skills.
Mary Elizabeth Bowen (United States) - Research Article
412. A Prospective Examination of the Relationship Between Physical Activity and Dementia Risk in Later Life
Take a look at the new links between physical activity and dementia.
Martin Loef, Harald Walach (Germany) - Research Article
410. The Combined Effects of Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors on All Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Learn about the combined effects of multiple lifestyle risk factors, including physical activity, on mortality risk in this new review.
National Obesity Observatory (United Kingdom) - Guideline
389. TV viewing and obesity in children and young people
Take a look at this fact sheet on the links between TV viewing and obesity in young people.
Walk Score (United States) - Website
390. Bike Score
From the people who brought you Walk Score, Bike Score is now available in U.S. cities.
LL Hardy, T Reinten-Reynolds, P Espinel, A Zask and AD Okely (Australia) - Research Article
414. Prevalence and Correlates of Low Fundamental Movement Skill Competency in Children
Read about the biological and sociodemographic factors of children who have a low compentency of fundamental movement skills.
Jenny Veitch et al. (Australia) - Research Article
382. Park Improvements and Park Activity: A Natural Experiment
This study in Victoria demonstrated increased park usage and physical activity following park upgrades.
Palma Chillón et al. (Sweden) - Research Article
381. Bicycling to school is associated with improvements in physical fitness over a 6-year follow-up
Take a look at this study featuring long-term physical improvements from an active commuting intervention in Swedish children
TY Warren et al (United States) - Research Article
372. Sedentary Behaviours Increase Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Men
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between two sedentary behaviors (riding in car and watching television) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in men in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study.
Lisa wood et al (Australia) - Research Article
376. Sense of community and its relationship with walking and neighborhood design
The aim of this study is to examine the association between sense of community, walking, and neighborhood design characteristics. The current study is based on a sub-sample of participants (n = 609) from the US Atlanta SMARTRAQ study who completed a telephone survey capturing physical activity patterns, neighborhood perceptions, and social interactions. Objective measures of neighborhood form were also computed.
BHF National Centre for Physical Activity & Health (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
196. BHFNC sedentary behaviour evidence briefing
Take a look at this new sedentary behaviour briefing from the British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health in the UK.
Timothy P Gill et al (Australia) - Research Article
374. Should health policy focus on physical inactivity rather than obesity? No
Physical inactivity is a major contributor to the global burden of disease, being associated with a range of negative consequences for health, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, reduced functional capacity, and poorer mental health.1 Clearly the promotion of both increased physical activity and reduced inactivity must Richard Weiler and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.c2603) argue that losing weight is not essential to get benefit from physical activity, but Timothy Gill and colleagues believe that tackling all the causes of obesity is essential to improve public health
Dylan P. Cliff etal (Australia) - Research Article
377. Movement Skills and Physical Activity in Obese Children: Randomized Controlled Trial
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support physical activity program in overweight children.
Richard Weiler et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
375. Should health policy focus on physical inactivity rather than obesity? Yes
Physical inactivity is one of the greatest health threats facing developed nations today. In his latest annual report England’s chief medical officer acknowledged that the benefits of regular physical activity on health, longevity, and well being “easily surpass the effectiveness of any drugs or other medical treatment.”
Nicolla Fairhall et al (Australia) - Research Article
373. Dose-Response Relationship of Resistance Training in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis
This systematic review by Steib and colleagues aimed to synthesise the best available evidence comparing the effectiveness of different types, intensities, frequencies, volumes and durations of resistance training on strength and functioning in older adults.
Christine Hoehner, Carolyn Barlow, Peg Allen et al (United States) - Research Article
193. Commuting Distance, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Metabolic Risk
Find out about the links between communting distance and health in this new study from the U.S.
Beenackers M. A, Foster S, Kamphuis C. B, et al. (Australia) - Research Article
194. Taking up cycling after residential relocation: Built Environment Factors
Learn about the latest evidence from the RESIDE project in Perth.
Singapore Health Promotion Board (Singapore) - Case Study
191. National Brisk Walking Programme
The National Brisk Walking programme is Singapore’s whole of government approach in promoting social bonding and regular physical activity. This multi-agency collaboration aims to increase community participation in brisk walking with a focus on its health benefits.
Camilla Hiul Suppli et al. (Denmark) - Research Article
187 Low vigorous physical activity at ages 15, 19 and 27:childhood SEP modifies the tracking pattern
Take a look at new research on the tracking of physical activity and socio-economic position.
F. Ogilvie, A. Goodman (United Kingdom) - Research Article
188. Inequities in usage of a public bicycle sharing scheme
Read about an evaluation of London's bike hire scheme.
VicHealth (Australia) - Website
186. Walking Maps
Walking Maps by Victoria Walks enables people to create or discover a range of walking maps for different purposes.
Cycling Promotion Fund (Australia) - Website
140. 2010 Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards
The 10th Annual Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards were held at Old Parliament House in Canberra on 21 March 2012. The Key Note Address was delivered by The Parliamentary Secretary for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, with addresses from Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasurer, the Shadow Minister for Families, Housing and Human Services and the Greens Spokesman for Transport. The Awards also featured the launch of the survey results of a joint CPF and National Heart Foundation survey of children’s participation in cycling to school.
Transport for London (United Kingdom) - Website
154. Transport for London Walking Benefits
Walking is a great way to get around London:
It's quick and reliable
It's good for your health
It makes a greener planet
It's good for London's economy
Sustrans (United Kingdom) - Website
156. Free Range Kids
Free Range Kids are children and young people who experience freedom from their front door. They have the confidence to travel independently, play outdoors and explore their local community, and have the skills, opportunities and support to do so safely. As a charity promoting travel by foot, bike and public transport for everyday journeys, a key area of Sustrans work has been to reverse the decline in the levels of walking and cycling to school and beyond, making it easier for kids to be out and about and active.
Living Streets (United Kingdom) - Website
148. Making the case for investment in the walking environment
Living Streets is the national charity that stands up for pedestrians. It works to create safe, attractive, enjoyable streets where it’s great to walk. At Living Streets, they believe streets are worth fighting for. With supporters, Living Streets works to create streets that really put people first. When there are streets we want to walk in, lives are transformed - we are healthier, happier and more sociable.
World Heart Foundation (Switzerland) - Guideline
151. WHF factsheets
Working with members and partners involved in the “Kids on the Move” project, the World Heart Federation has produced four fact sheets to help members make the case for promoting healthy diet and physical activity as a priority for policy, school curricula, and community activity.
Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Website
144. Physical Activity Counselling Toolkit
Physical Activity Counselling Toolkit resources are written in plain language, and are intended to widen the choice of resources available to practitioners. Practitioners will find the resources to be of practical assistance when working with clients and are also available in French and Punjabi. The practitioners clearly identified a real and increasing need for appropriate resources or tools that would help them do physical activity counselling, especially in health care settings.
Be Active WA (Australia) - Case Study
369. Physical Activity Taskforce case studies
This website gives links to physical activity case studies, including best practice local government initiatives in relation to policy and planning, walking, programs and services, the built environment and sample physical activity plans.
Trina Hinkley et al (Australia) - Research Article
67. Preschoolers' Physical Activity, Screen Time and Compliance with Recommendations
Little evidence exists about the prevalence of adequate levels of physical activity and of appropriate screen-based entertainment in preschool children.This study investigates how much time preschool children spend being physically active and engaged in screen-based entertainment.
Australian Sports Commisssion (Australia) - Research Article
134. Exercise Recreation and Sport Survey
The Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey (ERASS) was a joint initiative of the Australian Sports Commission and State and Territory Departments of Sport and Recreation, conducted on an annual basis between 2001 and 2010. This presents results from the tenth annual ERASS data collection in 2010.
Josephine Y. Chau et al (Australia) - Research Article
48. Validity of the Occupational Sitting and Physical Activity Questionnaire (OSPAQ)
Sitting at work is an emerging occupational health risk. Few instruments designed for use in population-based research measure occupational sitting and standing as distinct behaviors. This study aimed to develop and validate brief measure of occupational sitting and physical activity.
Matthew D. Hordern et al (Australia) - Research Article
45. Exercise prescription for patients with type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and pre-diabetic conditions such as impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are rapidly increasing in prevalence. There is compelling evidence that T2DM is more likely to develop in individuals who are insufficiently active.
be active WA (Australia) - Guideline
196. It's Your Move! Getting Students Active
Schools are in an ideal position to provide physical activity opportunities for children and help them develop the knowledge, skills and habits for lifelong healthy and active living. A whole-school approach will help students be more physically active, more motivated to study and better able to benefit from the learning programs.
Australian Bicycle Council (Australia) - Website
198. Australian Bicycle Council
The Australian Bicycle Council's role is to:
oversee and coordinate implementation of the Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-16
provide a forum for the sharing of information between stakeholders involved in the implementation of the Strategy
maintain a repository of information and resources to promote increased cycling in Australia.
National Rural Health Alliance (Australia) - Guideline
201. Physical Activity in Rural Australia
The lack of physical activity is the fourth leading cause of disease and a major public health
concern in Australia. Latest statistics show that only 30 per cent of the Australian population have sufficient physical activity for health benefits. People living in rural and remote parts of Australia have even lower physical activity levels than those in major cities.
Bicycle Network (Australia) - Research Article
200. The Bicycle Expenditure Index for Local Government
BiXE (Bicycle Expenditure Index) 2011 shows how much of their own money local governments are spending on bicycle infrastructure. The index allows Councils and residents to track the level of commitment in their municipality and compare that commitment to other similar councils.
Walk21 (Australia) - Case Study
199. Making Walking Count in Canberra
This report presents the findings of a survey conducted for the Australian Capital Territory Government,by the international organisation Walk21, to ascertain an understanding of walkability in Canberra and the attitudes of the citizens of Canberra to walking.
