Gordon et al 2018 (Australia) - Research Article
879. Association of Efficacy of Resistance Exercise Training With Depressive Symptoms: Meta-analysis and Meta-regression Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials
In this meta-analysis of 33 randomised controlled trials involving 1877 participants,
Gordon and colleagues aimed to determine the effect of resistance training on depressive symptoms across a diverse range of populations.
Cormie, P., Atkinson, M., Bucci, L., Cust, A., Ealkin, E., Hayes, S., McCarthy, S., Murnane, A., Patchell, S. and Adams, D. (Australia) - Research Article
872. Clinical Oncology Society of Australia position statement on exercise in cancer care
This article summarises the position of the Clinical Oncology Society of Australia (COSA) on the role of exercise in cancer care, taking into account the strengths and limitations of the evidence base.
Stamatakis E, Kelly P, StrainT, Murtagh E.M, Ding D and Murphy M.H. (United Kingdom) - Research Article
879. Self-rated walking pace and all-cause, cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality: individual participant pooled analysis of 50 225 walkers from 11 population British cohorts
This study examined the associations between walking pace, all-cause and cause specific mortality, as well as potential modifying variables, such as physical activity volume.
Felipe B. Schuch, Ph.D., Davy Vancampfort, Ph.D., Joseph Firth, Ph.D., Simon Rosenbaum, Ph.D., Philip B. Ward, Ph.D., Edson S. Silva, B.Sc., Mats Hallgren, Ph.D., Antonio Ponce De Leon, Ph.D., Andrea L. Dunn, Ph.D., Andrea C. Deslandes, Ph.D., Marcelo P. Fleck, Ph.D., Andre F. Carvalho, Ph.D., Brendon Stubbs, Ph.D. (Brazil) - Research Article
885. Physical Activity and Incident Depression: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies
The authors examined the prospective relationship between physical activity and incident depression and explored potential moderators.
Yan, A.F., Wang, Y. and Ng, A.V. (United States) - Research Article
865. Physical activity and annual medical outlay in U.S. colorectal, breast and prostate cancer survivors
Review how studies of cancer survivors reveal positive effects of physical activity (PA) on reducing risk of cancer recurrence, other chronic conditions, and secondary cancer.
Alpa V. Patel, PhD, Janet S. Hildebrand, MPH, Corinne R. Leach, PhD, Peter T. Campbell, PhD, Colleen Doyle, MS, Kerem Shuval, PhD, Ying Wang, PhD, Susan M. Gapstur, PhD. (Australia) - Research Article
857. Walking in Relation to Mortality in a Large Prospective Cohort of Older U.S. Adults
Walking in relation to mortality in a large US prospective cohort of older adults.
de Rezende LFM, de Sá TH, Markozannes G, Rey-López JP, Lee IM, Tsilidis KK (Australia) - Research Article
856. Physical activity and cancer: an umbrella review of the literature including 22 major anatomical sites and 770,000 cancer cases
An umbrella review of the literature on physical activity and cancer including 22 major anatomical sites and 770 000 cancer cases.
Samuel B. Harvey, Simon Øverland, Stephani L. Hatch, Simon Wessely, Arnstein Mykletun, Matthew Hotopf (Norway) - Research Article
850. Exercise and the Prevention of Depression: Results of the HUNT Cohort Study
Find out about the latest research on how physical activity can prevent mental illness in this new study from Norway.
Scott A Lear, Weihong Hu, Sumathy Rangarajan, Danijela Gasevic, Darryl Leong, Romaina Iqbal, Amparo Casanova, Sumathi Swaminathan, R M Anjana, Rajesh Kumar, Annika Rosengren, Li Wei, Wang Yang, Wang Chuangshi, Liu Huaxing, Sanjeev Nair, Rafael Diaz, Hany Swidon, Rajeev Gupta, Noushin Mohammadifard, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Aytekin Oguz, Katarzyna Zatonska, Pamela Seron, Alvaro Avezum, Paul Poirier, Koon Teo, Salim Yusuf (Canada) - Research Article
849. The effect of physical activity on mortality and cardiovascular disease in 130 000 people from 17 high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: the PURE study
Explore new findings on the healthy benefits of physical activity worldwide.
The International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group (United Kingdom) - Research Article
845. Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes: meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials
Find out how physical activity in pregnancy affects weight gain in pregnancy and birth outcomes in the new study from The International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group.
Stuart J.H. Biddle, Enrique García Bengoechea and Glen Wiesner (Australia) - Research Article
844. Sedentary behaviour and adiposity in youth: a systematic review of reviews and analysis of causality
Learn about the latest evidence on the links between childhood sedentary behaviour and obesity in this new review of reviews.
Shuichi Suetania, Abdullah Mamund, Gail M.Williamse, Jake M.Najmane (Australia) - Research Article
839. Longitudinal association between physical activity engagement during adolescence and mental health outcomes in young adults: A 21-year birth cohort study
Learn about how physical activity in childhood impacts the risk of developing adults mental health disorders.
Reddon, Hudson; Meyre, David; Cairney, John (Canada) - Research Article
838. Physical Activity and Global Self-worth in a Longitudinal Study of Children
Find out about the relationships between youth physical activity and future positive mental health in this large study from Canada.
V. Brown, M. Moodie, L. Cobiac, A. M. Mantilla Herrera and R. Carter (Australia) - Research Article
835. Obesity-related health impacts of fuel excise taxation- an evidence review and cost-effectiveness study
Get updated on the evidence of how automobile fuel prices and taxes might affect physical activity and obesity in this new scoping review.
Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi, Mats Hallgren, Joseph Firth, Justin Richards, Felipe Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Nicola Veronese, Jouni Lahtio (United Kingdom) - Research Article
833. Physical activity and anxiety: A perspective from the World Health Survey
Discover how physical activity might be associated with anxiety in a new study with data from 47 countries worldwide.
Anthony S. Gunnell, Sarah Joyce, Stephania Tomlin, Dennis R. Taaffe, Prue Cormie, Robert U. Newton, David Joseph, Nigel Spry, Kristjana Einarsdóttir, and Daniel A. Galvão (Australia) - Research Article
831. Physical Activity and Survival among Long-term Cancer Survivor and Non-Cancer Cohorts
Discover how physical activity helps cancer survival over eight years in this new study of thousands of adults.
Bolton KA, Kremer P, Gibbs L, Waters E, Swinburn B, de Silva A (Australia) - Research Article
830. The outcomes of health promoting communities: Being active eating well initiative-a community-based obesity prevention intervention in Victoria, Australia
Take a look at the results of a whole of community obesity prevention program in five communities in Victoria in Australia.
Mary Malakellis, Erin Hoare, Andrew Sanigorski, Nicholas Crooks, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols, Boyd Swinburn, Cal Chikwendu, Paul M. Kelly, Solveig Petersen and Lynne Millar (Australia) - Research Article
School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory ‘It’s Your Move!’
Find out how systems thinking was used to design an intervention for obesity prevention in Australian adolescents.
Mary Malakellis, Erin Hoare, Andrew Sanigorski, Nicholas Crooks, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols, Boyd Swinburn, Cal Chikwendu, Paul M. Kelly, Solveig Petersen and Lynne Millar (Australia) - Research Article
843. School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory ‘It’s Your Move!’
Find out how systems change was used in the design of this Australian study for obesity prevention in adolescents.
Mann KD, Howe LD, Basterfield L, Parkinson KN, Pearce MS, Reilly JK, Adamson AJ, Reilly JJ, Janssen X (United Kingdom) - Research Article
829. Longitudinal study of the associations between change in sedentary behavior and change in adiposity during childhood and adolescence: Gateshead Millennium study
Discover the latest effects on weight of the age when sedentary behaviour and physical activity levels change in children in this new study from the UK.
Carlos A Celis-Morales, Donald M Lyall, Paul Welsh, Jana Anderson, Lewis Steell, Yibing Guo, Reno Maldonado, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell, Naveed Sattar, Jason M R Gill (United Kingdom) - Research Article
828. Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study
Find out about the long term links between walking and cycling and the risk of heart disease in new research from the UK Biobank Study.
Amit V. Khera, Connor A. Emdin, Isabel Drake, Pradeep Natarajan, Alexander G. Bick, Nancy R. Cook, Daniel I. Chasman, Usman Baber, Roxana Mehran, Daniel J. Rader, Valentin Fuster, Eric Boerwinkle, Olle Melander, Marju Orho-Melander, Paul M Ridker, Sekar Kathiresan (United States) - Research Article
827. Genetic Risk, Adherence to a Healthy Lifestyle, and Coronary Disease
Learn about the importance of a healthy lifestyle in reducing the impact of genetic heart disease risk in this combined study of four different male and female cohort.
Rist PM, Capistrant BD, Mayeda ER, Liu SY, Glymour MM (United States) - Research Article
826. Physical activity, but not body mass index, predicts less disability before and after stroke
Discover how physical activity predicts independence in activities of daily living following a stroke in the Health and Retirement Study.
Ashley Winning, Paola Gilsanz, Karestan C. Koenen, Andrea L. Roberts, Qixuan Chen, Jennifer A. Sumner, Eric B. Rimm, M. Maria Glymour, Laura D. Kubzansky (United States) - Research Article
825. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and 20-Year Physical Activity Trends Among Women
Find out about the links between PTSD onset and long term physical activity participation in the U.S. Nurses’ Health Study II.
Ambarish Pandey, Michael LaMonte, Liviu Klein, Colby Ayers, Bruce M. Psaty, Charles B. Eaton, Norrina B. Allen, James A. de Lemos, Mercedes Carnethon, Philip Greenland, Jarett D. Berry (United States) - Research Article
823. Relationship Between Physical Activity, Body Mass Index, and Risk of Heart Failure
Find out how physical activity is linked to heart failure in this new study, using data from 3 cohort studies (WHI [Women’s Health Initiative], MESA [Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis], and CHS [Cardiovascular Health Study.
Gary O’Donovan, I-Min Lee, Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis (United Kingdom) - Research Article
819. Association of “Weekend Warrior” and Other Leisure Time Physical Activity Patterns With Risks for All-Cause, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer Mortality
Discover how the timing of physical activity participation affects the risk of developing chronic disease.
Ellen Flint, Elizabeth Webb, Steven Cummins (United Kingdom) - Research Article
817. Change in commute mode and body-mass index: prospective, longitudinal evidence from UK Biobank
Learn about the long term links between active commuting and obesity in this new study from the the UK Biobank study, published in the Lancet.
