Eilin Ekblom-Bak, Orjan Ekbolm, Gunnar Andersson, Petr Wallin, Bjorn Ekbolm. (Sweden) - Research Article
881. Physical Education and leisure-time physical activity in youth are both important for adulthood activity, physical performance and health
Are both important for Adulthood Activity, Physical Performance, and Health?
Rebecca Bentley, Tony Blakely, Anne Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Tania King, Paul McElwee, Billie Giles-Corti, and Gavin Turrell (Australia) - Case Study
871. A Longitudinal Study Examining Changes in Street Connectivity, Land Use, and Density of Dwellings and Walking for Transport in Brisbane, Australia
Societies face the challenge of keeping people active as they age. Walkable neighborhoods have been associated with physical activity, but more rigorous analytical approaches are needed.
Gavin Turrell, Belinda A Hewitt, Jerome N Rachele, Billie Giles-Corti, Lucy Busija, Wendy J Brown (Australia) - Research Article
866. Do active modes of transport cause lower body mass index? Findings from the HABITAT longitudinal study
These two papers use data from the HABITAT (How Areas in Brisbane Influence healTh And acTivity) study. HABITAT is a longitudinal multi-level study of physical activity among people aged 40 years and over living in Brisbane. With over 11,000 participants and 200 neighbourhoods, it is one of the largest studies of its kind.
Rissel, C, Crane, M, Standen, C, Wen, L, Ellison, R, Greaves, S. (Australia) - Research Article
874. Public support for bicycling and transport policies in inner Sydney, Australia: a cross sectional survey
This paper describes the degree of community support and factors associated with this support, for a number of potential transport policy options among an inner-city sample of residents in Sydney, Australia.
Kamada M, Kitayuguchi J, Abe T, Taguri M, Inoue S, Ishikawa Y, Bauman A, Lee IM, Miyachi M, Kawachi I. (Japan) - Epidemiological Report
861. Community-wide intervention and population-level physical activity: a 5-year cluster randomized trial.
Evidence from a limited number of short-term trials indicates the difficulty in achieving population-level improvements in physical activity (PA) through community-wide interventions (CWIs).
Kate E Mason, Prof Neil Pearce, Prof Steven Cummins (United Kingdom) - Research Article
858. Associations between fast food and physical activity environments and adiposity in mid-life: cross-sectional, observational evidence from UK Biobank
The authors examined whether neighbourhood exposure to fast-food outlets and physical activity facilities were associated with adiposity in UK adults.
Jenna Panter, David Ogilvie on behalf of the iConnect consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article
821. Can environmental improvement change the population distribution of walking
Discover how different types of walking are affected by changes in active transport provision in this new study from the UK.
Deborah Salvo, Olga L. Sarmiento, Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Manuel A. Bolivar, Pablo D. Lemoine, Priscilla B. Gonçalves, Michael Pratt (United States) - Research Article
805. Where Latin Americans are physically active, and why does it matter? Findings from the IPEN-adult study in Bogota, Colombia; Cuernavaca, Mexico; and Curitiba, Brazil
Take a look at new findings from the International Physical Activity and Environment Network in Mexico, Brazil and Colombia.
Deborah Salvo, Olga L. Sarmiento, Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Manuel A. Bolivar, Pablo D. Lemoine, Priscilla B. Gonçalves, Michael Pratt (United States) - Research Article
802. En que lugares son los latinos físicamente activos y por que es importante? Resultados del estudio IPEN adultos en Bogotá, Colombia; Cuernavaca, México; y Curitiba, Brasil
Take a look at new findings from the International Physical Activity and Environment Network across three locations in Latin America in the latest GlobalPANet Spanish commentary.
Olga L. Sarmiento, Adriana Díaz del Castillo, Camilo A. Triana, María José Acevedo, Silvia A. Gonzalez, Michael Pratt (Colombia) - Research Article
799. Reclaiming the streets for people: Insights from Ciclovías Recreativas in Latin America
Learn about the sustainability, flexability and scalability of the successful Ciclovías initiative in the latest GlobalPANet Spanish research commentary.
Deborah Cohen, Bing Han, Kathryn P. Derose, Stephanie Williamson, Aaron Paley, Christina Batteate (United States) - Research Article
795. CicLavia: Evaluation of participation, physical activity and cost of an open streets event in Los Angeles
Read about the impact of an mass cycling event in the U.S.
Pablo D. Lemoine, Olga L. Sarmiento, Jose David Pinzón, Jose D. Meisel, Felipe Montes, Dario Hidalgo, Michael Pratt, Juan M. Zambrano, Juan Corodovez, Roberto Zarama (Colombia) - Research Article
779. TransMilenio, un sistema escalable de transporte para promover la actividad física
Learn about the effects of a scalable bus rapid transit system for promoting physical activity in Bogata, Colombia in a new Spanish commentary.
