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  • Chapman R, Keall M, Howden-Champan P, Grams M, Witten K, Randal E and Woodward A. (New Zealand) - Research Article

    878. A Cost Benefit Analysis of an Active Travel Intervention with Health and Carbon Emission Reduction Benefits

    The ACTIVE before-and-after quasi-experimental study (2010-2013) estimated the net benefits of health and other outcomes from New Zealand’s Model Communities Programme (MCP) using an empirical analysis comparing two intervention cities with two control cities.

  • Karim Abu-Omar, Alfred Rütten, Ionut Burlacu, Valentin Schätzlein, Sven Messing, Marc Suhrcke (Germany) - Research Article

    862. The cost-effectiveness of physical activity interventions: A systematic review of reviews

    This systematic review of reviews set out to take stock of the evidence on the cost-effectiveness of physical activity interventions.

  • Belen Zapata-Diomedi, Luke D. Knibbs, Robert S. Ware, Kristiann C. Heesch, Marko Tainio, James Woodcock, J. Lennert Veerman (Australia) - Research Article

    853. A shift from motorised travel to active transport: What are the potential health gains for an Australian city?

    Find out how increased active travel could improve health in new modelling of achieving active transport targets.

  • Ding Ding, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Binh Nguyen, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Michael Pratt, Kenny D Lawson (Australia) - Research Article

    848. The economic burden of physical inactivity: a systematic review and critical appraisal

    Read the latest economic evidence on why it's important to increase population levels of physical activity.

  • Rebecca Masters, Elspeth Anwar, Brendan Collins, Richard Cookson, Simon Capewell (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    843. Return on investment of public health interventions: a systematic review

    Find out how interventions can be cost-effective as well as effective in this new systematic review.

  • V. Brown, M. Moodie, L. Cobiac, A. M. Mantilla Herrera and R. Carter (Australia) - Research Article

    835. Obesity-related health impacts of fuel excise taxation- an evidence review and cost-effectiveness study

    Get updated on the evidence of how automobile fuel prices and taxes might affect physical activity and obesity in this new scoping review.

  • Rachel Sutherland, Penny Reeves, Elizabeth Campbell, David R. Lubans, Philip J. Morgan, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, Anthony D. Okely, Karen Gillham, Lynda Davies and John Wiggers (Australia) - Research Article

    815. Cost effectiveness of a multi-component school-based physical activity intervention targeting adolescents: the ‘Physical Activity 4 Everyone’ cluster randomized trial

    Find out about a a cost effective intervention for increasing physical activity and preventing obesity in adolescents in low-income communities.

  • Talitha I. Verhoef, Verena Trend, Barry Kelly, Nigel Robinson, Paul Fox and Stephen Morris (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    798. Cost-effectiveness analysis of offering free leisure centre memberships to physically inactive members of the public receiving state benefits: a case study

    Take a look at the economic benefits of free facility membership to people from a socially disadvantaged community in London.

  • Vijay GC, Edward CF Wilson, Marc Suhrcke, Wendy Hardeman, Stephen Sutton on behalf of the VBI Programme Team (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    763. Are brief interventions to increase physical activity cost-effective? A systematic review

    Discover the benefits of short interventions in health settings and their effects of physical activity in this new review.

  • Eleni Mantzari, Florian Vogt, Ian Shemilt, Yinghui Wei, Julian P.T. Higgins, Theresa M. Marteau (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    707. Personal financial incentives for changing habitual health-related behaviors: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Read about the effectiveness of financial incentives for adopting health behaviours.

  • L.D. Gunn, Y. Lee, E. Geelhoed, A. Shiell, B. Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article

    653. The cost-effectiveness of installing sidewalks to increase levels of transport-walking and health

    Gain an insight on the cost impacts of improved walking infrastructure in this new study from Perth.

  • Elaine Rush, Victor Obolonkin, Stephanie McLennan, David Graham, James D. Harris, Paul Mernagh, and Adèle R. Weston (New Zealand) - Research Article

    649. Lifetime cost effectiveness of a through-school nutrition and physical programme: Project Energize

    Learn about the cost effectiveness of this school program in New Zealand.

  • Krueger H, Turner D, Krueger J, Ready AE (Canada) - Research Article

    630. The economic benefits of risk factor reduction in Canada: Tobacco smoking, excess weight and physical inactivity.

    Find out how costs related to physical inactivity compare to smoking and overweight/obesity costs.

  • D Rojas-Rueda, A de Nazelle, O Teixidó, MJ. Nieuwenhuijsen (Spain) - Research Article

    579. Health impact assessment of increasing public transport and cycling use in Barcelona: A morbidity and burden of disease approach

    Take a look at the potential health benefits of replacing car trips with public transport and cycling.

  • British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document

    519. New briefings highlight activity benefits and cost savings

    These new documents provide relevant and evidenced based statistics to better equip physical activity and health professionals to make the case for using physical activity to improve quality of life across the population.