Outdoors Alliance for Kids (United States) - Policy Document
202. US Healthy Kids Outdoors Act
The Healthy Kids Outdoors Act will support state, local and federal strategies to connect youth and families with the natural world, improve children’s health and support future economic growth and conservation efforts. This legislation will help get Americans active outdoors through natural play; outdoor recreation such as camping, hiking, hunting and fishing; public health initiatives; outdoor learning environments; service learning and other initiatives.
NSW Ministry of Health (Australia) - Research Article
206. NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) 2010: Full Report
The NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) 2010: full report provides in detail the methods, findings and tools used for SPANS 2010. It is the fourth in a series of school-based surveys of NSW school students and provides valuable trend information on the weight status and associated behaviours of a representative sample of 8,100 NSW school students in Years K, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10, conducted in Term 1, 2010.
Heart Foundation (Australia) - Strategy Document
205. Good for Busine$$ Discussion Paper
The Heart Foundation (SA) commissioned this discussion paper to bring together the evidence around the financial benefits to retailers and residents in making commercial streets more walking and cycling friendly. Walking and cycling to local shops is good for business and good for the local economy and is essential to the success of revitalisation strategies. Streetscape enhancements add value to an area and are associated with higher rents and the attraction of new businesses.
Séverine Sabia et al (France) - Research Article
70. Effect of Intensity and Type of Physical Activity on Mortality
This reseach examined the association of intensity and type of physical activity with mortality. It assessed the duration of physical activity by intensity level and type in 7456 men and women from the Whitehall II Study by questionnaire in 1997-1999 and 5 years later.
World Health Organization (Denmark) - Guideline
191. WHO Good Practice Appraisal Tool for obesity prevention programmes
This report gives a description of the good practice tool for obesity prevention programmes and describes its development and use. To identify good practice, a tool has been developed to evaluate good practice elements of the planning, monitoring, evaluation and implementation of programmes that can target children, adolescents or adults as well as be nationally, regionally or locally initiated in community, school or workplace settings.
M. Tremblay et al (Canada) - Research Article
71. Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth
Accumulating evidence suggests that, independent of physical activity levels, sedentary behaviours are associated with increased risk of cardio-metabolic disease, all-cause mortality, and a variety of physiological and psychological problems.
Andrew J. Atkin et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
82. Non-Occupational Sitting and Mental Well-Being in Employed Adults
Emerging evidence suggests that sedentary behaviour may be adversely associated with physical health, but few studies have examined the association with mental well-being. This study examined the association of four non-occupational sedentary behaviours with mental well-being.
Roma Robertson et al (Australia) - Research Article
79. Recommendations by Queensland GPs to be more physically active
The objective of this research was to ascertain the extent to which general practitioners in Queensland recommend physical activity to their patients, the types of patients they target, types of activities they suggest and how patients respond to the recommendations.
Paul T Williams (United States) - Research Article
72. Exercise Attenuates the Association of Body Weight with Diet in 106,737 Runners
The high prevalence of obesity in Western societies has been attributed in part to high-fat low-CHO food consumption. However, people have also become less active, and inactivity may have increased the risk for weight gain from poor dietary choices.
Beth P. Hands et al (Australia) - Research Article
42. The associations between physical activity, screen time and weight from 6 to 14 yrs
To examine the strength and direction of the relationship between physical activity level, screen use and BMI in a cohort at ages 6, 8, 10 and 14 yrs as part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study.
Tuomas O Kilpelainen et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
83. Physical Activity Attenuates the Influence of FTO Variants on Obesity Risk
The FTO gene harbors the strongest known susceptibility locus for obesity. While many individual studies have suggested that physical activity (PA) may attenuate the effect of FTO on obesity risk, other studies have not been able to confirm this interaction.
Genevieve N. Healy et al (United States) - Epidemiological Report
14. Sedentary time and cardio-metabolic biomarkers in US adults: NHANES 2003–06
Prolonged sedentary time is ubiquitous in developed economies and is associated with an adverse cardio-metabolic risk profile and premature mortality.
Environment and Sustainable Development Directorat (Australia) - Strategy Document
185. ACT Transport for Canberra policy
One of the ACT Government’s priorities is to provide an effective and efficient transport system that meets the needs of the community while reducing its environmental and social impacts. Transport for Canberra sets a new policy direction for transport from now to 2031.
National Obesity Observatory (United Kingdom) - Website
179. Evaluation data collection tool
The tool has been developed to assist practitioners to collect standardised summary data from any weight management, diet or physical activity intervention. It will also help to better understand the types of obesity and related interventions across the country.
City of Sydney (Australia) - Case Study
181. City of Sydney Regional Bicycle Network Report
In 2010, the City of Sydney commissioned independent research to quantify the economic benefits of the proposed Inner Sydney Regional Bike Network. The study by AECOM* found the network would deliver at least $506 million - or $3.88 for every dollar spent - in net economic benefits over 30 years, and reduce Sydney's traffic congestion by 4.3 million car trips a year. The study forecasts a 66 per cent increase in bike trips by 2016 and a 71 per cent rise by 2026 if the network is built.
Department of Health Western Australia (Australia) - Website
183. New Get on Track Challenge
The Get On Track Challenge is a free, fun and motivating team-based physical activity and healthy eating program for all WA adults. The site aims to organise a workplace challenge to boost the health of staff for large or small organisations.
Michel Lucas et al (United States) - Research Article
80. Relation Between Clinical Depression Risk and Physical Activity and Time Spent Watch Television
Although physical activity (PA) has been inversely associated with depressive symptoms, it is not clear whether regular PA and television watching are associated with clinical depression risk.
A. Bauman et al (Australia) - Research Article
76. "Where have all the bicycles gone?"
The objective of this research was to explore whether the reported increase in bicycle sales in Australia is corroborated by increases in numbers of cyclists.
Jeff K. Vallance et al (Canada) - Research Article
59. Associations of objectively-assessed physical activity and sedentary time with depression
Studies provide conflicting evidence for the protective effects of moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity on depression. Recent evidence suggests that sedentary behaviors may also be associated with depression.
Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Website
190. Death by suburban sprawl: better urban planning will combat sedentary lifestyle
Billie Giles-Corti looks at how the built environment impacts the development of NCDs.
Chiropractors' Association of Australia (Australia) - Website
163. Just Start Walking Australia
Just Start Walking is an initiative from the World Federation of Chiropractic, a global non-profit association that was admitted into official relations with the World Health Organization (WHO) as a non-governmental organization in January 1997. As a member organization of the World Federation of Chiropractic, the Chiropractors’ Association of Australia has adapted the program for use in Australia.
Australian Bycling Council (Australia) - Website
172. National Cycling Participation 2011 (Australia)
The Cycling Resource Centre is an Australian information hub on all things related to cycling. The site is administered by the Australian Bicycle Council (ABC) which consists of representatives of state, territory and local governments, the cycling industry and bicycle users. The ABC coordinates and implements the Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-2016 and reports on its implementation to Australian Transport ministers.
ISPAH (Australia) - Website
167. Global Advocacy for Physical Activity (GAPA) – Documents cross the Globe
GAPA has several key principles:
The development of actions based on evidence of effectiveness
The application of advocacy actions aimed at multiple levels:
advocacy within organizations
The involvement of a wide range of organizations with direct and indirect interests in the promotion of physical activity across all regions of the world
IOC (Switzerland) - Strategy Document
182. IOC Consensus Statement on Health & Fitness of Children through PA and Sport
The document defines the health consequences of inactivity; it identifies the determinants of sports participation and drop-outs, and provides recommendations on potential solutions and global partnerships. The ultimate purpose of this scientific effort is to improve the health and fitness of young people throughout the world, thereby decreasing the morbidity and mortality deriving from non-communicable diseases.
Heart Foundation (Australia) - Newsletter
165. Heart Health Network
This e-newsletter for health professionals features updates on new guidelines, publications and practice tools, as well as general interest news, recipes and event information.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
175. Physical Activity in Australia: A Snapshot, 2007-08
Provides a brief overview of the physical activity levels of people aged 18 years and over in Australia, using data from the 2007-08 ABS National Health Survey. It includes information on a range of characteristics which may influence a person's physical activity levels, as well as the long-term health risks associated with physical inactivity.
Justine E Leavy et al (Australia) - Research Article
68. Physical activity mass media campaigns and their evaluation
Internationally, mass media campaigns to promote regular moderate-intensity physical activity have increased recently. Evidence of mass media campaign effectiveness exists in other health areas, however the evidence for physical activity is limited.
Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Research Article
159. Exercise and Pregnancy: Canadian Guidelines for Health Care Professionals
In Canada, many pregnant women do not exercise enough, gain too much weight during pregnancy, and develop gestational diabetes and hypertension. This article presents some important facts and resources to help medical practitioners, other health care professionals and pregnant women better understand the benefits of physical activity during pregnancy.
Chi Pang Wen et al (Taiwan) - Research Article
62. Minimum amount of physical activity for reduced mortality and extended life expectancy
The health benefits of leisure-time physical activity are well known, but whether less exercise than the recommended 150 min a week can have life expectancy benefits is unclear. We assessed the health benefits of a range of volumes of physical activity in a Taiwanese population.
Paul D. Loprinzi et al (United States) - Research Article
64. Association Between Objectively-Measured Physical Activity and Sleep, NHANES 2005-2006
Epidemiological studies examining the association between physical activity and sleep have relied on self-report measures of physical activity and have primarily been conducted in older adults.
Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport (Australia) - Guideline
302. Games Smart — a guide for schools (QLD)
Games Smart is a visual resource for fun and engaging physical activity. It has been specifically designed to provide primary school teachers with an easy to use visual resource that enables them to feel more confident and be more competent in delivering fun and engaging daily physical activity.
