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Behaviour

LATEST ARTICLES IN BEHAVIOUR

  • Sydney A. Jones, Quefeng Li, Allison E. Aiello, Angela M. O'Rand, Kelly R. Evenson (United States) - Research Article

    884. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Retirement: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

    An interesting read on retirements levels and physical activity.

  • Gordon et al 2018 (Australia) - Research Article

    879. Association of Efficacy of Resistance Exercise Training With Depressive Symptoms: Meta-analysis and Meta-regression Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

    In this meta-analysis of 33 randomised controlled trials involving 1877 participants, Gordon and colleagues aimed to determine the effect of resistance training on depressive symptoms across a diverse range of populations.

  • Chapman R, Keall M, Howden-Champan P, Grams M, Witten K, Randal E and Woodward A. (New Zealand) - Research Article

    878. A Cost Benefit Analysis of an Active Travel Intervention with Health and Carbon Emission Reduction Benefits

    The ACTIVE before-and-after quasi-experimental study (2010-2013) estimated the net benefits of health and other outcomes from New Zealand’s Model Communities Programme (MCP) using an empirical analysis comparing two intervention cities with two control cities.

  • Chesham, R. A., Booth, J. N., Sweeney, E. L., Ryde, G. C., Gorely, T., Brooks, N.E.,?and Moran, C. N. (United Kingdom) - Case Study

    875. The Daily Mile makes primary school children more active, less sedentary and improves their fitness and body composition: a quasi-experimental pilot study

    Does engaging in ‘The Daily Mile' (promoted by Scottish Government) make primary school children more active, less sedentary and improve their fitness and body composition?

  • Dumuid, D, Pedisic, Z, Stanford, T. E, Martín-Fernández J. A., Hron K., Maher C., Olds, T. (Australia) - Research Article

    877. The Compositional Isotemporal Substitution Model: A method for estimating changes in a health outcome for reallocation of time between sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity.

    This paper by Dumuid and colleagues [2017] describes a new statistical technique relevant to the analysis of physical activity data.

  • Charlie Foster, Paul Kelly, Hamish A B Reid, Nia Roberts, Elaine M Murtagh, David K Humphreys, Jenna Panter, Karen Milton (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    874. What works to promote walking at the population level? A systematic review

    The authors of this study systematically reviewed the effectiveness of population approaches to promote walking among individuals and groups.

  • Rebecca Bentley, Tony Blakely, Anne Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Tania King, Paul McElwee, Billie Giles-Corti, and Gavin Turrell (Australia) - Case Study

    871. A Longitudinal Study Examining Changes in Street Connectivity, Land Use, and Density of Dwellings and Walking for Transport in Brisbane, Australia

    Societies face the challenge of keeping people active as they age. Walkable neighborhoods have been associated with physical activity, but more rigorous analytical approaches are needed.

  • Eime, R., Harvey, J and Charity, M. (Australia) - Research Article

    880. Girls transition from participation in a modified sport program to club sport competition – a study of longitudinal patterns and correlates

    Interesting results from this study. The suggested age to start our children in sport if we want them to continue to club competition level may surprise you.

  • Laura Wilde (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    7. ISPAH Early Career Network

    This systematic review protocol outlines the methods for synthesising the qualitative literature on the barriers and facilitators of using apps and wearables for monitoring physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour in adults.

  • Champion, R.B., Smith, L.R., Smith, J., Hirlav, B., Maylor, B.D., White, S.L. and Bailey, D.P. (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    870. Reducing prolonged sedentary time using a treadmill desk acutely improves cardiometabolic risk markers in male and female adults

    In developed countries and the rapidly urbanizing populations of developing countries, too much sitting as distinct from too little exercise has become the default behavioural option. Reducing prolonged periods of sitting has therefore emerged as a new focus for reducing the risk of cardiometabolic diseases.

  • Harris, T., Kerry, S.M., Limb, E.S., Furness, C., Wahlich, C., Victor, C. R., Iliffe, S., Whincup, P.H., Ussher, M., Eklund, U., Fox-Rushby, J., Ibison, J., DeWilde, S., McKay, C. and Cook, D.G. (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    869. Physical activity levels in adults and older adults 3–4 years after pedometer-based walking interventions: Long-term follow-up of participants from two randomised controlled trials in UK primary care

    Physical inactivity is an important cause of noncommunicable diseases. Interventions can increase short-term physical activity, but few interventions have evaluated physical activity objectively beyond 12 months. We followed up two pedometer interventions with positive 12-month effects to examine objective physical activity levels at 3–4 years.

  • Stamatakis E, Kelly P, StrainT, Murtagh E.M, Ding D and Murphy M.H. (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    879. Self-rated walking pace and all-cause, cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality: individual participant pooled analysis of 50 225 walkers from 11 population British cohorts

    This study examined the associations between walking pace, all-cause and cause specific mortality, as well as potential modifying variables, such as physical activity volume.

  • Barbara J Jefferis, Tessa J Parsons, Claudio Sartini, Sarah Ash, Lucy T Lennon, Olia Papacosta, Richard W Morris, S. Goya Wannamethee, I -Min Lee, Peter H Whincup (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    864. Objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behaviour and all-cause mortality in older men: does volume of activity matter more than pattern of accumulation?

    Understand how device-measured sedentary behaviour and physical activity are related to all-cause mortality in older men, an age group with high levels of inactivity and sedentary behaviour.

  • Rissel, C, Crane, M, Standen, C, Wen, L, Ellison, R, Greaves, S. (Australia) - Research Article

    874. Public support for bicycling and transport policies in inner Sydney, Australia: a cross sectional survey

    This paper describes the degree of community support and factors associated with this support, for a number of potential transport policy options among an inner-city sample of residents in Sydney, Australia.

  • Ina Becker, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlick, Robert Rupp, Jens Bucksch (Germany) - Research Article

    859. Workplace Interventions to Reduce Sedentary Behavior: A Systematic Review

    This systematic review investigates the extent to which interventions aid in the reduction of sedentary behaviour among office workers, and explores a range of variables which moderate intervention effects.

  • Alpa V. Patel, PhD, Janet S. Hildebrand, MPH, Corinne R. Leach, PhD, Peter T. Campbell, PhD, Colleen Doyle, MS, Kerem Shuval, PhD, Ying Wang, PhD, Susan M. Gapstur, PhD. (Australia) - Research Article

    857. Walking in Relation to Mortality in a Large Prospective Cohort of Older U.S. Adults

    Walking in relation to mortality in a large US prospective cohort of older adults.

  • Ms Jane Ahn (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    ISPAH Early Career Network

    This paper examines the relationship between objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity, and mental health in children from the UK Millennium Cohort Study.

  • Emmanuel Stamatakis, I-Min Lee, Jason Bennie, Jonathan Freeston, Mark Hamer, Gary O'Donovan, Ding Ding, Adrian Bauman, Yorgi Mavros (Australia) - Research Article

    854. Does strength promoting exercise confer unique health benefits? A pooled analysis of eleven population cohorts with all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality endpoints

    Learn about the specific benefits of strength training in this new international study of combined health survey data.

  • Pedišic Ž, Dumuid D, Olds T (Australia) - Research Article

    851. Integrating sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity research in the emerging field of time-use epidemiology: definitions, concepts, statistical methods, theoretical framework, and future directions

    Discover how different behaviours can be integrated in this new model featuring definitions, concepts, statistical methods, theoretical framework, and future directions.

  • Butte, Nancy F.; Watson, Kathleen B.; Ridley, Kate; Zakeri, Issa F.; McMurray, Robert G.; Pfeiffer, Karin A.; Crouter, Scott E.; Herrmann, Stephen D.; Bassett, David R.; Long, Alexander; Berhane, Zekarias; Trost, Stewart G.; Ainsworth, Barbara E.; Berrigan, David; Fulton, Janet E. (United States) - Research Article

    852. A Youth Compendium of Physical Activities: Activity Codes and Metabolic Intensities

    Take a look at the new compendium for young people containing 196 different physical activities!

  • Peter Edwards, National Heart Foundation of Australia (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    855. Does strength promoting exercise confer unique health benefits? A pooled analysis of eleven population cohorts with all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality endpoints.

    Does strength promoting exercise confer unique health benefits? A pooled analysis of eleven population cohorts with all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality endpoints.

  • Stuart J.H. Biddle, Enrique García Bengoechea and Glen Wiesner (Australia) - Research Article

    844. Sedentary behaviour and adiposity in youth: a systematic review of reviews and analysis of causality

    Learn about the latest evidence on the links between childhood sedentary behaviour and obesity in this new review of reviews.

  • [1] Althoff T, Hicks JL, King AC, Delp SL, Leskovec J [2] Evenson KR, Wen F, Furberg RD (Australia) - Research Article

    842. Big data opportunities from new technologies – iPhone and Fitbit

    Discover the opportunities new technologies offer through wearable devices and smart phones with these two articles on iPhones and Fitbits for physical activity measurement.

  • Jancey, J., Holt, Anne-Marie., Lee, Andy., Kerr, Deborah., Robinson, Suzanne., Tang, Li., Anderson, A.S., Hills, Andrew., and Howat, Peter (Australia) - Research Article

    841. Effects of a physical activity and nutrition program in retirement villages: a cluster randomised controlled trial

    Learn about the effects of an intervention for older people in residential settings.

  • Pavey, Toby G., Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L. , Uijtdewilligen, Leonie and Brown, Wendy J. (Australia) - Research Article

    840. Which Women are Highly Active Over a 12-Year Period? A Prospective Analysis of Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health

    Find out about factors associated with being active in a new data analysis of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.

  • Reddon, Hudson; Meyre, David; Cairney, John (Canada) - Research Article

    838. Physical Activity and Global Self-worth in a Longitudinal Study of Children

    Find out about the relationships between youth physical activity and future positive mental health in this large study from Canada.

  • Füzéki E, Engeroff T, Banzer W (Germany) - Research Article

    834. Health Benefits of Light-Intensity Physical Activity: A Systematic Review of Accelerometer Data of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)

    Learn about the specific benefits of light intensity physical activity in new data from the U.S.

  • Mann KD, Howe LD, Basterfield L, Parkinson KN, Pearce MS, Reilly JK, Adamson AJ, Reilly JJ, Janssen X (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    829. Longitudinal study of the associations between change in sedentary behavior and change in adiposity during childhood and adolescence: Gateshead Millennium study

    Discover the latest effects on weight of the age when sedentary behaviour and physical activity levels change in children in this new study from the UK.

  • Carlos A Celis-Morales, Donald M Lyall, Paul Welsh, Jana Anderson, Lewis Steell, Yibing Guo, Reno Maldonado, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell, Naveed Sattar, Jason M R Gill (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    828. Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study

    Find out about the long term links between walking and cycling and the risk of heart disease in new research from the UK Biobank Study.

  • Jenna Panter, David Ogilvie on behalf of the iConnect consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    821. Can environmental improvement change the population distribution of walking

    Discover how different types of walking are affected by changes in active transport provision in this new study from the UK.

  • Gary O’Donovan, I-Min Lee, Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    819. Association of “Weekend Warrior” and Other Leisure Time Physical Activity Patterns With Risks for All-Cause, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer Mortality

    Discover how the timing of physical activity participation affects the risk of developing chronic disease.

  • Morseth B, Jacobsen BK, Emaus N, Wilsgaard T, Jørgensen L (Norway) - Research Article

    814. Secular trends and correlates of physical activity: The Tromsø Study 1979-2008

    Explore long term leisure time and work related physical activity trends in Norway.

  • Monica L. Wendel, Mark E. Benden, Hongwei Zhao, and Christina Jeffrey (United States) - Research Article

    813. Stand-Biased Versus Seated Classrooms and Childhood Obesity: A Randomized Experiment in Texas

    Discover the effects of standing desks in classrooms on body mass index in this new multi-school trial.

  • Shiroma, Eric J; Cook, Nancy R; Manson, JoAnn E; Moorthy, MV; Buring, Julie E; Rimm, Eric B; Lee, I-Min (United States) - Research Article

    807. Strength Training and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

    See how women's participation in strength training affected their risk of developing diabetes.

  • M.J. Hamlin, E. Yule, C.A. Elliot, L. Stoner, Y. Kathiravel (New Zealand) - Research Article

    800. Long-term effectiveness of the New Zealand Green Prescription primary health care exercise initiative

    Learn about the impact on physical activity levels and sedentary behaviour of this long running initiative.

  • Stella S. Yi, Jeannette M. Beasley, Simona C. Kwon, Keng-Yen Huang, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Judith Wylie-Rosett (United States) - Research Article

    796. Acculturation and activity behaviors in Chinese American immigrants in New York City

    Learn about how social and cultural factors influence physical activity patterns of Chinese immigrants.

  • Deborah Cohen, Bing Han, Kathryn P. Derose, Stephanie Williamson, Aaron Paley, Christina Batteate (United States) - Research Article

    795. CicLavia: Evaluation of participation, physical activity and cost of an open streets event in Los Angeles

    Read about the impact of an mass cycling event in the U.S.

  • Justin B Moore, Jason Brinkley, Sara F Morris, Theresa M Oniffrey, Mary Bea Kolbe (United States) - Research Article

    793. Effectiveness of Community-Based Minigrants to Increase Physical Activity and Decrease Sedentary Time in Youth

    Discover the effectiveness of targeted grant funding for the implementation of multilevel community interventions for young people.

  • Andrea K. Chomistek, Beate Henschel, A. Heather Eliassen, Kenneth J. Mukamal and Eric B. Rimm (United States) - Research Article

    792. Frequency, Type, and Volume of Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Young Women

    Learn about what sort of physical activity is beneficial in preventing this type of heart disease in new results from the Nurses' Health Study in the US.

  • Michael W. Beets, R. Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Jennifer Huberty, Dianne S. Ward, Russell R. Pate, Darcy Freedman, Brent Hutto, Justin B. Moore, Matteo Bottai, Jessica Chandler, Keith Brazendale, Aaron Beighle (United States) - Research Article

    791. Physical activity outcomes in afterschool programs: A group randomized controlled trial

    Find out the potential of, and challenges in, promoting physical activity within after-school program settings in results from a recent intervention in the U.S.

  • J L Hollis, R Sutherland, L Campbell, P J Morgan, D R Lubans, N Nathan, L Wolfenden, A D Okely, L Davies, A Williams, K E Cohen, C Oldmeadow, K Gillham and J Wiggers (Australia) - Research Article

    789. Effects of a ‘school-based’ physical activity intervention on adiposity in adolescents from economically disadvantaged communities: secondary outcomes of the ‘Physical Activity 4 Everyone’ RCT

    Discover how a physical activity program led to reductions in weight in children in a new study from Australia.

  • Hussain SM, Urquhart DM, Wang Y, Dunstan D, Shaw JE, Magliano DJ, Wluka AE, Cicuttini FM (Australia) - Research Article

    784. Associations between television viewing and physical activity and low back pain in community-based adults: A cohort study

    Find out whether television viewing or physical activity has a stronger association with lower back pain and whether the association has more of an impact on men or women.

  • Ellen Flint, Steven Cummins (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    774. Active commuting and obesity in mid-life: cross-sectional, observational evidence from UK Biobank

    Find out the relationship between active commuting and obesity in middle aged adults using objectively measured anthropometric data from UK Biobank.

  • Mélanie Henderson, Andrea Benedetti, Tracie A. Barnett, Marie-Eve Mathieu, Johnny Deladoëy, Katherine Gray-Donald (Canada) - Research Article

    769. Influence of Adiposity, Physical Activity, Fitness, and Screen Time on Insulin Dynamics Over 2 Years in Children

    Find out how physical activity and other healthy behaviours affect insulin sensitivity in children in this new study from Canada.

  • Angie L. Cradock, Jessica L. Barrett, Catherine M. Giles, Rebekka M. Lee, Erica L. Kenney, Madeleine E. deBlois, Julie C. Thayer, Steven L. Gortmaker (United States) - Research Article

    770. Promoting Physical Activity With the Out of School Nutrition and Physical Activity (OSNAP) Initiative: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

    Take a look at the effects of an after school program in the U.S. on children's physical activity levels and sedentary behaviour.

  • Christina B Petersen, Adrian Bauman, Janne S Tolstrup (Denmark) - Research Article

    767. Total sitting time and the risk of incident diabetes in Danish adults (the DANHES cohort) over 5 years: a prospective study

    The impact on physical activity and obesity on the relationship between sedentary behaviour and diabetes is explored in this new large scale study.

  • Anne Loyen, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Adrian Bauman, Johannes Brug, Jeroen Lakerveld (Netherlands) - Research Article

    761. European Sitting Championship: Prevalence and Correlates of Self-Reported Sitting Time in the 28 European Union Member States

    Where in Europe do adults spend the most time sitting down? Find out in this comprehensive new study.