  • Transport for London (United Kingdom) - Website

    154. Transport for London Walking Benefits

    Walking is a great way to get around London: It's quick and reliable It's good for your health It makes a greener planet It's good for London's economy See http://www.tfl.gov.uk/gettingaround/walking/2896.aspx

  • Deepak Patel et al (South Africa) - Research Article

    41. Participation in Fitness-Related Activities of an Incentive-Based Health Promotion Program

    A retrospective, longitudinal study examined changes in participation in fitness-related activities and hospital claims over 5 years amongst members of an incentivized health promotion program offered by a private health insurer.

  • Australian Government (Australia) - Guideline

    207. Creating Places for People – an urban design protocol for Australian cities

    Creating Places for People is a collaborative commitment to best practice urban design in Australia. The protocol is the result of two years of collaboration between peak community and industry organisations, States, Territories, Local Governments, and the Australian Government. See http://www.urbandesign.gov.au/

  • Bicycle Network (Australia) - Research Article

    200. The Bicycle Expenditure Index for Local Government

    BiXE (Bicycle Expenditure Index) 2011 shows how much of their own money local governments are spending on bicycle infrastructure. The index allows Councils and residents to track the level of commitment in their municipality and compare that commitment to other similar councils. See http://www.bv.com.au/media/vanilla/file/BiXE%202011_Final%20Report%20171111.pdf

  • Outdoors Alliance for Kids (United States) - Policy Document

    202. US Healthy Kids Outdoors Act

    The Healthy Kids Outdoors Act will support state, local and federal strategies to connect youth and families with the natural world, improve children’s health and support future economic growth and conservation efforts. This legislation will help get Americans active outdoors through natural play; outdoor recreation such as camping, hiking, hunting and fishing; public health initiatives; outdoor learning environments; service learning and other initiatives. See https://sites.google.com/site/outdoorsallianceforkids/

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Strategy Document

    205. Good for Busine$$ Discussion Paper

    The Heart Foundation (SA) commissioned this discussion paper to bring together the evidence around the financial benefits to retailers and residents in making commercial streets more walking and cycling friendly. Walking and cycling to local shops is good for business and good for the local economy and is essential to the success of revitalisation strategies. Streetscape enhancements add value to an area and are associated with higher rents and the attraction of new businesses. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/GoodforBusinessFINAL_Nov.pdf

  • Environment and Sustainable Development Directorat (Australia) - Strategy Document

    185. ACT Transport for Canberra policy

    One of the ACT Government’s priorities is to provide an effective and efficient transport system that meets the needs of the community while reducing its environmental and social impacts. Transport for Canberra sets a new policy direction for transport from now to 2031. See http://www.google.com.au/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=act%20transport%20for%20canberra%20policy&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CHgQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.timetotalk.act.gov.au%2Fstorage%2FTransport%2520Policy%252014%2520October%2520Full.pdf&ei=vefOT7btOsatiAfeiKWJDA&usg=AFQjCNHNVaqOny3VxHZry6Kz9k58IRKRjA

  • City of Sydney (Australia) - Case Study

    181. City of Sydney Regional Bicycle Network Report

    In 2010, the City of Sydney commissioned independent research to quantify the economic benefits of the proposed Inner Sydney Regional Bike Network. The study by AECOM* found the network would deliver at least $506 million - or $3.88 for every dollar spent - in net economic benefits over 30 years, and reduce Sydney's traffic congestion by 4.3 million car trips a year. The study forecasts a 66 per cent increase in bike trips by 2016 and a 71 per cent rise by 2026 if the network is built. See http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/aboutsydney/parkingandtransport/cycling/EcononmicResearchCycling.asp

  • Dominique A Cadilhac et al (Australia) - Research Article

    15. The economic benefits of reducing physical inactivity: An Australian example.

    Physical inactivity has major impacts on health and productivity. Our aim was to estimate the health and economic benefits of reducing the prevalence of physical inactivity in the 2008 Australian adult population.

  • B. Kelly et al (Australia) - Research Article

    73. "Food company sponsors are kind, generous and cool": (Mis)conceptions of junior sports players

    Children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing influences their food knowledge, preferences and consumption. Sport sponsorship by food companies is widespread and industry investment in this marketing is increasing.

  • Department of Transport Western Australia (Australia) - Case Study

    197. Evaluation of the TravelSmart Local Government and Workplace Programs

    The Western Australian Department of Transport (DoT) commissioned Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA) to undertake the “Evaluation of TravelSmart Local Government and Workplace Programs”. The programs are designed to encourage the use of public transport, cycling and walking and, ultimately, to reduce vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) by car, generating health benefits and a reduction in a range of costs to the community including greenhouse gas emissions, air and noise pollution, and traffic congestion. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/assets/files/Physical%20activity%20programs/TS%20progr

  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    112. AIHW Risk factors for cardiovascular disease

    Cardiovascular disease: Australian facts 2011 is the fourth in a series of national reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Cardiovascular Disease, providing an overview of cardiovascular disease in Australia. See http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=10737418510