David Rojas-Rueda et al (Spain) - Research Article
61. The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use
The objective was to estimate the risks and benefits to health of travel by bicycle, using a bicycle sharing scheme, compared with travel by car in an urban environment.
The Age (Australia) - Website
158. Tank-driving, car-crushing mayor
The mayor of Vilnius, Lithuania, has struck a blow for traffic wardens the world over with his novel approach to illegal parking. Car owners in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, may be choosing their parking spaces a little more carefully after the city's mayor drove over - and wrecked - a Mercedes in a stunt to serve as a warning to anyone who thinks about parking illegally. At the end of the video the mayor cleans up the mess of crushed glass before riding away on a bike.
Neville Owen et al (Australia) - Research Article
57. Adults’ Sedentary Behavior: Determinants and Interventions
Research is now required on factors influencing adults' sedentary behaviors, and effective approaches to behavioral-change intervention must be identified. The strategies for influencing sedentary behavior will need to be informed by evidence on the most important modifiable behavioral determinants.
British Heart Foundation National Centre (United Kingdom) - Guideline
155. BHFNC Information booklets for early years practitioners
The UK Governments have recently published new physical activity guidelines. For the first time these include guidelines specifically for the under fives.
These information booklets are designed to give early years practitioners and health professionals help with using these guidelines effectively and to provide practical tips.
Stuart J H Biddle et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
60. Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews
The objective was to synthesise reviews investigating physical activity and depression, anxiety, self-esteem and cognitive functioning in children and adolescents and to assess the association between sedentary behaviour and mental health by performing a brief review.
Department of Transport Western Australia (Australia) - Case Study
197. Evaluation of the TravelSmart Local Government and Workplace Programs
The Western Australian Department of Transport (DoT) commissioned Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA) to undertake the “Evaluation of TravelSmart Local Government and
Workplace Programs”. The programs are designed to encourage the use of public transport, cycling and walking and, ultimately, to reduce vehicle kilometres travelled
(VKT) by car, generating health benefits and a reduction in a range of costs to the community including greenhouse gas emissions, air and noise pollution, and traffic
Health Promotion Board (Singapore) - Guideline
166. Singapore guidelines
The National Physical Activity Guidelines for Singapore provide practical guidance for apparently healthy adults and older adults on the types and volume of physical activities that prevent chronic disease, prolong life and enhance quality of life. The types of physical activity include lifestyle, aerobic and strength which can be performed in the domains of work, home, commuting or leisure time.
Department of Health (United Kingdom) - Guideline
146. New UK physical activity guidelines launched
New physical activity guidelines have been published by the four UK Chief Medical Officers, covering early years; children and young people; adults; and older adults.
This is the first time UK-wide physical activity guidelines have been produced and represents the first time guidelines have been produced in the UK for early years (under fives) as well as sedentary behaviour, for which there is now evidence that this is an independent risk factor for ill health.
Marie-Noël Vercambre et al (United States) - Research Article
65. Physical Activity and Cognition in Women With Vascular Conditions
Individuals with vascular disease or risk factors have substantially higher rates of cognitive decline, yet little is known about means of maintaining cognition in this group.
Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Policy Document
153. Emerging Crises Summit
The Australian Local Government Association, Bus Industry Confederation, Cycling Promotion fund, National Heart Foundation of Australia, and International Association of Public Transport are calling on the Australian Government to follow this nine point plan to boost national participation in walking, cycling and public transport.
Daniel Fuller (Canada) - Research Article
47. Use of a New Public Bicycle Share Program in Montreal, Canada
Cycling contributes to physical activity and health. Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use.
Catrine Tudor-Locke et al (United States) - Research Article
51. Patterns of adult stepping cadence in the 2005–2006 NHANES
Laboratory studies of adult walking behavior have consistently found that a cadence of 100 steps/min is a reasonable threshold for moderate intensity. The purpose of this study was to determine cadence patterns in free-living adults, and in particular, time spent at increasing cadence increments.
Equity Justice Access (Australia) - Newsletter
145. Proximity to Transport is a Health, Gender and Equity Issue…
This year the Department of Health released a dataset on Local Government Area Performance in 2009 against a whole range of indices that impact health. The most cogent evidence of a link between physical activity and a physical asset that encouraged physical activity, was the data for the percentage of residents within 400m of a public transport stop.
Kim Jose et al (Australia) - Research Article
46. Childhood and adolescent predictors of leisure time physical activity
Few studies have investigated factors that influence physical activity behavior during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. This study explores the associations of sociodemographic, behavioral, sociocultural, attitudinal and physical factors with physical activity behavior.
Nicola D Ridgers et al (Australia) - Research Article
43. Five-year changes in school recess and lunchtime
The purpose was to investigate the longitudinal changes in children's recess and lunchtime physical activity levels and in the contribution of recess and lunchtime to daily physical activity levels over 5 years among 5–6- and 10–12-year olds.
Jolie O'Dell (United States) - Website
123. Sitting pictures
Sitting down, which most of us do for at least eight hours each day, might be the worst thing we do for our health all day. Check out these graphically organized stats from Medical Billing and Coding. We like it for the information, but we love it for the Saul Bass, Vertigo-esque graphics.
Anne Tiedemann (Australia) - Guideline
40. Exercise and Sports Science Australia Position Statement on exercise and falls prevention
Falls affect a significant number of older Australians and present a major challenge to health care providers and health systems. The purpose of this statement is to inform and guide exercise practitioners and health professionals in the safe and effective prescription of exercise for older people.
NSW Department of Health (Australia) - Website
122. NSW Health active & healthy website
As part of the NSW Falls Prevention Program, this website not only provides information about exercises, but also about your health, making your home environment safe, what to do if you do have a fall, and home and lifestyle checklists to help you reduce your risk.
FIFA (Switzerland) - Website
121. Women's Football Resource Kit
FIFA hopes that this new publication will be useful for associations, administrators, players and coaches alike. The kit will help to arm those working day to day in football with the tools and practical knowledge to help them to achieve results.
Bamini Gopinath et al (Australia) - Research Article
33. Influence of Physical Activity and Screen Time on the Retinal Microvasculature in Young Children
It is not clear whether physical activity and sedentary behavior affect retinal microvascular caliber. We investigated associations among physical activity (outdoor and indoor sporting activities), sedentary behaviors (including screen time, television [TV] viewing, and computer and videogame usage)
Tim Olds et al (Australia) - Research Article
38. The Place of Physical Activity in the Time Budgets of 10- to 13-Year-Old Australian Children
Low physical activity has been associated with increased fatness and deceased fitness. This observational study aimed to describe the magnitude, composition, and time-distribution of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in Australian children.
Department of Health and Aging (Australia) - Website
180. Swap It Don't Stop It
Healthy eating and getting active can help lose centimetres and prevent or delay the onset of chronic diseases such as some cancers, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. There are some simple everyday changes people can make to get them on their way to a healthier lifestyle without losing all the things they love.
Boris Gojanovic et al (Switzerland) - Research Article
37. Electric bikes as a new active transportation modality to promote health
Electrically assisted bicycles (EAB) are an emerging transportation modality favoured for environmental reasons. Some physical effort is required to activate the supporting engine, making it a potential active commuting option.
Premier's Physical ACtivity Council Tasmania (Australia) - Strategy Document
114. Tasmania's plan for physical activity 2011-2021
Tasmania’s plan for physical activity 2011-2021 is a long-term plan for all of Tasmania. The plan is for anyone involved in physical activity, whether as a participant, promoter, provider, researcher, policy maker or funder.
Rachel Smith (Australia) - Case Study
117. On her bike: why women won’t ride
So why don’t Australian women cycle? In other cities around the world the bicycle is a central part of life for most women.
Chris Rissel (Australia) - Research Article
115. Ditching bike helmets laws better for health
With epidemics of diabetes and obesity threatening to bankrupt state health budgets, governments need to broaden their strategies to encourage physical activity. Allowing cyclists to ride without a helmet would remove one common barrier to cycling and encourage more Australians to get on a bike.
Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Guideline
110. Heart Foundation fact sheets on sitting
The Heart Foundation has published information sheets to provide information and useful tips on how to decrease your sitting time.
Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Guideline
109. New walkability tool from the Heart Foundation
The checklist is a national consumer advocacy tool that asks community residents to be the ‘eyes and feet’ of their Local Government council to provide feedback on the ‘walkability’ of their local neighbourhoods.
British Heart Foundation National Centre (United Kingdom) - Research Article
113. Physical activity patterns - children in England
This fact sheet pulls together all the latest statistics from sources such as the Health Survey for England and the National Travel Survey to provide a picture of how active children and young people in England are.
Terry Boyle (Australia) - Research Article
39. Long-Term Sedentary Work and the Risk of Subsite-specific Colorectal Cancer
Research suggests that sedentary behavior may increase the risk of some chronic diseases. The aims of the study were to examine whether sedentary work is associated with colorectal cancer and to determine whether the association differs by subsite.
Adrian Bauman et al (Australia) - Research Article
29. Changing gears: bicycling as the panacea for physical inactivity?
This editorial summarises the health benefits and risks of cycling, and describes current controversies and evidence challenges for cycling policy and promotion.
Helen E Brown et al (Australia) - Research Article
11. Does Physical Activity Impact on Presenteeism and Other Indicators of Workplace Well-Being?
The term 'presenteeism' is a relatively new concept in workplace health, and has come to signify being at work despite poor health and performing below par. This article reviews evidence on the relationships between physical activity and employee well-being and presenteeism in the workplace.
Verity Cleland et al (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
2. A Longitudinal Study of the Family Physical Activity Environment and Physical Activity
Although the family environment is a potentially important influence on children's physical activity (PA), prospective data investigating these associations are lacking. This study aimed to examine the longitudinal relationship between the family environment and PA among youth.