  • E. L. James, F. G. Stacey, K. Chapman, A. W. Boyes, T. Burrows, A. Girgis, G. Asprey, A. Bisquera and D. R. Lubans (Australia) - Research Article

    760. Impact of a nutrition and physical activity intervention (ENRICH: Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) on health behaviors of cancer survivors and carers: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial

    See how this intervention in New South Wales affected physical activity levels of cancer survivors.

  • White DK, Gabriel KP, Kim Y, Lewis CE, Sternfeld B (United States) - Research Article

    758. Do Short Spurts of Physical Activity Benefit Cardiovascular Health? The CARDIA Study

    Discover the benefits of short bouts of physical activity in new data from the U.S.

  • Meghan Winters, Kay Teschke, Michael Brauer and Daniel Fuller (United States) - Research Article

    759. Bike Score®: Associations between urban bikeability and cycling behavior in 24 cities

    Find out how community Bike Score is related to actual cycling transport.

  • Ding D, Rogers K, van der Ploeg H, Stamatakis E, Bauman AE (Australia) - Research Article

    752. Traditional and Emerging Lifestyle Risk Behaviors and All-Cause Mortality in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: Evidence from a Large Population-Based Australian Cohort

    Find out the joint effects of physical activity, diet, smoking, alcohol, sleep and sedentary behaviour on mortality rates in new Australian analyses.

  • Jason A. Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Jannique G. Z. van Uffelen, Joanne Gale, Lauren K. Banting, Ineke Vergeer, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Adrian E. Bauman and Stuart J. H. Biddle (Australia) - Research Article

    The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behaviour among Australian adults – results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.

    Find out how many adults meet national recommendations for strength training as well as physical activity and sedentary behaviour in new national data from Australia.

  • Jason A. Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Jannique G. Z. van Uffelen, Joanne Gale, Lauren K. Banting, Ineke Vergeer, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Adrian E. Bauman and Stuart J. H. Biddle (Australia) - Research Article

    771. The descriptive epidemiology of total physical activity, muscle-strengthening exercises and sedentary behaviour among Australian adults – results from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.

    Find out how many adults meet national recommendations for strength training as well as physical activity and sedentary behaviour in new national data from Australia.

  • Shibata, Ai; Oka, Koichiro; Sugiyama, Takemi; Salmon, Jo; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville (Australia) - Research Article

    749. Physical Activity, Television Viewing Time and 12-Year Changes in Waist Circumference

    Learn about how long term physical activity and TV viewing behaviour affects weight.

  • Sebastien F M Chastin, Christoph Buck, Ellen Freiberger, Marie Murphy, Johannes Brug, Greet Cardon, Grainne O’Donoghue, Iris Pigeot, Jean-Michel Oppert, on behalf of the DEDIPAC consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    741. Systematic literature review of determinants of sedentary behaviour in older adults: a DEDIPAC study

    Find out what determines older adults' sedentary behaviour in this new review.

  • Pulsford, R. M., Stamatakis, E., Britton, A. R., Brunner, E. J., Hillsdon, M (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    743. Associations of sitting behaviours with all-cause mortality over a 16-year follow-up: the Whitehall II study

    Discover the latest evidence around sedentary behaviour in this new British study.

  • Khan MK, Chu YL, Kirk SF, Veugelers PJ (Canada) - Research Article

    739. Are sleep duration and sleep quality associated with diet quality, physical activity, and body weight status? A population-based study of Canadian children

    Discover how sleep is related to physical activity and other lifestyle behaviours of children.

  • Vijay R. Varma, Erwin J. Tan, Alden L. Gross, Greg Harris, William Romani, Linda P. Fried, George W. Rebok, Michelle C. Carlson (United States) - Research Article

    738. Effect of Community Volunteering on Physical Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    See if volunteering led to increased walking among older adults in this new study from the U.S.

  • Kylie Ball, Alison Carver, Katherine Downing, Michelle Jackson, Kerryn O'Rourke (Australia) - Research Article

    736. Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours

    Learn how physical activity and sedentary behaviours can be improved among disadvantaged populations in this new review by Australian researchers.

  • Rachel Cole, Peter Dunn, Ian Hunter, Neville Owen, Takemi Sugiyama (Australia) - Research Article

    730. Walk Score and Australian adults' home-based walking for transport

    See how residential walk score relates to actual walking in this Australian study.

  • Srinivasan Beddhu, Guo Wei, Robin L. Marcus, Michel Chonchol, and Tom Greene (United States) - Research Article

    728. Light-Intensity Physical Activities and Mortality in the United States General Population and CKD Subpopulation

    Take a look at how physical activity is related to chronic kidney disease in new large scale study findings.

  • David Hupin, Frédéric Roche, Vincent Gremeaux, Jean-Claude Chatard, Mathieu Oriol, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, Pascal Edouard (France) - Research Article

    723. Even a low-dose of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity reduces mortality by 22% in adults aged =60 years: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Take a look at how much physical activity older adults actually need to reduce mortality. The findings may surprise you.

  • Elliot Fishman, Lars Böcker, Marco Helbich (Netherlands) - Research Article

    725. Adult Active Transport in the Netherlands: An Analysis of Its Contribution to Physical Activity Requirements

    Find out how much of an effect active transport had on overall physical activity levels of Dutch adults.

  • Anthony Laverty, Raffaele Palladino, John Lee, Christopher Millett (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    720. Associations between active travel and weight, blood pressure and diabetes in six middle income countries: a cross-sectional study in older adults

    Read about the links between active travel and health outcomes in China, India, Mexico, Ghana, Russia and South Africa.

  • Lee Smith, Abigail Fisher, Mark Hamer (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    715. Prospective association between objective measures of childhood motor coordination and sedentary behaviour in adolescence and adulthood

    Examine the specific relationships between motor coordination in childhood and physical activity and sedentary behaviour across the lifespan.

  • Karen Milton, Joanne Gale, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Adrian Bauman (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    714. Trends in prolonged sitting time among European adults: 27 country analysis

    Compare trends sitting time across multiple European countries in new analyses of the Eurobarometer surveys.

  • John P Buckley, Alan Hedge, Thomas Yates, Robert J Copeland, Michael Loosemore, Mark Hamer, Gavin Bradley, David W Dunstan (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    713. The sedentary office: a growing case for change towards better health and productivity. Expert statement commissioned by Public Health England and the Active Working Community Interest Company

    Take a look at this new consensus statement which provides guidelines for employers to promote reductions in prolonged periods of sedentary work.

  • Kylie Ball, Alison Carver, Katherine Downing, Michelle Jackson, and Kerryn O'Rourke (Australia) - Research Article

    709. Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours

    Take a look at this new review about how social determinants relate to physical activity.

  • Kenji Tsunoda, Naruki Kitano, Yuko Kai, Ken Uchida, Tsutomu Kuchiki, Tomohiro Okura, Toshiya Nagamatsu (Japan) - Research Article

    708. Prospective Study of Physical Activity and Sleep in Middle-Aged and Older Adults

    Discover how physical activity can help improve sleep.

  • Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Ester Cerin, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Benedicte Deforche, Jenny Veitch (Belgium) - Research Article

    704. Park proximity, quality and recreational physical activity among mid-older aged adults: moderating effects of individual factors and area of residence

    Find out how aspects of parks influence physical activity in Australian middle to older aged adults.

  • Ai Shibata, Koichiro Oka, Takemi Sugiyama, Ding Ding, Jo Salmon, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen (Japan) - Research Article

    705. Perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and prospective changes in TV viewing time among older Australian adults

    Explore new findings from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study.

  • Klaus Gebel, Ding Ding, Tien Chey, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Wendy J. Brown, Adrian E. Bauman (Australia) - Research Article

    699. Effect of Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity on All-Cause Mortality in Middle-aged and Older Australians

    Read about how different intensities of physical activity were associated with reduced risk of dying in new findings from the large scale 45 and Up Study.

  • Gavin Turrell, Belinda Hewitt, Michele Haynes, Andrea Nathan, Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article

    695. Change in walking for transport: a longitudinal study of the influence of neighbourhood disadvantage and individual-level socioeconomic position in mid-aged adults

    Find out how walking relates to level of disadvantage in this new Australian study.

  • David A Shoham, Lara R Dugas, Pascal Bovet, Terrence E Forrester, Estelle V Lambert, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Dale A Schoeller, Soren Brage, Ulf Ekelund, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Richard S Cooper, Amy Luke (United States) - Research Article

    694. Association of car ownership and physical activity across the spectrum of human development: Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS)

    See how car ownership is linked with physical activity levels in this study from Ghana, South Africa, Jamaica, Seychelles and the U.S.

  • Lauren N. Gase, Noel C. Barragan, Paul A. Simon, Richard J. Jackson, Tony Kuo (United States) - Research Article

    685. Public awareness of and support for infrastructure changes designed to increase walking and biking in Los Angeles County

    Find out the views of Los Angeles residents towards walking and cycling infrastructure developments in the results of this telephone survey.

  • Sugiyama, Takemi; Shibata, Ai; Koohsari, Mohammad J; Tanamas, Stephanie K; Oka, Koichiro; Salmon, Jo; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville (Australia) - Research Article

    679. Neighborhood Environmental Attributes and Adults' Maintenance of Regular Walking

    Take a look at new evidence of the long term effects of the neighborhood environment on walking in new findings from Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab).

  • Nancy M. Wells, Beth M. Myers, Charles R. Henderson Jr. (United States) - Research Article

    681. School gardens and physical activity: A randomized controlled trial of low-income elementary schools

    Find out about how school gardens impacted physical activity levels of children in New York City schools.

  • Tiago V. Barreira, John M. Schuna, Emily F. Mire, Stephanie T. Broyles, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William D. Johnson, Catrine Tudor-Locke (United States) - Research Article

    675. Normative Steps/Day and Peak Cadence Values for United States Children and Adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006

    Take a look at this detailed data from the U.S. which gives sex-and-age specific normative values for children and adolescents' accelerometer-determined steps/day.

  • National Institute on Aging (United States) - Guideline

    674. Give Me an A for Activity! Motivating Others To Be Physically Active

    The National Insitute on Aging has developed a resource that can be used to motivate people to be physically active. The document is tailored towards older demographics and includes information that teaches people how to support and motivate participation in physical activity.

  • Michael D. Jensen et al (United States) - Guideline

    671. Guideline for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society.

    Find a 2013 report of the American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society in regards to guidlines for managing overweight and obesity in adults.

  • Bezold, C.P., Konty, K.J., Day, S.E., Berger, M., Harr, L., Larkin, M., Napier, M.D., Nonas, C., Saha, S., Harris, T.G. & Stark, J.H. (United States) - Epidemiological Report

    670. The Effects of Changes in Physical Fitness on Academic Performance Among New York City Youth

    Develop insight into the impact of physical activity levels on academic performance among middle-school students, and the way in which this relationship is effected by socioeconomic status.

  • L Smith, B Gardner, M Hamer (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    664. Childhood correlates of adult TV viewing time: a 32-year follow-up of the 1970 British Cohort Study

    Take a look at this study of long term tracking of childhood TV habits and how they are related to physical activity and obesity.

  • Hamer M, de Oliveira C, Demakakos P (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    654. Non-Exercise Physical Activity and Survival: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

    Find out how daily activities contribute to preventing disease in older adults.

  • L.D. Gunn, Y. Lee, E. Geelhoed, A. Shiell, B. Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article

    653. The cost-effectiveness of installing sidewalks to increase levels of transport-walking and health

    Gain an insight on the cost impacts of improved walking infrastructure in this new study from Perth.

  • Anna Goodman, Shannon Sahlqvist, David Ogilvie, and on behalf of the iConnect Consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    652. New walking and cycling routes and increased physical activity: One and 2-year findings from the UK iConnect Study

    Take a look at the effect on physical activity levels of new provision for walking and cycling.

  • I.A. Lesser, T. Dick, D. Gasevic, D.C. Mackey, J.A. Leipsic, S.A. Lear (Canada) - Research Article

    650. The association between physical activity and liver fat after five years of follow-up in a primary prevention multi-ethnic cohort

    Find out about the links between physical activity, alcohol consumption and liver fat in this new large scale study.

  • Siri Steinmo, Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Lion Shahab (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    647. Bidirectional association between mental health and physical activity in older adults: Whitehall II prospective cohort study

    Learn more about the relationship between physical activity and mental health in middle aged and older adults.

  • Neuhaus M, Eakin EG, Straker L, Owen N, Dunstan DW, Reid N, Healy GN. (Australia) - Research Article

    646. Reducing occupational sedentary time: a systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence on activity-permissive workstations

    Discover the latest evidence on the benefits of workstations that reduce sedentary behaviour.

  • Mitchell, Jonathan A.; Bottai, Matteo; Park, Yikyung; Marshall, Simon J.; Moore, Steven C.; Matthews, Charles E. (United States) - Research Article

    643. A Prospective Study of Sedentary Behavior and Changes in the BMI Distribution

    Learn about new associations between sedentary behaviour and body mass index (BMI).

  • Trine Moholdt, Ulrik Wisløff, Stian Lydersen, Javaid Nauman (Norway) - Research Article

    639. Current physical activity guidelines for health are insufficient to mitigate long-term weight gain: more data in the fitness versus fatness debate (The HUNT study, Norway)

    Take a look at this 16 year study amongst Norwegian adults and learn about the potential weight benefits of exceeding physical activity recommendations.

  • Henry E.Wang, John Baddley, Russell L. Griffin, Suzanne Judd, George Howard, John P. Donnelly, Monika M. Safford (United States) - Research Article

    638. Physical inactivity and long-term rates of community-acquired sepsis

    Take a look at this new research on the links between physical activity and television viewing time and sepsis.

  • Hamer, M., Oliveira, C.D & Demakakos, P. (United Kingdom) - Epidemiological Report

    669. Non-Exercise Physical Activity and Survival: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

    Explore the identified health benefits of light/mild-intensity "non-exercise" activity among older adults in this longitudinal study.

  • Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Case Study

    667. The impact of development through sport: Australian Sports Outreach Program case studies

    Access the findings of research into Australian Sports Outreach Programs in Vanuatu, Tonga and Nauru.

  • Carol Maher, Tim Olds, Emily Mire, Peter T. Katzmarzyk (Australia) - Research Article

    635. Reconsidering the Sedentary Behaviour Paradigm

    Read about novel findings from a study that examined the interactions between physical activity and sedentary behaviour indicators.

  • National Institue for Health and Care Excellence (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    675. Overweight and obese adults - lifestyle weight management

    This resource offers professionals with guidelines for implementing effective lifestyle and weight management services to encourage a reduction in energy intake and increased levels of physical activity among overweight and obese individuals.

  • British Heart Foundation, National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    676. Physical Activity in the Early Years.

    This resource offers professionals with a comprehensive set of PowerPoint slides that explore key information regarding physical activity in the early years.

  • David Martínez-Gómez, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Luz M. León-Muñoz, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo (Spain) - Research Article

    620. Household physical activity and mortality in older adults: A national cohort study in Spain

    Find out the association between household physical activity (HPA) and all-cause mortality amongst older men and women and the effect of sedentariness on this association.

  • James Woodcock, Marko Tainio, James Cheshire, Oliver O’Brien, Anna Goodman (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    614. Health effects of the London bicycle sharing system: health impact modelling study

    Read about the overall health impacts of the bike share scheme in London in this new study in the British Medical Journal.

  • Michelle W. Voss, Lucas J. Carr, Rachel Clark, Timothy Weng (United States) - Research Article

    612. "Revenge of the “sit” II: Does lifestyle impact neuronal and cognitive health through distinct mechanisms associated with sedentary behavior and physical activity? "

    Following on from the original 'Revenge of the “Sit”' paper in 2006, this new research presents evidence on the independent effect of sedentary behaviours on neurological functioning, such as preventing dementia.

  • Mark Hamer, Richard Weiler, Emmanuel Stamatakis (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    608. Watching sport on television, physical activity, and risk of obesity in older adults

    See if watching sport on TV is linked to participating in more or less physical activity in this new study.

  • Anna Goodman, Jenna Panter, Stephen J. Sharp, David Ogilvie (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    606. Effectiveness and equity impacts of town-wide cycling initiatives in England: A longitudinal, controlled natural experimental study

    See how prevelance of cycling changed in this multi-site initiative across England.

  • Shifalika Goenka (India) - Case Study

    601. Increasing density in Indian cities – leading to increased sitting time

    Read about the effects of increased population density in India's large cities from GlobalPANet Regional Correspondant Shifalika Goenka.