Ashleigh Sushames, Jannique G.Z. van Uffelen and Klaus Gebel (Australia) - Research Article
816. Do physical activity interventions in Indigenous people in Australia and New Zealand improve activity levels and health outcomes? A systematic review
Discover the current evidence on the effects of physical activity interventions in Indigenous populations in Australia and New Zealand in this new systematic review.
Rachel Sutherland, Penny Reeves, Elizabeth Campbell, David R. Lubans, Philip J. Morgan, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, Anthony D. Okely, Karen Gillham, Lynda Davies and John Wiggers (Australia) - Research Article
815. Cost effectiveness of a multi-component school-based physical activity intervention targeting adolescents: the ‘Physical Activity 4 Everyone’ cluster randomized trial
Find out about a a cost effective intervention for increasing physical activity and preventing obesity in adolescents in low-income communities.
Sheri R. Colberg, Ronald J. Sigal, Jane E. Yardley, Michael C. Riddell, David W. Dunstan, Paddy C. Dempsey, Edward S. Horton, Kristin Castorino and Deborah F. Tate (United States) - Research Article
811. Physical Activity/Exercise and Diabetes: A Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association
Read about the multi-component, up to date physical activity prescription for all forms of diabetes.
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland (Brazil) - Research Article
809. Physical Activity and Incident Chronic Diseases: A Longitudinal Observational Study in 16 European Countries
Discover just how much physical activity is required to have an impact on chronic disease.
Mary Adams, Joseph Grandpre (United States) - Research Article
808. Dose–response gradients between a composite measure of six risk factors and cognitive decline and cardiovascular disease
Find out how high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, inactivity, depression, diabetes are linked to aspects of physical and mental health.
Shiroma, Eric J; Cook, Nancy R; Manson, JoAnn E; Moorthy, MV; Buring, Julie E; Rimm, Eric B; Lee, I-Min (United States) - Research Article
807. Strength Training and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease
See how women's participation in strength training affected their risk of developing diabetes.
Stella K. Muthuri , Vincent O. Onywera, Mark S. Tremblay, Stephanie T. Broyles, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol Maher, José Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Timothy S. Church, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, ISCOLE Research Group (Kenya) - Research Article
806. Relationships between Parental Education and Overweight with Childhood Overweight and Physical Activity in 9–11 Year Old Children: Results from a 12-Country Study
Learn about the links between education and health in this new international study.
K Perreault, A Bauman, N Johnson, A Britton, V Rangul, E Stamatakis (Canada) - Research Article
804. Does physical activity moderate the association between alcohol drinking and all-cause, cancer and cardiovascular diseases mortality? A pooled analysis of eight British population cohorts
Explore new data on the links between physical activity and alcohol consumption.
Santos-Lozano A, Pareja-Galeano H, Sanchis-Gomar F, Quindós-Rubial M, Fiuza-Luces C, Cristi-Montero C, Emanuele E, Garatachea N, Lucia A (Spain) - Research Article
803. Physical Activity and Alzheimer Disease: A Protective Association
Discover how physical activity can protect against Alzheimer disease.
David Lubans, Justin Richards, Charles Hillman, Guy Faulkner, Mark Beauchamp, Michael Nilsson, Paul Kelly, Jordan Smith, Lauren Raine, Stuart Biddle (Australia) - Research Article
797. Physical Activity for Cognitive and Mental Health in Youth: A Systematic Review of Mechanisms
Discover exactly how physical activity can assist cognitive development in young people in this new review and conceptual model.
Ryan Olson, Brad Wipfli, Sharon V. Thompson, Diane L. Elliot, W. Kent Anger, Todd Bodner, Leslie B. Hammer, and Nancy A. Perrin (United States) - Research Article
794. Weight Control Intervention for Truck Drivers: The SHIFT Randomized Controlled Trial, United States
Find out the effects of a new intervention to improve physical activity and other health behaviours of truck drivers.
Andrea K. Chomistek, Beate Henschel, A. Heather Eliassen, Kenneth J. Mukamal and Eric B. Rimm (United States) - Research Article
792. Frequency, Type, and Volume of Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Young Women
Learn about what sort of physical activity is beneficial in preventing this type of heart disease in new results from the Nurses' Health Study in the US.
Daniele Di Mascio, Elena Rita Magro-Malosso, Gabriele Saccone, Gregary D. Marhefka, Vincenzo Berghella (United States) - Research Article
788. Exercise during pregnancy in normal-weight women and risk of preterm birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Learn about the impact of exercising when pregnant and its association with preterm birth.
M D Schmidt, C G Magnussen, E Rees, T Dwyer and A J Venn (Australia) - Research Article
786. Childhood fitness reduces the long-term cardiometabolic risks associated with childhood obesity
Learn how children's fitness can help lower the risks of health problems from obesity, using national data from Australia.
David Jiménez-Pavón, Enrique G. Artero, Duck-chul Lee, Vanesa España-Romero, Xuemei Sui, Russell R. Pate, Timothy S. Church, Luis A. Moreno, Carl J. Lavie, Steven N. Blair (United States) - Research Article
787. Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death in Men and Women in the United States: A Prospective Evaluation From the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study
Discover the risks of physical activity in relation to fitness in this new large scale study.
L. S. Olive , R. M. Telford, D. G. Byrne, W. P. Abhayaratna, R. D. Telford (Australia) - Research Article
781. Psychological distress leads to reduced physical activity and fitness in children: the Australian longitudinal LOOK study
Find out more about the relationship between physical activity and depression in young people in new data from Australia.
Carlos Celis-Morales, Carlos Salas, Cristian Álvarez, Nicolás Aguilar Farías, Rodrigo Ramírez Campillos, Jaime Leppe, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Ximena Díaz Martínez, Eliana Duran, Ana María Labraña, María Adela Martínez, Ana María Leiva, Naomi Willis (Chile) - Research Article
780. Un mayor nivel de actividad física se asocia a una menor prevalencia de factores de riesgo cardiovascular en Chile: resultados de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2009-2010
Find out how higher physical activity levels are associated with lower prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in this new national study from Chile.
Bastiaan C de Vos, Jos Runhaar, Marienke van Middelkoop, Marjolein Krul, and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra (Netherlands) - Research Article
778. Long-term effects of a randomized, controlled, tailor-made weight-loss intervention in primary care on the health and lifestyle of overweight and obese women
Explore findings from a Dutch two year nutrition and physical activity program for middle aged women.
Steven C. Moore, I-Min Lee, Elisabete Weiderpass, Peter T. Campbell, Joshua N. Sampson, Cari M. Kitahara, Sarah K. Keadle, Hannah Arem, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Patricia Hartge, Hans-Olov Adami, Cindy K. Blair, Kristin B. Borch, Eric Boyd, David P. Check, Agnès Fournier, Neal D. Freedman, Marc Gunter, Mattias Johannson, Kay-Tee Khaw, Martha S. Linet, Nicola Orsini, Yikyung Park, Elio Riboli, Kim Robien, Catherine Schairer, Howard Sesso, Michael Spriggs, Roy Van Dusen, Alicja Wolk et al. (United States) - Research Article
775. Leisure-time physical activity and risk of 26 types of cancer in 1.44 million adults
Take a look at new evidence of the beneficial effects of physical activity on different types of cancer in new data from the U.S.
Mélanie Henderson, Andrea Benedetti, Tracie A. Barnett, Marie-Eve Mathieu, Johnny Deladoëy, Katherine Gray-Donald (Canada) - Research Article
769. Influence of Adiposity, Physical Activity, Fitness, and Screen Time on Insulin Dynamics Over 2 Years in Children
Find out how physical activity and other healthy behaviours affect insulin sensitivity in children in this new study from Canada.
Christina B Petersen, Adrian Bauman, Janne S Tolstrup (Denmark) - Research Article
767. Total sitting time and the risk of incident diabetes in Danish adults (the DANHES cohort) over 5 years: a prospective study
The impact on physical activity and obesity on the relationship between sedentary behaviour and diabetes is explored in this new large scale study.
E. L. James, F. G. Stacey, K. Chapman, A. W. Boyes, T. Burrows, A. Girgis, G. Asprey, A. Bisquera and D. R. Lubans (Australia) - Research Article
760. Impact of a nutrition and physical activity intervention (ENRICH: Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) on health behaviors of cancer survivors and carers: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial
See how this intervention in New South Wales affected physical activity levels of cancer survivors.
White DK, Gabriel KP, Kim Y, Lewis CE, Sternfeld B (United States) - Research Article
758. Do Short Spurts of Physical Activity Benefit Cardiovascular Health? The CARDIA Study
Discover the benefits of short bouts of physical activity in new data from the U.S.
Per Hoegh Poulsen, Karin Biering and Johan Hviid Andersen (Denmark) - Research Article
757. The association between leisure time physical activity in adolescence and poor mental health in early adulthood: a prospective cohort study
Learn how physical activity levels over time affects mental health in adults in this new study from Denmark.
Annika Toots, Håkan Littbrand, Nina Lindelöf, Robert Wiklund, Henrik Holmberg, Peter Nordström, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Yngve Gustafson and Erik Rosendahl (Sweden) - Research Article
755. Effects of a High-Intensity Functional Exercise Program on Dependence in Activities of Daily Living and Balance in Older Adults with Dementia
Find out how exercise can improve activities of daily living among dementia patients.
Theresa A. Hastert, Julie J. Ruterbusch, Shirley A.A. Beresford, Lianne Sheppard, Emily White (United States) - Research Article
751. Contribution of health behaviors to the association between area-level socioeconomic status and cancer mortality
See how physical activity and other health risk factors affect relationships between socioeconomic factors and cancer.
Ravi V. Shah, Venkatesh L. Murthy, Laura A. Colangelo, Jared Reis, Bharath Ambale Venkatesh, Ravi Sharma, Siddique A. Abbasi, David C. Goff Jr, J. Jeffrey Carr, Jamal S. Rana, James G. Terry, Claude Bouchard, Mark A. Sarzynski, Aaron Eisman, Tomas Neilan, Saumya Das, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Cora E. Lewis, Mercedes Carnethon, Gregory D. Lewis, Joao A. C. Lima (United States) - Research Article
750. Association of Fitness in Young Adulthood With Survival and Cardiovascular Risk The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
Learn how young adults' fitness leads to reduced cardiovascular disease and mortality later in life.
Shibata, Ai; Oka, Koichiro; Sugiyama, Takemi; Salmon, Jo; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville (Australia) - Research Article
749. Physical Activity, Television Viewing Time and 12-Year Changes in Waist Circumference
Learn about how long term physical activity and TV viewing behaviour affects weight.
Khan MK, Chu YL, Kirk SF, Veugelers PJ (Canada) - Research Article
739. Are sleep duration and sleep quality associated with diet quality, physical activity, and body weight status? A population-based study of Canadian children
Discover how sleep is related to physical activity and other lifestyle behaviours of children.