John R. Sirard et al (United States) - Research Article
9. Dog Ownership and Adolescent Physical Activity
Positive associations between dog ownership and adult health outcomes have been observed, but research involving youth is lacking. Dog ownership was associated with more physical activity among adolescents.
Premier's Physical Activity Council (Australia) - Strategy Document
177. Tasmania's plan for physical activity 2011-2021
This long-term plan, prepared by the Premier’s Physical Activity Council in consultation with many other Tasmanians interested in physical activity, sets a unifying direction and framework for action.
New South Wales Government (Australia) - Strategy Document
97. Draft NSW Walking Strategy
In September 2011, the NSW Government released NSW 2021 which includes a target to increase walking for short trips and a commitment to develop a NSW Walking Strategy. Development of a NSW draft Walking Strategy is being managed by a whole-of-government steering group chaired by PCAL.
New South Wales Government (Australia) - Website
98. Healthy Kids website
The Healthy Kids website provides information, resources and ideas on physical activity and healthy eating for children and young people.
Jenny Veitch et al (Australia) - Research Article
66. Is the Neighbourhood Environment Associated with Sedentary Behaviour Outside of School Hours
Little is known about neighbourhood environments and children’s sedentary behaviour outside school hours. This study aims to examine the associations between public open spaces (POS), parent perceptions of the neighbourhood and children’s sedentary behaviours.
Cycling Promotion Fund (Australia) - Website
105. Cycling Promotion Fund 2010 Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards
The Cycling Promotion Fund, (CPF) established the Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards in 2002. Since the Awards inception, the scope and quality of nominations has increased considerably, illustrating the excellent initiatives being undertaken that are shaping the future of Australian bicycling
Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Website
108. Australian Sports Commission’s Playing for Life Kit
More Australian children who are enrolled in outside of school hours care programs are set to benefit from the Australian Sports Commission’s successful Playing for Life Kit. The Playing for Life kit is part of the Australian Government’s Active After-school Communities (AASC) program.
Mark S. Tremblay et al (Canada) - Guideline
7. New Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines
The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEPhas developed the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Children (aged 5–11 years), Youth (aged 12–17 years), Adults (aged 18–64 years), and Older Adults (aged =65 years).
MS Tremblay et al (Canada) - Guideline
6. Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines for Children and Youth
The Canadian Sedentary Behaviour guidelines include a preamble to provide context, followed by the specific recommendations for sedentary behaviour.
CSEP (Canada) - Guideline
94. New Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines
This webpage from the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology contains a number of resources concerning the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines and the Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines.
Kim Anderson (Canada) - Research Article
100. Designed Playgrounds that Engage Children in Physical Activity and More
This article offers background information on the City of Edmonton’s experience with using a “design” approach for playground developments.
Global Advocacy for Physical Activity (GAPA) (United Kingdom) - Guideline
106. ‘NCD Prevention: Investments that Work for Physical Activity’
Investments that work for Physical Activity is a complementary document to the Toronto Charter for Physical Activity and identifies seven best investments to increase population levels of physical activity to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases and promote population health.
Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Guideline
103. NSW Developer's Checklist with Case Studies
This Checklist is a companion document to the Premier’s Council for Active Living
(PCAL) publication “Development & Active Living: Designing Projects For Active Living
– A Development Assessment Resource & Navigational Tool.”
KI Erickson et al (United States) - Research Article
4. Exercise training increases size of hippocampus
The hippocampus shrinks in late adulthood, leading to impaired memory and increased risk for dementia. These theoretically important findings indicate that aerobic exercise training is effective at reversing hippocampal volume loss in late adulthood, which is accompanied by improved memory function.
David R Lubans et al (Australia) - Research Article
5. The relationship between active travel to school and health-related fitness
Active travel to school (ATS) has been identified as an important source of physical activity for youth. However, the relationship between ATS and health-related fitness (HRF) among youth remains unclear.
WHO Regional Office for Europe (Switzerland) - Guideline
85. Health economic assessment tool (HEAT) for cycling
HEAT is an online resource to estimate the economic savings resulting from reductions in mortality as a consequence of regular cycling and/or walking. It is based on best available evidence, with parameters that can be adapted to fit specific situations. Default parameters are valid for Europe.
Bicycle Victoria (Australia) - Research Article
17. Whitepaper - On Your Bike! How office buildings can accommodate more cyclists
Ten per cent of all vehicles entering the Melbourne CBD in the morning peak are now bicycles and the total number is increasing by 20% each year. The implications of this for companies and the property sector are profound.
Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure (United Kingdom) - Research Article
107. Experience of Sport and Physical Activity in Northern Ireland
The report presents data from the Continuous Household Survey (CHS), a Northern Ireland wide household survey administered by Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) Central Survey Unit. The survey provides a regular source of information on a wide range of social and economic issues.
Jo Salmon et al (Australia) - Research Article
19. A translational research intervention to reduce screen behaviours and promote physical activity
Translational or implementation research that assesses the effectiveness of strategies to promote health behaviours among children that have been previously tested under ‘ideal’ conditions is rarely reported. Switch-2-Activity aimed to examine the effectiveness of an abbreviated programme.
Arlene L. Hankinson et al (United States) - Research Article
20. Maintaining a High Physical Activity Level Over 20 Years and Weight Gain
Data supporting physical activity guidelines to prevent long-term weight gain are sparse, particularly during the period when the highest risk of weight gain occurs.
Be Active WA (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
370. WA Physical Activity Taskforce 2009 Adult Survey
The 2009 Physical Activity Adult Survey report provides an in depth analysis of the physical activity levels of Western Australian adults.
Sport Northern Ireland (Ireland) - Case Study
365. Northern Ireland ACTIVe PEOPLE: healthy communities - The IMPACT of Community Sport
The purpose of this publication is to demonstrate how Sport Northern Ireland’s investment in
community sport contributes towards the achievement of public health outcomes.
This report draws information from ‘The Value of Sport and Physical Recreation –
Contributing to Improved Public Health,’ completed by FKB Consulting and Dennis McCoy
Consulting in early 2010.
Luuk H Engbers et al (Netherlands) - Research Article
21. Characteristics of a population of commuter cyclists in the Netherlands
Daily cycling to work has been shown to improve physical performance and health in men and women. This article aims to contribute to a better understanding of the perceived barriers and facilitators of cyclists/non-cyclists and personal factors associated with commuter cycling.
American College of Sports Medicine (United States) - Policy Document
92. Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes
Although physical activity (PA) is a key element in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, many with this chronic disease do not become or remain regularly active. High-quality studies establishing the importance of exercise & fitness in diabetes were lacking until recently.
David R Lubans et al (Australia) - Research Article
12. Fundamental Movement Skills in Children and Adolescents: Review of Associated Health Benefits
The mastery of fundamental movement skills (FMS) has been purported as contributing to children's physical, cognitive and social development and is thought to provide the foundation for an active lifestyle.
Tahna Pettman (Australia) - Case Study
119. eat well be active Community Programs - Final Report
Concern over the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children has resulted in the emergence of community-based obesity prevention initiatives. SA Health funded the eat well be active Community Programs (ewba) as a demonstration project of such an approach.
City of Sydney (Australia) - Strategy Document
102. StreetShare Strategy
To progress its vision for a green, global,connected city by 2030, the City of Sydney has
commenced construction of a network of cycle routes with the target of achieving 10% of trips by inner Sydney residents by bicycle by 2016.
Sustrans (United Kingdom) - Website
356. Quality Streets
Why do we need Quality Streets? According to the Sustrans campaign, quality streets are needed because they are the key to unlocking a communities' potential. On a quality street, you would know your neighbours and their children and they will know you. On a quality street, you are happy to let your children play out, and that's where you'll find them instead of parked in front of the computer. And if there were more quality streets, more people could choose to walk or cycle rather than drive.
Department of Education Tasmania (Australia) - Website
364. Being active matters!
Being active matters! is a booklet written specifically for parents, about the importance of children being physically active right from birth. The booklet covers five fundamental motor skills and includes suggestions, tips and ideas to help families include more physical activity into the daily routine.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
368. Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (CPCLA)
This publication compares results from the surveys of Children's Participation in Cultural
and Leisure Activities (CPCLA) conducted in April of 2000, 2003, 2006 and 2009. While
the publication primarily provides information about the participation of children aged 5
to 14 years in cultural, sporting and other leisure activities, some information on children's use of the Internet is also presented.
Irish Sports Council (Ireland) - Research Article
357. Ireland Children's Participation in Sport and Physical Activity Study
This major research study which provides a national database of physical activity, physical education and sport participation levels of children and youth in Ireland.
Kwon, S (United States) - Research Article
266. Associations of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Fatness With Cardiovascular Risk Factors
The U. S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) captures cross-sectional, nationally representative data on variables including fitness and weight status. This study used NHANES data to examine both the combined and independent effects of cardiorespiratory fitness and fatness on cardiovascular risk factors among adolescents aged 12-19, finding several risk factors to be associated with low fitness, independently of weight status.
Cole, Rachel (Australia) - Research Article
265. Perceptions of representatives of public, private, and community sector
This paper reports findings of qualitative research examining perceived barriers and enablers for active transport in Queensland, with issues arising around infrastructure delivery, public transport services, walk- and cycle-friendly community attributes, political leadership and government coordination, and societal norms and culture.
Chau, Josephine Y. et al (Australia) - Research Article
258. Are workplace interventions to reduce sitting effective? A systematic review
Researchers from The University of Queensland, The University of Sydney and Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute collaborated to produce a set of systematic reviews examining [i] the association between occupational sitting and health outcomes, and [ii] to identify whether workplace interventions to reduce sitting are effective.