  • Edward Archer, Carl J. Lavie, Samantha M. McDonald, Diana M. Thomas, James R. Hébert, Sharon E. Taverno Ross, Kerry L. McIver, Robert M. Malina, Steven N. Blair (United States) - Research Article

    613. Maternal Inactivity: 45-Year Trends in Mothers’ Use of Time

    This study sought to quantify maternal behaviour by examining 45-year trends in maternal allocation of time spent in physical activity and sedentary behaviour

  • Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    597. Prospective Study of Sedentary Behavior, Risk of Depression, and Cognitive Impairment

    Learn about the links between different types of sedentary behavior and aspects of mental health.

  • Xiaolin Yang, Risto Telama, Mirja Hirvensalo, Tuija Tammelin, Jorma S.A. Viikari, Olli T. Raitakari (Finland) - Research Article

    598. Active commuting from youth to adulthood and as a predictor of physical activity in early midlife: The Young Finns Study

    Read about how active commuting as a child affected physical activity in adults 27 years later in this new study from Finland.

  • The Ramblers and Macmillan Cancer Support (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    593. Walking works

    This new report from the UK demonstrates how walking is the solution to getting the nation active, and shows how the Walking for Health program is already changing people’s lives.

  • Elin Ekblom-Bak, Björn Ekblom, Max Vikström, Ulf de Faire, Mai-Lis Hellénius (Sweden) - Research Article

    592. The importance of non-exercise physical activity for cardiovascular health and longevity

    Read about the important of daily non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) for older adults in this new study from Sweden.

  • Phillip J Morgan, Lisa M Barnett, Dylan P Cliff, Anthony D Okely, Hayley A Scott, Kristen E Cohen, David R Lubans (Australia) - Research Article

    584. Fundamental movement skill interventions in youth: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Take a look at the latest evidence of the benefits of fundamental movement skill development.

  • British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (BHFNC) (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document

    588. Practical strategies for promoting physical activity with children

    This practice briefing from the British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (BHFNC) suggests practical strategies for promoting physical activity with children aged 6-11.

  • Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Daniel Girdano, Yi Tong Liu, Stuart JH Biddle, Steven N Blair (Singapore) - Research Article

    582. Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with psychological distress: a cross-sectional study from Singapore

    Find out about the psychological relationships with physical activity and sedentary behaviour in this Singaporean study.

  • Lucinda E. Saunders, Judith M. Green, Mark P. Petticrew, Rebecca Steinbach, Helen Roberts (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    580. What are the health benefits of active travel? A systematic review of trials and cohort studies

    Learn more about the health benefits of active travel in this new review.

  • D Rojas-Rueda, A de Nazelle, O Teixidó, MJ. Nieuwenhuijsen (Spain) - Research Article

    579. Health impact assessment of increasing public transport and cycling use in Barcelona: A morbidity and burden of disease approach

    Take a look at the potential health benefits of replacing car trips with public transport and cycling.

  • D.R. Lubans, C. Lonsdale, R.C. Plotnikoff, J. Smith, K. Dally, P.J. Morgan (Australia) - Research Article

    565. Development and evaluation of the motivation to limit screen-time questionnaire (MLSQ) for adolescents

    Read about the development by Australian researchers of a new measurement tool for assessing motivation to limit screen time in adolescents.

  • The League of American Bicyclists (United States) - Strategy Document

    576. Bike League 'Women on a Roll'

    As part of The League of American Bicyclists, Women Bike is committed to being a go-to source of information and best practices in engaging and empowering more women to ride a bike — and rise in the movement.

  • Jannique G.Z. van Uffelen, Yolanda R. van Gellecum, Nicola W. Burton, Geeske Peeters, Kristiann C. Heesch, Wendy J. Brown (Australia) - Research Article

    572. Sitting-Time, Physical Activity, and Depressive Symptoms in Mid-Aged Women

    Take a look at new evidence from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.

  • Britta A. Larsen, Matthew A. Allison, Eugene Kang, Sarah Saad, Gail A. Laughlin, Maria Rosario G. Areneta, Elizabeth Barret-Connor and Christina L. Wassel (United States) - Research Article

    571. Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior with Regional Fat Deposition

    Find out more about how physical activity levels and sedentary behaviour affect different types of fat in adults.

  • Dong-Chul Seo, Mindy H. King, Nayoung Kim, Danielle Sovinski, Rhonda Meade, Alyssa M. Lederer (United States) - Research Article

    556. Predictors for moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity during an 18-month coordinated school health intervention

    See how the HEROES program in the U.S increased vigorous physical activity levels of participating children.

  • Jenna Panter, Kirsten Corder, Simon J Griffin, Andrew P Jones, Esther MF van Sluijs (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    554. Individual, socio-cultural and environmental predictors of uptake and maintenance of active commuting in children: longitudinal results from the SPEEDY study

    Take a look at the factors relating to active commuting behaviour of school children in this longitudinal study from the UK.

  • Anna Goodman, Shannon Sahlqvist, David Ogilvie (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    560. Who uses new walking and cycling infrastructure and how? Longitudinal results from the UK iConnect study

    Find out about the usage and uptake of new walking and cycling infrastructure in several towns in the UK.

  • Torunn H Totland, Mona Bjelland, Nanna Lien, Ingunn H Bergh, Mekdes K Gebremariam, May Grydeland, Yngvar Ommundsen, Lene F Andersen (Norway) - Research Article

    559. Adolescents’ prospective screen time by gender and parental education, the mediation of parental influences

    See how parental attributes influence screen time in young people.

  • Ester Cerin, Ka-yiu Lee, Anthony Barnett, Cindy HP Sit, Man-chin Cheung, Janice M Johnston (Hong Kong) - Research Article

    550. Walking for transportation in Hong Kong Chinese urban elders: a cross-sectional study on what destinations matter and when

    See how destinations for walking relate to walking behavior in older people in Hong Kong.

  • Takemi Sugiyama, Billie Giles-Corti, Jacqui Summers, Lorinne du Toit, Eva Leslie, Neville Owen (Australia) - Research Article

    549. Initiating and maintaining recreational walking: A longitudinal study on the influence of neighborhood green space

    Find out how neighbourhood green space affects walking in this new study from South Australia.

  • Rachel A. Jones, Trina Hinkley, Anthony D. Okely, Jo Salmon (Australia) - Research Article

    548. Tracking Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Childhood: A Systematic Review

    Learn about the most recent evidence around the tracking of physical activity and sedentary behaviours in young people.

  • Canada Walks (Canada) - Case Study

    546. WALK Friendly Ontario

    WALK Friendly Ontario is a recognition program that encourages municipalities to create and improve spaces and places to walk by awarding Bronze, Silver, Gold or Platinum designations.

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Strategy Document

    545. The Importance of Lifelong Physical Literacy

    Learn more about the concept of physical literacy, why it is important and how it can be maintained over time.

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Strategy Document

    539. How to Increase Bicycling for Daily Travel

    This brief summarizes the available evidence about strategies for increasing bicycling levels and encouraging bicycling as a mode of transportation. It also presents related policy implications.

  • Public Health England (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document

    537. Active travel briefings for Local Authorities

    The national ‘Active Travel and Health' group in the UK has produced three briefings on walking and cycling for local authorities, designed to help local authorities make the case for action to increase walking and cycling.

  • Gerrie-Cor M Herber-Gast, Caroline A Jackson, Gita D Mishra, Wendy J Brown (Australia) - Research Article

    532. Self-reported sitting time is not associated with incidence of cardiovascular disease in a population-based cohort of mid-aged women

    Take a look at these new results from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health which found no link between sedentary behaviour and heart disease.

  • Rania A. Wasfi, Nancy A. Ross, Ahmed M. El-Geneidy (Canada) - Research Article

    531. Achieving Recommended Daily Physical Activity Levels through Commuting by Public Transportation: Unpacking Individual and Contextual Influences

    Read about the links between walking and public transport use in this new Canadian study.

  • Luz M León-Muñoz, David Martínez-Gómez, Theresa Balboa-Castillo, Esther López-García, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo (Spain) - Research Article

    524. Continued Sedentariness, Change in Sitting Time, and Mortality in Older Adults

    Learn more about the effects of changes in sedentary behaviour over time in adults.

  • All Party Parliamentary Cycling Group (APPCG) (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    523. Get Britain Cycling

    Take a look at this summary and recommendations from the All Party Parliamentary Cycling Group with the aim to enable more people across the UK to take up cycling, cycle more often and cycle more safely.

  • Every Body Walk! (United States) - Website

    520. Every Body Walk!

    Every Body Walk! is a campaign aimed at getting Americans up and moving.

  • Paul T. Williams, Paul D. Thompson (United States) - Research Article

    514. Walking Versus Running for Hypertension, Cholesterol, and Diabetes Mellitus Risk Reduction

    Read about how walking and running have give similar health benefits in the large National Runners' and Walkers' Health Study in the U.S.

  • Lahjibi E, Heude B, Dekker JM, Højlund K, Laville M, Nolan J, Oppert JM, Balkau B; the RISC Study Group (France) - Research Article

    512. Impact of objectively measured sedentary behaviour on changes in insulin resistance and secretion over 3years in the RISC study: Interaction with weight gain

    Learn more about how sedentary behaviour affects insulin resistance in this new European study.

  • Louise L Hardy, Lisa Barnett, Paola Espinel, Anthony Okely (Australia) - Research Article

    513. Thirteen-Year Trends in Child and Adolescent Fundamental Movement Skills: 1997-2010

    Take a look at trends in fundamental movement skills among school children across NSW using data from the Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS).

  • Elliot Fishman, Simon Washington and Narelle Haworth (Australia) - Research Article

    506. Bike Share: A Synthesis of the Literature

    Read an overview of the current evidence around bike share programs in Australia and around the world.

  • Every Body Walk! (United States) - Strategy Document

    504. A Walking Revolution: A Movement Making Americans Happier and Healthier

    Find out how to get Americans walking in this campaign, supported by a number of public, private and voluntary organisations.

  • Coaching Ireland (Ireland) - Strategy Document

    502. Fundamental skills and physical literacy

    Take a look at this document from Coaching Ireland about the importance of pathways for fundamental movement skills and physical literacy.

  • Ophea (Canada) - Website

    495. HANDS UP for Health and Physical Literacy

    Check out this series of videos from Canada about physical and health literacy in children.

  • Toby G Pavey, GMEE (Geeske) Peeters, Wendy J Brown (Australia) - Research Article

    488. Sitting-time and 9-year all-cause mortality in older women

    Learn more about the negative effects of too much time spent sitting in new research from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.

  • President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition (United States) - Strategy Document

    487. Too Much Sitting: Health Risks of Sedentary Behaviour and Opportunities for Change

    Read the latest facts around sedentary behaviour in this Research Digest from the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition, including MET values for different types of activities and daily time allocations of sedentary people.

  • Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Diana C. Parra, Pedro C. Hallal, Ross C. Brownson (Brazil) - Research Article

    483. Bicycling and Walking for Transportation in Three Brazilian Cities

    This study describes the prevalence of cycling and walking for transportation and their association with personal and environmental factors in adults from three state capitals in Brazil.

  • Sedentary Behaviour Research Network (Canada) - Strategy Document

    480. SBRN Definition of Sedentary Behaviour Now Available in Spanish and Portuguese

    The Sedentary Behaviour Research Network (SBRN) has translated their published updated definition of the terms “sedentary” and “sedentary behaviour” into Spanish and Portuguese, supplementary to versions in English and French.

  • National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    476. Walking and cycling: local measures to promote walking and cycling as forms of travel or recreation

    This guidance aims to set out how people can be encouraged to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes to help meet public health and other goals such as reducing traffic congestion.

  • Steven C. Moore, Alpa V. Patel, Charles E. Matthews, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Yikyung Park, Hormuzd A. Katki, Martha S. Linet, Elisabete Weiderpass, Kala Visvanathan, Kathy J. Helzlsouer, Michael Thun, Susan M. Gapstur, Patricia Hartge, I-Min Lee (United States) - Research Article

    473. Leisure Time Physical Activity of Moderate to Vigorous Intensity and Mortality: A Large Pooled Cohort Analysis

    Read about the importance of the intensity of physical activity in evidence from a number of large scale studies combined.

  • Andrea Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos and Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article

    470. Access to commercial destinations within the neighbourhood and walking among Australian older adults

    Learn about the influences of walking destinations for older adults in this study from Perth.

  • America Walks (United States) - Policy Document

    466. Steps to a Walkable Community

    Download this collection of innovative, multidisciplinary tactics that have improved and encouraged walking in communities in the U.S.

  • Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document

    458. Cycle-rail Toolkit

    This new tookit from the UK contains details of interesting active communting initiatives.

  • Nicolaas Pronk, Abigail Katz, Marcia Lowry, Jane Rodmyre Payfer (United States) - Research Article

    452. Reducing Occupational Sitting Time and Improving Worker Health: The Take-a-Stand Project, 2011

    Check out the results from this intervention to reduce sitting time at work.

  • Blake JJ, Benden ME, Wendel ML (United States) - Research Article

    434. Using Stand/Sit Workstations in Classrooms: Lessons Learned From a Pilot Study in Texas

    Take a look at this innovative studies which measured the effects of stand/sit desks in schools.

  • Glazer NL, Lyass A, Esliger DW, Blease SJ, Freedson PS, Massaro JM, Murabito JM, Vasan RS (United States) - Research Article

    436. Sustained and Shorter Bouts of Physical Activity are Related to Cardiovascular Health

    Examine the health effects of bouts of physical activity of less than 10 minutes.

  • Rhian E. Evans, Henrietta O. Fawole, Stephanie A. Sheriff, Philippa M. Dall, P. Margaret Grant, Cormac G. Ryan (United States) - Research Article

    432. Point-of-Choice Prompts to Reduce Sitting Time at Work

    Find out how the presence of point-of-decision prompts to break up sedentary behaviour affected office workers in this intervention.

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Strategy Document

    428. Yoga for Cancer Survivors

    Read about evidence of the beneifts of yoga in the latest Alberta Centre for Active Living Research Update.

  • Keith M. Drake, Michael L. Beach, Meghan R. Longacre, Todd MacKenzie, Linda J. Titus, Andrew G. Rundle, Madeline A. Dalton (United States) - Research Article

    414. Influence of Sports, Physical Education, and Active Commuting to School on Adolescent Weight Status

    In this new study from the U.S., the influence of different types of physical activity on the weight of adolescents was examined, finding sports to be strong strongly associated with weight, as well as active commuting.

  • Louise L. Hardy, Tracie Reinten-Reynolds, Paola Espinel, Avigdor Zask, and Anthony D. Okely (Australia) - Research Article

    416. Prevalence and Correlates of Low Fundamental Movement Skill Competency in Children

    Read about the biological and sociodemographic factors of children who have a low compentency of fundamental movement skills.

  • Mary Elizabeth Bowen (United States) - Research Article

    412. A Prospective Examination of the Relationship Between Physical Activity and Dementia Risk in Later Life

    Take a look at the new links between physical activity and dementia.

  • Martin Loef, Harald Walach (Germany) - Research Article

    410. The Combined Effects of Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors on All Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

    Learn about the combined effects of multiple lifestyle risk factors, including physical activity, on mortality risk in this new review.

  • National Obesity Observatory (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    389. TV viewing and obesity in children and young people

    Take a look at this fact sheet on the links between TV viewing and obesity in young people.

  • Walk Score (United States) - Website

    390. Bike Score

    From the people who brought you Walk Score, Bike Score is now available in U.S. cities.

  • LL Hardy, T Reinten-Reynolds, P Espinel, A Zask and AD Okely (Australia) - Research Article

    414. Prevalence and Correlates of Low Fundamental Movement Skill Competency in Children

    Read about the biological and sociodemographic factors of children who have a low compentency of fundamental movement skills.

  • Jenny Veitch et al. (Australia) - Research Article

    382. Park Improvements and Park Activity: A Natural Experiment

    This study in Victoria demonstrated increased park usage and physical activity following park upgrades.

  • Palma Chillón et al. (Sweden) - Research Article

    381. Bicycling to school is associated with improvements in physical fitness over a 6-year follow-up

    Take a look at this study featuring long-term physical improvements from an active commuting intervention in Swedish children

  • TY Warren et al (United States) - Research Article

    372. Sedentary Behaviours Increase Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Men

    The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between two sedentary behaviors (riding in car and watching television) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in men in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study.

  • Lisa wood et al (Australia) - Research Article

    376. Sense of community and its relationship with walking and neighborhood design

    The aim of this study is to examine the association between sense of community, walking, and neighborhood design characteristics. The current study is based on a sub-sample of participants (n = 609) from the US Atlanta SMARTRAQ study who completed a telephone survey capturing physical activity patterns, neighborhood perceptions, and social interactions. Objective measures of neighborhood form were also computed.

  • BHF National Centre for Physical Activity & Health (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    196. BHFNC sedentary behaviour evidence briefing

    Take a look at this new sedentary behaviour briefing from the British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health in the UK.

