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  • Eilin Ekblom-Bak, Orjan Ekbolm, Gunnar Andersson, Petr Wallin, Bjorn Ekbolm. (Sweden) - Research Article

    881. Physical Education and leisure-time physical activity in youth are both important for adulthood activity, physical performance and health

    Are both important for Adulthood Activity, Physical Performance, and Health?

  • Rebecca Bentley, Tony Blakely, Anne Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Tania King, Paul McElwee, Billie Giles-Corti, and Gavin Turrell (Australia) - Case Study

    871. A Longitudinal Study Examining Changes in Street Connectivity, Land Use, and Density of Dwellings and Walking for Transport in Brisbane, Australia

    Societies face the challenge of keeping people active as they age. Walkable neighborhoods have been associated with physical activity, but more rigorous analytical approaches are needed.

  • Gavin Turrell, Belinda A Hewitt, Jerome N Rachele, Billie Giles-Corti, Lucy Busija, Wendy J Brown (Australia) - Research Article

    866. Do active modes of transport cause lower body mass index? Findings from the HABITAT longitudinal study

    These two papers use data from the HABITAT (How Areas in Brisbane Influence healTh And acTivity) study. HABITAT is a longitudinal multi-level study of physical activity among people aged 40 years and over living in Brisbane. With over 11,000 participants and 200 neighbourhoods, it is one of the largest studies of its kind.

  • Rissel, C, Crane, M, Standen, C, Wen, L, Ellison, R, Greaves, S. (Australia) - Research Article

    874. Public support for bicycling and transport policies in inner Sydney, Australia: a cross sectional survey

    This paper describes the degree of community support and factors associated with this support, for a number of potential transport policy options among an inner-city sample of residents in Sydney, Australia.

  • Kamada M, Kitayuguchi J, Abe T, Taguri M, Inoue S, Ishikawa Y, Bauman A, Lee IM, Miyachi M, Kawachi I. (Japan) - Epidemiological Report

    861. Community-wide intervention and population-level physical activity: a 5-year cluster randomized trial.

    Evidence from a limited number of short-term trials indicates the difficulty in achieving population-level improvements in physical activity (PA) through community-wide interventions (CWIs).

  • Kate E Mason, Prof Neil Pearce, Prof Steven Cummins (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    858. Associations between fast food and physical activity environments and adiposity in mid-life: cross-sectional, observational evidence from UK Biobank

    The authors examined whether neighbourhood exposure to fast-food outlets and physical activity facilities were associated with adiposity in UK adults.

  • Jenna Panter, David Ogilvie on behalf of the iConnect consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    821. Can environmental improvement change the population distribution of walking

    Discover how different types of walking are affected by changes in active transport provision in this new study from the UK.

  • Deborah Salvo, Olga L. Sarmiento, Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Manuel A. Bolivar, Pablo D. Lemoine, Priscilla B. Gonçalves, Michael Pratt (United States) - Research Article

    805. Where Latin Americans are physically active, and why does it matter? Findings from the IPEN-adult study in Bogota, Colombia; Cuernavaca, Mexico; and Curitiba, Brazil

    Take a look at new findings from the International Physical Activity and Environment Network in Mexico, Brazil and Colombia.

  • Deborah Salvo, Olga L. Sarmiento, Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Manuel A. Bolivar, Pablo D. Lemoine, Priscilla B. Gonçalves, Michael Pratt (United States) - Research Article

    802. En que lugares son los latinos físicamente activos y por que es importante? Resultados del estudio IPEN adultos en Bogotá, Colombia; Cuernavaca, México; y Curitiba, Brasil

    Take a look at new findings from the International Physical Activity and Environment Network across three locations in Latin America in the latest GlobalPANet Spanish commentary.

  • Olga L. Sarmiento, Adriana Díaz del Castillo, Camilo A. Triana, María José Acevedo, Silvia A. Gonzalez, Michael Pratt (Colombia) - Research Article

    799. Reclaiming the streets for people: Insights from Ciclovías Recreativas in Latin America

    Learn about the sustainability, flexability and scalability of the successful Ciclovías initiative in the latest GlobalPANet Spanish research commentary.