Foster, S et al (Australia) - Research Article
254. Neighbourhood design and fear of crime
This study, part of the RESIDE project in Perth, WA examined relationships between neighbourhood design and residents’ fear of crime in new suburban housing developments, finding supportive evidence for walkable neighbourhoods linked to perceived safety.
Biddle, Stuart J.H. et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
248. Tracking of sedentary behaviors of young people: A systematic review
This review examines evidence of the tracking of sedentary behaviours from childhood and adolescence, demonstrating moderate levels of tracking into adulthood. Finding out about the tracking of sedentary behaviour is important for decision making around the most effective age groups to focus interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour.
Sirriyeh, Reema et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
223. Physical activity and adolescents: An exploratory randomized controlled trial
This study, an exploratory randomized control trial, tests the feasibility and acceptance of a novel intervention using different types of persuasive short messaging service (SMS) text messages in an attempt to increase physical activity levels amongst young adults (aged 16 – 19 years) over a two week period.
James Dollman et al (Australia) - Research Article
56. Physical activity and screen time behaviour in metropolitan, regional and rural adolescents
Activity levels among Australian adolescents show contrasting patterns of geographical differences to those found in Australian adults. Higher levels of free play among rural Australian adolescents may be due to more available space and less fear of traffic and stranger risks.
Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Case Study
341. PCAL Active Living Case Studies
In response to the increasing evidence linking urban planning to low levels of community participation in physical activity, the New South Wales Premier's Council for Active Living (PCAL) has developed a web-based resource Designing Places for Active Living . PCAL has also compiled a series of NSW case studies to demonstrate the successful application of Active Living design considerations for each of the specific environments within the Designing Places for Active Living resource.
Department of Transport (Australia) - Strategy Document
340. Victoria Pedestrian Access Strategy
The Pedestrian Access Strategy sets out the Victorian Government’s vision for a more pedestrian-friendly transport system for Victorians. The aim of the strategy is to encourage more Victorians to walk, especially for short trips. The strategy establishes broad policy principles and the first steps to guide the Victorian Government’s investment in walking over the next 10 years – including infrastructure,planning and design, safety and behaviour change programs.
BHFNC (United Kingdom) - Website
344. BHFNC website
The aim of this site is to help keep professionals up-to-date with all the latest developments in the field of physical activity and health. The British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (BHFNC) was established in April 2000 with funding from the British Heart Foundation (BHF).
Alberta Center for Active Living (United States) - Guideline
347. Team Approach Supports Adapted Physical Activity for Students with Disabilities
This article outlines how adapted physical activity consultants can lead or co-lead the creation and use of collaborative teams in school environments, in support of persons with disabilities. It also discusses some of the roles of each team member and offers best practices and other ideas to help the team work together.
Hardy, Louise et al (Australia) - Research Article
269. Munch and Move: evaluation of a preschool healthy eating and movement skill program
Findings from an evaluation of a low intensity physical activity and healthy eating intervention in New South Wales indicate improved fundamental movement skills and reductions in sweetened drinks are achievable over a short time span but other improvements may take longer to occur. Preschools and other early childhood services are important settings to initiate lifelong healthy lifestyles, but evidence of effective programs is scarce. Munch and Move is a state-wide program focusing on professional development of early childhood professionals to promote physical activity and healthy eating.
Wakefield, Melanie A. et al (United States) - Research Article
264. Use of mass media campaigns to change health behaviour
The paper describes the role of mass media in changing self behaviour. It also includes a systematic review of mass media campaigns in different areas, including campaigns to influence physical activity. In general they conclude that there is moderately good evidence for physical activity mass media campaigns, especially in motivated individuals.
Smith, Ben J. et al (Australia) - Research Article
262. Parental influences on child physical activity and screen viewing time
This cross-sectional study surveyed parents of 4006 children attending long day care centres, primary and high school in New South Wales to examine perceived parental barriers and self efficacy in relation to children’s’ physical activity participation and screen time viewing.
Pucher, John (United States) - Research Article
256. Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data
This paper, by Rutgers University (USA) academic, John Pucher, examines the ecologic association between travel data and health risk. Travel data, and sometimes, health surveys, were used to calculate the proportion of the population that actively commuted by walking or cycling, described as the 'active transport' segment of the population. This study examined ecologic associations, and observed interesting correlates.
van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z. et al (Australia) - Research Article
257. Occupational Sitting and Health Risks A Systematic Review
Researchers from The University of Queensland, The University of Sydney and Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute collaborated to produce a set of systematic reviews examining [i] the association between occupational sitting and health outcomes, and [ii] to identify whether workplace interventions to reduce sitting are effective.
Bassett, David R. Jr et al (United States) - Research Article
229. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity and Health Behaviors in United States Adults
The paper describes a large sample of adults who wore pedometers to objectively assess their physical activity levels. The pedometer sample was from 1100 US adults, who were part of the “America on the Move” study. The study was based on a population sample, but those participating in America on the Move, although showing geographic diversity could still be considered a somewhat selected sample.
NSW Health (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
354. NSW Falls Prevention Baseline Survey 2009
The mains aims of the NSW Falls Prevention Survey are to provide information about falls carers, falls status, risk and protective factors, consultation with health professionals, and falls knowledge, among community-dwelling older people.
VicHealth (Australia) - Case Study
366. VicHealth Raising a racket - new Australian arrivals revive badminton
This project is part of a VicHealth funding program known as PICSAR, which aims to increase participation levels in community sport and active recreation amongst people with disabilities and those from low socioeconomic, Indigenous and new arrival communities.
Department of Sport and Recreation WA (Australia) - Website
335. Active Parent Education Kit
The Active Parent Education Kit provides parents of Western Australia with resources to optimise their child’s sport and recreation experience. The kit targets parents, schools, clubs, officials, coaches and any community groups that are seeking information about the parent’s role in a sport or recreation environment.
Active Tasmania (Australia) - Website
337. Active UTAS
The Active UTAS pilot project offered free activity sessions for staff (yoga/pilates etc), free nutrition lectures, some gym membership subsidy, free exercise science consults, free water bottles and free 2010 health and wellbeing awareness desk calendars. A pre and post pilot project survey was completed to enable an understanding of the health of employees and to measure the impact of the pilot project.
Australian Bicycle Strategy (Australia) - Strategy Document
349. Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-16
The Strategy has been developed as a coordinating framework identifying responsibilities of all levels of government, community and industry stakeholders to encourage more people to get on their bicycles and start riding for a better life. The strategy recognises that increasing the number of people who ride a bike for transport and recreation has a host of benefits to individuals and society.
The vision for the Strategy is to double the number of people cycling in Australia by 2016.
Nature Play WA (Australia) - Website
333. Nature Play WA
The aim of Nature Play WA is to help parents help their children make the most of outdoor activities involving the bush, beach, and national and neighbourhood parks. Nature Play WA is devoted to helping West Australian children and their families connect with nature and help build stronger, healthier communities.
Cooper, Rachel (United Kingdom) - Research Article
267. Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality
This paper is an interesting systematic review and meta analysis assessing the benefits of grip strength, walking speed, rising from a chair [all measures of physical capability] and subsequent risks of all cause mortality. These measures of physical capability are slightly different to the usual measures of physical activity that we investigate in epidemiological research. Much of the research in this area has been done in the elderly, so that the public health implications are for older adults, and extend the potential for health benefits in older adult populations.
Lee, Andy H et al (Australia) - Research Article
255. Effectiveness of a Home-Based Postal and Telephone Physical Activity and Nutrition Program
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the Physical Activity and Nutrition Program for Seniors (PANS), a home-based intervention of 248 Perth adults aged between 65 and 74 years.
Sugiyama, T et al (Australia) - Research Article
250. Associations Between Recreational Walking and Attractiveness, Size & Proximity of Neighborhood
This study of 1366 adults examined whether attractiveness, size or proximity of a neighbourhood open space was more strongly associated with recreational walking. Participants were drawn from the Residential Environments (RESIDE) study in Perth, and geographical information systems and park audit data were used to identify the largest, most attractive and nearest neighbourhood open spaces within a 1.6km radius of where participants lived. Recreational walking was measured by asking participants to report their total time spent walking within their neighbourhood.
Caperchione, Cristina (Australia) - Research Article
261. WALK Community Grants Scheme: Lessons Learned
This paper outlines the development and administration of the Women’s Active Living Kits (WALK) Community Grant Scheme. It outlines challenges and barriers encountered, and provides practical insights for replicating such an initiative. The purpose of this paper is to describe a model of community walking grants schemes for practitioners.
World Health Organization (Switzerland) - Guideline
334. Global physical activity guidelines
WHO developed the "Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health" with the overall aim of providing national and regional level policy makers with guidance on the dose-response relationship between the frequency, duration, intensity, type and total amount of physical activity needed for the prevention of NCDs.
Australian Local Government Association (Australia) - Strategy Document
345. An Australian Vision for Active Transport
The Vision calls for a national approach to active transport to drive sharp improvements in:
> preventative health and physical activity;
> sustainable and liveable urban communities;
> environment and carbon pollution reduction;
> social inclusion;
> traffic congestion; and
> road safety.
Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Guideline
348. PCAL Workplace Travel Resource
A Workplace Travel Plan is developed by an organisation to make getting to and from the workplace easier for employees, and to reduce dependence on private vehicles and parking space. A travel plan typically includes support for walking, cycling, public transport and car sharing reinforced with promotion and incentives and the management of workplace parking.
Espinel, PT et al (Australia) - Research Article
331. An examination of the demographic characteristics and dietary intake of people
The purpose of this report is to examine the association between physical activity and dietary intake using self reported data from the 2007 NSW Population Health Survey. This report first investigates whether being physically active is associated with healthy dietary behaviours, and then describes the sociodemographic profile of physically active people who do not engage in healthy eating behaviours.