  • Timothy P Gill et al (Australia) - Research Article

    374. Should health policy focus on physical inactivity rather than obesity? No

    Physical inactivity is a major contributor to the global burden of disease, being associated with a range of negative consequences for health, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, reduced functional capacity, and poorer mental health.1 Clearly the promotion of both increased physical activity and reduced inactivity must Richard Weiler and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.c2603) argue that losing weight is not essential to get benefit from physical activity, but Timothy Gill and colleagues believe that tackling all the causes of obesity is essential to improve public health Physical

  • Dylan P. Cliff etal (Australia) - Research Article

    377. Movement Skills and Physical Activity in Obese Children: Randomized Controlled Trial

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support physical activity program in overweight children.

  • Richard Weiler et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    375. Should health policy focus on physical inactivity rather than obesity? Yes

    Physical inactivity is one of the greatest health threats facing developed nations today. In his latest annual report England’s chief medical officer acknowledged that the benefits of regular physical activity on health, longevity, and well being “easily surpass the effectiveness of any drugs or other medical treatment.”

  • Nicolla Fairhall et al (Australia) - Research Article

    373. Dose-Response Relationship of Resistance Training in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis

    This systematic review by Steib and colleagues aimed to synthesise the best available evidence comparing the effectiveness of different types, intensities, frequencies, volumes and durations of resistance training on strength and functioning in older adults.

  • Christine Hoehner, Carolyn Barlow, Peg Allen et al (United States) - Research Article

    193. Commuting Distance, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Metabolic Risk

    Find out about the links between communting distance and health in this new study from the U.S.

  • Beenackers M. A, Foster S, Kamphuis C. B, et al. (Australia) - Research Article

    194. Taking up cycling after residential relocation: Built Environment Factors

    Learn about the latest evidence from the RESIDE project in Perth.

  • Singapore Health Promotion Board (Singapore) - Case Study

    191. National Brisk Walking Programme

    The National Brisk Walking programme is Singapore’s whole of government approach in promoting social bonding and regular physical activity. This multi-agency collaboration aims to increase community participation in brisk walking with a focus on its health benefits.

  • Camilla Hiul Suppli et al. (Denmark) - Research Article

    187 Low vigorous physical activity at ages 15, 19 and 27:childhood SEP modifies the tracking pattern

    Take a look at new research on the tracking of physical activity and socio-economic position.

  • F. Ogilvie, A. Goodman (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    188. Inequities in usage of a public bicycle sharing scheme

    Read about an evaluation of London's bike hire scheme.

  • VicHealth (Australia) - Website

    186. Walking Maps

    Walking Maps by Victoria Walks enables people to create or discover a range of walking maps for different purposes. See http://www.walkingmaps.com.au/Home.action

  • Cycling Promotion Fund (Australia) - Website

    140. 2010 Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards

    The 10th Annual Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards were held at Old Parliament House in Canberra on 21 March 2012. The Key Note Address was delivered by The Parliamentary Secretary for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, with addresses from Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasurer, the Shadow Minister for Families, Housing and Human Services and the Greens Spokesman for Transport. The Awards also featured the launch of the survey results of a joint CPF and National Heart Foundation survey of children’s participation in cycling to school. See http://www.cyclingpromotion.com.au/content/

  • Transport for London (United Kingdom) - Website

    154. Transport for London Walking Benefits

    Walking is a great way to get around London: It's quick and reliable It's good for your health It makes a greener planet It's good for London's economy See http://www.tfl.gov.uk/gettingaround/walking/2896.aspx

  • Sustrans (United Kingdom) - Website

    156. Free Range Kids

    Free Range Kids are children and young people who experience freedom from their front door. They have the confidence to travel independently, play outdoors and explore their local community, and have the skills, opportunities and support to do so safely. As a charity promoting travel by foot, bike and public transport for everyday journeys, a key area of Sustrans work has been to reverse the decline in the levels of walking and cycling to school and beyond, making it easier for kids to be out and about and active. See http://www.sustrans.org.uk/freerangekids

  • Living Streets (United Kingdom) - Website

    148. Making the case for investment in the walking environment

    Living Streets is the national charity that stands up for pedestrians. It works to create safe, attractive, enjoyable streets where it’s great to walk. At Living Streets, they believe streets are worth fighting for. With supporters, Living Streets works to create streets that really put people first. When there are streets we want to walk in, lives are transformed - we are healthier, happier and more sociable. See http://www.livingstreets.org.uk/?cID=651

  • World Heart Foundation (Switzerland) - Guideline

    151. WHF factsheets

    Working with members and partners involved in the “Kids on the Move” project, the World Heart Federation has produced four fact sheets to help members make the case for promoting healthy diet and physical activity as a priority for policy, school curricula, and community activity. See http://www.world-heart-federation.org/what-we-do/awareness/children-youth/fact-sheets/

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Website

    144. Physical Activity Counselling Toolkit

    Physical Activity Counselling Toolkit resources are written in plain language, and are intended to widen the choice of resources available to practitioners. Practitioners will find the resources to be of practical assistance when working with clients and are also available in French and Punjabi. The practitioners clearly identified a real and increasing need for appropriate resources or tools that would help them do physical activity counselling, especially in health care settings. See http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/our-work/toolkit/resources.html

  • Be Active WA (Australia) - Case Study

    369. Physical Activity Taskforce case studies

    This website gives links to physical activity case studies, including best practice local government initiatives in relation to policy and planning, walking, programs and services, the built environment and sample physical activity plans. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/index.php?id=276

  • Trina Hinkley et al (Australia) - Research Article

    67. Preschoolers' Physical Activity, Screen Time and Compliance with Recommendations

    Little evidence exists about the prevalence of adequate levels of physical activity and of appropriate screen-based entertainment in preschool children.This study investigates how much time preschool children spend being physically active and engaged in screen-based entertainment.

  • Australian Sports Commisssion (Australia) - Research Article

    134. Exercise Recreation and Sport Survey

    The Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey (ERASS) was a joint initiative of the Australian Sports Commission and State and Territory Departments of Sport and Recreation, conducted on an annual basis between 2001 and 2010. This presents results from the tenth annual ERASS data collection in 2010. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/information/casro/ERASS

  • Josephine Y. Chau et al (Australia) - Research Article

    48. Validity of the Occupational Sitting and Physical Activity Questionnaire (OSPAQ)

    Sitting at work is an emerging occupational health risk. Few instruments designed for use in population-based research measure occupational sitting and standing as distinct behaviors. This study aimed to develop and validate brief measure of occupational sitting and physical activity.

  • Matthew D. Hordern et al (Australia) - Research Article

    45. Exercise prescription for patients with type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and pre-diabetic conditions such as impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are rapidly increasing in prevalence. There is compelling evidence that T2DM is more likely to develop in individuals who are insufficiently active.

  • be active WA (Australia) - Guideline

    196. It's Your Move! Getting Students Active

    Schools are in an ideal position to provide physical activity opportunities for children and help them develop the knowledge, skills and habits for lifelong healthy and active living. A whole-school approach will help students be more physically active, more motivated to study and better able to benefit from the learning programs. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/assets/files/Brochures/ItsYourMove_DL%20Brochure.pdf

  • Australian Bicycle Council (Australia) - Website

    198. Australian Bicycle Council

    The Australian Bicycle Council's role is to: oversee and coordinate implementation of the Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-16 provide a forum for the sharing of information between stakeholders involved in the implementation of the Strategy maintain a repository of information and resources to promote increased cycling in Australia. See http://www.austroads.com.au/abc/

  • National Rural Health Alliance (Australia) - Guideline

    201. Physical Activity in Rural Australia

    The lack of physical activity is the fourth leading cause of disease and a major public health concern in Australia. Latest statistics show that only 30 per cent of the Australian population have sufficient physical activity for health benefits. People living in rural and remote parts of Australia have even lower physical activity levels than those in major cities. See http://nrha.ruralhealth.org.au/cms/uploads/factsheets/Fact-Sheet-26-Physical-Activity.pdf

  • Bicycle Network (Australia) - Research Article

    200. The Bicycle Expenditure Index for Local Government

    BiXE (Bicycle Expenditure Index) 2011 shows how much of their own money local governments are spending on bicycle infrastructure. The index allows Councils and residents to track the level of commitment in their municipality and compare that commitment to other similar councils. See http://www.bv.com.au/media/vanilla/file/BiXE%202011_Final%20Report%20171111.pdf

  • Walk21 (Australia) - Case Study

    199. Making Walking Count in Canberra

    This report presents the findings of a survey conducted for the Australian Capital Territory Government,by the international organisation Walk21, to ascertain an understanding of walkability in Canberra and the attitudes of the citizens of Canberra to walking. See http://www.canwalk.org.au/news/making-walking-count-in-canberra/

  • Outdoors Alliance for Kids (United States) - Policy Document

    202. US Healthy Kids Outdoors Act

    The Healthy Kids Outdoors Act will support state, local and federal strategies to connect youth and families with the natural world, improve children’s health and support future economic growth and conservation efforts. This legislation will help get Americans active outdoors through natural play; outdoor recreation such as camping, hiking, hunting and fishing; public health initiatives; outdoor learning environments; service learning and other initiatives. See https://sites.google.com/site/outdoorsallianceforkids/

  • NSW Ministry of Health (Australia) - Research Article

    206. NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) 2010: Full Report

    The NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) 2010: full report provides in detail the methods, findings and tools used for SPANS 2010. It is the fourth in a series of school-based surveys of NSW school students and provides valuable trend information on the weight status and associated behaviours of a representative sample of 8,100 NSW school students in Years K, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10, conducted in Term 1, 2010. See http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/pubs/2011/spans_full.html

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Strategy Document

    205. Good for Busine$$ Discussion Paper

    The Heart Foundation (SA) commissioned this discussion paper to bring together the evidence around the financial benefits to retailers and residents in making commercial streets more walking and cycling friendly. Walking and cycling to local shops is good for business and good for the local economy and is essential to the success of revitalisation strategies. Streetscape enhancements add value to an area and are associated with higher rents and the attraction of new businesses. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/GoodforBusinessFINAL_Nov.pdf

  • Séverine Sabia et al (France) - Research Article

    70. Effect of Intensity and Type of Physical Activity on Mortality

    This reseach examined the association of intensity and type of physical activity with mortality. It assessed the duration of physical activity by intensity level and type in 7456 men and women from the Whitehall II Study by questionnaire in 1997-1999 and 5 years later.

  • World Health Organization (Denmark) - Guideline

    191. WHO Good Practice Appraisal Tool for obesity prevention programmes

    This report gives a description of the good practice tool for obesity prevention programmes and describes its development and use. To identify good practice, a tool has been developed to evaluate good practice elements of the planning, monitoring, evaluation and implementation of programmes that can target children, adolescents or adults as well as be nationally, regionally or locally initiated in community, school or workplace settings. See http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/149740/e95686.pdf

  • M. Tremblay et al (Canada) - Research Article

    71. Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth

    Accumulating evidence suggests that, independent of physical activity levels, sedentary behaviours are associated with increased risk of cardio-metabolic disease, all-cause mortality, and a variety of physiological and psychological problems.

  • Andrew J. Atkin et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    82. Non-Occupational Sitting and Mental Well-Being in Employed Adults

    Emerging evidence suggests that sedentary behaviour may be adversely associated with physical health, but few studies have examined the association with mental well-being. This study examined the association of four non-occupational sedentary behaviours with mental well-being.

  • Roma Robertson et al (Australia) - Research Article

    79. Recommendations by Queensland GPs to be more physically active

    The objective of this research was to ascertain the extent to which general practitioners in Queensland recommend physical activity to their patients, the types of patients they target, types of activities they suggest and how patients respond to the recommendations.

  • Paul T Williams (United States) - Research Article

    72. Exercise Attenuates the Association of Body Weight with Diet in 106,737 Runners

    The high prevalence of obesity in Western societies has been attributed in part to high-fat low-CHO food consumption. However, people have also become less active, and inactivity may have increased the risk for weight gain from poor dietary choices.

  • Beth P. Hands et al (Australia) - Research Article

    42. The associations between physical activity, screen time and weight from 6 to 14 yrs

    To examine the strength and direction of the relationship between physical activity level, screen use and BMI in a cohort at ages 6, 8, 10 and 14 yrs as part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study.

  • Tuomas O Kilpelainen et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    83. Physical Activity Attenuates the Influence of FTO Variants on Obesity Risk

    The FTO gene harbors the strongest known susceptibility locus for obesity. While many individual studies have suggested that physical activity (PA) may attenuate the effect of FTO on obesity risk, other studies have not been able to confirm this interaction.

  • Genevieve N. Healy et al (United States) - Epidemiological Report

    14. Sedentary time and cardio-metabolic biomarkers in US adults: NHANES 2003–06

    Prolonged sedentary time is ubiquitous in developed economies and is associated with an adverse cardio-metabolic risk profile and premature mortality.

  • Environment and Sustainable Development Directorat (Australia) - Strategy Document

    185. ACT Transport for Canberra policy

    One of the ACT Government’s priorities is to provide an effective and efficient transport system that meets the needs of the community while reducing its environmental and social impacts. Transport for Canberra sets a new policy direction for transport from now to 2031. See http://www.google.com.au/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=act%20transport%20for%20canberra%20policy&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CHgQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.timetotalk.act.gov.au%2Fstorage%2FTransport%2520Policy%252014%2520October%2520Full.pdf&ei=vefOT7btOsatiAfeiKWJDA&usg=AFQjCNHNVaqOny3VxHZry6Kz9k58IRKRjA

  • National Obesity Observatory (United Kingdom) - Website

    179. Evaluation data collection tool

    The tool has been developed to assist practitioners to collect standardised summary data from any weight management, diet or physical activity intervention. It will also help to better understand the types of obesity and related interventions across the country. See http://www.noo.org.uk/core/eval_collection

  • City of Sydney (Australia) - Case Study

    181. City of Sydney Regional Bicycle Network Report

    In 2010, the City of Sydney commissioned independent research to quantify the economic benefits of the proposed Inner Sydney Regional Bike Network. The study by AECOM* found the network would deliver at least $506 million - or $3.88 for every dollar spent - in net economic benefits over 30 years, and reduce Sydney's traffic congestion by 4.3 million car trips a year. The study forecasts a 66 per cent increase in bike trips by 2016 and a 71 per cent rise by 2026 if the network is built. See http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/aboutsydney/parkingandtransport/cycling/EcononmicResearchCycling.asp

  • Department of Health Western Australia (Australia) - Website

    183. New Get on Track Challenge

    The Get On Track Challenge is a free, fun and motivating team-based physical activity and healthy eating program for all WA adults. The site aims to organise a workplace challenge to boost the health of staff for large or small organisations. See http://www.getontrackwa.com.au/

  • Michel Lucas et al (United States) - Research Article

    80. Relation Between Clinical Depression Risk and Physical Activity and Time Spent Watch Television

    Although physical activity (PA) has been inversely associated with depressive symptoms, it is not clear whether regular PA and television watching are associated with clinical depression risk.

  • A. Bauman et al (Australia) - Research Article

    76. "Where have all the bicycles gone?"

    The objective of this research was to explore whether the reported increase in bicycle sales in Australia is corroborated by increases in numbers of cyclists.

  • Jeff K. Vallance et al (Canada) - Research Article

    59. Associations of objectively-assessed physical activity and sedentary time with depression

    Studies provide conflicting evidence for the protective effects of moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity on depression. Recent evidence suggests that sedentary behaviors may also be associated with depression.

  • Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Website

    190. Death by suburban sprawl: better urban planning will combat sedentary lifestyle

    Billie Giles-Corti looks at how the built environment impacts the development of NCDs. See http://theconversation.edu.au/death-by-suburban-sprawl-better-urban-planning-will-combat-sedentary-lifestyles-3395

  • Chiropractors' Association of Australia (Australia) - Website

    163. Just Start Walking Australia

    Just Start Walking is an initiative from the World Federation of Chiropractic, a global non-profit association that was admitted into official relations with the World Health Organization (WHO) as a non-governmental organization in January 1997. As a member organization of the World Federation of Chiropractic, the Chiropractors’ Association of Australia has adapted the program for use in Australia. See http://www.juststartwalking.com.au/

  • Australian Bycling Council (Australia) - Website

    172. National Cycling Participation 2011 (Australia)

    The Cycling Resource Centre is an Australian information hub on all things related to cycling. The site is administered by the Australian Bicycle Council (ABC) which consists of representatives of state, territory and local governments, the cycling industry and bicycle users. The ABC coordinates and implements the Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-2016 and reports on its implementation to Australian Transport ministers. See http://www.cyclingresourcecentre.org.au/post/national_cycling_participation_survey

  • ISPAH (Australia) - Website

    167. Global Advocacy for Physical Activity (GAPA) – Documents cross the Globe

    GAPA has several key principles: The development of actions based on evidence of effectiveness The application of advocacy actions aimed at multiple levels: political advocacy media advocacy professional mobilization community mobilization advocacy within organizations The involvement of a wide range of organizations with direct and indirect interests in the promotion of physical activity across all regions of the world See http://www.globalpa.org.uk/

  • IOC (Switzerland) - Strategy Document

    182. IOC Consensus Statement on Health & Fitness of Children through PA and Sport

    The document defines the health consequences of inactivity; it identifies the determinants of sports participation and drop-outs, and provides recommendations on potential solutions and global partnerships. The ultimate purpose of this scientific effort is to improve the health and fitness of young people throughout the world, thereby decreasing the morbidity and mortality deriving from non-communicable diseases. See http://www.olympic.org/medical-commission?articleid=139477

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    175. Physical Activity in Australia: A Snapshot, 2007-08

    Provides a brief overview of the physical activity levels of people aged 18 years and over in Australia, using data from the 2007-08 ABS National Health Survey. It includes information on a range of characteristics which may influence a person's physical activity levels, as well as the long-term health risks associated with physical inactivity. See http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mediareleasesbyCatalogue/E4A26CF152A501FCCA257905007AA615?Opendocument

  • Justine E Leavy et al (Australia) - Research Article

    68. Physical activity mass media campaigns and their evaluation

    Internationally, mass media campaigns to promote regular moderate-intensity physical activity have increased recently. Evidence of mass media campaign effectiveness exists in other health areas, however the evidence for physical activity is limited.

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Research Article

    159. Exercise and Pregnancy: Canadian Guidelines for Health Care Professionals

    In Canada, many pregnant women do not exercise enough, gain too much weight during pregnancy, and develop gestational diabetes and hypertension. This article presents some important facts and resources to help medical practitioners, other health care professionals and pregnant women better understand the benefits of physical activity during pregnancy. See http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/publications/wellspring/2011/aug-pregnancy.html

  • Chi Pang Wen et al (Taiwan) - Research Article

    62. Minimum amount of physical activity for reduced mortality and extended life expectancy

    The health benefits of leisure-time physical activity are well known, but whether less exercise than the recommended 150 min a week can have life expectancy benefits is unclear. We assessed the health benefits of a range of volumes of physical activity in a Taiwanese population.

  • Paul D. Loprinzi et al (United States) - Research Article

    64. Association Between Objectively-Measured Physical Activity and Sleep, NHANES 2005-2006

    Epidemiological studies examining the association between physical activity and sleep have relied on self-report measures of physical activity and have primarily been conducted in older adults.

  • Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport (Australia) - Guideline

    302. Games Smart — a guide for schools (QLD)

    Games Smart is a visual resource for fun and engaging physical activity. It has been specifically designed to provide primary school teachers with an easy to use visual resource that enables them to feel more confident and be more competent in delivering fun and engaging daily physical activity. See http://www.communities.qld.gov.au/sportrec/community-programs/school-community/games-smart

  • David Rojas-Rueda et al (Spain) - Research Article

    61. The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use

    The objective was to estimate the risks and benefits to health of travel by bicycle, using a bicycle sharing scheme, compared with travel by car in an urban environment.

  • The Age (Australia) - Website

    158. Tank-driving, car-crushing mayor

    The mayor of Vilnius, Lithuania, has struck a blow for traffic wardens the world over with his novel approach to illegal parking. Car owners in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, may be choosing their parking spaces a little more carefully after the city's mayor drove over - and wrecked - a Mercedes in a stunt to serve as a warning to anyone who thinks about parking illegally. At the end of the video the mayor cleans up the mess of crushed glass before riding away on a bike. See http://theage.drive.com.au/motor-news/tanks-for-the-warning-crushing-take-on-illegal-parking-20110803-1ibjm.html

  • Neville Owen et al (Australia) - Research Article

    57. Adults’ Sedentary Behavior: Determinants and Interventions

    Research is now required on factors influencing adults' sedentary behaviors, and effective approaches to behavioral-change intervention must be identified. The strategies for influencing sedentary behavior will need to be informed by evidence on the most important modifiable behavioral determinants.

  • British Heart Foundation National Centre (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    155. BHFNC Information booklets for early years practitioners

    The UK Governments have recently published new physical activity guidelines. For the first time these include guidelines specifically for the under fives. These information booklets are designed to give early years practitioners and health professionals help with using these guidelines effectively and to provide practical tips. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/280/index.html

  • Stuart J H Biddle et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    60. Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews

    The objective was to synthesise reviews investigating physical activity and depression, anxiety, self-esteem and cognitive functioning in children and adolescents and to assess the association between sedentary behaviour and mental health by performing a brief review.

  • Department of Transport Western Australia (Australia) - Case Study

    197. Evaluation of the TravelSmart Local Government and Workplace Programs

    The Western Australian Department of Transport (DoT) commissioned Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA) to undertake the “Evaluation of TravelSmart Local Government and Workplace Programs”. The programs are designed to encourage the use of public transport, cycling and walking and, ultimately, to reduce vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) by car, generating health benefits and a reduction in a range of costs to the community including greenhouse gas emissions, air and noise pollution, and traffic congestion. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/assets/files/Physical%20activity%20programs/TS%20progr

  • Health Promotion Board (Singapore) - Guideline

    166. Singapore guidelines

    The National Physical Activity Guidelines for Singapore provide practical guidance for apparently healthy adults and older adults on the types and volume of physical activities that prevent chronic disease, prolong life and enhance quality of life. The types of physical activity include lifestyle, aerobic and strength which can be performed in the domains of work, home, commuting or leisure time. See http://www.hpb.gov.sg/physicalactivity/article.aspx?id=10368

  • Department of Health (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    146. New UK physical activity guidelines launched

    New physical activity guidelines have been published by the four UK Chief Medical Officers, covering early years; children and young people; adults; and older adults. This is the first time UK-wide physical activity guidelines have been produced and represents the first time guidelines have been produced in the UK for early years (under fives) as well as sedentary behaviour, for which there is now evidence that this is an independent risk factor for ill health. See http://www.dh.gov.uk/health/2011/07/physical-activity-guidelines/

  • Marie-Noël Vercambre et al (United States) - Research Article

    65. Physical Activity and Cognition in Women With Vascular Conditions

    Individuals with vascular disease or risk factors have substantially higher rates of cognitive decline, yet little is known about means of maintaining cognition in this group.

  • Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Policy Document

    153. Emerging Crises Summit

    The Australian Local Government Association, Bus Industry Confederation, Cycling Promotion fund, National Heart Foundation of Australia, and International Association of Public Transport are calling on the Australian Government to follow this nine point plan to boost national participation in walking, cycling and public transport. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/driving-change/current-campaigns/Pages/australian-vision-active-transport.aspx

  • Daniel Fuller (Canada) - Research Article

    47. Use of a New Public Bicycle Share Program in Montreal, Canada

    Cycling contributes to physical activity and health. Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use.

  • Catrine Tudor-Locke et al (United States) - Research Article

    51. Patterns of adult stepping cadence in the 2005–2006 NHANES

    Laboratory studies of adult walking behavior have consistently found that a cadence of 100 steps/min is a reasonable threshold for moderate intensity. The purpose of this study was to determine cadence patterns in free-living adults, and in particular, time spent at increasing cadence increments.

  • Kim Jose et al (Australia) - Research Article

    46. Childhood and adolescent predictors of leisure time physical activity

    Few studies have investigated factors that influence physical activity behavior during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. This study explores the associations of sociodemographic, behavioral, sociocultural, attitudinal and physical factors with physical activity behavior.

  • Nicola D Ridgers et al (Australia) - Research Article

    43. Five-year changes in school recess and lunchtime

    The purpose was to investigate the longitudinal changes in children's recess and lunchtime physical activity levels and in the contribution of recess and lunchtime to daily physical activity levels over 5 years among 5–6- and 10–12-year olds.

  • Jolie O'Dell (United States) - Website

    123. Sitting pictures

    Sitting down, which most of us do for at least eight hours each day, might be the worst thing we do for our health all day. Check out these graphically organized stats from Medical Billing and Coding. We like it for the information, but we love it for the Saul Bass, Vertigo-esque graphics. See http://mashable.com/2011/05/09/sitting-down-infographic/?utm_source=iphoneapp&utm_medium=rss&utm_content=textlink&utm_campaign=iphoneapp

  • Anne Tiedemann (Australia) - Guideline

    40. Exercise and Sports Science Australia Position Statement on exercise and falls prevention

    Falls affect a significant number of older Australians and present a major challenge to health care providers and health systems. The purpose of this statement is to inform and guide exercise practitioners and health professionals in the safe and effective prescription of exercise for older people.

  • NSW Department of Health (Australia) - Website

    122. NSW Health active & healthy website

    As part of the NSW Falls Prevention Program, this website not only provides information about exercises, but also about your health, making your home environment safe, what to do if you do have a fall, and home and lifestyle checklists to help you reduce your risk. See http://www.activeandhealthy.nsw.gov.au/

  • FIFA (Switzerland) - Website

    121. Women's Football Resource Kit

    FIFA hopes that this new publication will be useful for associations, administrators, players and coaches alike. The kit will help to arm those working day to day in football with the tools and practical knowledge to help them to achieve results. See http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/footballdevelopment/technicalsupport/women/resourcekit.html

  • Bamini Gopinath et al (Australia) - Research Article

    33. Influence of Physical Activity and Screen Time on the Retinal Microvasculature in Young Children

    It is not clear whether physical activity and sedentary behavior affect retinal microvascular caliber. We investigated associations among physical activity (outdoor and indoor sporting activities), sedentary behaviors (including screen time, television [TV] viewing, and computer and videogame usage)

  • Tim Olds et al (Australia) - Research Article

    38. The Place of Physical Activity in the Time Budgets of 10- to 13-Year-Old Australian Children

    Low physical activity has been associated with increased fatness and deceased fitness. This observational study aimed to describe the magnitude, composition, and time-distribution of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in Australian children.

  • Department of Health and Aging (Australia) - Website

    180. Swap It Don't Stop It

    Healthy eating and getting active can help lose centimetres and prevent or delay the onset of chronic diseases such as some cancers, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. There are some simple everyday changes people can make to get them on their way to a healthier lifestyle without losing all the things they love. See http://swapit.gov.au/

  • Boris Gojanovic et al (Switzerland) - Research Article

    37. Electric bikes as a new active transportation modality to promote health

    Electrically assisted bicycles (EAB) are an emerging transportation modality favoured for environmental reasons. Some physical effort is required to activate the supporting engine, making it a potential active commuting option.

  • Premier's Physical ACtivity Council Tasmania (Australia) - Strategy Document

    114. Tasmania's plan for physical activity 2011-2021

    Tasmania’s plan for physical activity 2011-2021 is a long-term plan for all of Tasmania. The plan is for anyone involved in physical activity, whether as a participant, promoter, provider, researcher, policy maker or funder. See http://www.getmoving.tas.gov.au/article.php?article_id=168

  • Rachel Smith (Australia) - Case Study

    117. On her bike: why women won’t ride

    So why don’t Australian women cycle? In other cities around the world the bicycle is a central part of life for most women. See http://blogs.crikey.com.au/rooted/2011/04/04/on-her-bike-why-women-wont-ride/

  • Chris Rissel (Australia) - Research Article

    115. Ditching bike helmets laws better for health

    With epidemics of diabetes and obesity threatening to bankrupt state health budgets, governments need to broaden their strategies to encourage physical activity. Allowing cyclists to ride without a helmet would remove one common barrier to cycling and encourage more Australians to get on a bike. See http://theconversation.edu.au/ditching-bike-helmets-laws-better-for-health-42

  • Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Guideline

    110. Heart Foundation fact sheets on sitting

    The Heart Foundation has published information sheets to provide information and useful tips on how to decrease your sitting time. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/healthy-eating/mums-united/articles/Pages/sitting.aspx

  • Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Guideline

    109. New walkability tool from the Heart Foundation

    The checklist is a national consumer advocacy tool that asks community residents to be the ‘eyes and feet’ of their Local Government council to provide feedback on the ‘walkability’ of their local neighbourhoods. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/healthy-eating/mums-united/spread-the-message/Pages/walkability-checklist.aspx

  • British Heart Foundation National Centre (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    113. Physical activity patterns - children in England

    This fact sheet pulls together all the latest statistics from sources such as the Health Survey for England and the National Travel Survey to provide a picture of how active children and young people in England are. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/267/index.html

  • Terry Boyle (Australia) - Research Article

    39. Long-Term Sedentary Work and the Risk of Subsite-specific Colorectal Cancer

    Research suggests that sedentary behavior may increase the risk of some chronic diseases. The aims of the study were to examine whether sedentary work is associated with colorectal cancer and to determine whether the association differs by subsite.

  • Adrian Bauman et al (Australia) - Research Article

    29. Changing gears: bicycling as the panacea for physical inactivity?

    This editorial summarises the health benefits and risks of cycling, and describes current controversies and evidence challenges for cycling policy and promotion.

  • Helen E Brown et al (Australia) - Research Article

    11. Does Physical Activity Impact on Presenteeism and Other Indicators of Workplace Well-Being?

    The term 'presenteeism' is a relatively new concept in workplace health, and has come to signify being at work despite poor health and performing below par. This article reviews evidence on the relationships between physical activity and employee well-being and presenteeism in the workplace.

  • Verity Cleland et al (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    2. A Longitudinal Study of the Family Physical Activity Environment and Physical Activity

    Although the family environment is a potentially important influence on children's physical activity (PA), prospective data investigating these associations are lacking. This study aimed to examine the longitudinal relationship between the family environment and PA among youth.

  • John R. Sirard et al (United States) - Research Article

    9. Dog Ownership and Adolescent Physical Activity

    Positive associations between dog ownership and adult health outcomes have been observed, but research involving youth is lacking. Dog ownership was associated with more physical activity among adolescents.

  • Premier's Physical Activity Council (Australia) - Strategy Document

    177. Tasmania's plan for physical activity 2011-2021

    This long-term plan, prepared by the Premier’s Physical Activity Council in consultation with many other Tasmanians interested in physical activity, sets a unifying direction and framework for action.

  • New South Wales Government (Australia) - Strategy Document

    97. Draft NSW Walking Strategy

    In September 2011, the NSW Government released NSW 2021 which includes a target to increase walking for short trips and a commitment to develop a NSW Walking Strategy. Development of a NSW draft Walking Strategy is being managed by a whole-of-government steering group chaired by PCAL. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/draft_nsw_walking_strategy

  • New South Wales Government (Australia) - Website

    98. Healthy Kids website

    The Healthy Kids website provides information, resources and ideas on physical activity and healthy eating for children and young people. See http://www.healthykids.nsw.gov.au/

  • Jenny Veitch et al (Australia) - Research Article

    66. Is the Neighbourhood Environment Associated with Sedentary Behaviour Outside of School Hours

    Little is known about neighbourhood environments and children’s sedentary behaviour outside school hours. This study aims to examine the associations between public open spaces (POS), parent perceptions of the neighbourhood and children’s sedentary behaviours.

  • Cycling Promotion Fund (Australia) - Website

    105. Cycling Promotion Fund 2010 Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards

    The Cycling Promotion Fund, (CPF) established the Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards in 2002. Since the Awards inception, the scope and quality of nominations has increased considerably, illustrating the excellent initiatives being undertaken that are shaping the future of Australian bicycling

  • Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Website

    108. Australian Sports Commission’s Playing for Life Kit

    More Australian children who are enrolled in outside of school hours care programs are set to benefit from the Australian Sports Commission’s successful Playing for Life Kit. The Playing for Life kit is part of the Australian Government’s Active After-school Communities (AASC) program. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/asc_news/story_416475_playing_for_life_keeps_children_active_after_school

  • Mark S. Tremblay et al (Canada) - Guideline

    7. New Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines

    The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEPhas developed the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Children (aged 5–11 years), Youth (aged 12–17 years), Adults (aged 18–64 years), and Older Adults (aged =65 years). See http://www.csep.ca/english/view.asp?x=804

  • MS Tremblay et al (Canada) - Guideline

    6. Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines for Children and Youth

    The Canadian Sedentary Behaviour guidelines include a preamble to provide context, followed by the specific recommendations for sedentary behaviour.

  • CSEP (Canada) - Guideline

    94. New Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines

    This webpage from the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology contains a number of resources concerning the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines and the Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines.