James F Sallis, Ester Cerin, Terry L Conway, Marc A Adams, Lawrence D Frank, Michael Pratt, Deborah Salvo, Jasper Schipperijn, Graham Smith, Kelli L Cain, Rachel Davey, Jacqueline Kerr, Poh-Chin Lai, Josef Mitáš, Rodrigo Reis, Olga L Sarmiento, Grant Schofield, Jens Troelsen, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Neville Owen (United States) - Research Article
766. Physical activity in relation to urban environments in 14 cities worldwide: a cross-sectional study
Take a look at new results from the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN), using data from 14 cities in ten countries on five continents.
Leonie Cranney, Philayrath Phongsavan, Maina Kariuki, Vicki Stride, Ashleigh Scott, Myna Hua, Adrian Bauman (Australia) - Research Article
753. Impact of an outdoor gym on park users’ physical activity: A natural experiment
See how the presence of outdoor fitness facilities relate to physical activity levels.
Eva Heinen, Jenna Panter, Roger Mackett, David Ogilvie (United Kingdom) - Research Article
731. Changes in mode of travel to work: a natural experimental study of new transport infrastructure
Learn how new a guided busway with a path for walking and cycling influenced travel behaviour in this new study from Cambridge, UK.
Rachel Cole, Peter Dunn, Ian Hunter, Neville Owen, Takemi Sugiyama (Australia) - Research Article
730. Walk Score and Australian adults' home-based walking for transport
See how residential walk score relates to actual walking in this Australian study.
Takemi Sugiyama, Lucy D. Gunn, Hayley Christian, Jacinta Francis, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Neville Owen, and Billie Giles-Corti. (Australia) - Research Article
752. Quality of Public Open Spaces and Recreational Walking
Discover associations between local public open space attributes and recreational walking.
Paul J. Christine, Amy H. Auchincloss, Alain G. Bertoni, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Brisa N. Sánchez, Kari Moore, Sara D. Adar, Tamara B. Horwich, Karol E. Watson, Ana V. Diez Roux (United States) - Research Article
721. Longitudinal Associations Between Neighborhood Physical and Social Environments and Incident Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
Take a look at the latest evidence on the benefits of healthy neighborhoods.
Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Ester Cerin, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Benedicte Deforche, Jenny Veitch (Belgium) - Research Article
704. Park proximity, quality and recreational physical activity among mid-older aged adults: moderating effects of individual factors and area of residence
Find out how aspects of parks influence physical activity in Australian middle to older aged adults.
Ai Shibata, Koichiro Oka, Takemi Sugiyama, Ding Ding, Jo Salmon, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen (Japan) - Research Article
705. Perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and prospective changes in TV viewing time among older Australian adults
Explore new findings from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study.
Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Fiona Bull, Evan Jones, Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article
710. Are we developing walkable suburbs through urban planning policy? Identifying the mix of design requirements to optimise walking outcomes from the ‘Liveable Neighbourhoods’ planning policy in Perth, Western Australia
Discover the optimum neighbourhood design regulations for enhancing walking in new analyses from the RESIDE study in Perth, Australia.
Michael Pratt, Shaoman Yin, Robin Soler, Rashid Njai, Paul Z. Siegel, Youlian Liao (United States) - Research Article
701. Does Perceived Neighborhood Walkability and Safety Mediate the Association Between Education and Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines?
Read about how education levels have an influence on the relationship between walkability, safety and physical activity.
Marilyn Tseng, Lukar E. Thornton, Karen E. Lamb, Kylie Ball, David Crawford (Australia) - Research Article
689. Is neighbourhood obesogenicity associated with body mass index in women? Application of an obesogenicity index in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods
See how a new measurement index for food resources, recreational activity resources and walkability was related to BMI in women living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in urban and rural Australia.
Deborah Salvo, Rodrigo S. Reis, Areyh D. Stein, Juan Rivera, Reynaldo Martorell, Michael Pratt (Mexico) - Research Article
687. Características del entorno construido en relación con la actividad física en adultos mexicanos medida objetivamente, 2011
Read GlobalPANet's latest Spanish commentary about characteristics of the built environment in relation to objectively measured physical activity among Mexican adults.
Lauren N. Gase, Noel C. Barragan, Paul A. Simon, Richard J. Jackson, Tony Kuo (United States) - Research Article
685. Public awareness of and support for infrastructure changes designed to increase walking and biking in Los Angeles County
Find out the views of Los Angeles residents towards walking and cycling infrastructure developments in the results of this telephone survey.
Adalberto Aparecido dos Santos Lopes, Alessandra Nunes Lanzoni, Adriano Akira Ferreira Hino, Ciro Romélio Rodriguez-Añez, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis (Brazil) - Research Article
682. Ambiente do bairro percebido e atividade física entre estudantes do ensino médio de Curitiba, Brasil
Find out about the environmental perceived neighborhood characteristics and physical activity among high school students in Curitiba, Brazil in this new Spanish commentary.