Parliament of New South Wales (Australia) - Research Article
336. Parliamentary briefing Cycling and Transport Policy in NSW
This briefing paper presents an overview of the contemporary debate on cycling. It summarises the transport issues facing NSW, presents an account of the state of cycling in NSW and in Sydney in particular, and compares cycling in Sydney with the other Australian capital cities and with selected international cities.
Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Policy Document
327. PCAL Why active living?
There is a rapidly growing body of evidence, which demonstrates that being active in everyday life not only has substantial positive impacts on our health, but also has potential environmental, social and economic benefits. To assist and support leaders in the public, private and community sectors to make decisions that will facilitate and encourage active living, PCAL has summarised in this Active Living Statement the key evidence demonstrating the benefits of active living and the individual and social costs of a sedentary lifestyle.
Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Website
328. Australian Sports Commission's campaign 'Play for life...join a sporting club'
Play for life...join a sporting club is all about the benefits of children and families participating in club sports.The club finder can help people connect with sporting clubs in specific areas.
USA Today (United States) - Website
350. Bike-sharing programs spin across U.S. campuses
Nearly 90 American universities, from New York University to the University of Alaska-Anchorage, offer some form of campus bike program, according to the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education.
Red Dust Role Models (Australia) - Website
329. Red Dust Role Models
Red Dust Role Models is a non-profit health promotion charity that seeks to improve the health and wellbeing of disadvantaged youth in remote communities.
Ullrich-French, Sarah C et al (United States) - Research Article
268. Examination of adolescents' screen time and physical fitness as independent correlates
Evidence of the science behind sedentary behaviour is emerging in adult and younger populations, with both sedentary behaviour and physical inactivity now thought carry independent health risks including overweight and obesity. This cross-sectional study of 11-15 year olds in the U.S builds on previous evidence of links between weight and fitness and sedentary behaviour. It reports additional associations of screen time with weight related health markers as well as blood pressure.
Shengxu, Li et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
260. Physical Activity Attenuates the Genetic Predisposition to Obesity in 20,000 Men and Women
This very large population based-study drew middle-aged adult participants from the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk cohort. 20,430 people of white European descent had baseline data available, of which 11,936 had BMI data at the second health examination conducted 3-7 years later. Physical activity was measured using a validated self administered questionnaire.
MacDonald, John M et al (United States) - Research Article
246. The Effect of Light Rail Transit on Body Mass Index and Physical Activity
This study from the U.S. examines the cross-sectional associations between objective and perceived measures of the built environment; BMI; obesity and meeting weekly recommended physical activity (RPA) levels through walking and vigorous exercise. The study also looks at the effect of introducing an LRT system on BMI, obesity, and physical activity levels.
Hendriksen, Ingrid J.M. et al (Netherlands) - Research Article
236. The association between commuter cycling and sickness absence
This cross-sectional study found an association between commuter cycling and all-cause sickness absence in a sample of over 1000 Dutch employees. Previous evidence has established links between commuter cycling and a reduced risk of premature mortality and cardiovascular disease and in preventing becoming overweight but absenteeism has not been a focus of past research. Additionally, this study explores the influence of distance, frequency and speed of commuter cycling on the relationship between commuter cycling and absenteeism.
Morgan, P.J. et al (Australia) - Research Article
253. The 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids' randomized controlled trial
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the ‘Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids’ (HDHK) program which took place in Newcastle, NSW. It was designed to help overweight fathers lose weight and be a role model of positive health behaviors for their children and resulted in reductions in fathers’ weight over the 6-month assessment period.
Gwynn, josephine D et al (Australia) - Research Article
334. The validation of a self-report measure and physical activity of Australian Aboriginal
The purpose of this paper was to validate a self-report measure of physical activity for both Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous rural children, and to describe their physical activity participation.
Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Guideline
327. PCAL Workplace Travel Plan resource
The PCAL Workplace Travel Plan resource gives an overview of ‘Workplace Travel Plans’ based on established best practice. It will help you to understand what a Workplace Travel Plan is and why it might be of value to your organisation. The resource will also lead you through the process for developing a Plan, based on the experiences of one employer. Furthermore, there are links to better Workplace Travel Plan examples as well as lists of key Australian and international references.
Hardy, Louise L. et al (Australia) - Research Article
244. Screen Time and Metabolic Risk Factors Among Adolescents
This cross-sectional study of year 10 students in Sydney high schools examined the association between screen time guidelines and risk factors for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and fatty liver diseases. A total of 496 students from 28 metropolitan schools participated in the study.
Patel, Alpha V. et al (United States) - Research Article
252. Leisure Time Spent Sitting in Relation to Total Mortality in a Prospective Cohort of US Adults
This was a large cohort study examining cancer incidence and mortality begun by the American Cancer Society in 1992. The analysis looked at time spent sitting and physical activity, and examined data from questionnaires completed by 184,190 US adults who were aged between 50-74 years at baseline. Approximately 19,000 deaths were identified during the 14-year follow-up.
Merom, Dafna et al (Australia) - Research Article
243. Public Health Perspectives on Household Travel Surveys: Active Travel Between 1997 and 2007
This study reports on trends in active transportation over the past decade, and describes the contributions of walking and cycling for transportation to meeting physical activity recommendations. The study utilized data from the Sydney Greater Metropolitan Area Household Travel Survey (HTS) which is continuously collected since 1997 by the Transport Data Centre of the NSW Government .
Lombard, Catherine et al (Australia) - Research Article
249. A low intensity, community based lifestyle programme to prevent weight gain in women
This community based, cluster randomized controlled trial in urban Australia involved 250 adult women recruited through 12 primary schools. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community behavioural intervention to prevent weight gain and improve health related behaviours in women with young children.
Titze, S (Austria) - Research Article
247. Associations Between Intrapersonal and Neighborhood Environmental Characteristics and Cycling
These latest findings from the RESIDE study, a longitudinal study in Perth examining associations between neighbourhoods and health, cross-sectionally investigates the relationships of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and intrapersonal factors to cycling. Findings suggest attractive neighbourhoods, low traffic speed and increased street connectivity are associated with increased levels of cycling.
Martinson, Brain C et al (United States) - Research Article
235. Maintaining Physical Activity Among Older Adults: 24-month Outcomes
This study focuses on assessing the maintenance of increases in physical activity at 6-, 12-, and 24-month following the Keep Active Minnesota (KAM), a telephone and mail-based intervention designed to promote physical activity maintenance among currently active adults age 50 to 70. It provides a rare example of successful maintenance of behaviour change to increase physical activity in this mid-older adult population who are often susceptible to declines in physical activity.
Cocker, Katrien A. et al (Belgium) - Research Article
245. Associations between sitting time and weight in young adult Australian women
This research, from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (ALSWH) examined associations between time spent sitting and weight. In overweight and obese women, links between weight and sitting time were found, however these relationships were not evident longitudinally.
Lee, Alison et al (Australia) - Case Study
332. Recognising the economic role of bikes: sharing parking in Lygon Street, Carlton
This study demonstrates that, in appropriate areas, economic benefits may be achieved from replacing car parking with bike parking in public space areas, particularly as intensification of activity occurs as part of urban change, and as transport mode shifts over time.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Research Article
329. Trends in the prevalence of physical activity: National YRBS: 1991—2009 - 2010
The national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) monitors priority health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults in the United States.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Research Article
331. Square eyes and couch potatoes: Children's participation in screen-based activities
Using data from the 2009 ABS survey of Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (cat. no. 4901.0) this article will investigate the time that Australian children aged 5-14 years are spending on screen-based activities and how this may interact with their participation in organised sport and other physical recreation activities.
Victoria Walks (Australia) - Website
319. Victoria Walks
Victoria Walks has tips, information and resources to inspire people to walk.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Strategy Document
326. US CDC State indicator report on physical activity 2010
The State Indicator Report on Physical Activity, 2010, provides information on physical activity behavior and policy and environmental supports within each state. Physical activity, essential to overall health, can help control weight, reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers, strengthen bones and muscles, and improve mental health.
Department of Transport (Australia) - Website
325. Walking School Buses in WA 2010
The Walking School Bus is a popular way of encouraging young children to walk to school together. It works like a bus, picking up 'passengers' along the way at designated 'bus stops' except everyone is walking.
Rissel, Chris et al (Australia) - Research Article
241. Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers
This study reports on trends in media coverage of cycling in the main broad sheet and tabloid newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne, generally uncovering increasingly positive framing of cycling over the past decade. Newspapers can serve as important tools for promoting healthy behaviours such as cycling due to their wide distribution and high readership rates. Cycling also creates broader societal benefits in terms of the environment, transport and the economy.
Vandelanotte, Corneel et al (Australia) - Research Article
239. Physical Activity Trends in Queensland (2002-2008): are women becoming more active then men?
This paper reports trend results from annual population surveys over seven years in Central Queensland, geographically defined as between the towns of Mackay in the north to Bundaberg in the south and from the eastern seaboard to the state border in the west. Physical activity trend data is important at the population level in order to monitor participation rates and as a measure to establish the effectiveness of overall public health policies and programs to increase physical activity levels.
Lusk, Anne C. et al (United States) - Research Article
242. Bicycle Riding, Walking, and Weight Gain in Premenopausal Women
This paper reports the results of a large 16 year prospective cohort study of 18,414 healthy premenopausal women in the United States. The objective of the study was to assess the association between cycling and weight maintenance in premenopausal women.