  • Deborah Cohen, Bing Han, Kathryn P. Derose, Stephanie Williamson, Aaron Paley, Christina Batteate (United States) - Research Article

    795. CicLavia: Evaluation of participation, physical activity and cost of an open streets event in Los Angeles

    Read about the impact of an mass cycling event in the U.S.

  • Pablo D. Lemoine, Olga L. Sarmiento, Jose David Pinzón, Jose D. Meisel, Felipe Montes, Dario Hidalgo, Michael Pratt, Juan M. Zambrano, Juan Corodovez, Roberto Zarama (Colombia) - Research Article

    779. TransMilenio, un sistema escalable de transporte para promover la actividad física

    Learn about the effects of a scalable bus rapid transit system for promoting physical activity in Bogata, Colombia in a new Spanish commentary.

  • James F Sallis, Ester Cerin, Terry L Conway, Marc A Adams, Lawrence D Frank, Michael Pratt, Deborah Salvo, Jasper Schipperijn, Graham Smith, Kelli L Cain, Rachel Davey, Jacqueline Kerr, Poh-Chin Lai, Josef Mitáš, Rodrigo Reis, Olga L Sarmiento, Grant Schofield, Jens Troelsen, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Neville Owen (United States) - Research Article

    766. Physical activity in relation to urban environments in 14 cities worldwide: a cross-sectional study

    Take a look at new results from the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN), using data from 14 cities in ten countries on five continents.

  • Leonie Cranney, Philayrath Phongsavan, Maina Kariuki, Vicki Stride, Ashleigh Scott, Myna Hua, Adrian Bauman (Australia) - Research Article

    753. Impact of an outdoor gym on park users’ physical activity: A natural experiment

    See how the presence of outdoor fitness facilities relate to physical activity levels.

  • Eva Heinen, Jenna Panter, Roger Mackett, David Ogilvie (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    731. Changes in mode of travel to work: a natural experimental study of new transport infrastructure

    Learn how new a guided busway with a path for walking and cycling influenced travel behaviour in this new study from Cambridge, UK.

  • Rachel Cole, Peter Dunn, Ian Hunter, Neville Owen, Takemi Sugiyama (Australia) - Research Article

    730. Walk Score and Australian adults' home-based walking for transport

    See how residential walk score relates to actual walking in this Australian study.

  • Takemi Sugiyama, Lucy D. Gunn, Hayley Christian, Jacinta Francis, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Neville Owen, and Billie Giles-Corti. (Australia) - Research Article

    752. Quality of Public Open Spaces and Recreational Walking

    Discover associations between local public open space attributes and recreational walking.

  • Paul J. Christine, Amy H. Auchincloss, Alain G. Bertoni, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Brisa N. Sánchez, Kari Moore, Sara D. Adar, Tamara B. Horwich, Karol E. Watson, Ana V. Diez Roux (United States) - Research Article

    721. Longitudinal Associations Between Neighborhood Physical and Social Environments and Incident Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

    Take a look at the latest evidence on the benefits of healthy neighborhoods.

  • Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Ester Cerin, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Benedicte Deforche, Jenny Veitch (Belgium) - Research Article

    704. Park proximity, quality and recreational physical activity among mid-older aged adults: moderating effects of individual factors and area of residence

    Find out how aspects of parks influence physical activity in Australian middle to older aged adults.

  • Ai Shibata, Koichiro Oka, Takemi Sugiyama, Ding Ding, Jo Salmon, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen (Japan) - Research Article

    705. Perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and prospective changes in TV viewing time among older Australian adults

    Explore new findings from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study.

  • Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Fiona Bull, Evan Jones, Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article

    710. Are we developing walkable suburbs through urban planning policy? Identifying the mix of design requirements to optimise walking outcomes from the ‘Liveable Neighbourhoods’ planning policy in Perth, Western Australia

    Discover the optimum neighbourhood design regulations for enhancing walking in new analyses from the RESIDE study in Perth, Australia.

  • Michael Pratt, Shaoman Yin, Robin Soler, Rashid Njai, Paul Z. Siegel, Youlian Liao (United States) - Research Article

    701. Does Perceived Neighborhood Walkability and Safety Mediate the Association Between Education and Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines?

    Read about how education levels have an influence on the relationship between walkability, safety and physical activity.