Sugiyama, Takemi; Shibata, Ai; Koohsari, Mohammad J; Tanamas, Stephanie K; Oka, Koichiro; Salmon, Jo; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville (Australia) - Research Article
679. Neighborhood Environmental Attributes and Adults' Maintenance of Regular Walking
Take a look at new evidence of the long term effects of the neighborhood environment on walking in new findings from Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab).
Jana A. Hirsch, Kari A. Moore, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Shannon J. Brines, Melissa A. Zagorski, Daniel A. Rodriguez and Ana V. Diez Roux (United States) - Research Article
658. Built environment change and change in BMI and waist circumference: Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
Discover whether supportive environments are positively associated with reduced rates of obesity.
Anna Goodman, Shannon Sahlqvist, David Ogilvie, and on behalf of the iConnect Consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article
652. New walking and cycling routes and increased physical activity: One and 2-year findings from the UK iConnect Study
Take a look at the effect on physical activity levels of new provision for walking and cycling.
Adewale L Oyeyemi, Cornelius M Ishaku, Benedicte Deforche, Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Delfien Van Dyck (Nigeria) - Research Article
632. Perception of built environmental factors and physical activity among adolescents in Nigeria
Find out how adolescents’ perception of the built environment influenced their active transport and leisure time physical activity and the possible influence of neighbourhood income.
Vincent Stops (United Kingdom) - Case Study
666. How Hackney became London’s most liveable borough
Learn how to transform your community through design initiatives implemented by Hackney.
Sara Zimmerman, Karen Kramer, Matthew J. Trowbridge (United States) - Research Article
611. Overcoming Legal Liability Concerns for School-Based Physical Activity Promotion
Find out how to minimise legal risks associated with school based programs such as active playground.
Sarah Foster, Mathew Knuiman, Paula Hooper, Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article
621. Do changes in residents’ fear of crime impact their walking? Longitudinal results from RESIDE
See how fear impacts walking rates for recreation and transport.
The Centre for Market and Public Organisation (United Kingdom) - Research Article
574. The Socioeconomic Gradient in Physical Inactivity in England
Learn about the links between socioeconomic gradient and physical activity in new data from the Health Survey for England.
Jose D. Meisel, Olga L. Sarmiento, Felipe Montes, Edwin O. Martinez, Pablo D. Lemoine, Juan A. Valdivia, Ross C. Brownson, and Roberto Zarama (Colombia) - Research Article
573. Network Analysis of Bogotá's Ciclovía Recreativa, a Self-Organized Multisectorial Community Program to Promote Physical Activity in a Middle-Income Country
Read about how the Columbian Ciclovía Recreativa program has been successful through the effective use of multi-sectoral partnerships.
LiveWell Colorado and the Colorado Municipal League (CML) (United States) - Case Study
566. HEAL (Healthy Eating and Active Living) Cities & Towns Campaign of Colorado
Take a look at this new initiative in the U.S which provides training and technical assistance to help municipal officials adopt policies that improve access to physical activity and healthy food in their communities.
Yolanda Escalante, Antonio García-Hermoso, Karianne Backx and Jose M. Saavedra (Spain) - Research Article
553. Playground Designs to Increase Physical Activity Levels During School Recess: A Systematic Review
Find out what features of playgrounds are conducive to physical activity from a number of studies featured in this new review.
Anna Goodman, Shannon Sahlqvist, David Ogilvie (United Kingdom) - Research Article
560. Who uses new walking and cycling infrastructure and how? Longitudinal results from the UK iConnect study
Find out about the usage and uptake of new walking and cycling infrastructure in several towns in the UK.
Ester Cerin, Ka-yiu Lee, Anthony Barnett, Cindy HP Sit, Man-chin Cheung, Janice M Johnston (Hong Kong) - Research Article
550. Walking for transportation in Hong Kong Chinese urban elders: a cross-sectional study on what destinations matter and when
See how destinations for walking relate to walking behavior in older people in Hong Kong.
Takemi Sugiyama, Billie Giles-Corti, Jacqui Summers, Lorinne du Toit, Eva Leslie, Neville Owen (Australia) - Research Article
549. Initiating and maintaining recreational walking: A longitudinal study on the influence of neighborhood green space
Find out how neighbourhood green space affects walking in this new study from South Australia.
Ding Ding, Marc A Adams, James F Sallis, Gregory J Norman, Melbourn F Hovell, Christina D Chambers, C Hofstetter, Heather R Bowles, Maria Hagströmer, Cora L Craig, Luis Gomez, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Duncan J Macfarlane, Barbara E Ainsworth, Patrick Bergman, Fiona C Bull, Harriette Carr, Lena Klasson-Heggebo, Shigeru Inoue, Norio Murase, Sandra Matsudo, Victor Matsudo, Grant McLean, Michael Sjöström, Heidi Tomten, Johan Lefevre, Vida Volbekiene, Adrian E Bauman (Australia) - Research Article
547. Perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity in 11 countries: Do associations differ by country?
See how the built environment relates to physical activity levels across 11 countries in 5 contients, including Brazil, Lithuania and Hong Kong.