Clara K. Chow, Julie Redfern, Graham S. Hillis, Jay Thakkar, Karla Santo, Maree L. Hackett, Stephen Jan, Nicholas Graves, Laura de Keizer, Tony Barry, Severine Bompoint, Sandrine Stepien, Robyn Whittaker, Anthony Rodgers, Aravinda Thiagalingam (Australia) - Research Article
735. Effect of Lifestyle-Focused Text Messaging on Risk Factor Modification in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease A Randomized Clinical Trial
See if text messages can have a positive effect on improving multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease in results from this new randomised clinical trial.
Sarah J. Nechuta, Xiao Ou Shu, Gong Yang, Hui Cai, Yu-Tang Gao, Hong-Lan Li, Yong-Bing Xiang, and Wei Zheng (China) - Research Article
732. Adolescent Exercise in Association with Mortality from All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer among Middle-Aged and Older Chinese Women
Examine long term links between being physically active in youth and chronic disease mortality in later life.
Iffat Rahman, Andrea Bellavia, Alicja Wolk, Nicola Orsini (Sweden) - Research Article
734. Physical Activity and Heart Failure Risk in a Prospective Study of Men
Find out what types of physical activity are linked to heart failure in this new Swedish study.
C D Madigan, A J Daley, E Kabir, P Aveyard and W Brown (United Kingdom) - Research Article
733. Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis
Discover the most successful strategies for weight control and management in young women.
Tingting Li, Shaozhong Wei, Yun Shi, Shuo Pang, Qin Qin, Jieyun Yin, Yunte Deng, Qiongrong Chen, Sheng Wei, Shaofa Nie, Li Liu (China) - Research Article
744. The dose-response effect of physical activity on cancer mortality: findings from 71 prospective cohort studies
Discover the latest evidence of the beneficial effects of physical activity on cancer mortality.
Paul J. Christine, Amy H. Auchincloss, Alain G. Bertoni, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Brisa N. Sánchez, Kari Moore, Sara D. Adar, Tamara B. Horwich, Karol E. Watson, Ana V. Diez Roux (United States) - Research Article
721. Longitudinal Associations Between Neighborhood Physical and Social Environments and Incident Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
Take a look at the latest evidence on the benefits of healthy neighborhoods.
Anthony Laverty, Raffaele Palladino, John Lee, Christopher Millett (United Kingdom) - Research Article
720. Associations between active travel and weight, blood pressure and diabetes in six middle income countries: a cross-sectional study in older adults
Read about the links between active travel and health outcomes in China, India, Mexico, Ghana, Russia and South Africa.
Muktabhant B, Lawrie TA, Lumbiganon P, Laopaiboon M (Thailand) - Research Article
719. Diet or exercise, or both, for preventing excessive weight gain in pregnancy.
Learn how physical activity and diet can be effective in weight management during pregnancy in this new Cochrane Review.
Mistry SK, Puthussery S. (Bangladesh) - Research Article
718. Risk factors of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence in South Asian countries: a systematic review of the evidence
Read about evidence from studies from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Nepal, Maldives, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, published between 1990-2013.
Nikola Drca, Alicja Wolk, Mats Jensen-Urstad, Susanna C Larsson (Sweden) - Research Article
716. Physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation in middle-aged and elderly women
Take a look at how physical activity can improve heart health.
G Sanabria-Martínez, A García-Hermoso, R Poyatos-León, C Álvarez-Bueno, M Sánchez-López and V Martínez-Vizcaíno (Spain) - Research Article
717. Effectiveness of physical activity interventions on preventing gestational diabetes mellitus and excessive maternal weight gain: a meta-analysis
Learn about the effectiveness of physical exercise interventions during pregnancy to prevent gestational diabetes mellitus and excessive maternal weight gain.
Jose Francisco Meneses-Echávez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-Río Valle, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez. (Colombia) - Research Article
703. Efectividad del ejercicio físico en la fatiga de pacientes con cáncer durante el tratamiento activo: revisión sistemática y metaanálisis
Take a look at this systematic review and meta-analysis examining the effectiveness of physical exercise on fatigue in cancer patients during active treatment.
Anne C. Grunseit, Blythe J. O’Hara, Josephine Y. Chau, Megan Briggs, Adrian E. Bauman (Australia) - Research Article
700. Getting the Message Across: Outcomes and Risk Profiles by Awareness Levels of the “Measure-Up” Obesity Prevention Campaign in Australia
Find out the effects of a mass media campaign to prevent obesity and who the campaign reached most effectively.
Susan G. Lakoski, Benjamin L. Willis, Carolyn E. Barlow, David Leonard, Ang Gao, Nina B. Radford, Stephen W. Farrell, Pamela S. Douglas, Jarett D. Berry,Laura F. DeFina, Lee W. Jones (United States) - Research Article
702. Midlife Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Incident Cancer, and Survival After Cancer in Men The Cooper Center Longitudinal Study
Discover the effects of physical activity on the risk of developing various types of cancer.
Jackson P. Sekhobo, Lynn S. Edmunds, Karen Dalenius, Jan Jernigan, Christopher F. Davis, Mark Giddings, Catherine Lesesne, Laura Kettel Khan (United States) - Research Article
697. Neighborhood Disparities in Prevalence of Childhood Obesity Among Low-Income Children Before and After Implementation of New York City Child Care Regulations
See how child care policies influenced childhood obesity levels in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in New York City.
Carlsson AC, Ärnlöv J, Sundström J, Michaëlsson K, Byberg L, Lind L (Sweden) - Research Article
698. Physical activity, obesity and risk of cardiovascular disease in middle-aged men during a median of 30 years of follow-up
Learn about the long term effects of physical activity and obesity in this new study from Sweden.
Sarah E. Jackson, Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle (United Kingdom) - Research Article
693. The Influence of Partner’s Behavior on Health Behavior Change: The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
See how people can be influenced by their partner's health behaviors in this new research from the UK.
Justin Richards, Xiaoxiao Jiang, Paul Kelly, Josephine Chau, Adrian Bauman, Ding Ding (Australia) - Research Article
691. Don't worry, be happy: cross-sectional associations between physical activity and happiness in 15 European countries
Don't worry, be happy: cross-sectional associations between physical activity and happiness in 15 European countries.
Sugiyama, Takemi; Shibata, Ai; Koohsari, Mohammad J; Tanamas, Stephanie K; Oka, Koichiro; Salmon, Jo; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville (Australia) - Research Article
679. Neighborhood Environmental Attributes and Adults' Maintenance of Regular Walking
Take a look at new evidence of the long term effects of the neighborhood environment on walking in new findings from Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab).
Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, JoAnn E. Manson, Christine M. Albert, Michael J. LaMonte, Joseph C. Larson, Wenjun Li, Lisa W. Martin, Rami Nassir, Lorena Garcia, Themistocles L. Assimes, Katie M. Tharp, Mark A. Hlatky Marco V. Perez (United States) - Research Article
677. Obesity, physical activity, and their interaction in incident atrial fibrillation in postmenopausal women
Learn about the links between atrial fibrillation, physical activity and obesity in this large longitudinal study.
Michael D. Jensen et al (United States) - Guideline
671. Guideline for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society.
Find a 2013 report of the American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society in regards to guidlines for managing overweight and obesity in adults.
Robert H. Eckel et al. (United States) - Guideline
672. Guideline on lifestyle management to reduce cardiovascular risk: a report of the American College of Cardiology American/Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines
Find a report of the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association Task Force on the practice guidelines for lifestyle management for reducing cardiovascular disease.
L Smith, B Gardner, M Hamer (United Kingdom) - Research Article
664. Childhood correlates of adult TV viewing time: a 32-year follow-up of the 1970 British Cohort Study
Take a look at this study of long term tracking of childhood TV habits and how they are related to physical activity and obesity.
Hai-Feng Shu, Tao Yang, Si-Xun Yu, Hai-Dong Huang, Ling-Li Jiang, Jian-Wen Gu, Yong-Qin Kuang (China) - Research Article
662. Aerobic Exercise for Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Discover how physical activity can benefit people with Parkinson's Disease.
Sam Norton, Fiona E Matthews, Deborah E Barnes, Prof Kristine Yaffe, Prof Carol Brayne (United Kingdom) - Research Article
660. Potential for primary prevention of Alzheimer's disease: an analysis of population-based data
Find out about the risk factors for Alzheimer's disease, including physical activity, in this new international analysis.
Jana A. Hirsch, Kari A. Moore, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Shannon J. Brines, Melissa A. Zagorski, Daniel A. Rodriguez and Ana V. Diez Roux (United States) - Research Article
658. Built environment change and change in BMI and waist circumference: Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
Discover whether supportive environments are positively associated with reduced rates of obesity.
Snehal M. Pinto Pereira, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Christine Power (United Kingdom) - Research Article
659. Depressive Symptoms and Physical Activity During 3 Decades in Adult Life Bidirectional Associations in a Prospective Cohort Study
Learn about the links between physical activity and depression in this longitudinal study of British adults.
C. Rissel, N. Petrunoff, L.M. Wen, M. Crane (Australia) - Research Article
657. Travel to work and self-reported stress: Findings from a workplace survey in south west Sydney, Australia
Read about the links between commuting and stress in the results of a new survey of hospital employees in Australia.
Kasper Andersen, Daniela Mariosa, Hans-Olov Adami, Claes Held, Erik Ingelsson, Ylva Trolle Lagerros, Olof Nyren, Weimin Ye, Rino Bellocco and Johan Sundström (Sweden) - Research Article
656. Dose-Response Relations of Total and Leisure-Time Physical Activity to Risk of Heart Failure: A Prospective Cohort Study
Learn about the evidence of how physical activity reduces the risk of heart failure in this new Swedish study.
Anderson, K., Mariosa, D., Adami, H-O., Held, C., Inglelsson, E., Lagerros, Y.T., Nyren, O., Ye, W., Bellocco, R & Sundstrom,J. (United States) - Epidemiological Report
668. Dose-Response Relations of Total and Leisure-Time Physical Activity to Risk of Heart Failure: A Prospective Cohort Study
Review the findings of a prospective cohort study which explores the relationship between leisure-time physical activity and the risks of heart failure.
Siri Steinmo, Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Lion Shahab (United Kingdom) - Research Article
647. Bidirectional association between mental health and physical activity in older adults: Whitehall II prospective cohort study
Learn more about the relationship between physical activity and mental health in middle aged and older adults.