  • Marilyn Tseng, Lukar E. Thornton, Karen E. Lamb, Kylie Ball, David Crawford (Australia) - Research Article

    689. Is neighbourhood obesogenicity associated with body mass index in women? Application of an obesogenicity index in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods

    See how a new measurement index for food resources, recreational activity resources and walkability was related to BMI in women living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in urban and rural Australia.

  • Deborah Salvo, Rodrigo S. Reis, Areyh D. Stein, Juan Rivera, Reynaldo Martorell, Michael Pratt (Mexico) - Research Article

    687. Características del entorno construido en relación con la actividad física en adultos mexicanos medida objetivamente, 2011

    Read GlobalPANet's latest Spanish commentary about characteristics of the built environment in relation to objectively measured physical activity among Mexican adults.

  • Lauren N. Gase, Noel C. Barragan, Paul A. Simon, Richard J. Jackson, Tony Kuo (United States) - Research Article

    685. Public awareness of and support for infrastructure changes designed to increase walking and biking in Los Angeles County

    Find out the views of Los Angeles residents towards walking and cycling infrastructure developments in the results of this telephone survey.

  • Adalberto Aparecido dos Santos Lopes, Alessandra Nunes Lanzoni, Adriano Akira Ferreira Hino, Ciro Romélio Rodriguez-Añez, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis (Brazil) - Research Article

    682. Ambiente do bairro percebido e atividade física entre estudantes do ensino médio de Curitiba, Brasil

    Find out about the environmental perceived neighborhood characteristics and physical activity among high school students in Curitiba, Brazil in this new Spanish commentary.

  • Sugiyama, Takemi; Shibata, Ai; Koohsari, Mohammad J; Tanamas, Stephanie K; Oka, Koichiro; Salmon, Jo; Dunstan, David W; Owen, Neville (Australia) - Research Article

    679. Neighborhood Environmental Attributes and Adults' Maintenance of Regular Walking

    Take a look at new evidence of the long term effects of the neighborhood environment on walking in new findings from Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab).

  • Jana A. Hirsch, Kari A. Moore, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Shannon J. Brines, Melissa A. Zagorski, Daniel A. Rodriguez and Ana V. Diez Roux (United States) - Research Article

    658. Built environment change and change in BMI and waist circumference: Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

    Discover whether supportive environments are positively associated with reduced rates of obesity.

  • Anna Goodman, Shannon Sahlqvist, David Ogilvie, and on behalf of the iConnect Consortium (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    652. New walking and cycling routes and increased physical activity: One and 2-year findings from the UK iConnect Study

    Take a look at the effect on physical activity levels of new provision for walking and cycling.

  • Adewale L Oyeyemi, Cornelius M Ishaku, Benedicte Deforche, Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Delfien Van Dyck (Nigeria) - Research Article

    632. Perception of built environmental factors and physical activity among adolescents in Nigeria

    Find out how adolescents’ perception of the built environment influenced their active transport and leisure time physical activity and the possible influence of neighbourhood income.

  • Vincent Stops (United Kingdom) - Case Study

    666. How Hackney became London’s most liveable borough

    Learn how to transform your community through design initiatives implemented by Hackney.

  • Sara Zimmerman, Karen Kramer, Matthew J. Trowbridge (United States) - Research Article

    611. Overcoming Legal Liability Concerns for School-Based Physical Activity Promotion

    Find out how to minimise legal risks associated with school based programs such as active playground.

  • Sarah Foster, Mathew Knuiman, Paula Hooper, Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article

    621. Do changes in residents’ fear of crime impact their walking? Longitudinal results from RESIDE

    See how fear impacts walking rates for recreation and transport.

  • The Centre for Market and Public Organisation (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    574. The Socioeconomic Gradient in Physical Inactivity in England

    Learn about the links between socioeconomic gradient and physical activity in new data from the Health Survey for England.

  • Jose D. Meisel, Olga L. Sarmiento, Felipe Montes, Edwin O. Martinez, Pablo D. Lemoine, Juan A. Valdivia, Ross C. Brownson, and Roberto Zarama (Colombia) - Research Article

    573. Network Analysis of Bogotá's Ciclovía Recreativa, a Self-Organized Multisectorial Community Program to Promote Physical Activity in a Middle-Income Country

    Read about how the Columbian Ciclovía Recreativa program has been successful through the effective use of multi-sectoral partnerships.