Arthritis Foundation (United States) - Policy Document
542. Environmental and Policy Strategies to Increase Physical Activity Among Adults with Arthritis
This document is designed to engage six important sectors as partners with a mutual interest in increasing physical activity among adults with arthritis using environmental and policy strategies.
Canada Walks (Canada) - Case Study
546. WALK Friendly Ontario
WALK Friendly Ontario is a recognition program that encourages municipalities to create and improve spaces and places to walk by awarding Bronze, Silver, Gold or Platinum designations.
Hawai‘i State Department of Health (United States) - Strategy Document
544. 2013-2020 Hawai'i Physical Activity and Nutrition Plan
The PAN Plan 2020 identifies priority objectives to integrate physical activity and nutrition into the daily lives of the people of Hawai‘i. The 22 objectives will help create environments and policies that ensure daily physical activity and healthy eating.
The Playing Out Project (United Kingdom) - Website
536. Playing Out
Visit this fun website about how to activate neighbourhood street play and promote playing out as a normal everyday activity for all children.
Marc A Adams, Ding Ding, James F Sallis, Heather R Bowles, Barbara E Ainsworth, Patrick Bergman, Fiona C Bull, Harriette Carr, Cora L Craig, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Luis Fernando Gomez, Maria Hagströmer, Lena Klasson-Heggebø, Shigeru Inoue, Johan Lefevre, Duncan J Macfarlane, Sandra Matsudo, Victor Matsudo, Grant McLean, Norio Murase, Michael Sjöström, Heidi Tomten, Vida Volbekiene, Adrian Bauman (United States) - Research Article
505. Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: a latent class analysis
Learn more about associations between neighborhood environment patterns and physical activity in this large study in 11 countries, including Australia.
Mayor of London (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
477. Shaping neighbourhoods: Play and informal recreation supplementary planning guidance
This guidance from the Mayor of London gives practical advice about how to create spaces for play in new developments in urban areas for young people.
National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
476. Walking and cycling: local measures to promote walking and cycling as forms of travel or recreation
This guidance aims to set out how people can be encouraged to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes to help meet public health and other goals such as reducing traffic congestion.
Andrea Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos and Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article
470. Access to commercial destinations within the neighbourhood and walking among Australian older adults
Learn about the influences of walking destinations for older adults in this study from Perth.
Billie Giles-Corti, Fiona Bull, Matthew Knuiman, Gavin McCormack, Kimberly Van Niel, Anna Timperio, Hayley Christian, Sarah Foster, Mark Divitini, Nick Middleton, Bryan Boruff (Australia) - Research Article
463. The influence of urban design on neighbourhood walking following residential relocation: Longitudinal results from the RESIDE study
Take a look at the long term results from the RESIDE study, a natural experiment examining the impact of urban planning on active living in Perth, WA.
Jizzo R. Bosdriesz, Margot I. Witvliet, Tommy L.S. Visscher, Anton E. Kunst (Netherlands) - Research Article
455. The influence of the macro-environment on physical activity: a multilevel analysis of 38 countries worldwide
This study examined the associations between macro-level environmental attributes and physical activity in 38 countries using data from the World Health Survey.
Active Living Research (United States) - Guideline
430. Factsheet: Do All Children Have Places to be Active?
Learn about physical activity disparities amongst ethnic and racial minorities and lower income communities.
Groundwork (United Kingdom) - Policy Document
422. Grey Places Need Green Spaces
Read about why we should invest in green spaces.
Children and Nature Network (United States) - Strategy Document
423. Green Environments are Essential to Children's Health
Take a look at why children benefit from contact with the outdoors and nature.
Jenny Veitch et al. (Australia) - Research Article
382. Park Improvements and Park Activity: A Natural Experiment
This study in Victoria demonstrated increased park usage and physical activity following park upgrades.
The Lancet (United Kingdom) - Research Article
383. Shaping Cities for Health
Take a look at this Commission published by the Lancet journal which focuses on how policy makers can develop urban areas to foster the health of citizens so that they become healthy cities.
Lisa wood et al (Australia) - Research Article
376. Sense of community and its relationship with walking and neighborhood design
The aim of this study is to examine the association between sense of community, walking, and neighborhood design characteristics. The current study is based on a sub-sample of participants (n = 609) from the US Atlanta SMARTRAQ study who completed a telephone survey capturing physical activity patterns, neighborhood perceptions, and social interactions. Objective measures of neighborhood form were also computed.
Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Guideline
149. Creating Places for People : an Australian Urban Design Protocol
The Major Cities Unit was involved in the development of Creating Places for People. It is a collaborative commitment to best practice urban design in Australia. The protocol is the result of two years of collaboration between peak community and industry organisations, States, Territories, Local Governments, and the Australian Government.