Mitchell, Jonathan A.; Bottai, Matteo; Park, Yikyung; Marshall, Simon J.; Moore, Steven C.; Matthews, Charles E. (United States) - Research Article
643. A Prospective Study of Sedentary Behavior and Changes in the BMI Distribution
Learn about new associations between sedentary behaviour and body mass index (BMI).
Mehlig K, Skoog I, Waern M, Miao Jonasson J, Lapidus L, Björkelund C, Ostling S, Lissner L. (Sweden) - Research Article
637. Physical Activity, Weight Status, Diabetes and Dementia: A 34-Year Follow-Up of the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg
Find out about the long term links between physical activity, associated factors and dementia in this new study from Sweden.
Karen Milton, Rona Macniven & Adrian Bauman (Australia) - Research Article
631. Review of the epidemiological evidence for physical activity and health from low- and middle-income countries
Take a look at this new review of the broad range of health benefits of physical activity in low and middle income countries around the world.
Krueger H, Turner D, Krueger J, Ready AE (Canada) - Research Article
630. The economic benefits of risk factor reduction in Canada: Tobacco smoking, excess weight and physical inactivity.
Find out how costs related to physical inactivity compare to smoking and overweight/obesity costs.
Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Alina Solomon, Jenni Kulmala, Ingemar Kåreholt, Tiia Ngandu, Minna Rusanen, Tiina Laatikainen, Hilkka Soininen, Miia Kivipelto (Finland) - Research Article
628. Leisure-time physical activity from mid- to late life, body mass index, and risk of dementia
Take a look at this new research on the links between physical activity and dementia.
National Institue for Health and Care Excellence (United Kingdom) - Guideline
675. Overweight and obese adults - lifestyle weight management
This resource offers professionals with guidelines for implementing effective lifestyle and weight management services to encourage a reduction in energy intake and increased levels of physical activity among overweight and obese individuals.
R. Sagarraa, B. Costaa,, , J.J. Cabréa, O. Solà-Moralesb,c, F. Barrioa, el Grupo de Investigación DE-PLAN-CAT/PREDICE (Spain) - Research Article
625. Coste-efectividad de la intervención sobre el estilo de vida para prevenir la diabetes tipo 2
Read one of our first Spanish/Espanol commentaries written by researchers from Chile about a lifestyle intervention to prevent diabetes.
Stewart A. Vella, Dylan P. Cliff, Christopher A. Magee, Anthony D. Okely (Australia) - Research Article
623. Sports Participation and Parent-Reported Health-Related Quality of Life in Children: Longitudinal Associations
Learn about the links between individual & team sport participation and health related quality of life in children in new evidence from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC).
Laura Sánchez Ortega, Carlos Sánchez Juan y Antonio Alfonso García (Spain) - Research Article
622. Valoración de un programa de ejercicio físico estructurado en pacientes con obesidad mórbida pendientes de cirugía bariátrica
Read one of our first Spanish/Espanol commentaries written by researchers from Chile about a physical activity intervention for obese patients in Spain.
Courneya, Kerry S.; Segal, Roanne J.; McKenzie, Donald C.; Dong, Huiru; Gelmon, Karen; Friedenreich, Christine M.; Yasui, Yutaka; Reid, Robert D.; Crawford, Jennifer J.; Mackey, John R. (Canada) - Research Article
617. Effects of exercise during adjuvant chemotherapy on breast cancer outcomes
Discover whether adding exercise to chemotherapy improves rates of disease-free survival amongst female breast cancer patients.
Catalina Medina, Ian Janssen, Ismael Campos, Simón Barquera (Mexico) - Research Article
615. Physical inactivity prevalence and trends among Mexican adults: results from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT) 2006 and 2012
Find out how physical activity patterns changed over time in this new surveillance study from Mexico.
Philip J. Morgan, Clare E. Collins, Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Robin Callister, Tracy Burrows, Richard Fletcher, Anthony D. Okely, Myles D. Young, Andrew Miller, Adam B. Lloyd, Alyce T. Cook, Joel Cruickshank, Kristen L. Saunders, David R. Lubans (Australia) - Research Article
613. The ‘Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids’ community randomized controlled trial: A community-based healthy lifestyle program for fathers and their children
See how fathers successfully increased physical activity and reduced weight in this new intervention.
Michelle W. Voss, Lucas J. Carr, Rachel Clark, Timothy Weng (United States) - Research Article
612. "Revenge of the “sit” II: Does lifestyle impact neuronal and cognitive health through distinct mechanisms associated with sedentary behavior and physical activity? "
Following on from the original 'Revenge of the “Sit”' paper in 2006, this new research presents evidence on the independent effect of sedentary behaviours on neurological functioning, such as preventing dementia.
Thomas Yates, Steven M Haffner, Phillip J Schulte, Laine Thomas, Kim M Huffman, Connie W Bales, Robert M Califf, Rury R Holman, John J V McMurray, M Angelyn Bethel, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Melanie J Davies, William E Kraus (United Kingdom) - Research Article
605. Association between change in daily ambulatory activity and cardiovascular events in people with impaired glucose tolerance (NAVIGATOR trial): a cohort analysis
Take a look at the results of this new study published in The Lancet which investigated the links between ambulatory physical activity and cardiovascular events in people with prediabetes.
Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis (United Kingdom) - Research Article
597. Prospective Study of Sedentary Behavior, Risk of Depression, and Cognitive Impairment
Learn about the links between different types of sedentary behavior and aspects of mental health.
Carolien A Wijsman, Rudi GJ Westendorp, Evert ALM Verhagen, Michael Catt, P Eline Slagboom, Anton JM de Craen, Karen Broekhuizen, Willem van Mechelen, Diana van Heemst, Frans van der Ouderaa, Simon P Mooijaart (United States) - Research Article
590. Physical Activity and Risk of Hypertension A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies
Learn about how physical activity influences blood pressure in this new publication from the journal Hypertension.
Bamini Gopinath, Louise L Hardy, Annette Kifley, Louise A Baur and Paul Mitchell (Australia) - Research Article
586. Activity Behaviors in Schoolchildren and Subsequent 5-yr Change in Blood Pressure
Learn about the long term changes in blood pressure resulting from physical activity in school aged children.
Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Daniel Girdano, Yi Tong Liu, Stuart JH Biddle, Steven N Blair (Singapore) - Research Article
582. Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with psychological distress: a cross-sectional study from Singapore
Find out about the psychological relationships with physical activity and sedentary behaviour in this Singaporean study.
Lucinda E. Saunders, Judith M. Green, Mark P. Petticrew, Rebecca Steinbach, Helen Roberts (United Kingdom) - Research Article
580. What are the health benefits of active travel? A systematic review of trials and cohort studies
Learn more about the health benefits of active travel in this new review.
Jannique G.Z. van Uffelen, Yolanda R. van Gellecum, Nicola W. Burton, Geeske Peeters, Kristiann C. Heesch, Wendy J. Brown (Australia) - Research Article
572. Sitting-Time, Physical Activity, and Depressive Symptoms in Mid-Aged Women
Take a look at new evidence from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.
Britta A. Larsen, Matthew A. Allison, Eugene Kang, Sarah Saad, Gail A. Laughlin, Maria Rosario G. Areneta, Elizabeth Barret-Connor and Christina L. Wassel (United States) - Research Article
571. Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior with Regional Fat Deposition
Find out more about how physical activity levels and sedentary behaviour affect different types of fat in adults.
Barbara J. Jefferis, Peter H. Whincup, Olia Papacosta, S. Goya Wannamethee (United Kingdom) - Research Article
620. Protective Effect of Time Spent Walking on Risk of Stroke in Older Men
Find out what contributes most to reduced risk of stroke amongst men aged 60-79 years: time spent walking or walking pace.
Mental Health Foundation (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document
567. Let’s Get Physical: The impact of physical activity on wellbeing
Learn more about the effects of physical activity on mental health and wellbeing in this new document from the UK.
Dwyer-Lindgren L, Freedman G, Engell RE, Fleming TD, Lim SS, Murray CJ, Mokdad AH. (United States) - Research Article
562. Prevalence of physical activity and obesity in US counties, 2001--2011: a road map for action.
Find out how rates of physical activity and obesity have changed across the U.S over a ten year period.
Louise L Hardy, Lesley King, Debra Hector, Louise A Baur (Australia) - Research Article
552. Socio-cultural differences in Australian primary school children's weight and weight-related behaviours
Find out how weight and related behaviours like fitness vary across different ethnic and socio-economic population groups in this study which uses data from the NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey in Australia.
Arthritis Foundation (United States) - Policy Document
542. Environmental and Policy Strategies to Increase Physical Activity Among Adults with Arthritis
This document is designed to engage six important sectors as partners with a mutual interest in increasing physical activity among adults with arthritis using environmental and policy strategies.
Smith LR, Chadwick P, Radley D, Kolotourou M, Gammon CS, Rosborough J, Sacher PM. (United Kingdom) - Research Article
534. Assessing the short-term outcomes of a community-based intervention for overweight and obese children: The MEND 5-7 programme.
Find out the effects of the MEND program in increasing physical activity in young children.
Gerrie-Cor M Herber-Gast, Caroline A Jackson, Gita D Mishra, Wendy J Brown (Australia) - Research Article
532. Self-reported sitting time is not associated with incidence of cardiovascular disease in a population-based cohort of mid-aged women
Take a look at these new results from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health which found no link between sedentary behaviour and heart disease.
Koon Teo, Scott Lear, Shofiqul Islam,Prem Mony, Mahshid Dehghan, Wei Li, Annika Rosengren, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Rafael Diaz, Gustavo Oliveira, Maizatullifah Miskan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Romaina Iqbal, Rafal Ilow, Thandi Puone, Ahmad Bahonar, Sadi Gulec, Ebtihal A. Darwish, Fernando Lanas, Krishnapillai Vijaykumar, Omar Rahman, Jephat Chifamba, Yan Hou, Ning Li, Salim Yusuf; on behalf of the PURE Investigators (Canada) - Research Article
530. Prevalence of a Healthy Lifestyle Among Individuals With Cardiovascular Disease in High-, Middle- and Low-Income Countries The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) Study
Learn how the combined effects of inactivity, poor diet smoking are associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in this international study.
Christina K. Holub, John P. Elder, Elva M. Arredondo, Simón Barquera, Christina M. Eisenberg, Luz María Sánchez Romero, Juan Rivera, Felipe Lobelo, Eduardo J. Simoes (United States) - Research Article
526. Obesity Control in Latin American and U.S. Latinos: A Systematic Review
Find out about interventions to promote physical activity and healthy eating in Latin America populations.
Public Health England (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document
516. Health Impact of Physical Inactivity (HIPA)
The HIPI has been developed by Public Health England to estimate how many cases of certain diseases could be prevented in each local authority in England, if the population aged 40-79 were to engage in recommended amounts of physical activity.