Department of Sport and Recreation (Australia) - Research Article
342. Brain boost: Sport and physical activity enhance children’s learning
Sport and physical activity participation are generally promoted for their positive impact on children’s physical and mental health. However, increased participation in sport and other forms of physical activity are also thought to lead to enhancement of cognitive functioning (information processing), memory, concentration, behaviour and academic achievement for children. The link between physical activity and academic achievement is of increasing interest in the field of education and sport.
Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (Canada) - Guideline
324. CFLRI Research File Physical Activity at Childcare among Preschool-aged Children
In the United States, researchers developed the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) environmental self-assessment instrument.to help assess the quality of physical activity and play opportunities provided in childcare facilities. Based on this tool, this is a list of questions parents should ask their childcare provider to make sure their children are getting a healthy start in life.
Roads and Traffic Authority (Australia) - Strategy Document
317. NSW BikePlan
The NSW BikePlan aims to make NSW one of the world’s best places to ride a bike. Following the Metropolitan Transport Plan’s $158 million commitment to improve urban cycle networks, the NSW BikePlan details the State’s largest cycle program to date. The NSW BikePlan outlines how the NSW Government will work in partnership with local councils, communities and businesses to grow bike-riding over ten years.
National Physical Activity Plan (United States) - Strategy Document
311. US National Physical Activity Plan
The National Physical Activity Plan is a comprehensive set of policies, programs, and initiatives that aim to increase physical activity in all segments of the American population. The Plan is the product of a private-public sector collaborative. Hundreds of organizations are working together to change communities in ways that will enable every American to be sufficiently physically active.
ACT Greens (Australia) - Policy Document
313. ACT Greens Active Transport Plan
The ACT Greens’ Active Transport Plan describes actions that the Greens want to see the ACT Government take to achieve a change in transport patterns, away from private car use, in favour of active transport. Active transport is physically active travelling. Primarily, this means walking and cycling. It also refers to public transport that is effectively integrated with cycling and walking. This document primarily deals with the active part – walking and cycling.
Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article
310. The Economic Benefits of Open Space, Recreation Facilities and Walkable Community Design
This research synthesis reviews the sizable body of peer-reviewed and independent reports on the economic value of outdoor recreation facilities, open spaces and walkable community design. It focuses on “private” benefits that accrue to nearby homeowners and to other users of open space.
Australian Conservation Foundation (Australia) - Newsletter
312. Tax reform will let us peddle a healthier life cycle
The benefit of ongoing investment in active transport will improve the economy through better productivity from reduced road congestion and will reduce our carbon footprint. Cars contribute more than half of the greenhouse gas emissions generated by the transport sector. But increasing participation in active transport which includes incidental walking to and from public transport helps tackle climate change, reduces the burden of chronic disease and improves economic productivity.
Global Advocacy Council for Physical Activity (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document
285. Toronto Charter for Physical Activity and Public Health
The Toronto Charter for Physical Activity is a call for action and an advocacy tool to create sustainable opportunities for physically active lifestyles for all. Organizations and individuals interested in promoting physical activity can use this Charter to influence and unite decision makers, at national, regional and local levels, to achieve a shared goal. These Organizations include health, transport, environment, sport and recreation, education, urban design and planning as well as government, civil society and the private sector.
Okely, Anthony D. et al (Australia) - Research Article
240. Changes in cardiorespiratory fitness among children and adolescents in Australia: 1997 and 2004
This paper presents trends in cardio-respiratory fitness in young people in New South Wales from 1997-2004. Cardio-respiratory fitness is important as it protects against cardiovascular disease and there is some evidence that it tracks from childhood to adulthood. Overall, there were no significant changes in fitness between surveys, but differences among socioeconomic groups were evident.
Quigg, Robin et al (New Zealand) - Research Article
222. Using accelerometers and GPS units to identify the proportion of daily physical activity
There are relationships between the built environment and levels of physical activity and obesity. Previous research has identified playgrounds as facilities that can increase physical activity levels in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the location of physical activity in primary school aged children, and identify the proportion of physical activity occurring in public parks with playgrounds.
Duncan, Glen E (United States) - Research Article
211. The "fit but fat" concept revisited: population-based estimates using NHANES
Low cardiovascular fitness is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adults. The "fit but fat" concept suggests that cardiovascular fitness attenuates risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease independent of body mass index (BMI), even among the obese. However, the proportion of U.S. adults considered both fit and obese is unknown. Thus, the purposes of this short paper were to estimate the proportion of U.S. adults who are obese yet have a high cardiovascular fitness level (fit but fat), and determine the independent effect of obesity on cardiovascular
Selig, Steve E. et al (Australia) - Guideline
232. Exercise and Sport Science Australia Position Statement on exercise training and chronic heart
This Position Statement was developed to inform and guide exercise practitioners and health professionals in the safe and effective prescription and supervision of exercise for patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF). The authors have extensive experience in this area. CHF is a complex syndrome where the function of the heart’s left ventricle is impaired, causing fatigue and decreased exercise function and strength. It is one of the most common reasons for hospital admission in Australia, and accounts for an estimated annual cost of over $1billion.
Dance, Matthew (Canada) - Research Article
309. Using Mapping and Social Networking Tools to Promote Physical Activity
This article explores the idea of a smart phone (e.g., a BlackBerry, iPhone or Android mobile device) and the Internet adding value to an outdoor activity, helping to promote participation. The author suggests that social networking tools, online mapping tools and mobile devices can enable increased “community building” around outdoor activities, potentially contributing to increased physical activity among the general population.
Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Website
307. Hotel offers 'cycle for your supper' deal
A Danish hotel is pioneering a pedal-power electricity generation scheme it hopes will catch on in other countries. The Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers, 15 minutes from the center of the Danish capital and five minutes from Scandinavia's main airport, is installing two exercise bicycles hooked up to generators.
Pedestrian Council of Australia (Australia) - Website
305. Walk Safely to School Day
Walk Safely to School Day (WSTSD) is an annual, national event when all Primary School children will be encouraged to walk and commute safely to school. It is a Community Event seeking to promote Road Safety, Health, Public Transport and the Environment.
Active Healthy Kids Canada (Canada) - Epidemiological Report
320. 2010 Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card
In an ongoing effort to advance knowledge to effect change, Active Healthy Kids Canada release the annual Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth, a comprehensive assessment of the current state of physical activity among Canadian children and youth.
Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Research Article
298. Alberta Centre for Active Living Physical Activity for All: Understanding Inclusion: Summary
The project studied the barriers that prevent or limit people from being physically
active and the supports or facilitators that help to overcome barriers and encourage an
O'Donovan, Gary et al (United Kingdom) - Guideline
238. The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: A consensus statement
This paper is a distillation of the evidence for physical activity and health. It is a document prepared through a consensus process by the British Association for Sport and Exercise Sciences, an organisation similar to Sports Medicine Australia. It has many emanate authors, and it describes a consensus process for updating the evidence on being physically active for three groups, those who are healthy adults, those who are healthy adults but who are inactive, and those who are healthy adults but already active. The recommendations are similar to those already published in the United States
Borg, Janelle et al (Australia) - Research Article
210. Staff walking program: a quasi-experimental trial of maintenance newsletters
The Step by Step self-help walking program plus a pedometer previously motivated a community sample of adults to be physically active for up to three months. This study evaluates the effect of enhancement of this program over an additional nine months in a workplace.
Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (Canada) - Research Article
300. CLFRI Research File Life Events and Their Impact on Women’s Physical Activity
Knowledge of the potential impact of life events on the physical activity of women can help in anticipating when potential declines in physical activity may occur. Supporting the care-giver role of women throughout various life stages will likely help them to find time for physical activity.
Guthold, Regina et al (Switzerland) - Research Article
297. Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Among Schoolchildren : A 34 Country Comparison
This paper describes international data from 34 countries using the Global school health survey. This survey is organised through the World Health Organisation and collects data on school aged children in many developed and developing countries. This paper is a report on the physical activity data collected between 2003 and 2007.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Guideline
287. CDC Youth Physical Activity Guidelines Toolkit
Despite the many health benefits associated with regular physical activity, many children and adolescents do not participate in physical activity for 60 minutes or more each day. To promote the guidelines and support youth physical activity, CDC and several partner organizations developed the Youth Physical Activity Guidelines Toolkit, which highlights strategies that schools, families, and communities can use to support youth physical activity.
Lee, I-Min et al (United States) - Research Article
228. Physical Activity and Weight Gain Prevention
This study provides strong confirmation of the importance of 60 minutes a day of moderate-intensity physical activity in successful weight maintenance in adults, from a well-designed longitudinal study of over 34,000 middle-aged women in the US. Physical activity guidelines in the majority of countries worldwide promote at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity for health benefits and this is the message that is usually promoted to the public.
Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article
282. Parks, Playgrounds and Active Living: Research Synthesis
This synthesis summarizes the growing body of evidence concerning the role of parks in shaping active lifestyles across a variety of study populations, including children, seniors, lower-income families, specific racial and ethnic groups and other populations at high risk of being inactive.
The need to further substantiate these findings and to extend park, playground and active living research into other topical areas using more sophisticated research designs also is discussed.
Department for Transport (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
286. UK Active travel strategy - commentary by Rohan Greenland
Cycling and walking are simple ways to incorporate more physical activity intolife and are very important for increasing access to jobs and services for many people. When replacing trips by car they can also help reduce emissions and ease local congestion. There is a wealth of evidence and good practice that local authorities and the NHS can use to develop their own walking and cycling programmes in their Local Transport Plans .
BHF National Centre Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Research Article
288. UK Change4Life one year on
The BHFNC have summarised the key findings of the Department of Health report, ‘Change4Life one year on’ to provide professionals with the key information and implications following the review of the high profile social marketing campaign. 'Change4Life'.
Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (Canada) - Research Article
284. Impact of Parental Attitudes on Children’s Physical Activity
How much does the value parents place on physical activity influence their children’s attitude and participation? This article looked at parental beliefs about specific types and intensities of physical activity and their relationship to children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour.