University of New South Wales Built Environment (Australia) - Website
150. Healthy Built Environments Literature Review
City Futures Research Centre's publications include refereed journal articles, books, research papers, issues papers, project reports as well as conference and seminar presentations.
All publications and presentations listed on City Futures web site may be downloaded without a charge.
Living Streets (United Kingdom) - Website
148. Making the case for investment in the walking environment
Living Streets is the national charity that stands up for pedestrians. It works to create safe, attractive, enjoyable streets where it’s great to walk. At Living Streets, they believe streets are worth fighting for. With supporters, Living Streets works to create streets that really put people first. When there are streets we want to walk in, lives are transformed - we are healthier, happier and more sociable.
Be Active WA (Australia) - Case Study
369. Physical Activity Taskforce case studies
This website gives links to physical activity case studies, including best practice local government initiatives in relation to policy and planning, walking, programs and services, the built environment and sample physical activity plans.
Australian Government (Australia) - Guideline
207. Creating Places for People – an urban design protocol for Australian cities
Creating Places for People is a collaborative commitment to best practice urban design in Australia. The protocol is the result of two years of collaboration between peak community and industry organisations, States, Territories, Local Governments, and the Australian Government.
Outdoors Alliance for Kids (United States) - Policy Document
202. US Healthy Kids Outdoors Act
The Healthy Kids Outdoors Act will support state, local and federal strategies to connect youth and families with the natural world, improve children’s health and support future economic growth and conservation efforts. This legislation will help get Americans active outdoors through natural play; outdoor recreation such as camping, hiking, hunting and fishing; public health initiatives; outdoor learning environments; service learning and other initiatives.
Two Bulls (Australia) - Website
208. myparx App
My Parx is a mobile app for park visitors that lets people find and explore parks that interest them. Discover the secrets of favourite parks through exploring up-to-date information, interactive maps, and personal guided tours.
Heart Foundation (Australia) - Strategy Document
205. Good for Busine$$ Discussion Paper
The Heart Foundation (SA) commissioned this discussion paper to bring together the evidence around the financial benefits to retailers and residents in making commercial streets more walking and cycling friendly. Walking and cycling to local shops is good for business and good for the local economy and is essential to the success of revitalisation strategies. Streetscape enhancements add value to an area and are associated with higher rents and the attraction of new businesses.
Healthy Parks Healthy People (Australia) - Website
193. Active in Parks
A program has been developed to help Geelong get healthier, more active and connected to the great outdoors. Geelong’s Active in Parks website provides advice and tips on locations and activities to plan outdoor activities.
Environment and Sustainable Development Directorat (Australia) - Strategy Document
185. ACT Transport for Canberra policy
One of the ACT Government’s priorities is to provide an effective and efficient transport system that meets the needs of the community while reducing its environmental and social impacts. Transport for Canberra sets a new policy direction for transport from now to 2031.
A. Bauman et al (Australia) - Research Article
76. "Where have all the bicycles gone?"
The objective of this research was to explore whether the reported increase in bicycle sales in Australia is corroborated by increases in numbers of cyclists.
Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Website
190. Death by suburban sprawl: better urban planning will combat sedentary lifestyle
Billie Giles-Corti looks at how the built environment impacts the development of NCDs.
NSW Government (Australia) - Strategy Document
194. NSW 2021
NSW 2021 is a plan to make NSW number one. It is a 10 year plan to rebuild the economy, provide quality services, renovate infrastructure,restore government accountability, and
strengthen local environment and communities.
Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Policy Document
104. Active Living Integrated Planning & Reporting Resource for Council
The Active Living Integrated Planning and Reporting Resource has been prepared to provide guidance to councils (and other interested parties) on how to address active living principles and practices, as councils prepare and implement the new IPR Framework.
Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Newsletter
136. PCAL July Healthy Planning Forum
This newsletter outlines Healthy Planning Events including Integrated Strategic Planning for Health, an afternoon seminar with Professor Hugh Barton, Built Environment Faculty Utzon Lecture and a Guided Bus Tour of Sydney s Healthy Built Environments.
Equity Justice Access (Australia) - Newsletter
145. Proximity to Transport is a Health, Gender and Equity Issue…
This year the Department of Health released a dataset on Local Government Area Performance in 2009 against a whole range of indices that impact health. The most cogent evidence of a link between physical activity and a physical asset that encouraged physical activity, was the data for the percentage of residents within 400m of a public transport stop.
MJ Douglas et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
53. Are cars the new tobacco?
Public health must continually respond to new threats reflecting wider societal changes. Ecological public health recognizes the links between human health and global sustainability. We argue that these links are typified by the harms caused by dependence on private cars.
Australian Government Department of Infrastructure (Australia) - Policy Document
16. Our cities building a productive, sustainable and liveable future
Our Cities, Our Future sets in place the Australian Government's objectives and directions for our cities as we prepare for the decades ahead.