Paul T. Williams, Paul D. Thompson (United States) - Research Article
514. Walking Versus Running for Hypertension, Cholesterol, and Diabetes Mellitus Risk Reduction
Read about how walking and running have give similar health benefits in the large National Runners' and Walkers' Health Study in the U.S.
Lahjibi E, Heude B, Dekker JM, Højlund K, Laville M, Nolan J, Oppert JM, Balkau B; the RISC Study Group (France) - Research Article
512. Impact of objectively measured sedentary behaviour on changes in insulin resistance and secretion over 3years in the RISC study: Interaction with weight gain
Learn more about how sedentary behaviour affects insulin resistance in this new European study.
A. S. Richardson, K. E. North, M. Graff, K. M. Young, K. L. Mohlke, L. A. Lange, E. M. Lange, K. M. Harris and P. Gordon-Larsen (United States) - Research Article
509. Moderate to vigorous physical activity interactions with genetic variants and body mass index in a large US ethnically diverse cohort
Take a look at this interesting article about how physical activity interacts with genetic factors related to obesity.
The Health and Social Care Information Centre, NHS (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
501. Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet - England, 2013
This statistical report presents a range of information on obesity, physical activity and diet including overweight and obesity prevalence among adults and children and physical activity levels among adults and children.
BBC (Taiwan) - Website
494. Taiwanese slim down with nationwide campaign
Watch footage of a Government campaign in Taiwan.
Takemi Sugiyama, Ding Ding, Neville Owen (Australia) - Research Article
484. Commuting by Car: Weight Gain Among Physically Active Adults
Find out whether commuting by car was associated with adults' weight gain over 4 years in this Adelaide study.
National Center on Health, Physical Activity, and Disability (United States) - Website
478. National Center on Health, Physical Activity, and Disability Fact sheets
These U.S. factsheets contain monographs describing various disabilities and health conditions as well as considerations for each related to exercise and physical activity.
Gregg L. Furie, Mayur M. Desai (United States) - Research Article
472. Active Transportation and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in U.S. Adults
Take a look at strong evidence for the benefits of active transport in reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors.
Chomistek, Andrea K.; Chasman, Daniel I.; Cook, Nancy R.; Rimm, Eric B.; Lee, I-Min (United States) - Research Article
471. Physical Activity, Genes for Physical Fitness, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease
Take a look at the findings from this study on the links between fitness, genetics and heart disease.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Strategy Document
460. CDC Health Equity Resource Toolkit for State Practitioners Addressing Obesity
Check out this useful new resource from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on how to tackle obesity.
Blythe J. O'Hara, Philayrath Phongsavan, Kamalesh Venugopal, Elizabeth G. Eakin, Dianne Eggins, Hugh Caterson, Lesley King, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Marion Haas, Adrian E. Bauman (Australia) - Research Article
440. Effectiveness of Australia's Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service®: Translational research with population wide impact
Find out about the successes of the 6-month telephone-based coaching campaign Get Healthy.
Sharon E. Taverno Ross, Lori A. Francis, Rhonda Z. BeLue, Edna A. Viruell-Fuentes (United States) - Research Article
431. Associations Between Physical Activity and Overweight Among U.S. Youth by Immigrant Generation: Results From the 2007 National Survey of Children‘s Health
Explore differences in physical activity and obesity levels in young people and their parents across immigrant generations in the USA.
Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Strategy Document
428. Yoga for Cancer Survivors
Read about evidence of the beneifts of yoga in the latest Alberta Centre for Active Living Research Update.
Herman Pontzer, David A. Raichlen, Brian M. Wood, Audax Z. P. Mabulla, Susan B. Racette, Frank W. Marlowe (United States) - Research Article
413. Hunter-Gatherer Energetics and Human Obesity
This paper on the energy expenditure in Hunter Gather populations compares them with farmers and with western developed populations. The study is by a group of anthropologists from the USA. They measured the Hadza people, a Hunter Gather population in Northern Tanzania. This important work examines total energy expenditure (TEE) and possible reasons for obesity in industrialised society where energy expenditure is less than energy intake is greater.
The Lancet (United Kingdom) - Research Article
417. The Lancet Series on physical activity
This recent publication on physical actviity covers the global impact of physical inactivity on non-communicable diseases, current levels of physical activity and trends, reasons for and against participating in physical activity and how to effectively promote physical activity.
Charlotte McKercher, Michael D. Schmidt, Kristy Sanderson, Terence Dwyer, Alison J. Venn (Australia) - Research Article
415. Physical Activity and Depressed Mood in Primary and Secondary School-children
This study investigates whether a direct link exists between physical activity and depression amongst children.
American Institute for Cancer Research (United States) - Strategy Document
419. 9 Findings That Have Rocked Cancer Prevention Research
The American Institute for Cancer Research has put together 9 findings that have rocked the field of cancer prevention and survivorship.
Change4Life campaign (United Kingdom) - Website
Take a look at ways to be active at home, on the go, with kids or a disability.
National Obesity Observatory (United Kingdom) - Guideline
389. TV viewing and obesity in children and young people
Take a look at this fact sheet on the links between TV viewing and obesity in young people.
Institute of Medicine (United States) - Policy Document
388. Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention: Solving the Weight of the Nation
This report from the U.S. Institute of Medicine identifies key obesity-prevention strategies to scale back the 'Weight of the Nation'.
PANORG, University of Sydney (Australia) - Strategy Document
379. Evidence update on obesity prevention; Across the life-course
This Evidence Update, prepared by PANORG at the University of Sydney provides a summary of evidence on the prevention of overweight and obesity.
TY Warren et al (United States) - Research Article
372. Sedentary Behaviours Increase Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Men
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between two sedentary behaviors (riding in car and watching television) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in men in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study.
Timothy P Gill et al (Australia) - Research Article
374. Should health policy focus on physical inactivity rather than obesity? No
Physical inactivity is a major contributor to the global burden of disease, being associated with a range of negative consequences for health, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, reduced functional capacity, and poorer mental health.1 Clearly the promotion of both increased physical activity and reduced inactivity must Richard Weiler and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.c2603) argue that losing weight is not essential to get benefit from physical activity, but Timothy Gill and colleagues believe that tackling all the causes of obesity is essential to improve public health
Dylan P. Cliff etal (Australia) - Research Article
377. Movement Skills and Physical Activity in Obese Children: Randomized Controlled Trial
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support physical activity program in overweight children.
Richard Weiler et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
375. Should health policy focus on physical inactivity rather than obesity? Yes
Physical inactivity is one of the greatest health threats facing developed nations today. In his latest annual report England’s chief medical officer acknowledged that the benefits of regular physical activity on health, longevity, and well being “easily surpass the effectiveness of any drugs or other medical treatment.”
Alfa Muhihi, Marina Njelekela, Rose Mpembeni et al (Tanzania) - Research Article
195. Physical activity and cardiovascular disease risk factors among men in urban Mwanza, Tanzania
Learn about levels of physical activity and cardiovascular disease in Tanzania
Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Website
144. Physical Activity Counselling Toolkit
Physical Activity Counselling Toolkit resources are written in plain language, and are intended to widen the choice of resources available to practitioners. Practitioners will find the resources to be of practical assistance when working with clients and are also available in French and Punjabi. The practitioners clearly identified a real and increasing need for appropriate resources or tools that would help them do physical activity counselling, especially in health care settings.
British Heart Foundation National Center (United Kingdom) - Guideline
360. BHFNC Parental Advice booklets
The parental advice booklets were originally developed as part of the suite of resources for the long term medical conditions course. Long term medical conditions covered include obesity, asthma, heart conditions and diabetes.
Matthew D. Hordern et al (Australia) - Research Article
45. Exercise prescription for patients with type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and pre-diabetic conditions such as impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are rapidly increasing in prevalence. There is compelling evidence that T2DM is more likely to develop in individuals who are insufficiently active.
Ara I et al (Spain) - Research Article
30. Physical fitness and obesity are associated in a dose-dependent manner in children
This article aims to analyze the relationships between physical fitness, lifestyle-related factors, and obesity in a large population of children. An inverse relationship between physical fitness levels and the risk of being overweight/obese was found inasmuch as children with higher physical fi
Louise Baur (Australia) - Research Article
195. Broad range of prevention efforts need to target obesity in children
Effective prevention, as well as treatment, are necessary if we are to respond appropriately to the problem of child and adolescent obesity.
Both effective prevention of obesity, as well as treatment of those already affected by it, are necessary if we are to respond appropriately to the problem of child and adolescent obesity.
There are a range of potential solutions, but perhaps the biggest challenge is summoning the political will to address them.
Outdoors Alliance for Kids (United States) - Policy Document
202. US Healthy Kids Outdoors Act
The Healthy Kids Outdoors Act will support state, local and federal strategies to connect youth and families with the natural world, improve children’s health and support future economic growth and conservation efforts. This legislation will help get Americans active outdoors through natural play; outdoor recreation such as camping, hiking, hunting and fishing; public health initiatives; outdoor learning environments; service learning and other initiatives.
NSW Ministry of Health (Australia) - Research Article
206. NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) 2010: Full Report
The NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) 2010: full report provides in detail the methods, findings and tools used for SPANS 2010. It is the fourth in a series of school-based surveys of NSW school students and provides valuable trend information on the weight status and associated behaviours of a representative sample of 8,100 NSW school students in Years K, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10, conducted in Term 1, 2010.
World Health Organization (Denmark) - Guideline
191. WHO Good Practice Appraisal Tool for obesity prevention programmes
This report gives a description of the good practice tool for obesity prevention programmes and describes its development and use. To identify good practice, a tool has been developed to evaluate good practice elements of the planning, monitoring, evaluation and implementation of programmes that can target children, adolescents or adults as well as be nationally, regionally or locally initiated in community, school or workplace settings.
M. Tremblay et al (Canada) - Research Article
71. Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth
Accumulating evidence suggests that, independent of physical activity levels, sedentary behaviours are associated with increased risk of cardio-metabolic disease, all-cause mortality, and a variety of physiological and psychological problems.
Andrew J. Atkin et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
82. Non-Occupational Sitting and Mental Well-Being in Employed Adults
Emerging evidence suggests that sedentary behaviour may be adversely associated with physical health, but few studies have examined the association with mental well-being. This study examined the association of four non-occupational sedentary behaviours with mental well-being.
Roma Robertson et al (Australia) - Research Article
79. Recommendations by Queensland GPs to be more physically active
The objective of this research was to ascertain the extent to which general practitioners in Queensland recommend physical activity to their patients, the types of patients they target, types of activities they suggest and how patients respond to the recommendations.