NSW Department of Health (Australia) - Guideline
290. Healthy Urban Development Checklist
The purpose of the Checklist is to help build the capacity of NSW Health to provide valuable feedback to local councils, and other relevant organisations, on health issues in relation to urban development plans and proposals. It is intended that the use of the Guideline will facilitate strengthened partnerships and collaboration between NSW Health and urban planners and developers as part of NSW Health's initiatives to promote healthy communities in NSW.
Liverpool JMU Centre for Public Health (United Kingdom) - Research Article
283. Urban Green Space and Public Health Fact Sheet
Urban green space is defined as any vegetated land within, or adjoining an urban area.The extent of urban green space is difficult to estimate as it may include a wide variety of amenities (such as allotments, playgrounds, canal towpaths as well as parks). Public parks only represent about one third of all urban green space in the UK. There are inextricable links between human beings and the natural environment Urban green spaces impact positively on the health of local populations in many ways.
de Silva-Sanigorski, Andrea M et al (Australia) - Research Article
234. Reducing obesity in early childhood: results from Romp & Chomp
This study reports on the evaluation of Romp and Chomp, a community-wide intervention to reduce childhood obesity in pre-school children aged 0-5 years which took place in Geelong, Victoria from 2004-2008. Its findings demonstrate the program effectiveness in reducing obesity, improving dietary behaviour, active play and sedentary behaviours.
Kriemler, Susi et al (Switzerland) - Research Article
225. Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS) on fitness and adiposity
This study is a rare example of a school based physical activity intervention with positive outcomes of increased physical activity, reduced body fat, improved aerobic fitness and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors.
Touvier, Mathilde et al (France) - Research Article
221. Changes in leisure-time physical activity and sedentary behaviour at retirement: a prospective
With increases in life expectancy worldwide, retirees are an increasing population group. During retirement, it is expected that time barriers to physical activity will reduce and increases in physical activity participation are likely to occur. However, increased leisure-time may also lead to increased sedentary behaviour. This longitudinal study investigates relationships between retirement and 3-year changes in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) patterns and sedentary behaviour, in form of TV watching, in middle-aged French adults.
Beets, Michael W (United States) - Research Article
215. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity Patterns of Youth: A 13-Country Review
Research indicates there is an increase in children and adolescents who are physically inactive world wide, with considerable disparities among countries. With this increase in physical inactivity there is an increase in the rate of overweight and obesity in young people, making insufficient physical activity in young people aged 5 – 18 years a global public health issue. The purpose of this study was to review studies that used pedometers to measure physical activity to explore the physical activity patterns of young people around the world.
Teychenne, Megan (Australia) - Research Article
224. Physical activity, sedentary behavior and depression among disadvantaged women
This study demonstrates the associations that exist between the risk of depression in women and is novel due to its large number of participants, focus on disadvantaged neighbourhoods and, as it took place in urban and rural Victoria, is of particular interest to those of us working in physical activity in Australia.
Eime, R. M. et al (Australia) - Research Article
227. Transition in participation in sport and unstructured physical activity
This study provides perspectives on physical activity and sport participation from teenage girls in rural Victoria and helps us understand factors which influence motivation and participation in this population group often at risk of declines in physical activity.
Granich, Joanna et al (Australia) - Research Article
231. Understanding children's sedentary behaviour
This study describes influences of the family home environment on children’s electronic-based sedentary behaviour (TV and computer games) finding parent and sibling modelling and reinforcement, personal cognitive factors, the physical home environment and household rules and restrictions determined electronic media use. Electronic sedentary behaviour is associated with overweight & obesity and may displace potential time spent in physical activity.
Ballew, Paula et al (United States) - Research Article
230. Dissemination of effective physical activity interventions: are we applying the evidence?
In 2002, the US Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) produced the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide) consisting of eight evidence-based areas of intervention which contributed to the physical activity recommendations. This study examines perceptions of the dissemination of the Community Guide including key benefits, barriers and contextual factors that are thought by surveyed experts to be important in the adoption and implementation of the ‘Community Guide’s’ evidence-based physical activity recommendations.
Bergman, Patrick et al (Sweden) - Research Article
214. Congestion Road Tax and Physical Activity
As western societies increasingly rely on private motorised transport and when many populations do not obtain sufficient physical activity to benefit health, policy and environmental measures such as congestion charging hold potential to provide duel benefits in increasing transport-related and incidental activity and environmental gain. This Swedish study looked at the potential effect of a congestion road tax on physical activity behaviour.
Active Living Research (United States) - Website
273. Active Living Research
Active Living Research is a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The primary goal is to support and share research on environmental and policy strategies that can promote daily physical activity for children and families across the United States. They place special emphasis on research related to children of color and lower-income children who are at highest risk for obesity.
Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Institute (Canada) - Newsletter
278. Seasonal Variations in Physical Activity
For many Canadians, winter means a decrease in their physical activity levels. This newsletter offers some winter activity options and guidelines for avoiding hypothermia and frostbite.
van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z. (Australia) - Research Article
295. Sitting Time Is Associated With Weight, but Not With Weight Gain in Mid-Aged Australian Women
This paper, written by researchers at the University of Queensland, examines associations between sitting time, weight, and weight gain in Australian women born in 1946–1951 as part of the Australian Longitudinal Study on women’s Health (ALSWH). Their research finds that time spent sitting is associated with weight but not weight gain over time.
Etgen, Thorleif et al (Germany) - Research Article
218. Physical Activity and Incident Cognitive Impairment in Elderly Persons The INVADE Study
The benefits of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases is well-established and there is also emerging evidence of the benefits of physical activity for mental health, although less well-known. The links between physical activity and cognitive impairment or decline is currently equivocal. This German study examined longitudinal associations between physical activity and incident cognitive impairment.
Rissel, Chris (Australia) - Research Article
217. The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion
Cycling has many benefits as a low-cost form of health-enhancing physical activity and a means of reducing environmental impact through sustainable transport. However, in Australia’s car dominated towns and cities, finding effective ways of promoting increases in cycling is challenging. The effects of changes to infrastructure on physical activity behaviour have rarely been investigated. This paper reports on the Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project, a community-based cycling promotion program in low-economic areas of urban Sydney.
Dunstan, D. W. et al (Australia) - Research Article
213. Television Viewing Time and Mortality
The AusDiab (Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study) study is a large-scale longitudinal population-based investigation of diabetes and other lifestyle diseases which started in 1999. Participants are a cohort of several thousand adults from across Australia. This paper examines the relationships between TV watching, the most common form of sedentary behaviour, and disease, reporting on associations of television viewing time with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and non-CVD/noncancer mortality.
Sun, Qi (United States) - Research Article
216. Physical Activity at Midlife in Relation to Successful Survival in Women at Age 70 Years
Physical activity is a well-established approach to reducing risks of many chronic diseases and premature death. Whether physical activity is also associated with improved overall health and wellbeing at older ages is unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the relation between midlife physical activity, including walking, and successful aging as measured by a full spectrum of health outcomes, including incidence of chronic diseases, cognitive and physical functioning and mental status.
Centre for Epidemiology and Research (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
321. NSW Population Health Survey 2009
This summary report on adult health presents the first results from the 2009 New South Wales Population Health Survey and compares those results with previous years.
European Commission (Belgium) - Research Article
299. Eurobarometer Survey on Sport and Physical Activity
A special Eurobarometer Survey on Sport and Physical Activity was carried out in late 2009. The results show that while a majority of European citizens play sport or do some other form of physical exercise at least once a week, a worrying 25% of respondents say that they are almost completely inactive. Men play more sport and also exercise more than women. Health-related concerns are the most common reason for exercising.
Schwantes, Timothy H (United States) - Case Study
281. Active Living By Design: Using Active Living Principles to Promote Physical Activity in Rural
This document is meant for community advocates, leaders, policy makers, or any other stakeholders that are interested in creating supports for active living within rural communities.
Interdisciplinary Centre for Environment & Society (United Kingdom) - Research Article
293. Nature, Childhood, Health and Life Pathways
There is growing evidence to show that children’s contact with nature and consequent levels of physical activity affects not only their well-being but also their health in later life.It is well established that exposure to natural places can lead to positive mental health outcomes, whether a view of nature from a window, being within natural places or exercising in these environments. Green space is important for mental wellbeing, longevity and decreased risk of mental ill-health across a number of countries.
Heart Foundation (Australia) - Strategy Document
212. Blueprint for an Active Australia (commentary)
Blueprint for an active Australia provides key information to formulate a national physical activity plan for action for governments, organisations, associations and agencies. It details key cost-effective government,non-government and community actions that willincrease physical activity evels in Australia from 2010 to 2013.
Helu, S.L. et al et al (New Zealand) - Epidemiological Report
277. Youth'07 The Health and Wellbeing of Secondary School Students in New Zealand
This report presents selected findings for 1190 Pacific secondary school students who took
part in New Zealand’s second national youth health and wellbeing survey, conducted in 2007.
The findings are compared with those from the first survey conducted in 2001.
World Health Organisation (Denmark) - Guideline
303. A healthy city is an active city: a physical activity planning guide
This planning guide provides a range of ideas, information and tools for developing a comprehensive plan for creating a healthy, active city by enhancing physical activity in the urban environment. By developing, improving and supporting opportunities in the built and social environments, city leaders and their partners can enable all citizens to be physically active in day-to-day life.
Heart Foundation (Australia) - Website
371. Unplug and play
The Unplug and Play campaign is a state-wide Western Australian campaign targeting parents to increase physical activity and decrease sedentary behaviour in children. The campaign urges parents to put in place strategies to limit their children s electronic media use for entertainment and provides tips on how to encourage and support active play.