Hayley Christian et al (Australia) - Research Article
44. The influence of the built environment, social environment and health behaviors
The objective was to examine the individual, behavioral, social and built environment correlates of body mass index (BMI) in an Australian adult population. Whilst evidence mounts of built environment correlates to physical activity, translation of these effects on BMI remains elusive.
Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Policy Document
143. National Urban Policy - Our Cities Our Future
The Australian Government is committed to strengthening the advantages of Australia’s
cities and responding to emerging environmental, infrastructure and social challenges.
In releasing the first National Urban Policy, the Australian Government is establishing a
comprehensive framework of goals, objectives and principles which it has committed
to and will apply in determining its future actions in Australia’s major cities, that is, those
with population greater than 100,000 people.
Heart Foundation (Australia) - Research Article
147. Creating Healthy Neighbourhoods – Consumer Preferences for Healthy Development
The Heart Foundation is interested in what the community thinks about healthy neighbourhoods. In October 2009 a Newspoll telephone survey was commissioned to find out whether healthy neighbourhood features influence their decision about where to live.
United Nations Human Settlements Programme (Kenya) - Strategy Document
124. Draft resolution on sustainable urban development through access to quality urban public spaces
7 submissions from the drafting group of the Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme.
Planet Ark (Australia) - Research Article
192. Climbing Trees: Getting Aussie Kids Back Outdoors
Planet Ark commissioned an independent study to investigate childhood interaction with nature and how this interaction is changing.
Rachel Clark et al (Australia) - Guideline
128. Local government and obesity prevention : an evidence resource
This evidence resource has been developed specifically to assist those working in local government with policy and practice-level decisions broadly related to obesity prevention.
New South Wales Government (Australia) - Strategy Document
97. Draft NSW Walking Strategy
In September 2011, the NSW Government released NSW 2021 which includes a target to increase walking for short trips and a commitment to develop a NSW Walking Strategy. Development of a NSW draft Walking Strategy is being managed by a whole-of-government steering group chaired by PCAL.
Jenny Veitch et al (Australia) - Research Article
66. Is the Neighbourhood Environment Associated with Sedentary Behaviour Outside of School Hours
Little is known about neighbourhood environments and children’s sedentary behaviour outside school hours. This study aims to examine the associations between public open spaces (POS), parent perceptions of the neighbourhood and children’s sedentary behaviours.
Kim Anderson (Canada) - Research Article
100. Designed Playgrounds that Engage Children in Physical Activity and More
This article offers background information on the City of Edmonton’s experience with using a “design” approach for playground developments.
Active Living Foundation (United States) - Research Article
116. Potential of Safe, Secure and Accessible Playgrounds to Increase Children's Physical Activity
This brief summarizes research on playgrounds and how playgrounds impact physical activity
among children. For the purposes of this brief, a playground is defined as a small, publicly
owned, outdoor area that features play equipment and provides recreational physical activity
for younger children.
Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Guideline
103. NSW Developer's Checklist with Case Studies
This Checklist is a companion document to the Premier’s Council for Active Living
(PCAL) publication “Development & Active Living: Designing Projects For Active Living
– A Development Assessment Resource & Navigational Tool.”
NSW Department of Planning (Australia) - Policy Document
84. NSW Department of Planning Position Statement Planning for Active Living
This position statement affirms the commitment of the Department of Planning to pursue initiatives to
support the continuing creation and maintenance of environments supportive of active living.
East of England Public Health Observatory (United Kingdom) - Research Article
99. Soft measures – hard facts: The value for money of transport measures which change travel
Key messages include travel behaviour change measures can provide high benefits compared to costs, changing how we travel can reduce the need for expensive infrastructure, behaviour change measures can be implemented more quickly than infrastructure projects, all measures achieve carbon reductions.
City of Sydney (Australia) - Strategy Document
102. StreetShare Strategy
To progress its vision for a green, global,connected city by 2030, the City of Sydney has
commenced construction of a network of cycle routes with the target of achieving 10% of trips by inner Sydney residents by bicycle by 2016.
Sustrans (United Kingdom) - Website
356. Quality Streets
Why do we need Quality Streets? According to the Sustrans campaign, quality streets are needed because they are the key to unlocking a communities' potential. On a quality street, you would know your neighbours and their children and they will know you. On a quality street, you are happy to let your children play out, and that's where you'll find them instead of parked in front of the computer. And if there were more quality streets, more people could choose to walk or cycle rather than drive.
Planning Aid (United Kingdom) - Guideline
355. Good practice guide to public engagement in development schemes
This guide is intended to provide practical advice for all those involved in public engagement in development schemes which require planning consent.
Foster, S et al (Australia) - Research Article
254. Neighbourhood design and fear of crime
This study, part of the RESIDE project in Perth, WA examined relationships between neighbourhood design and residents’ fear of crime in new suburban housing developments, finding supportive evidence for walkable neighbourhoods linked to perceived safety.