K. Jolly et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
78. Comparison of range of commercial or primary care led weight reduction programmes
The objective of this study was to to assess the effectiveness of a range of weight management programmes in terms of weight loss.
Rachel C. Shelton et al (United States) - Research Article
10. The Association Between Social Factors and Physical Activity Among Low-Income Adults
This articles seeks to examine the association between structural, functional, and normative social factors and physical activity among urban, low-income, racially/ethnically diverse adults
Beth P. Hands et al (Australia) - Research Article
42. The associations between physical activity, screen time and weight from 6 to 14 yrs
To examine the strength and direction of the relationship between physical activity level, screen use and BMI in a cohort at ages 6, 8, 10 and 14 yrs as part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study.
Tuomas O Kilpelainen et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
83. Physical Activity Attenuates the Influence of FTO Variants on Obesity Risk
The FTO gene harbors the strongest known susceptibility locus for obesity. While many individual studies have suggested that physical activity (PA) may attenuate the effect of FTO on obesity risk, other studies have not been able to confirm this interaction.
National Obesity Observatory (United Kingdom) - Website
179. Evaluation data collection tool
The tool has been developed to assist practitioners to collect standardised summary data from any weight management, diet or physical activity intervention. It will also help to better understand the types of obesity and related interventions across the country.
D. Merom et al (Australia) - Research Article
75. Changes in active travel of school children from 2004 to 2010 in New South Wales, Australia
The purpose of this research was to describe changes in mode of commuting to school among Australia students between 2004 and 2010 and in relation to body mass index (BMI) and cardio respiratory fitness.
Michel Lucas et al (United States) - Research Article
80. Relation Between Clinical Depression Risk and Physical Activity and Time Spent Watch Television
Although physical activity (PA) has been inversely associated with depressive symptoms, it is not clear whether regular PA and television watching are associated with clinical depression risk.
Jeff K. Vallance et al (Canada) - Research Article
59. Associations of objectively-assessed physical activity and sedentary time with depression
Studies provide conflicting evidence for the protective effects of moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity on depression. Recent evidence suggests that sedentary behaviors may also be associated with depression.
WHO (Switzerland) - Policy Document
131. United Nations General Assembly on NCDs
This is only the second time in the history of the UN that the General Assembly meets on a health issue (the last issue was AIDS). The aim is for countries to adopt a concise, action-oriented outcome document that will shape the global agendas for generations to come.
E Webb et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
69. Free bus passes, use of public transport and obesity among older people in England
All residents of England aged 60 years and older became entitled to free travel on local buses on 1 April 2006. This study examines the impact of this policy on public transport use, a mode of active transport and levels of obesity.
Jared P. Reis et al (United States) - Research Article
81. Lifestyle factors and risk for new-onset diabetes. A population-based cohort study
Epidemiologic data on the combined influence of several lifestyle factors on diabetes risk are rare, particularly among older adults. The objective was to examine how combinations of lifestyle risk factors relate to the 11-year risk for incident diabetes.
B. Kelly et al (Australia) - Research Article
73. "Food company sponsors are kind, generous and cool": (Mis)conceptions of junior sports players
Children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing influences their food knowledge, preferences and consumption. Sport sponsorship by food companies is widespread and industry investment in this marketing is increasing.
Lancet (United States) - Research Article
168. Lancet obesity series
This four-part Series critically examines what we know about the global obesity pandemic: its drivers, its economic and health burden, the physiology behind weight control and maintenance, and what science tells us about the kind of actions that are needed to change our obesogenic environment and reverse the current tsunami of risk factors for chronic diseases in future generations.
Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Research Article
159. Exercise and Pregnancy: Canadian Guidelines for Health Care Professionals
In Canada, many pregnant women do not exercise enough, gain too much weight during pregnancy, and develop gestational diabetes and hypertension. This article presents some important facts and resources to help medical practitioners, other health care professionals and pregnant women better understand the benefits of physical activity during pregnancy.
DA Crawford et al (Australia) - Research Article
63. Home and neighbourhood correlates of BMI among children living in socioeconomically disadvantage
A detailed understanding of the underlying drivers of obesity-risk behaviours is needed to inform prevention initiatives, particularly for individuals of low socioeconomic position who are at increased risk of unhealthy weight gain.
Stuart J H Biddle et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
60. Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews
The objective was to synthesise reviews investigating physical activity and depression, anxiety, self-esteem and cognitive functioning in children and adolescents and to assess the association between sedentary behaviour and mental health by performing a brief review.
Marie-Noël Vercambre et al (United States) - Research Article
65. Physical Activity and Cognition in Women With Vascular Conditions
Individuals with vascular disease or risk factors have substantially higher rates of cognitive decline, yet little is known about means of maintaining cognition in this group.
Croakey (Australia) - Website
157. Action on climate change may also help our obesity problem
Obesity and climate change are two of the greatest public health challenges facing Australia.Whilst obesity and climate change may appear to be unrelated, there is a growing
recognition that these are actually closely connected problems, having some shared causes and solutions.By targeting these shared causes, obesity and climate change can be tackled simultaneously.
Thomas A. Wadden et al (United States) - Research Article
74. Four-Year Weight Losses in the Look AHEAD Study: Factors Associated With Long-Term Success
This report provides a further analysis of the year 4 weight losses in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study and identifies factors associated with long-term success.
Anne Kouvonen et al (Poland) - Research Article
58. Social support and the likelihood of maintaining and improving levels of physical activity
Evidence on the association between social support and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) is scarce and mostly based on cross-sectional data with different types of social support collapsed into a single index.
Peter Kremer et al (Australia) - Guideline
132. CO-OPS Collaboration new recommendations for establishing a childhood obesity monitoring system
The Collaboration of Community-based Obesity Prevention Sites (CO-OPS Collaboration) has released new recommendations for establishing a childhood obesity monitoring system.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
160. Young Australians: their health and wellbeing 2011
This report is the fourth in a series of national statistical reports on young people aged 12-24 years, produced by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. It provides the latest available information on how Australia's young people are faring according to a set of national indicators of health and wellbeing.
D Mozaffarian et al (United States) - Research Article
54. Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men
Specific dietary and other lifestyle behaviors may affect the success of the straightforward-sounding strategy “eat less and exercise more” for preventing long-term weight gain.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
137. New AIHW report: Key indicators of progress for chronic disease and associated determinants
With preventive health now a major focus of health reform in Australia, this report provides information about the prevalence of those chronic diseases for which behavioural changes, or increased screening practices, can reduce onset, assist in management, or prevent death.
NCD Alliance (Switzerland) - Strategy Document
138. Nutrition, physical activity, and NCD prevention Briefing paper
Obesity, unhealthy diets and physical inactivity are the most important preventable risk factors for NCDs after tobacco. Up to 80% of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes and over a third of the most common cancers could be prevented by eliminating these shared risk factors (WHO, 2008). The newly launched briefing paper on nutrition, physical activity and NCD prevention the NCD Alliance is calling for action.
WHO (Denmark) - Policy Document
130. New WHO database on nutrition, obesity and physical activity
WHO/Europe has mapped policies on nutrition, physical activity and obesity throughout the European Region in a new database. The purpose is to assist decision-makers and professionals who want to address the spiralling levels of noncommunicable disease.
Hayley Christian et al (Australia) - Research Article
44. The influence of the built environment, social environment and health behaviors
The objective was to examine the individual, behavioral, social and built environment correlates of body mass index (BMI) in an Australian adult population. Whilst evidence mounts of built environment correlates to physical activity, translation of these effects on BMI remains elusive.
Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Newsletter
120. Go Red for Women campaign Healthy Heart Challenge
Go Red for Women is the Heart Foundation’s campaign that unites women in the fight against heart disease – helping to raise awareness of their risk and promote healthier choices.
Prof Robert Beaglehol et al (New Zealand) - Strategy Document
34. Priority actions for the non-communicable disease crisis
The UN High-Level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in September, 2011, is an unprecedented opportunity to create a sustained global movement against premature death and preventable morbidity and disability from NCDs, mainly heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and respiratory disease
Department of Health and Aging (Australia) - Website
180. Swap It Don't Stop It
Healthy eating and getting active can help lose centimetres and prevent or delay the onset of chronic diseases such as some cancers, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. There are some simple everyday changes people can make to get them on their way to a healthier lifestyle without losing all the things they love.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
112. AIHW Risk factors for cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease: Australian facts 2011 is the fourth in a series of national reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Cardiovascular Disease, providing an overview of cardiovascular disease in Australia.
Massimo F. Piepoli et al (Italy) - Research Article
32. Exercise training in heart failure: from theory to practice.
The European Society of Cardiology heart failure guidelines firmly recommend regular physical activity and structured exercise training (ET), but this recommendation is still poorly implemented in daily clinical practice outside specialized centres and in the real world of heart failure clinics.
Alan R. Morton et al (Australia) - Research Article
49. Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science position statement on exercise and asthma
Asthma, a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways is associated with variable obstruction to the airways and is provoked by many triggers including exercise. The management of asthma is primarily pharmacological, but exercise is an important adjunct to treatment.
Department of Health and Ageing (Australia) - Guideline
111. Swap It Don't Stop It
Healthy eating and getting active can help you lose centimetres and prevent or delay the onset of chronic diseases such as some cancers, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. There are some simple everyday changes you can make to get you on your way to a healthier lifestyle.
Terry Boyle (Australia) - Research Article
39. Long-Term Sedentary Work and the Risk of Subsite-specific Colorectal Cancer
Research suggests that sedentary behavior may increase the risk of some chronic diseases. The aims of the study were to examine whether sedentary work is associated with colorectal cancer and to determine whether the association differs by subsite.
Steven Allender et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
27. Policy change to create supportive environments for physical activity and healthy eating
The objective is to identify and test regulatory options for creating supportive environments for physical activity and healthy eating among local governments in Victoria, Australia. There is a real opportunity for action to prevent obesity at local government level.
E Llargues et al (Spain) - Research Article
28. Assessment of a school-based intervention in eating habits and physical activity
Obesity has become a global public health problem, which also affects children. It has been proposed that the educational interventions during childhood could be a key strategy in the prevention of obesity.
Helen E Brown et al (Australia) - Research Article
11. Does Physical Activity Impact on Presenteeism and Other Indicators of Workplace Well-Being?
The term 'presenteeism' is a relatively new concept in workplace health, and has come to signify being at work despite poor health and performing below par. This article reviews evidence on the relationships between physical activity and employee well-being and presenteeism in the workplace.
Rachel Clark et al (Australia) - Guideline
128. Local government and obesity prevention : an evidence resource
This evidence resource has been developed specifically to assist those working in local government with policy and practice-level decisions broadly related to obesity prevention.