  • LiveWell Colorado and the Colorado Municipal League (CML) (United States) - Case Study

    566. HEAL (Healthy Eating and Active Living) Cities & Towns Campaign of Colorado

    Take a look at this new initiative in the U.S which provides training and technical assistance to help municipal officials adopt policies that improve access to physical activity and healthy food in their communities.

  • Yolanda Escalante, Antonio García-Hermoso, Karianne Backx and Jose M. Saavedra (Spain) - Research Article

    553. Playground Designs to Increase Physical Activity Levels During School Recess: A Systematic Review

    Find out what features of playgrounds are conducive to physical activity from a number of studies featured in this new review.

  • Anna Goodman, Shannon Sahlqvist, David Ogilvie (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    560. Who uses new walking and cycling infrastructure and how? Longitudinal results from the UK iConnect study

    Find out about the usage and uptake of new walking and cycling infrastructure in several towns in the UK.

  • Ester Cerin, Ka-yiu Lee, Anthony Barnett, Cindy HP Sit, Man-chin Cheung, Janice M Johnston (Hong Kong) - Research Article

    550. Walking for transportation in Hong Kong Chinese urban elders: a cross-sectional study on what destinations matter and when

    See how destinations for walking relate to walking behavior in older people in Hong Kong.

  • Takemi Sugiyama, Billie Giles-Corti, Jacqui Summers, Lorinne du Toit, Eva Leslie, Neville Owen (Australia) - Research Article

    549. Initiating and maintaining recreational walking: A longitudinal study on the influence of neighborhood green space

    Find out how neighbourhood green space affects walking in this new study from South Australia.

  • Ding Ding, Marc A Adams, James F Sallis, Gregory J Norman, Melbourn F Hovell, Christina D Chambers, C Hofstetter, Heather R Bowles, Maria Hagströmer, Cora L Craig, Luis Gomez, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Duncan J Macfarlane, Barbara E Ainsworth, Patrick Bergman, Fiona C Bull, Harriette Carr, Lena Klasson-Heggebo, Shigeru Inoue, Norio Murase, Sandra Matsudo, Victor Matsudo, Grant McLean, Michael Sjöström, Heidi Tomten, Johan Lefevre, Vida Volbekiene, Adrian E Bauman (Australia) - Research Article

    547. Perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity in 11 countries: Do associations differ by country?

    See how the built environment relates to physical activity levels across 11 countries in 5 contients, including Brazil, Lithuania and Hong Kong.

  • Arthritis Foundation (United States) - Policy Document

    542. Environmental and Policy Strategies to Increase Physical Activity Among Adults with Arthritis

    This document is designed to engage six important sectors as partners with a mutual interest in increasing physical activity among adults with arthritis using environmental and policy strategies.

  • Canada Walks (Canada) - Case Study

    546. WALK Friendly Ontario

    WALK Friendly Ontario is a recognition program that encourages municipalities to create and improve spaces and places to walk by awarding Bronze, Silver, Gold or Platinum designations.

  • Hawai‘i State Department of Health (United States) - Strategy Document

    544. 2013-2020 Hawai'i Physical Activity and Nutrition Plan

    The PAN Plan 2020 identifies priority objectives to integrate physical activity and nutrition into the daily lives of the people of Hawai‘i. The 22 objectives will help create environments and policies that ensure daily physical activity and healthy eating.

  • The Playing Out Project (United Kingdom) - Website

    536. Playing Out

    Visit this fun website about how to activate neighbourhood street play and promote playing out as a normal everyday activity for all children.

  • Marc A Adams, Ding Ding, James F Sallis, Heather R Bowles, Barbara E Ainsworth, Patrick Bergman, Fiona C Bull, Harriette Carr, Cora L Craig, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Luis Fernando Gomez, Maria Hagströmer, Lena Klasson-Heggebø, Shigeru Inoue, Johan Lefevre, Duncan J Macfarlane, Sandra Matsudo, Victor Matsudo, Grant McLean, Norio Murase, Michael Sjöström, Heidi Tomten, Vida Volbekiene, Adrian Bauman (United States) - Research Article

    505. Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: a latent class analysis

    Learn more about associations between neighborhood environment patterns and physical activity in this large study in 11 countries, including Australia.