Department of Infrastucture and Planning (Australia) - Guideline
363. Transit oriented development guide
Transit oriented development: Guide for practitioners in Queensland is designed to build understanding of the transit oriented development (TOD) concept and good practice in the Queensland context. It has been written for practitioners, including urban planners, urban designers, transport professionals, local and state government officers and industry representatives and developers. A successful TOD will respond to local context and opportunities.
Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Case Study
341. PCAL Active Living Case Studies
In response to the increasing evidence linking urban planning to low levels of community participation in physical activity, the New South Wales Premier's Council for Active Living (PCAL) has developed a web-based resource Designing Places for Active Living . PCAL has also compiled a series of NSW case studies to demonstrate the successful application of Active Living design considerations for each of the specific environments within the Designing Places for Active Living resource.
Seaman, Peter J et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article
270. It's not just about the park, it's about integration too
This paper provides interesting new evidence from qualitative research looking at why people in urban areas choose to use, or not use, local public greenspace. It found that improving access to greenspace for all in urban communities needs to take account of social cohesion and broader community factors as well as providing high quality resources such as parks, footpaths, activities and lighting.
Pucher, John (United States) - Research Article
256. Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data
This paper, by Rutgers University (USA) academic, John Pucher, examines the ecologic association between travel data and health risk. Travel data, and sometimes, health surveys, were used to calculate the proportion of the population that actively commuted by walking or cycling, described as the 'active transport' segment of the population. This study examined ecologic associations, and observed interesting correlates.
Nature Play WA (Australia) - Website
333. Nature Play WA
The aim of Nature Play WA is to help parents help their children make the most of outdoor activities involving the bush, beach, and national and neighbourhood parks. Nature Play WA is devoted to helping West Australian children and their families connect with nature and help build stronger, healthier communities.
Sugiyama, T et al (Australia) - Research Article
250. Associations Between Recreational Walking and Attractiveness, Size & Proximity of Neighborhood
This study of 1366 adults examined whether attractiveness, size or proximity of a neighbourhood open space was more strongly associated with recreational walking. Participants were drawn from the Residential Environments (RESIDE) study in Perth, and geographical information systems and park audit data were used to identify the largest, most attractive and nearest neighbourhood open spaces within a 1.6km radius of where participants lived. Recreational walking was measured by asking participants to report their total time spent walking within their neighbourhood.
Australian Local Government Association (Australia) - Strategy Document
345. An Australian Vision for Active Transport
The Vision calls for a national approach to active transport to drive sharp improvements in:
> preventative health and physical activity;
> sustainable and liveable urban communities;
> environment and carbon pollution reduction;
> social inclusion;
> traffic congestion; and
> road safety.
MacDonald, John M et al (United States) - Research Article
246. The Effect of Light Rail Transit on Body Mass Index and Physical Activity
This study from the U.S. examines the cross-sectional associations between objective and perceived measures of the built environment; BMI; obesity and meeting weekly recommended physical activity (RPA) levels through walking and vigorous exercise. The study also looks at the effect of introducing an LRT system on BMI, obesity, and physical activity levels.
Titze, S (Austria) - Research Article
247. Associations Between Intrapersonal and Neighborhood Environmental Characteristics and Cycling
These latest findings from the RESIDE study, a longitudinal study in Perth examining associations between neighbourhoods and health, cross-sectionally investigates the relationships of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and intrapersonal factors to cycling. Findings suggest attractive neighbourhoods, low traffic speed and increased street connectivity are associated with increased levels of cycling.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Strategy Document
326. US CDC State indicator report on physical activity 2010
The State Indicator Report on Physical Activity, 2010, provides information on physical activity behavior and policy and environmental supports within each state. Physical activity, essential to overall health, can help control weight, reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers, strengthen bones and muscles, and improve mental health.
Rissel, Chris et al (Australia) - Research Article
241. Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers
This study reports on trends in media coverage of cycling in the main broad sheet and tabloid newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne, generally uncovering increasingly positive framing of cycling over the past decade. Newspapers can serve as important tools for promoting healthy behaviours such as cycling due to their wide distribution and high readership rates. Cycling also creates broader societal benefits in terms of the environment, transport and the economy.
Lusk, Anne C. et al (United States) - Research Article
242. Bicycle Riding, Walking, and Weight Gain in Premenopausal Women
This paper reports the results of a large 16 year prospective cohort study of 18,414 healthy premenopausal women in the United States. The objective of the study was to assess the association between cycling and weight maintenance in premenopausal women.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Research Article
323. 2006 Time Use Survey on Recreation & Leisure Activities
This report presents selected results from the 2006 Time Use Survey (TUS) on how
people choose to spend their time, with a focus on activities conducted during free time,
in particular, sport and outdoor activities.
Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article
310. The Economic Benefits of Open Space, Recreation Facilities and Walkable Community Design
This research synthesis reviews the sizable body of peer-reviewed and independent reports on the economic value of outdoor recreation facilities, open spaces and walkable community design. It focuses on “private” benefits that accrue to nearby homeowners and to other users of open space.