National Heart Foundation (Australia) - Research Article
96. The National Secondary Students Diet and Nutrition 2009/10
The National Secondary Student's Diet and Activity (NaSSDA) survey 2009-10 is jointly funded by the state Cancer Councils, Cancer Council Australia and the National Heart Foundation of Australia.
New South Wales Government (Australia) - Website
98. Healthy Kids website
The Healthy Kids website provides information, resources and ideas on physical activity and healthy eating for children and young people.
Kim Anderson (Canada) - Research Article
100. Designed Playgrounds that Engage Children in Physical Activity and More
This article offers background information on the City of Edmonton’s experience with using a “design” approach for playground developments.
KI Erickson et al (United States) - Research Article
4. Exercise training increases size of hippocampus
The hippocampus shrinks in late adulthood, leading to impaired memory and increased risk for dementia. These theoretically important findings indicate that aerobic exercise training is effective at reversing hippocampal volume loss in late adulthood, which is accompanied by improved memory function.
Cancer Council of NSW (Australia) - Policy Document
101. Alive & Well – Councils for healthy local living
The main aim of the Alive & Well grants program is to encourage local councils to develop and implement specific initiatives that help reduce the impact of cancer in their community. The program also enhances opportunities for Cancer Council to work with particular councils on healthy initiatives.
Arlene L. Hankinson et al (United States) - Research Article
20. Maintaining a High Physical Activity Level Over 20 Years and Weight Gain
Data supporting physical activity guidelines to prevent long-term weight gain are sparse, particularly during the period when the highest risk of weight gain occurs.
Sport Northern Ireland (Ireland) - Case Study
365. Northern Ireland ACTIVe PEOPLE: healthy communities - The IMPACT of Community Sport
The purpose of this publication is to demonstrate how Sport Northern Ireland’s investment in
community sport contributes towards the achievement of public health outcomes.
This report draws information from ‘The Value of Sport and Physical Recreation –
Contributing to Improved Public Health,’ completed by FKB Consulting and Dennis McCoy
Consulting in early 2010.
ED Williams et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
36. Physical activity behaviour and coronary heart disease mortality among South Asian people
The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of physical inactivity to the excess mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) observed in the UK South Asian population.
American College of Sports Medicine (United States) - Policy Document
92. Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes
Although physical activity (PA) is a key element in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, many with this chronic disease do not become or remain regularly active. High-quality studies establishing the importance of exercise & fitness in diabetes were lacking until recently.
Kwon, S (United States) - Research Article
266. Associations of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Fatness With Cardiovascular Risk Factors
The U. S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) captures cross-sectional, nationally representative data on variables including fitness and weight status. This study used NHANES data to examine both the combined and independent effects of cardiorespiratory fitness and fatness on cardiovascular risk factors among adolescents aged 12-19, finding several risk factors to be associated with low fitness, independently of weight status.
Collaboration of Community-based Obesity Preventi (Australia) - Research Article
24. CO-OPS 2010 National Workshop resources
More than 130 delegates attended the Collaboration of Community-based Obesity Prevention Sites (CO-OPS Collaboration) 2010 National Workshop. This year's workshop was held on 20-21 October and coincided with the Australia and New Zealand Obesity Society annual conference, also held in Sydney.
Pucher, John (United States) - Research Article
256. Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data
This paper, by Rutgers University (USA) academic, John Pucher, examines the ecologic association between travel data and health risk. Travel data, and sometimes, health surveys, were used to calculate the proportion of the population that actively commuted by walking or cycling, described as the 'active transport' segment of the population. This study examined ecologic associations, and observed interesting correlates.
van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z. et al (Australia) - Research Article
257. Occupational Sitting and Health Risks A Systematic Review
Researchers from The University of Queensland, The University of Sydney and Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute collaborated to produce a set of systematic reviews examining [i] the association between occupational sitting and health outcomes, and [ii] to identify whether workplace interventions to reduce sitting are effective.
Bassett, David R. Jr et al (United States) - Research Article
229. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity and Health Behaviors in United States Adults
The paper describes a large sample of adults who wore pedometers to objectively assess their physical activity levels. The pedometer sample was from 1100 US adults, who were part of the “America on the Move” study. The study was based on a population sample, but those participating in America on the Move, although showing geographic diversity could still be considered a somewhat selected sample.
OECD (France) - Epidemiological Report
173. OECD report on obesity and the economics of prevention
This book contributes to evidence-based policy making by exploring multiple dimensions of the obesity problem. It examines the scale and characteristics of the epidemic, the respective roles and influence of market forces and governments, and the impact of interventions. It outlines an economic approach to the prevention of chronic diseases that provides novel insights relative to a more traditional public health approach.
Zurich Financial Services (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
352. Zurich Heart Health Index
The Zurich Heart Foundation Heart Health Index (Heart Health Index) survey measures
awareness, knowledge, perceptions and behaviours relating to cardiovascular disease and
associated risk factors. It specifically seeks to measure heart health related behaviours and compares them with perceptions of whether they meet current population health guidelines.
OECD (France) - Epidemiological Report
351. Obesity and the Economics of Prevention: Fit not Fat
This book contributes to evidence-based policy making by exploring multiple dimensions of the obesity problem. It examines the scale and characteristics of the epidemic, the respective roles and influence of market forces and governments, and the impact of interventions. It outlines an economic approach to the prevention of chronic diseases that provides novel insights relative to a more traditional public health approach. The analysis was undertaken by the OECD, partly in collaboration with the World Health Organization.
Look AHEAD Research Group (United States) - Research Article
263. Long-term effects of a lifestyle intervention on weight and cardiovascular risk factors
This paper describes rarely reported long-term effects of a large-scale lifestyle intervention to reduce weight and improve cardiovascular risk factors, including fitness, in adults with type 2 diabetes. It is one of the first randomised control trials to demonstrate favourable outcomes over a period as long as four years.
Holtermann, A. et al (Denmark) - Research Article
259. Long work hours and physical fitness
This large cohort study investigated the association between long working hours and the risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) among middle aged Caucasian men.
CO-OPS Collaboration (Australia) - Website
332. CO-OPS Resource library
The CO-OPS library is an online collection of resources to support community-based obesity prevention. These include tools for planning, implementation and evaluation of community-based obesity prevention activities and a range of supporting documents.
National Instite for Health & Clinical Excellence (United Kingdom) - Guideline
333. Dietary interventions and physical activity interventions for weight management
This guidance is for NHS and other commissioners, managers and professionals who have a direct or indirect role in, and responsibility for women who are pregnant or who are planning a pregnancy and mothers who have had a baby in the last 2 years.
Ullrich-French, Sarah C et al (United States) - Research Article
268. Examination of adolescents' screen time and physical fitness as independent correlates
Evidence of the science behind sedentary behaviour is emerging in adult and younger populations, with both sedentary behaviour and physical inactivity now thought carry independent health risks including overweight and obesity. This cross-sectional study of 11-15 year olds in the U.S builds on previous evidence of links between weight and fitness and sedentary behaviour. It reports additional associations of screen time with weight related health markers as well as blood pressure.
Shengxu, Li et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
260. Physical Activity Attenuates the Genetic Predisposition to Obesity in 20,000 Men and Women
This very large population based-study drew middle-aged adult participants from the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk cohort. 20,430 people of white European descent had baseline data available, of which 11,936 had BMI data at the second health examination conducted 3-7 years later. Physical activity was measured using a validated self administered questionnaire.
Furber, Susan et al (Australia) - Research Article
251. Randomised controlled trial of a pedometer-based telephone intervention
This paper reports on a novel pedometer-based telephone intervention to increase physical activity in cardiac patients who do not participate in cardiac rehabilitation, determining the program as a successful alternative to increase and maintain physical activity.
MacDonald, John M et al (United States) - Research Article
246. The Effect of Light Rail Transit on Body Mass Index and Physical Activity
This study from the U.S. examines the cross-sectional associations between objective and perceived measures of the built environment; BMI; obesity and meeting weekly recommended physical activity (RPA) levels through walking and vigorous exercise. The study also looks at the effect of introducing an LRT system on BMI, obesity, and physical activity levels.
Morgan, P.J. et al (Australia) - Research Article
253. The 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids' randomized controlled trial
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the ‘Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids’ (HDHK) program which took place in Newcastle, NSW. It was designed to help overweight fathers lose weight and be a role model of positive health behaviors for their children and resulted in reductions in fathers’ weight over the 6-month assessment period.
Hardy, Louise L. et al (Australia) - Research Article
244. Screen Time and Metabolic Risk Factors Among Adolescents
This cross-sectional study of year 10 students in Sydney high schools examined the association between screen time guidelines and risk factors for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and fatty liver diseases. A total of 496 students from 28 metropolitan schools participated in the study.
Patel, Alpha V. et al (United States) - Research Article
252. Leisure Time Spent Sitting in Relation to Total Mortality in a Prospective Cohort of US Adults
This was a large cohort study examining cancer incidence and mortality begun by the American Cancer Society in 1992. The analysis looked at time spent sitting and physical activity, and examined data from questionnaires completed by 184,190 US adults who were aged between 50-74 years at baseline. Approximately 19,000 deaths were identified during the 14-year follow-up.
Lombard, Catherine et al (Australia) - Research Article
249. A low intensity, community based lifestyle programme to prevent weight gain in women
This community based, cluster randomized controlled trial in urban Australia involved 250 adult women recruited through 12 primary schools. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community behavioural intervention to prevent weight gain and improve health related behaviours in women with young children.
Cocker, Katrien A. et al (Belgium) - Research Article
245. Associations between sitting time and weight in young adult Australian women
This research, from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (ALSWH) examined associations between time spent sitting and weight. In overweight and obese women, links between weight and sitting time were found, however these relationships were not evident longitudinally.
Lusk, Anne C. et al (United States) - Research Article
242. Bicycle Riding, Walking, and Weight Gain in Premenopausal Women
This paper reports the results of a large 16 year prospective cohort study of 18,414 healthy premenopausal women in the United States. The objective of the study was to assess the association between cycling and weight maintenance in premenopausal women.
Heart Foundation (Australia) - Policy Document
362. Time for Action
Evidence indicates that many chronic diseases, including CVD, are heavily influenced by neighbourhood design, access to recreational facilities and services, access to healthy food and a sense of social connection with the community.
Department of Sport and Recreation (Australia) - Research Article
342. Brain boost: Sport and physical activity enhance children’s learning
Sport and physical activity participation are generally promoted for their positive impact on children’s physical and mental health. However, increased participation in sport and other forms of physical activity are also thought to lead to enhancement of cognitive functioning (information processing), memory, concentration, behaviour and academic achievement for children. The link between physical activity and academic achievement is of increasing interest in the field of education and sport.