  • Kim Anderson (Canada) - Research Article

    100. Designed Playgrounds that Engage Children in Physical Activity and More

    This article offers background information on the City of Edmonton’s experience with using a “design” approach for playground developments. See http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/publications/wellspring/2011/feb-playgrounds.pdf

  • Global Advocacy for Physical Activity (GAPA) (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    106. ‘NCD Prevention: Investments that Work for Physical Activity’

    Investments that work for Physical Activity is a complementary document to the Toronto Charter for Physical Activity and identifies seven best investments to increase population levels of physical activity to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases and promote population health. See http://www.globalpa.org.uk/pdf/investments-work.pdf

  • Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Guideline

    103. NSW Developer's Checklist with Case Studies

    This Checklist is a companion document to the Premier’s Council for Active Living (PCAL) publication “Development & Active Living: Designing Projects For Active Living – A Development Assessment Resource & Navigational Tool.” See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/114786/DevChklst_wcasestud_Feb_2011_Lres_18.02.pdf

  • KI Erickson et al (United States) - Research Article

    4. Exercise training increases size of hippocampus

    The hippocampus shrinks in late adulthood, leading to impaired memory and increased risk for dementia. These theoretically important findings indicate that aerobic exercise training is effective at reversing hippocampal volume loss in late adulthood, which is accompanied by improved memory function.

  • David R Lubans et al (Australia) - Research Article

    5. The relationship between active travel to school and health-related fitness

    Active travel to school (ATS) has been identified as an important source of physical activity for youth. However, the relationship between ATS and health-related fitness (HRF) among youth remains unclear.

  • WHO Regional Office for Europe (Switzerland) - Guideline

    85. Health economic assessment tool (HEAT) for cycling

    HEAT is an online resource to estimate the economic savings resulting from reductions in mortality as a consequence of regular cycling and/or walking. It is based on best available evidence, with parameters that can be adapted to fit specific situations. Default parameters are valid for Europe. See http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/health-topics/environment-and-health/Transport-and-health/activities/promotion-of-safe-walking-and-cycling-in-urban-areas/quantifying-the-positive-health-effects-of-cycling-and-walking/health-economic-assessment-tool-heat-for-cycling-and-walking

  • Bicycle Victoria (Australia) - Research Article

    17. Whitepaper - On Your Bike! How office buildings can accommodate more cyclists

    Ten per cent of all vehicles entering the Melbourne CBD in the morning peak are now bicycles and the total number is increasing by 20% each year. The implications of this for companies and the property sector are profound. See http://www.colliers.com.au/~/media/Files/Corporate/Research/Speciality%20Reports%20and%20Property%20White%20Papers/Colliers%20International%20Bicycle%20Victoria%20Whitepaper%20%20Q4%202010.ashx

  • Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    107. Experience of Sport and Physical Activity in Northern Ireland

    The report presents data from the Continuous Household Survey (CHS), a Northern Ireland wide household survey administered by Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) Central Survey Unit. The survey provides a regular source of information on a wide range of social and economic issues. See http://www.dcalni.gov.uk/chs_sports_bulletin_200910.pdf

  • Jo Salmon et al (Australia) - Research Article

    19. A translational research intervention to reduce screen behaviours and promote physical activity

    Translational or implementation research that assesses the effectiveness of strategies to promote health behaviours among children that have been previously tested under ‘ideal’ conditions is rarely reported. Switch-2-Activity aimed to examine the effectiveness of an abbreviated programme.

  • Arlene L. Hankinson et al (United States) - Research Article

    20. Maintaining a High Physical Activity Level Over 20 Years and Weight Gain

    Data supporting physical activity guidelines to prevent long-term weight gain are sparse, particularly during the period when the highest risk of weight gain occurs.

  • Be Active WA (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    370. WA Physical Activity Taskforce 2009 Adult Survey

    The 2009 Physical Activity Adult Survey report provides an in depth analysis of the physical activity levels of Western Australian adults. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/index.php?id=439

  • Sport Northern Ireland (Ireland) - Case Study

    365. Northern Ireland ACTIVe PEOPLE: healthy communities - The IMPACT of Community Sport

    The purpose of this publication is to demonstrate how Sport Northern Ireland’s investment in community sport contributes towards the achievement of public health outcomes. This report draws information from ‘The Value of Sport and Physical Recreation – Contributing to Improved Public Health,’ completed by FKB Consulting and Dennis McCoy Consulting in early 2010.

  • Luuk H Engbers et al (Netherlands) - Research Article

    21. Characteristics of a population of commuter cyclists in the Netherlands

    Daily cycling to work has been shown to improve physical performance and health in men and women. This article aims to contribute to a better understanding of the perceived barriers and facilitators of cyclists/non-cyclists and personal factors associated with commuter cycling.

  • American College of Sports Medicine (United States) - Policy Document

    92. Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes

    Although physical activity (PA) is a key element in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, many with this chronic disease do not become or remain regularly active. High-quality studies establishing the importance of exercise & fitness in diabetes were lacking until recently. See http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21115758

  • David R Lubans et al (Australia) - Research Article

    12. Fundamental Movement Skills in Children and Adolescents: Review of Associated Health Benefits

    The mastery of fundamental movement skills (FMS) has been purported as contributing to children's physical, cognitive and social development and is thought to provide the foundation for an active lifestyle.

  • Tahna Pettman (Australia) - Case Study

    119. eat well be active Community Programs - Final Report

    Concern over the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children has resulted in the emergence of community-based obesity prevention initiatives. SA Health funded the eat well be active Community Programs (ewba) as a demonstration project of such an approach. See http://www.health.sa.gov.au/PEHS/branches/health-promotion/ewba/ewbaCPFinalReport2010Electronic.pdf

  • City of Sydney (Australia) - Strategy Document

    102. StreetShare Strategy

    To progress its vision for a green, global,connected city by 2030, the City of Sydney has commenced construction of a network of cycle routes with the target of achieving 10% of trips by inner Sydney residents by bicycle by 2016. See http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/AboutSydney/documents/ParkingAndTransport/Cycling/FinalStrategyReport_23112010.pdf

  • Sustrans (United Kingdom) - Website

    356. Quality Streets

    Why do we need Quality Streets? According to the Sustrans campaign, quality streets are needed because they are the key to unlocking a communities' potential. On a quality street, you would know your neighbours and their children and they will know you. On a quality street, you are happy to let your children play out, and that's where you'll find them instead of parked in front of the computer. And if there were more quality streets, more people could choose to walk or cycle rather than drive. See http://www.sustrans.org.uk/resources/in-the-news/Quality-streets-for-all

  • Department of Education Tasmania (Australia) - Website

    364. Being active matters!

    Being active matters! is a booklet written specifically for parents, about the importance of children being physically active right from birth. The booklet covers five fundamental motor skills and includes suggestions, tips and ideas to help families include more physical activity into the daily routine. See http://www.education.tas.gov.au/earlylearning/Active.pdf

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    368. Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (CPCLA)

    This publication compares results from the surveys of Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (CPCLA) conducted in April of 2000, 2003, 2006 and 2009. While the publication primarily provides information about the participation of children aged 5 to 14 years in cultural, sporting and other leisure activities, some information on children's use of the Internet is also presented. See http://www.wasportsfed.asn.au/downloads/ABS_Report_Children%20Engaging%20in%20Sport%20and%20Leisure%20Time.pdf

  • Irish Sports Council (Ireland) - Research Article

    357. Ireland Children's Participation in Sport and Physical Activity Study

    This major research study which provides a national database of physical activity, physical education and sport participation levels of children and youth in Ireland. See http://www.irishsportscouncil.ie/News_Events/Latest_News/2010_Archive/RESEARCH_Minister_Hanafin_Launches_Major_Research_Study_on_Children's_Participation_in_Sport_and_Physical_Activity.html

  • Kwon, S (United States) - Research Article

    266. Associations of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Fatness With Cardiovascular Risk Factors

    The U. S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) captures cross-sectional, nationally representative data on variables including fitness and weight status. This study used NHANES data to examine both the combined and independent effects of cardiorespiratory fitness and fatness on cardiovascular risk factors among adolescents aged 12-19, finding several risk factors to be associated with low fitness, independently of weight status.

  • Cole, Rachel (Australia) - Research Article

    265. Perceptions of representatives of public, private, and community sector

    This paper reports findings of qualitative research examining perceived barriers and enablers for active transport in Queensland, with issues arising around infrastructure delivery, public transport services, walk- and cycle-friendly community attributes, political leadership and government coordination, and societal norms and culture.

  • Chau, Josephine Y. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    258. Are workplace interventions to reduce sitting effective? A systematic review

    Researchers from The University of Queensland, The University of Sydney and Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute collaborated to produce a set of systematic reviews examining [i] the association between occupational sitting and health outcomes, and [ii] to identify whether workplace interventions to reduce sitting are effective.

  • Foster, S et al (Australia) - Research Article

    254. Neighbourhood design and fear of crime

    This study, part of the RESIDE project in Perth, WA examined relationships between neighbourhood design and residents’ fear of crime in new suburban housing developments, finding supportive evidence for walkable neighbourhoods linked to perceived safety.

  • Biddle, Stuart J.H. et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    248. Tracking of sedentary behaviors of young people: A systematic review

    This review examines evidence of the tracking of sedentary behaviours from childhood and adolescence, demonstrating moderate levels of tracking into adulthood. Finding out about the tracking of sedentary behaviour is important for decision making around the most effective age groups to focus interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour.

  • Sirriyeh, Reema et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    223. Physical activity and adolescents: An exploratory randomized controlled trial

    This study, an exploratory randomized control trial, tests the feasibility and acceptance of a novel intervention using different types of persuasive short messaging service (SMS) text messages in an attempt to increase physical activity levels amongst young adults (aged 16 – 19 years) over a two week period.

  • James Dollman et al (Australia) - Research Article

    56. Physical activity and screen time behaviour in metropolitan, regional and rural adolescents

    Activity levels among Australian adolescents show contrasting patterns of geographical differences to those found in Australian adults. Higher levels of free play among rural Australian adolescents may be due to more available space and less fear of traffic and stranger risks.

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Case Study

    341. PCAL Active Living Case Studies

    In response to the increasing evidence linking urban planning to low levels of community participation in physical activity, the New South Wales Premier's Council for Active Living (PCAL) has developed a web-based resource Designing Places for Active Living . PCAL has also compiled a series of NSW case studies to demonstrate the successful application of Active Living design considerations for each of the specific environments within the Designing Places for Active Living resource. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/case_studies

  • Department of Transport (Australia) - Strategy Document

    340. Victoria Pedestrian Access Strategy

    The Pedestrian Access Strategy sets out the Victorian Government’s vision for a more pedestrian-friendly transport system for Victorians. The aim of the strategy is to encourage more Victorians to walk, especially for short trips. The strategy establishes broad policy principles and the first steps to guide the Victorian Government’s investment in walking over the next 10 years – including infrastructure,planning and design, safety and behaviour change programs. See http://www.transport.vic.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/31375/Pedestrian_Access_Strategy_2010.pdf

  • BHFNC (United Kingdom) - Website

    344. BHFNC website

    The aim of this site is to help keep professionals up-to-date with all the latest developments in the field of physical activity and health. The British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (BHFNC) was established in April 2000 with funding from the British Heart Foundation (BHF). See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/home/index.html

  • Alberta Center for Active Living (United States) - Guideline

    347. Team Approach Supports Adapted Physical Activity for Students with Disabilities

    This article outlines how adapted physical activity consultants can lead or co-lead the creation and use of collaborative teams in school environments, in support of persons with disabilities. It also discusses some of the roles of each team member and offers best practices and other ideas to help the team work together. See http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/publications/wellspring/2010/oct-adapted.pdf

  • Hardy, Louise et al (Australia) - Research Article

    269. Munch and Move: evaluation of a preschool healthy eating and movement skill program

    Findings from an evaluation of a low intensity physical activity and healthy eating intervention in New South Wales indicate improved fundamental movement skills and reductions in sweetened drinks are achievable over a short time span but other improvements may take longer to occur. Preschools and other early childhood services are important settings to initiate lifelong healthy lifestyles, but evidence of effective programs is scarce. Munch and Move is a state-wide program focusing on professional development of early childhood professionals to promote physical activity and healthy eating.

  • Wakefield, Melanie A. et al (United States) - Research Article

    264. Use of mass media campaigns to change health behaviour

    The paper describes the role of mass media in changing self behaviour. It also includes a systematic review of mass media campaigns in different areas, including campaigns to influence physical activity. In general they conclude that there is moderately good evidence for physical activity mass media campaigns, especially in motivated individuals.

  • Smith, Ben J. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    262. Parental influences on child physical activity and screen viewing time

    This cross-sectional study surveyed parents of 4006 children attending long day care centres, primary and high school in New South Wales to examine perceived parental barriers and self efficacy in relation to children’s’ physical activity participation and screen time viewing.

  • Pucher, John (United States) - Research Article

    256. Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data

    This paper, by Rutgers University (USA) academic, John Pucher, examines the ecologic association between travel data and health risk. Travel data, and sometimes, health surveys, were used to calculate the proportion of the population that actively commuted by walking or cycling, described as the 'active transport' segment of the population. This study examined ecologic associations, and observed interesting correlates.

  • van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    257. Occupational Sitting and Health Risks A Systematic Review

    Researchers from The University of Queensland, The University of Sydney and Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute collaborated to produce a set of systematic reviews examining [i] the association between occupational sitting and health outcomes, and [ii] to identify whether workplace interventions to reduce sitting are effective.

  • Bassett, David R. Jr et al (United States) - Research Article

    229. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity and Health Behaviors in United States Adults

    The paper describes a large sample of adults who wore pedometers to objectively assess their physical activity levels. The pedometer sample was from 1100 US adults, who were part of the “America on the Move” study. The study was based on a population sample, but those participating in America on the Move, although showing geographic diversity could still be considered a somewhat selected sample.

  • NSW Health (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    354. NSW Falls Prevention Baseline Survey 2009

    The mains aims of the NSW Falls Prevention Survey are to provide information about falls carers, falls status, risk and protective factors, consultation with health professionals, and falls knowledge, among community-dwelling older people. See http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/resources/publichealth/surveys/hso_09falls_pdf.asp

  • VicHealth (Australia) - Case Study

    366. VicHealth Raising a racket - new Australian arrivals revive badminton

    This project is part of a VicHealth funding program known as PICSAR, which aims to increase participation levels in community sport and active recreation amongst people with disabilities and those from low socioeconomic, Indigenous and new arrival communities. See http://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/~/media/ResourceCentre/PublicationsandResources/Physical%20activity/PICSAR%202010/Badminton2010.ashx

  • Department of Sport and Recreation WA (Australia) - Website

    335. Active Parent Education Kit

    The Active Parent Education Kit provides parents of Western Australia with resources to optimise their child’s sport and recreation experience. The kit targets parents, schools, clubs, officials, coaches and any community groups that are seeking information about the parent’s role in a sport or recreation environment. See http://www.dsr.wa.gov.au/active-parent-education-kit

  • Active Tasmania (Australia) - Website

    337. Active UTAS

    The Active UTAS pilot project offered free activity sessions for staff (yoga/pilates etc), free nutrition lectures, some gym membership subsidy, free exercise science consults, free water bottles and free 2010 health and wellbeing awareness desk calendars. A pre and post pilot project survey was completed to enable an understanding of the health of employees and to measure the impact of the pilot project. See http://www.activelaunceston.com.au/about.aspx?id=66 See

  • Australian Bicycle Strategy (Australia) - Strategy Document

    349. Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-16

    The Strategy has been developed as a coordinating framework identifying responsibilities of all levels of government, community and industry stakeholders to encourage more people to get on their bicycles and start riding for a better life. The strategy recognises that increasing the number of people who ride a bike for transport and recreation has a host of benefits to individuals and society. The vision for the Strategy is to double the number of people cycling in Australia by 2016. See http://www.austroads.com.au/abc/national-cycling-strategy

  • Nature Play WA (Australia) - Website

    333. Nature Play WA

    The aim of Nature Play WA is to help parents help their children make the most of outdoor activities involving the bush, beach, and national and neighbourhood parks. Nature Play WA is devoted to helping West Australian children and their families connect with nature and help build stronger, healthier communities. See http://www.natureplaywa.org.au/

  • Cooper, Rachel (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    267. Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality

    This paper is an interesting systematic review and meta analysis assessing the benefits of grip strength, walking speed, rising from a chair [all measures of physical capability] and subsequent risks of all cause mortality. These measures of physical capability are slightly different to the usual measures of physical activity that we investigate in epidemiological research. Much of the research in this area has been done in the elderly, so that the public health implications are for older adults, and extend the potential for health benefits in older adult populations.

  • Lee, Andy H et al (Australia) - Research Article

    255. Effectiveness of a Home-Based Postal and Telephone Physical Activity and Nutrition Program

    This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the Physical Activity and Nutrition Program for Seniors (PANS), a home-based intervention of 248 Perth adults aged between 65 and 74 years.