Pelser, Deborah (Australia) - Research Article
233. Super size me: is a big Australia good for our health?
The current government intend to increase the population of Australia to an estimated 35 million persons by 2049, an increase of over 12 million in fewer than 40 years. It is believed the increase in population will result in economic growth with a greater demand for business, increasing the number of jobs.
Despite the positive effects on business, what will this population increase mean for the health of all Australians? This paper debates the health consequences of ‘super sizing’ Australia, highlighting the negative effects on health.
Quigg, Robin et al (New Zealand) - Research Article
222. Using accelerometers and GPS units to identify the proportion of daily physical activity
There are relationships between the built environment and levels of physical activity and obesity. Previous research has identified playgrounds as facilities that can increase physical activity levels in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the location of physical activity in primary school aged children, and identify the proportion of physical activity occurring in public parks with playgrounds.
Dance, Matthew (Canada) - Research Article
309. Using Mapping and Social Networking Tools to Promote Physical Activity
This article explores the idea of a smart phone (e.g., a BlackBerry, iPhone or Android mobile device) and the Internet adding value to an outdoor activity, helping to promote participation. The author suggests that social networking tools, online mapping tools and mobile devices can enable increased “community building” around outdoor activities, potentially contributing to increased physical activity among the general population.
Department of State Development, Infrastructure (Australia) - Strategy Document
301. Draft Queensland Greenspace Strategy
The Queensland Greenspace Strategy supports delivery of the government’s Toward Q2: Tomorrow’s Queensland statewide target of protecting 50 per cent more land for nature conservation and public recreation by 2020 in line with the strategic directions and vision for our state. Green space represents those places where people play, recreate and socialise.
Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article
282. Parks, Playgrounds and Active Living: Research Synthesis
This synthesis summarizes the growing body of evidence concerning the role of parks in shaping active lifestyles across a variety of study populations, including children, seniors, lower-income families, specific racial and ethnic groups and other populations at high risk of being inactive.
The need to further substantiate these findings and to extend park, playground and active living research into other topical areas using more sophisticated research designs also is discussed.
Liverpool JMU Centre for Public Health (United Kingdom) - Research Article
283. Urban Green Space and Public Health Fact Sheet
Urban green space is defined as any vegetated land within, or adjoining an urban area.The extent of urban green space is difficult to estimate as it may include a wide variety of amenities (such as allotments, playgrounds, canal towpaths as well as parks). Public parks only represent about one third of all urban green space in the UK. There are inextricable links between human beings and the natural environment Urban green spaces impact positively on the health of local populations in many ways.
Active Living Research (United States) - Website
273. Active Living Research
Active Living Research is a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The primary goal is to support and share research on environmental and policy strategies that can promote daily physical activity for children and families across the United States. They place special emphasis on research related to children of color and lower-income children who are at highest risk for obesity.
Rissel, Chris (Australia) - Research Article
217. The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion
Cycling has many benefits as a low-cost form of health-enhancing physical activity and a means of reducing environmental impact through sustainable transport. However, in Australia’s car dominated towns and cities, finding effective ways of promoting increases in cycling is challenging. The effects of changes to infrastructure on physical activity behaviour have rarely been investigated. This paper reports on the Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project, a community-based cycling promotion program in low-economic areas of urban Sydney.
NSW Health (Australia) - Guideline
343. Healthy Urban Development Checklist
The purpose of the checklist is to assist health professionals to provide advice on urban development policies, plans and proposals. It is intended to ensure that the advice provided is both comprehensive and consistent. The checklist is principally about helping
to answer the questions:
What are the health effects of the urban development policy, plan or proposal?
How can it be improved to provide better health outcomes?
Interdisciplinary Centre for Environment & Society (United Kingdom) - Research Article
293. Nature, Childhood, Health and Life Pathways
There is growing evidence to show that children’s contact with nature and consequent levels of physical activity affects not only their well-being but also their health in later life.It is well established that exposure to natural places can lead to positive mental health outcomes, whether a view of nature from a window, being within natural places or exercising in these environments. Green space is important for mental wellbeing, longevity and decreased risk of mental ill-health across a number of countries.
Australian Research Alliance for Children & Youth (Australia) - Research Article
272. Parks and open space: for the health and wellbeing of children and young people
Parks and open space: for the health and wellbeing of children and young people was
developed in partnership with the Centre for the Built Environment and Health, University of Western Australia. The report examines the evidence and knowledge gaps relating to the contribution that parks and open space can make to the health and wellbeing of children and young people.
World Health Organisation (Denmark) - Guideline
303. A healthy city is an active city: a physical activity planning guide
This planning guide provides a range of ideas, information and tools for developing a comprehensive plan for creating a healthy, active city by enhancing physical activity in the urban environment. By developing, improving and supporting opportunities in the built and social environments, city leaders and their partners can enable all citizens to be physically active in day-to-day life.