Foulkes, C et al (Australia) - Case Study
328. The CO-OPS Collaboration Book of Case Studies for Community Based Obesity Prevention
This book of case studies provides a vehicle for sharing experiences and lessons learned in community-based obesity prevention activities across Australia.The impetus for this book of case studies came from the 95 participants at the 2009 CO-OPS Collaboration National Workshop.
National Preventative Health Taskforce (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
314. Government response to Taskforce recommendations on Obesity
Taking Preventative Action outlines the Government’s response to Australia: the Healthiest Country by 2020, the final report of the National Preventative Health Taskforce, which put forward a range of strategies to address the growing economic and health burden associated with obesity, tobacco and alcohol. For the Obesity recommendations, The Taskforce recognised that in proposing measures to tackle obesity, the evidence for intervention was more variable than in other public health issues.
BHF National Centre Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Guideline
289. BHFNC ‘Physical activity and health’ fact sheet
This Factsheet examines obesity among UK adults and topics covered include:
Measuring obesity and overweight;
Causes of overweight and obesity;
Current prevalence of overweight and obesity across the UK;
Future trends; and
Health risks of overweight and obesity.
Pelser, Deborah (Australia) - Research Article
233. Super size me: is a big Australia good for our health?
The current government intend to increase the population of Australia to an estimated 35 million persons by 2049, an increase of over 12 million in fewer than 40 years. It is believed the increase in population will result in economic growth with a greater demand for business, increasing the number of jobs.
Despite the positive effects on business, what will this population increase mean for the health of all Australians? This paper debates the health consequences of ‘super sizing’ Australia, highlighting the negative effects on health.
Duncan, Glen E (United States) - Research Article
211. The "fit but fat" concept revisited: population-based estimates using NHANES
Low cardiovascular fitness is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adults. The "fit but fat" concept suggests that cardiovascular fitness attenuates risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease independent of body mass index (BMI), even among the obese. However, the proportion of U.S. adults considered both fit and obese is unknown. Thus, the purposes of this short paper were to estimate the proportion of U.S. adults who are obese yet have a high cardiovascular fitness level (fit but fat), and determine the independent effect of obesity on cardiovascular
Selig, Steve E. et al (Australia) - Guideline
232. Exercise and Sport Science Australia Position Statement on exercise training and chronic heart
This Position Statement was developed to inform and guide exercise practitioners and health professionals in the safe and effective prescription and supervision of exercise for patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF). The authors have extensive experience in this area. CHF is a complex syndrome where the function of the heart’s left ventricle is impaired, causing fatigue and decreased exercise function and strength. It is one of the most common reasons for hospital admission in Australia, and accounts for an estimated annual cost of over $1billion.
Waters, Elizabeth et al (Australia) - Research Article
315. Preventing Childhood Obesity: Evidence Policy and Practice
This book brings together contributors from around the world and showcases the latest evidence-based research on community and policy interventions to prevent unhealthy weight gain and improve the health and well-being of children.
Lee, I-Min et al (United States) - Research Article
228. Physical Activity and Weight Gain Prevention
This study provides strong confirmation of the importance of 60 minutes a day of moderate-intensity physical activity in successful weight maintenance in adults, from a well-designed longitudinal study of over 34,000 middle-aged women in the US. Physical activity guidelines in the majority of countries worldwide promote at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity for health benefits and this is the message that is usually promoted to the public.
Colagiuri, Stephen et al (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
226. The cost of overweight and obesity in Australia
This study provides a comprehensive estimate of the direct health care and non-health care costs of overweight and obesity in Australia in 2005, calculated to be over $10 billion. This provides us with an accurate, quantifiable effect of current overweight and obesity levels and gives values that can be used to advocate for programs, resources and policies for prevention and management.
Department for Transport (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
286. UK Active travel strategy - commentary by Rohan Greenland
Cycling and walking are simple ways to incorporate more physical activity intolife and are very important for increasing access to jobs and services for many people. When replacing trips by car they can also help reduce emissions and ease local congestion. There is a wealth of evidence and good practice that local authorities and the NHS can use to develop their own walking and cycling programmes in their Local Transport Plans .
BHF National Centre Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Epidemiological Report
294. Economic costs of physical inactivity fact sheet
Evaluating the economic burdens of preventable disease and disability is becoming increasingly popular in the health sector. This fact sheet summarises some of the key facts and figures on the disease burden of physical inactivity and the associated healthcare and economic costs.
BHF National Centre Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Research Article
288. UK Change4Life one year on
The BHFNC have summarised the key findings of the Department of Health report, ‘Change4Life one year on’ to provide professionals with the key information and implications following the review of the high profile social marketing campaign. 'Change4Life'.
Task Force on Childhood Obesity (United States) - Website
279. Michelle Obama "Let's Move" campaign
Let’s Move! is a comprehensive initiative, launched by the First Lady of the United States, dedicated to solving the problem of obesity within a generation. At the launch of the initiative, President Barack Obama signed a Presidential Memorandum creating the first-ever Task Force on Childhood Obesity to conduct a review programs and policies relating to child nutrition and physical activity and develop a national action plan to maximize federal resources and set concrete benchmarks toward the First Lady’s national goal.
de Silva-Sanigorski, Andrea M et al (Australia) - Research Article
234. Reducing obesity in early childhood: results from Romp & Chomp
This study reports on the evaluation of Romp and Chomp, a community-wide intervention to reduce childhood obesity in pre-school children aged 0-5 years which took place in Geelong, Victoria from 2004-2008. Its findings demonstrate the program effectiveness in reducing obesity, improving dietary behaviour, active play and sedentary behaviours.
Beets, Michael W (United States) - Research Article
215. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity Patterns of Youth: A 13-Country Review
Research indicates there is an increase in children and adolescents who are physically inactive world wide, with considerable disparities among countries. With this increase in physical inactivity there is an increase in the rate of overweight and obesity in young people, making insufficient physical activity in young people aged 5 – 18 years a global public health issue. The purpose of this study was to review studies that used pedometers to measure physical activity to explore the physical activity patterns of young people around the world.
Teychenne, Megan (Australia) - Research Article
224. Physical activity, sedentary behavior and depression among disadvantaged women
This study demonstrates the associations that exist between the risk of depression in women and is novel due to its large number of participants, focus on disadvantaged neighbourhoods and, as it took place in urban and rural Victoria, is of particular interest to those of us working in physical activity in Australia.
Roberts, Christian K et al (United States) - Research Article
296. Sedentary Behaviours Low Aerobic Fitness and Obesity Are Associated with Lower Standardized
Optimising student academic achievement is generally seen as the primary goal for schools. New evidence suggests childhood obesity and fitness may influence learning and measured academic performance, which is particularly relevant to schools. The objective of this study was to investigate whether aerobic fitness and obesity in ethnically diverse school children is associated with academic performance.
Active Living Research (United States) - Website
273. Active Living Research
Active Living Research is a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The primary goal is to support and share research on environmental and policy strategies that can promote daily physical activity for children and families across the United States. They place special emphasis on research related to children of color and lower-income children who are at highest risk for obesity.
van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z. (Australia) - Research Article
295. Sitting Time Is Associated With Weight, but Not With Weight Gain in Mid-Aged Australian Women
This paper, written by researchers at the University of Queensland, examines associations between sitting time, weight, and weight gain in Australian women born in 1946–1951 as part of the Australian Longitudinal Study on women’s Health (ALSWH). Their research finds that time spent sitting is associated with weight but not weight gain over time.
Etgen, Thorleif et al (Germany) - Research Article
218. Physical Activity and Incident Cognitive Impairment in Elderly Persons The INVADE Study
The benefits of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases is well-established and there is also emerging evidence of the benefits of physical activity for mental health, although less well-known. The links between physical activity and cognitive impairment or decline is currently equivocal. This German study examined longitudinal associations between physical activity and incident cognitive impairment.
Dunstan, D. W. et al (Australia) - Research Article
213. Television Viewing Time and Mortality
The AusDiab (Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study) study is a large-scale longitudinal population-based investigation of diabetes and other lifestyle diseases which started in 1999. Participants are a cohort of several thousand adults from across Australia. This paper examines the relationships between TV watching, the most common form of sedentary behaviour, and disease, reporting on associations of television viewing time with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and non-CVD/noncancer mortality.
Sun, Qi (United States) - Research Article
216. Physical Activity at Midlife in Relation to Successful Survival in Women at Age 70 Years
Physical activity is a well-established approach to reducing risks of many chronic diseases and premature death. Whether physical activity is also associated with improved overall health and wellbeing at older ages is unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the relation between midlife physical activity, including walking, and successful aging as measured by a full spectrum of health outcomes, including incidence of chronic diseases, cognitive and physical functioning and mental status.
Centre for Epidemiology and Research (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
321. NSW Population Health Survey 2009
This summary report on adult health presents the first results from the 2009 New South Wales Population Health Survey and compares those results with previous years.
CO-OPS collaboration (Australia) - Website
316. 'Best of the West' Case Studies and Web Forums
A listing of community based obesity prevention links.
Interdisciplinary Centre for Environment & Society (United Kingdom) - Research Article
293. Nature, Childhood, Health and Life Pathways
There is growing evidence to show that children’s contact with nature and consequent levels of physical activity affects not only their well-being but also their health in later life.It is well established that exposure to natural places can lead to positive mental health outcomes, whether a view of nature from a window, being within natural places or exercising in these environments. Green space is important for mental wellbeing, longevity and decreased risk of mental ill-health across a number of countries.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
271. Prevention of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease
A new report released today by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) shows that while a lot is being done to reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease, significant levels of risk still remain.
Olds, T. S. (Australia) - Research Article
219. Trends in the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in Australia between 1985 and 2008
Overweight and obesity amongst young people has received increasing media coverage and political interest over the last couple of decades in Australia and other developed countries. Some research estimates overweight and obesity and young people to be as high as one in four which has led to reports of an ‘obesity epidemic’. This study reviewed trends in the prevalence of Australian childhood overweight and obesity since 1985, aiming to determine whether there have been overall increases in average body mass index (BMI), differential patterns of change within age groups, increases in BMI.
National Preventative Health Taskforce (Australia) - Epidemiological Report
318. Australia: the healthiest country by 2020
The discussion paper outlines the case for reform in our approach to the prevention of illness and the promotion of health. Major changes in the way we behave as individuals, as families, as communities, as industries, as states and as a nation will be required. The solutions are not only about individual choice and personal responsibility but also about the role of governments, business and industry, and non-government organisations.