  • New South Wales Government (Australia) - Strategy Document

    97. Draft NSW Walking Strategy

    In September 2011, the NSW Government released NSW 2021 which includes a target to increase walking for short trips and a commitment to develop a NSW Walking Strategy. Development of a NSW draft Walking Strategy is being managed by a whole-of-government steering group chaired by PCAL. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/draft_nsw_walking_strategy

  • WHO Regional Office for Europe (Switzerland) - Guideline

    85. Health economic assessment tool (HEAT) for cycling

    HEAT is an online resource to estimate the economic savings resulting from reductions in mortality as a consequence of regular cycling and/or walking. It is based on best available evidence, with parameters that can be adapted to fit specific situations. Default parameters are valid for Europe. See http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/health-topics/environment-and-health/Transport-and-health/activities/promotion-of-safe-walking-and-cycling-in-urban-areas/quantifying-the-positive-health-effects-of-cycling-and-walking/health-economic-assessment-tool-heat-for-cycling-and-walking

  • East of England Public Health Observatory (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    99. Soft measures – hard facts: The value for money of transport measures which change travel

    Key messages include travel behaviour change measures can provide high benefits compared to costs, changing how we travel can reduce the need for expensive infrastructure, behaviour change measures can be implemented more quickly than infrastructure projects, all measures achieve carbon reductions. See http://www.erpho.org.uk/viewResource.aspx?id=21632

  • OECD (France) - Epidemiological Report

    351. Obesity and the Economics of Prevention: Fit not Fat

    This book contributes to evidence-based policy making by exploring multiple dimensions of the obesity problem. It examines the scale and characteristics of the epidemic, the respective roles and influence of market forces and governments, and the impact of interventions. It outlines an economic approach to the prevention of chronic diseases that provides novel insights relative to a more traditional public health approach. The analysis was undertaken by the OECD, partly in collaboration with the World Health Organization. See http://www.austroads.com.au/abc/national-cycling-strategy

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Policy Document

    327. PCAL Why active living?

    There is a rapidly growing body of evidence, which demonstrates that being active in everyday life not only has substantial positive impacts on our health, but also has potential environmental, social and economic benefits. To assist and support leaders in the public, private and community sectors to make decisions that will facilitate and encourage active living, PCAL has summarised in this Active Living Statement the key evidence demonstrating the benefits of active living and the individual and social costs of a sedentary lifestyle. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/

  • ACT Sport and Recreation Services (Australia) - Research Article

    339. Building an active community - The economic contribution of sport and recreation in the ACT

    The ACT’s sport and recreation sector is a diverse and vibrant part of the economy. It encompasses the wide range of activities considered to be sport and physical recreation, as well as supporting services such as the provision of sporting facilities and sports-related retail activities and tourism, far beyond its direct economic contribution. In short, sport and physical recreation activities make a substantial and pervasive contribution to community wellbeing. See http://www.ausleisure.com.au/default.asp?PageID=2&ReleaseID=2811&Display=True

  • Lee, Alison et al (Australia) - Case Study

    332. Recognising the economic role of bikes: sharing parking in Lygon Street, Carlton

    This study demonstrates that, in appropriate areas, economic benefits may be achieved from replacing car parking with bike parking in public space areas, particularly as intensification of activity occurs as part of urban change, and as transport mode shifts over time. See http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07293681003767785

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article

    310. The Economic Benefits of Open Space, Recreation Facilities and Walkable Community Design

    This research synthesis reviews the sizable body of peer-reviewed and independent reports on the economic value of outdoor recreation facilities, open spaces and walkable community design. It focuses on “private” benefits that accrue to nearby homeowners and to other users of open space. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/Synthesis_Shoup-Ewing_March2010.pdf

  • Department of Health State Government of Victoria (Australia) - Guideline

    292. VIC Prevention and Population Health Branch evidence and evaluation website

    The information provided on this website aims to support the health promotion and disease prevention workforce to make better use of the evidence and to improve how programs/interventions are evaluated. It aims to do this by providing tools and guidelines, acting as a repository or link for evidence syntheses and evaluations and providing links to selected external sources of evidence. See http://www.health.vic.gov.au/healthpromotion/evidence_evaluation/index.htm

  • Colagiuri, Stephen et al (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    226. The cost of overweight and obesity in Australia

    This study provides a comprehensive estimate of the direct health care and non-health care costs of overweight and obesity in Australia in 2005, calculated to be over $10 billion. This provides us with an accurate, quantifiable effect of current overweight and obesity levels and gives values that can be used to advocate for programs, resources and policies for prevention and management.

  • BHF National Centre Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Epidemiological Report

    294. Economic costs of physical inactivity fact sheet

    Evaluating the economic burdens of preventable disease and disability is becoming increasingly popular in the health sector. This fact sheet summarises some of the key facts and figures on the disease burden of physical inactivity and the associated healthcare and economic costs. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/183/index.html

  • Australian Sports Commisssion (Australia) - Policy Document

    276. The economic contribution of sport to Australia

    In mid-2009 the Australian Sports Commission engaged Frontier Economics to investigate the economic contribution of sport to Australia. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/341072/Frontier_Research_The_Economic_Contribution_of_Sport_summary_report.pdf