  • Sugiyama, T et al (Australia) - Research Article

    250. Associations Between Recreational Walking and Attractiveness, Size & Proximity of Neighborhood

    This study of 1366 adults examined whether attractiveness, size or proximity of a neighbourhood open space was more strongly associated with recreational walking. Participants were drawn from the Residential Environments (RESIDE) study in Perth, and geographical information systems and park audit data were used to identify the largest, most attractive and nearest neighbourhood open spaces within a 1.6km radius of where participants lived. Recreational walking was measured by asking participants to report their total time spent walking within their neighbourhood.

  • Caperchione, Cristina (Australia) - Research Article

    261. WALK Community Grants Scheme: Lessons Learned

    This paper outlines the development and administration of the Women’s Active Living Kits (WALK) Community Grant Scheme. It outlines challenges and barriers encountered, and provides practical insights for replicating such an initiative. The purpose of this paper is to describe a model of community walking grants schemes for practitioners.

  • World Health Organization (Switzerland) - Guideline

    334. Global physical activity guidelines

    WHO developed the "Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health" with the overall aim of providing national and regional level policy makers with guidance on the dose-response relationship between the frequency, duration, intensity, type and total amount of physical activity needed for the prevention of NCDs. See http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_recommendations/en/index.html

  • Australian Local Government Association (Australia) - Strategy Document

    345. An Australian Vision for Active Transport

    The Vision calls for a national approach to active transport to drive sharp improvements in: > preventative health and physical activity; > sustainable and liveable urban communities; > environment and carbon pollution reduction; > social inclusion; > traffic congestion; and > road safety. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/Active-Vision-for-Active-Transport-Report.pdf

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Guideline

    348. PCAL Workplace Travel Resource

    A Workplace Travel Plan is developed by an organisation to make getting to and from the workplace easier for employees, and to reduce dependence on private vehicles and parking space. A travel plan typically includes support for walking, cycling, public transport and car sharing reinforced with promotion and incentives and the management of workplace parking. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/100527/Brochure_FINAL_23.08.10.pdf

  • Espinel, PT et al (Australia) - Research Article

    331. An examination of the demographic characteristics and dietary intake of people

    The purpose of this report is to examine the association between physical activity and dietary intake using self reported data from the 2007 NSW Population Health Survey. This report first investigates whether being physically active is associated with healthy dietary behaviours, and then describes the sociodemographic profile of physically active people who do not engage in healthy eating behaviours. See http://sydney.edu.au/medicine/public-health/panorg/pdfs/MonitorUpdate_PAnutrition_2010.pdf

  • Parliament of New South Wales (Australia) - Research Article

    336. Parliamentary briefing Cycling and Transport Policy in NSW

    This briefing paper presents an overview of the contemporary debate on cycling. It summarises the transport issues facing NSW, presents an account of the state of cycling in NSW and in Sydney in particular, and compares cycling in Sydney with the other Australian capital cities and with selected international cities. See http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/publications.nsf/0/601E3A73A8F37D91CA25778200194A6B

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Policy Document

    327. PCAL Why active living?

    There is a rapidly growing body of evidence, which demonstrates that being active in everyday life not only has substantial positive impacts on our health, but also has potential environmental, social and economic benefits. To assist and support leaders in the public, private and community sectors to make decisions that will facilitate and encourage active living, PCAL has summarised in this Active Living Statement the key evidence demonstrating the benefits of active living and the individual and social costs of a sedentary lifestyle. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/

  • Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Website

    328. Australian Sports Commission's campaign 'Play for life...join a sporting club'

    Play for life...join a sporting club is all about the benefits of children and families participating in club sports.The club finder can help people connect with sporting clubs in specific areas. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/asc_news/new_campaign_highlights_benefits_of_club_sports_for_kids

  • USA Today (United States) - Website

    350. Bike-sharing programs spin across U.S. campuses

    Nearly 90 American universities, from New York University to the University of Alaska-Anchorage, offer some form of campus bike program, according to the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education. See http://www.usatoday.com/news/education/2010-09-21-college-bike-sharing_N.htm?csp=34news

  • Red Dust Role Models (Australia) - Website

    329. Red Dust Role Models

    Red Dust Role Models is a non-profit health promotion charity that seeks to improve the health and wellbeing of disadvantaged youth in remote communities. See http://www.reddust.org.au/

  • Ullrich-French, Sarah C et al (United States) - Research Article

    268. Examination of adolescents' screen time and physical fitness as independent correlates

    Evidence of the science behind sedentary behaviour is emerging in adult and younger populations, with both sedentary behaviour and physical inactivity now thought carry independent health risks including overweight and obesity. This cross-sectional study of 11-15 year olds in the U.S builds on previous evidence of links between weight and fitness and sedentary behaviour. It reports additional associations of screen time with weight related health markers as well as blood pressure.

  • Shengxu, Li et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    260. Physical Activity Attenuates the Genetic Predisposition to Obesity in 20,000 Men and Women

    This very large population based-study drew middle-aged adult participants from the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk cohort. 20,430 people of white European descent had baseline data available, of which 11,936 had BMI data at the second health examination conducted 3-7 years later. Physical activity was measured using a validated self administered questionnaire.

  • MacDonald, John M et al (United States) - Research Article

    246. The Effect of Light Rail Transit on Body Mass Index and Physical Activity

    This study from the U.S. examines the cross-sectional associations between objective and perceived measures of the built environment; BMI; obesity and meeting weekly recommended physical activity (RPA) levels through walking and vigorous exercise. The study also looks at the effect of introducing an LRT system on BMI, obesity, and physical activity levels.

  • Hendriksen, Ingrid J.M. et al (Netherlands) - Research Article

    236. The association between commuter cycling and sickness absence

    This cross-sectional study found an association between commuter cycling and all-cause sickness absence in a sample of over 1000 Dutch employees. Previous evidence has established links between commuter cycling and a reduced risk of premature mortality and cardiovascular disease and in preventing becoming overweight but absenteeism has not been a focus of past research. Additionally, this study explores the influence of distance, frequency and speed of commuter cycling on the relationship between commuter cycling and absenteeism.

  • Morgan, P.J. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    253. The 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids' randomized controlled trial

    This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the ‘Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids’ (HDHK) program which took place in Newcastle, NSW. It was designed to help overweight fathers lose weight and be a role model of positive health behaviors for their children and resulted in reductions in fathers’ weight over the 6-month assessment period.

  • Gwynn, josephine D et al (Australia) - Research Article

    334. The validation of a self-report measure and physical activity of Australian Aboriginal

    The purpose of this paper was to validate a self-report measure of physical activity for both Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous rural children, and to describe their physical activity participation. See http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00555.x/abstract

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Guideline

    327. PCAL Workplace Travel Plan resource

    The PCAL Workplace Travel Plan resource gives an overview of ‘Workplace Travel Plans’ based on established best practice. It will help you to understand what a Workplace Travel Plan is and why it might be of value to your organisation. The resource will also lead you through the process for developing a Plan, based on the experiences of one employer. Furthermore, there are links to better Workplace Travel Plan examples as well as lists of key Australian and international references. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/workplace_travel_plan

  • Hardy, Louise L. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    244. Screen Time and Metabolic Risk Factors Among Adolescents

    This cross-sectional study of year 10 students in Sydney high schools examined the association between screen time guidelines and risk factors for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and fatty liver diseases. A total of 496 students from 28 metropolitan schools participated in the study.

  • Patel, Alpha V. et al (United States) - Research Article

    252. Leisure Time Spent Sitting in Relation to Total Mortality in a Prospective Cohort of US Adults

    This was a large cohort study examining cancer incidence and mortality begun by the American Cancer Society in 1992. The analysis looked at time spent sitting and physical activity, and examined data from questionnaires completed by 184,190 US adults who were aged between 50-74 years at baseline. Approximately 19,000 deaths were identified during the 14-year follow-up.

  • Merom, Dafna et al (Australia) - Research Article

    243. Public Health Perspectives on Household Travel Surveys: Active Travel Between 1997 and 2007

    This study reports on trends in active transportation over the past decade, and describes the contributions of walking and cycling for transportation to meeting physical activity recommendations. The study utilized data from the Sydney Greater Metropolitan Area Household Travel Survey (HTS) which is continuously collected since 1997 by the Transport Data Centre of the NSW Government .

  • Lombard, Catherine et al (Australia) - Research Article

    249. A low intensity, community based lifestyle programme to prevent weight gain in women

    This community based, cluster randomized controlled trial in urban Australia involved 250 adult women recruited through 12 primary schools. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community behavioural intervention to prevent weight gain and improve health related behaviours in women with young children.

  • Titze, S (Austria) - Research Article

    247. Associations Between Intrapersonal and Neighborhood Environmental Characteristics and Cycling

    These latest findings from the RESIDE study, a longitudinal study in Perth examining associations between neighbourhoods and health, cross-sectionally investigates the relationships of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and intrapersonal factors to cycling. Findings suggest attractive neighbourhoods, low traffic speed and increased street connectivity are associated with increased levels of cycling.

  • Martinson, Brain C et al (United States) - Research Article

    235. Maintaining Physical Activity Among Older Adults: 24-month Outcomes

    This study focuses on assessing the maintenance of increases in physical activity at 6-, 12-, and 24-month following the Keep Active Minnesota (KAM), a telephone and mail-based intervention designed to promote physical activity maintenance among currently active adults age 50 to 70. It provides a rare example of successful maintenance of behaviour change to increase physical activity in this mid-older adult population who are often susceptible to declines in physical activity.

  • Cocker, Katrien A. et al (Belgium) - Research Article

    245. Associations between sitting time and weight in young adult Australian women

    This research, from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (ALSWH) examined associations between time spent sitting and weight. In overweight and obese women, links between weight and sitting time were found, however these relationships were not evident longitudinally.

  • Lee, Alison et al (Australia) - Case Study

    332. Recognising the economic role of bikes: sharing parking in Lygon Street, Carlton

    This study demonstrates that, in appropriate areas, economic benefits may be achieved from replacing car parking with bike parking in public space areas, particularly as intensification of activity occurs as part of urban change, and as transport mode shifts over time. See http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07293681003767785

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Research Article

    329. Trends in the prevalence of physical activity: National YRBS: 1991—2009 - 2010

    The national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) monitors priority health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults in the United States. See http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/pdf/us_physical_trend_yrbs.pdf

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Research Article

    331. Square eyes and couch potatoes: Children's participation in screen-based activities

    Using data from the 2009 ABS survey of Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (cat. no. 4901.0) this article will investigate the time that Australian children aged 5-14 years are spending on screen-based activities and how this may interact with their participation in organised sport and other physical recreation activities. See http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/4156.0.55.001~June+2010~Main+Features~Square+Eyes+and+Couch+Potatoes,Children%27s+Participation+in+Screen-based+Activities?OpenDocument

  • Victoria Walks (Australia) - Website

    319. Victoria Walks

    Victoria Walks has tips, information and resources to inspire people to walk. See http://www.victoriawalks.org.au/

  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Strategy Document

    326. US CDC State indicator report on physical activity 2010

    The State Indicator Report on Physical Activity, 2010, provides information on physical activity behavior and policy and environmental supports within each state. Physical activity, essential to overall health, can help control weight, reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers, strengthen bones and muscles, and improve mental health. See http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/downloads/PA_State_Indicator_Report_2010.pdf

  • Department of Transport (Australia) - Website

    325. Walking School Buses in WA 2010

    The Walking School Bus is a popular way of encouraging young children to walk to school together. It works like a bus, picking up 'passengers' along the way at designated 'bus stops' except everyone is walking. See http://www.transport.wa.gov.au/activetransport/24619.asp

  • Rissel, Chris et al (Australia) - Research Article

    241. Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers

    This study reports on trends in media coverage of cycling in the main broad sheet and tabloid newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne, generally uncovering increasingly positive framing of cycling over the past decade. Newspapers can serve as important tools for promoting healthy behaviours such as cycling due to their wide distribution and high readership rates. Cycling also creates broader societal benefits in terms of the environment, transport and the economy.

  • Vandelanotte, Corneel et al (Australia) - Research Article

    239. Physical Activity Trends in Queensland (2002-2008): are women becoming more active then men?

    This paper reports trend results from annual population surveys over seven years in Central Queensland, geographically defined as between the towns of Mackay in the north to Bundaberg in the south and from the eastern seaboard to the state border in the west. Physical activity trend data is important at the population level in order to monitor participation rates and as a measure to establish the effectiveness of overall public health policies and programs to increase physical activity levels.

  • Lusk, Anne C. et al (United States) - Research Article

    242. Bicycle Riding, Walking, and Weight Gain in Premenopausal Women

    This paper reports the results of a large 16 year prospective cohort study of 18,414 healthy premenopausal women in the United States. The objective of the study was to assess the association between cycling and weight maintenance in premenopausal women.

  • Department of Sport and Recreation (Australia) - Research Article

    342. Brain boost: Sport and physical activity enhance children’s learning

    Sport and physical activity participation are generally promoted for their positive impact on children’s physical and mental health. However, increased participation in sport and other forms of physical activity are also thought to lead to enhancement of cognitive functioning (information processing), memory, concentration, behaviour and academic achievement for children. The link between physical activity and academic achievement is of increasing interest in the field of education and sport. See http://www.dsr.wa.gov.au/assets/files/Research/Brain%20boost_emailer.pdf

  • Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (Canada) - Guideline

    324. CFLRI Research File Physical Activity at Childcare among Preschool-aged Children

    In the United States, researchers developed the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) environmental self-assessment instrument.to help assess the quality of physical activity and play opportunities provided in childcare facilities. Based on this tool, this is a list of questions parents should ask their childcare provider to make sure their children are getting a healthy start in life. See http://www.cflri.ca/node/457

  • Roads and Traffic Authority (Australia) - Strategy Document

    317. NSW BikePlan

    The NSW BikePlan aims to make NSW one of the world’s best places to ride a bike. Following the Metropolitan Transport Plan’s $158 million commitment to improve urban cycle networks, the NSW BikePlan details the State’s largest cycle program to date. The NSW BikePlan outlines how the NSW Government will work in partnership with local councils, communities and businesses to grow bike-riding over ten years. See http://www.bicyclensw.org.au/content/nsw-bike-plan

  • National Physical Activity Plan (United States) - Strategy Document

    311. US National Physical Activity Plan

    The National Physical Activity Plan is a comprehensive set of policies, programs, and initiatives that aim to increase physical activity in all segments of the American population. The Plan is the product of a private-public sector collaborative. Hundreds of organizations are working together to change communities in ways that will enable every American to be sufficiently physically active. See http://www.physicalactivityplan.org/

  • ACT Greens (Australia) - Policy Document

    313. ACT Greens Active Transport Plan

    The ACT Greens’ Active Transport Plan describes actions that the Greens want to see the ACT Government take to achieve a change in transport patterns, away from private car use, in favour of active transport. Active transport is physically active travelling. Primarily, this means walking and cycling. It also refers to public transport that is effectively integrated with cycling and walking. This document primarily deals with the active part – walking and cycling. See http://act.greens.org.au/content/active-transport-plan-%E2%80%93-new-ways-getting-around

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article

    310. The Economic Benefits of Open Space, Recreation Facilities and Walkable Community Design

    This research synthesis reviews the sizable body of peer-reviewed and independent reports on the economic value of outdoor recreation facilities, open spaces and walkable community design. It focuses on “private” benefits that accrue to nearby homeowners and to other users of open space. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/Synthesis_Shoup-Ewing_March2010.pdf

  • Global Advocacy Council for Physical Activity (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document

    285. Toronto Charter for Physical Activity and Public Health

    The Toronto Charter for Physical Activity is a call for action and an advocacy tool to create sustainable opportunities for physically active lifestyles for all. Organizations and individuals interested in promoting physical activity can use this Charter to influence and unite decision makers, at national, regional and local levels, to achieve a shared goal. These Organizations include health, transport, environment, sport and recreation, education, urban design and planning as well as government, civil society and the private sector. See http://www.globalpa.org.uk/charter/

  • Okely, Anthony D. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    240. Changes in cardiorespiratory fitness among children and adolescents in Australia: 1997 and 2004

    This paper presents trends in cardio-respiratory fitness in young people in New South Wales from 1997-2004. Cardio-respiratory fitness is important as it protects against cardiovascular disease and there is some evidence that it tracks from childhood to adulthood. Overall, there were no significant changes in fitness between surveys, but differences among socioeconomic groups were evident.

  • Quigg, Robin et al (New Zealand) - Research Article

    222. Using accelerometers and GPS units to identify the proportion of daily physical activity

    There are relationships between the built environment and levels of physical activity and obesity. Previous research has identified playgrounds as facilities that can increase physical activity levels in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the location of physical activity in primary school aged children, and identify the proportion of physical activity occurring in public parks with playgrounds.