  • Mayor of London (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    477. Shaping neighbourhoods: Play and informal recreation supplementary planning guidance

    This guidance from the Mayor of London gives practical advice about how to create spaces for play in new developments in urban areas for young people.

  • National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    476. Walking and cycling: local measures to promote walking and cycling as forms of travel or recreation

    This guidance aims to set out how people can be encouraged to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes to help meet public health and other goals such as reducing traffic congestion.

  • Andrea Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos and Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article

    470. Access to commercial destinations within the neighbourhood and walking among Australian older adults

    Learn about the influences of walking destinations for older adults in this study from Perth.

  • Billie Giles-Corti, Fiona Bull, Matthew Knuiman, Gavin McCormack, Kimberly Van Niel, Anna Timperio, Hayley Christian, Sarah Foster, Mark Divitini, Nick Middleton, Bryan Boruff (Australia) - Research Article

    463. The influence of urban design on neighbourhood walking following residential relocation: Longitudinal results from the RESIDE study

    Take a look at the long term results from the RESIDE study, a natural experiment examining the impact of urban planning on active living in Perth, WA.

  • Jizzo R. Bosdriesz, Margot I. Witvliet, Tommy L.S. Visscher, Anton E. Kunst (Netherlands) - Research Article

    455. The influence of the macro-environment on physical activity: a multilevel analysis of 38 countries worldwide

    This study examined the associations between macro-level environmental attributes and physical activity in 38 countries using data from the World Health Survey.

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Guideline

    430. Factsheet: Do All Children Have Places to be Active?

    Learn about physical activity disparities amongst ethnic and racial minorities and lower income communities.

  • Groundwork (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    422. Grey Places Need Green Spaces

    Read about why we should invest in green spaces.

  • Children and Nature Network (United States) - Strategy Document

    423. Green Environments are Essential to Children's Health

    Take a look at why children benefit from contact with the outdoors and nature.

  • Jenny Veitch et al. (Australia) - Research Article

    382. Park Improvements and Park Activity: A Natural Experiment

    This study in Victoria demonstrated increased park usage and physical activity following park upgrades.

  • The Lancet (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    383. Shaping Cities for Health

    Take a look at this Commission published by the Lancet journal which focuses on how policy makers can develop urban areas to foster the health of citizens so that they become healthy cities.

  • Lisa wood et al (Australia) - Research Article

    376. Sense of community and its relationship with walking and neighborhood design

    The aim of this study is to examine the association between sense of community, walking, and neighborhood design characteristics. The current study is based on a sub-sample of participants (n = 609) from the US Atlanta SMARTRAQ study who completed a telephone survey capturing physical activity patterns, neighborhood perceptions, and social interactions. Objective measures of neighborhood form were also computed.

  • Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Guideline

    149. Creating Places for People : an Australian Urban Design Protocol

    The Major Cities Unit was involved in the development of Creating Places for People. It is a collaborative commitment to best practice urban design in Australia. The protocol is the result of two years of collaboration between peak community and industry organisations, States, Territories, Local Governments, and the Australian Government. See http://www.urbandesign.gov.au/

  • University of New South Wales Built Environment (Australia) - Website

    150. Healthy Built Environments Literature Review

    City Futures Research Centre's publications include refereed journal articles, books, research papers, issues papers, project reports as well as conference and seminar presentations. All publications and presentations listed on City Futures web site may be downloaded without a charge. See http://www.be.unsw.edu.au/research-centres-and-clusters/city-futures/publications

  • Living Streets (United Kingdom) - Website

    148. Making the case for investment in the walking environment

    Living Streets is the national charity that stands up for pedestrians. It works to create safe, attractive, enjoyable streets where it’s great to walk. At Living Streets, they believe streets are worth fighting for. With supporters, Living Streets works to create streets that really put people first. When there are streets we want to walk in, lives are transformed - we are healthier, happier and more sociable. See http://www.livingstreets.org.uk/?cID=651

  • Be Active WA (Australia) - Case Study

    369. Physical Activity Taskforce case studies

    This website gives links to physical activity case studies, including best practice local government initiatives in relation to policy and planning, walking, programs and services, the built environment and sample physical activity plans. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/index.php?id=276