  • Duncan, Glen E (United States) - Research Article

    211. The "fit but fat" concept revisited: population-based estimates using NHANES

    Low cardiovascular fitness is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adults. The "fit but fat" concept suggests that cardiovascular fitness attenuates risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease independent of body mass index (BMI), even among the obese. However, the proportion of U.S. adults considered both fit and obese is unknown. Thus, the purposes of this short paper were to estimate the proportion of U.S. adults who are obese yet have a high cardiovascular fitness level (fit but fat), and determine the independent effect of obesity on cardiovascular

  • Selig, Steve E. et al (Australia) - Guideline

    232. Exercise and Sport Science Australia Position Statement on exercise training and chronic heart

    This Position Statement was developed to inform and guide exercise practitioners and health professionals in the safe and effective prescription and supervision of exercise for patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF). The authors have extensive experience in this area. CHF is a complex syndrome where the function of the heart’s left ventricle is impaired, causing fatigue and decreased exercise function and strength. It is one of the most common reasons for hospital admission in Australia, and accounts for an estimated annual cost of over $1billion.

  • Dance, Matthew (Canada) - Research Article

    309. Using Mapping and Social Networking Tools to Promote Physical Activity

    This article explores the idea of a smart phone (e.g., a BlackBerry, iPhone or Android mobile device) and the Internet adding value to an outdoor activity, helping to promote participation. The author suggests that social networking tools, online mapping tools and mobile devices can enable increased “community building” around outdoor activities, potentially contributing to increased physical activity among the general population.

  • Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Website

    307. Hotel offers 'cycle for your supper' deal

    A Danish hotel is pioneering a pedal-power electricity generation scheme it hopes will catch on in other countries. The Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers, 15 minutes from the center of the Danish capital and five minutes from Scandinavia's main airport, is installing two exercise bicycles hooked up to generators. See http://www.smh.com.au/travel/travel-news/hotel-offers-cycle-for-your-supper-deal-20100415-sf9c.html

  • Pedestrian Council of Australia (Australia) - Website

    305. Walk Safely to School Day

    Walk Safely to School Day (WSTSD) is an annual, national event when all Primary School children will be encouraged to walk and commute safely to school. It is a Community Event seeking to promote Road Safety, Health, Public Transport and the Environment. See http://www.walk.com.au/wstsd01/page.asp?PageID=268

  • Active Healthy Kids Canada (Canada) - Epidemiological Report

    320. 2010 Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card

    In an ongoing effort to advance knowledge to effect change, Active Healthy Kids Canada release the annual Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth, a comprehensive assessment of the current state of physical activity among Canadian children and youth. See http://www.activehealthykids.ca/ See

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Research Article

    298. Alberta Centre for Active Living Physical Activity for All: Understanding Inclusion: Summary

    The project studied the barriers that prevent or limit people from being physically active and the supports or facilitators that help to overcome barriers and encourage an active lifestyle.

  • O'Donovan, Gary et al (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    238. The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: A consensus statement

    This paper is a distillation of the evidence for physical activity and health. It is a document prepared through a consensus process by the British Association for Sport and Exercise Sciences, an organisation similar to Sports Medicine Australia. It has many emanate authors, and it describes a consensus process for updating the evidence on being physically active for three groups, those who are healthy adults, those who are healthy adults but who are inactive, and those who are healthy adults but already active. The recommendations are similar to those already published in the United States

  • Borg, Janelle et al (Australia) - Research Article

    210. Staff walking program: a quasi-experimental trial of maintenance newsletters

    The Step by Step self-help walking program plus a pedometer previously motivated a community sample of adults to be physically active for up to three months. This study evaluates the effect of enhancement of this program over an additional nine months in a workplace.

  • Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (Canada) - Research Article

    300. CLFRI Research File Life Events and Their Impact on Women’s Physical Activity

    Knowledge of the potential impact of life events on the physical activity of women can help in anticipating when potential declines in physical activity may occur. Supporting the care-giver role of women throughout various life stages will likely help them to find time for physical activity. See http://www.cflri.ca/node/308

  • Guthold, Regina et al (Switzerland) - Research Article

    297. Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Among Schoolchildren : A 34 Country Comparison

    This paper describes international data from 34 countries using the Global school health survey. This survey is organised through the World Health Organisation and collects data on school aged children in many developed and developing countries. This paper is a report on the physical activity data collected between 2003 and 2007.

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Guideline

    287. CDC Youth Physical Activity Guidelines Toolkit

    Despite the many health benefits associated with regular physical activity, many children and adolescents do not participate in physical activity for 60 minutes or more each day. To promote the guidelines and support youth physical activity, CDC and several partner organizations developed the Youth Physical Activity Guidelines Toolkit, which highlights strategies that schools, families, and communities can use to support youth physical activity. See http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/physicalActivity/guidelines.htm#1

  • Lee, I-Min et al (United States) - Research Article

    228. Physical Activity and Weight Gain Prevention

    This study provides strong confirmation of the importance of 60 minutes a day of moderate-intensity physical activity in successful weight maintenance in adults, from a well-designed longitudinal study of over 34,000 middle-aged women in the US. Physical activity guidelines in the majority of countries worldwide promote at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity for health benefits and this is the message that is usually promoted to the public.

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article

    282. Parks, Playgrounds and Active Living: Research Synthesis

    This synthesis summarizes the growing body of evidence concerning the role of parks in shaping active lifestyles across a variety of study populations, including children, seniors, lower-income families, specific racial and ethnic groups and other populations at high risk of being inactive. The need to further substantiate these findings and to extend park, playground and active living research into other topical areas using more sophisticated research designs also is discussed. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/Synthesis_Mowen_Feb2010.pdf

  • Department for Transport (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    286. UK Active travel strategy - commentary by Rohan Greenland

    Cycling and walking are simple ways to incorporate more physical activity intolife and are very important for increasing access to jobs and services for many people. When replacing trips by car they can also help reduce emissions and ease local congestion. There is a wealth of evidence and good practice that local authorities and the NHS can use to develop their own walking and cycling programmes in their Local Transport Plans . See http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Publications/PublicationsPolicyAndGuidance/DH_113102

  • BHF National Centre Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    288. UK Change4Life one year on

    The BHFNC have summarised the key findings of the Department of Health report, ‘Change4Life one year on’ to provide professionals with the key information and implications following the review of the high profile social marketing campaign. 'Change4Life'. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/117/index.html

  • Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (Canada) - Research Article

    284. Impact of Parental Attitudes on Children’s Physical Activity

    How much does the value parents place on physical activity influence their children’s attitude and participation? This article looked at parental beliefs about specific types and intensities of physical activity and their relationship to children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour. See http://www.cflri.ca/node/307

  • NSW Department of Health (Australia) - Guideline

    290. Healthy Urban Development Checklist

    The purpose of the Checklist is to help build the capacity of NSW Health to provide valuable feedback to local councils, and other relevant organisations, on health issues in relation to urban development plans and proposals. It is intended that the use of the Guideline will facilitate strengthened partnerships and collaboration between NSW Health and urban planners and developers as part of NSW Health's initiatives to promote healthy communities in NSW. See http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/pubs/2010/hud_checklist.html

  • Liverpool JMU Centre for Public Health (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    283. Urban Green Space and Public Health Fact Sheet

    Urban green space is defined as any vegetated land within, or adjoining an urban area.The extent of urban green space is difficult to estimate as it may include a wide variety of amenities (such as allotments, playgrounds, canal towpaths as well as parks). Public parks only represent about one third of all urban green space in the UK. There are inextricable links between human beings and the natural environment Urban green spaces impact positively on the health of local populations in many ways. See http://www.cph.org.uk/showPublication.aspx?pubid=618

  • de Silva-Sanigorski, Andrea M et al (Australia) - Research Article

    234. Reducing obesity in early childhood: results from Romp & Chomp

    This study reports on the evaluation of Romp and Chomp, a community-wide intervention to reduce childhood obesity in pre-school children aged 0-5 years which took place in Geelong, Victoria from 2004-2008. Its findings demonstrate the program effectiveness in reducing obesity, improving dietary behaviour, active play and sedentary behaviours.

  • Kriemler, Susi et al (Switzerland) - Research Article

    225. Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS) on fitness and adiposity

    This study is a rare example of a school based physical activity intervention with positive outcomes of increased physical activity, reduced body fat, improved aerobic fitness and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors.

  • Touvier, Mathilde et al (France) - Research Article

    221. Changes in leisure-time physical activity and sedentary behaviour at retirement: a prospective

    With increases in life expectancy worldwide, retirees are an increasing population group. During retirement, it is expected that time barriers to physical activity will reduce and increases in physical activity participation are likely to occur. However, increased leisure-time may also lead to increased sedentary behaviour. This longitudinal study investigates relationships between retirement and 3-year changes in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) patterns and sedentary behaviour, in form of TV watching, in middle-aged French adults.

  • Beets, Michael W (United States) - Research Article

    215. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity Patterns of Youth: A 13-Country Review

    Research indicates there is an increase in children and adolescents who are physically inactive world wide, with considerable disparities among countries. With this increase in physical inactivity there is an increase in the rate of overweight and obesity in young people, making insufficient physical activity in young people aged 5 – 18 years a global public health issue. The purpose of this study was to review studies that used pedometers to measure physical activity to explore the physical activity patterns of young people around the world.

  • Teychenne, Megan (Australia) - Research Article

    224. Physical activity, sedentary behavior and depression among disadvantaged women

    This study demonstrates the associations that exist between the risk of depression in women and is novel due to its large number of participants, focus on disadvantaged neighbourhoods and, as it took place in urban and rural Victoria, is of particular interest to those of us working in physical activity in Australia.

  • Eime, R. M. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    227. Transition in participation in sport and unstructured physical activity

    This study provides perspectives on physical activity and sport participation from teenage girls in rural Victoria and helps us understand factors which influence motivation and participation in this population group often at risk of declines in physical activity.

  • Granich, Joanna et al (Australia) - Research Article

    231. Understanding children's sedentary behaviour

    This study describes influences of the family home environment on children’s electronic-based sedentary behaviour (TV and computer games) finding parent and sibling modelling and reinforcement, personal cognitive factors, the physical home environment and household rules and restrictions determined electronic media use. Electronic sedentary behaviour is associated with overweight & obesity and may displace potential time spent in physical activity.

  • Ballew, Paula et al (United States) - Research Article

    230. Dissemination of effective physical activity interventions: are we applying the evidence?

    In 2002, the US Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) produced the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide) consisting of eight evidence-based areas of intervention which contributed to the physical activity recommendations. This study examines perceptions of the dissemination of the Community Guide including key benefits, barriers and contextual factors that are thought by surveyed experts to be important in the adoption and implementation of the ‘Community Guide’s’ evidence-based physical activity recommendations.

  • Bergman, Patrick et al (Sweden) - Research Article

    214. Congestion Road Tax and Physical Activity

    As western societies increasingly rely on private motorised transport and when many populations do not obtain sufficient physical activity to benefit health, policy and environmental measures such as congestion charging hold potential to provide duel benefits in increasing transport-related and incidental activity and environmental gain. This Swedish study looked at the potential effect of a congestion road tax on physical activity behaviour.

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Website

    273. Active Living Research

    Active Living Research is a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The primary goal is to support and share research on environmental and policy strategies that can promote daily physical activity for children and families across the United States. They place special emphasis on research related to children of color and lower-income children who are at highest risk for obesity. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/

  • van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z. (Australia) - Research Article

    295. Sitting Time Is Associated With Weight, but Not With Weight Gain in Mid-Aged Australian Women

    This paper, written by researchers at the University of Queensland, examines associations between sitting time, weight, and weight gain in Australian women born in 1946–1951 as part of the Australian Longitudinal Study on women’s Health (ALSWH). Their research finds that time spent sitting is associated with weight but not weight gain over time.

  • Etgen, Thorleif et al (Germany) - Research Article

    218. Physical Activity and Incident Cognitive Impairment in Elderly Persons The INVADE Study

    The benefits of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases is well-established and there is also emerging evidence of the benefits of physical activity for mental health, although less well-known. The links between physical activity and cognitive impairment or decline is currently equivocal. This German study examined longitudinal associations between physical activity and incident cognitive impairment.

  • Rissel, Chris (Australia) - Research Article

    217. The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion

    Cycling has many benefits as a low-cost form of health-enhancing physical activity and a means of reducing environmental impact through sustainable transport. However, in Australia’s car dominated towns and cities, finding effective ways of promoting increases in cycling is challenging. The effects of changes to infrastructure on physical activity behaviour have rarely been investigated. This paper reports on the Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project, a community-based cycling promotion program in low-economic areas of urban Sydney.

  • Dunstan, D. W. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    213. Television Viewing Time and Mortality

    The AusDiab (Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study) study is a large-scale longitudinal population-based investigation of diabetes and other lifestyle diseases which started in 1999. Participants are a cohort of several thousand adults from across Australia. This paper examines the relationships between TV watching, the most common form of sedentary behaviour, and disease, reporting on associations of television viewing time with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and non-CVD/noncancer mortality.

  • Sun, Qi (United States) - Research Article

    216. Physical Activity at Midlife in Relation to Successful Survival in Women at Age 70 Years

    Physical activity is a well-established approach to reducing risks of many chronic diseases and premature death. Whether physical activity is also associated with improved overall health and wellbeing at older ages is unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the relation between midlife physical activity, including walking, and successful aging as measured by a full spectrum of health outcomes, including incidence of chronic diseases, cognitive and physical functioning and mental status.

  • Centre for Epidemiology and Research (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    321. NSW Population Health Survey 2009

    This summary report on adult health presents the first results from the 2009 New South Wales Population Health Survey and compares those results with previous years. Seehttp://www.health.nsw.gov.au/resources/publichealth/surveys/hsa_09summary.pdf

  • European Commission (Belgium) - Research Article

    299. Eurobarometer Survey on Sport and Physical Activity

    A special Eurobarometer Survey on Sport and Physical Activity was carried out in late 2009. The results show that while a majority of European citizens play sport or do some other form of physical exercise at least once a week, a worrying 25% of respondents say that they are almost completely inactive. Men play more sport and also exercise more than women. Health-related concerns are the most common reason for exercising. See http://ec.europa.eu/sport/news/eurobarometer-survey-on-sport-and-physical-activity_en.htm

  • Schwantes, Timothy H (United States) - Case Study

    281. Active Living By Design: Using Active Living Principles to Promote Physical Activity in Rural

    This document is meant for community advocates, leaders, policy makers, or any other stakeholders that are interested in creating supports for active living within rural communities. See http://www.activelivingbydesign.org/events-resources/resources/using-active-living-principles-promote-physical-activity-rural-areas

  • Interdisciplinary Centre for Environment & Society (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    293. Nature, Childhood, Health and Life Pathways

    There is growing evidence to show that children’s contact with nature and consequent levels of physical activity affects not only their well-being but also their health in later life.It is well established that exposure to natural places can lead to positive mental health outcomes, whether a view of nature from a window, being within natural places or exercising in these environments. Green space is important for mental wellbeing, longevity and decreased risk of mental ill-health across a number of countries. See http://www.essex.ac.uk/ces/occasionalpapers/Nature%20Childhood%20and%20Health%

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Strategy Document

    212. Blueprint for an Active Australia (commentary)

    Blueprint for an active Australia provides key information to formulate a national physical activity plan for action for governments, organisations, associations and agencies. It details key cost-effective government,non-government and community actions that willincrease physical activity evels in Australia from 2010 to 2013. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/Blueprint-for-an-active-Australia.pdf

  • Helu, S.L. et al et al (New Zealand) - Epidemiological Report

    277. Youth'07 The Health and Wellbeing of Secondary School Students in New Zealand

    This report presents selected findings for 1190 Pacific secondary school students who took part in New Zealand’s second national youth health and wellbeing survey, conducted in 2007. The findings are compared with those from the first survey conducted in 2001. See http://www.youth2000.ac.nz/publications/reports-1142.htm

  • World Health Organisation (Denmark) - Guideline

    303. A healthy city is an active city: a physical activity planning guide

    This planning guide provides a range of ideas, information and tools for developing a comprehensive plan for creating a healthy, active city by enhancing physical activity in the urban environment. By developing, improving and supporting opportunities in the built and social environments, city leaders and their partners can enable all citizens to be physically active in day-to-day life. See http://www.euro.who.int/document/E91883.pdf

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Website

    371. Unplug and play

    The Unplug and Play campaign is a state-wide Western Australian campaign targeting parents to increase physical activity and decrease sedentary behaviour in children. The campaign urges parents to put in place strategies to limit their children s electronic media use for entertainment and provides tips on how to encourage and support active play. See http://www.unplugandplay.com.au/