  • Australian Government (Australia) - Guideline

    207. Creating Places for People – an urban design protocol for Australian cities

    Creating Places for People is a collaborative commitment to best practice urban design in Australia. The protocol is the result of two years of collaboration between peak community and industry organisations, States, Territories, Local Governments, and the Australian Government. See http://www.urbandesign.gov.au/

  • Outdoors Alliance for Kids (United States) - Policy Document

    202. US Healthy Kids Outdoors Act

    The Healthy Kids Outdoors Act will support state, local and federal strategies to connect youth and families with the natural world, improve children’s health and support future economic growth and conservation efforts. This legislation will help get Americans active outdoors through natural play; outdoor recreation such as camping, hiking, hunting and fishing; public health initiatives; outdoor learning environments; service learning and other initiatives. See https://sites.google.com/site/outdoorsallianceforkids/

  • Two Bulls (Australia) - Website

    208. myparx App

    My Parx is a mobile app for park visitors that lets people find and explore parks that interest them. Discover the secrets of favourite parks through exploring up-to-date information, interactive maps, and personal guided tours. See http://www.myparx.com/go/app/

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Strategy Document

    205. Good for Busine$$ Discussion Paper

    The Heart Foundation (SA) commissioned this discussion paper to bring together the evidence around the financial benefits to retailers and residents in making commercial streets more walking and cycling friendly. Walking and cycling to local shops is good for business and good for the local economy and is essential to the success of revitalisation strategies. Streetscape enhancements add value to an area and are associated with higher rents and the attraction of new businesses. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/GoodforBusinessFINAL_Nov.pdf

  • Healthy Parks Healthy People (Australia) - Website

    193. Active in Parks

    A program has been developed to help Geelong get healthier, more active and connected to the great outdoors. Geelong’s Active in Parks website provides advice and tips on locations and activities to plan outdoor activities. See http://activeinparks.org/

  • Environment and Sustainable Development Directorat (Australia) - Strategy Document

    185. ACT Transport for Canberra policy

    One of the ACT Government’s priorities is to provide an effective and efficient transport system that meets the needs of the community while reducing its environmental and social impacts. Transport for Canberra sets a new policy direction for transport from now to 2031. See http://www.google.com.au/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=act%20transport%20for%20canberra%20policy&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CHgQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.timetotalk.act.gov.au%2Fstorage%2FTransport%2520Policy%252014%2520October%2520Full.pdf&ei=vefOT7btOsatiAfeiKWJDA&usg=AFQjCNHNVaqOny3VxHZry6Kz9k58IRKRjA

  • A. Bauman et al (Australia) - Research Article

    76. "Where have all the bicycles gone?"

    The objective of this research was to explore whether the reported increase in bicycle sales in Australia is corroborated by increases in numbers of cyclists.

  • Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Website

    190. Death by suburban sprawl: better urban planning will combat sedentary lifestyle

    Billie Giles-Corti looks at how the built environment impacts the development of NCDs. See http://theconversation.edu.au/death-by-suburban-sprawl-better-urban-planning-will-combat-sedentary-lifestyles-3395

  • NSW Government (Australia) - Strategy Document

    194. NSW 2021

    NSW 2021 is a plan to make NSW number one. It is a 10 year plan to rebuild the economy, provide quality services, renovate infrastructure,restore government accountability, and strengthen local environment and communities. See http://www.2021.nsw.gov.au/sites/default/files/NSW2021_WEBVERSION.pdf

  • Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Policy Document

    104. Active Living Integrated Planning & Reporting Resource for Council

    The Active Living Integrated Planning and Reporting Resource has been prepared to provide guidance to councils (and other interested parties) on how to address active living principles and practices, as councils prepare and implement the new IPR Framework. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/113389/PCAL_Active_Living_Brochure_Final_2.pdf

  • MJ Douglas et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    53. Are cars the new tobacco?

    Public health must continually respond to new threats reflecting wider societal changes. Ecological public health recognizes the links between human health and global sustainability. We argue that these links are typified by the harms caused by dependence on private cars.

  • Australian Government Department of Infrastructure (Australia) - Policy Document

    16. Our cities building a productive, sustainable and liveable future

    Our Cities, Our Future sets in place the Australian Government's objectives and directions for our cities as we prepare for the decades ahead. See http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/urbanpolicy/index.aspx

  • Hayley Christian et al (Australia) - Research Article

    44. The influence of the built environment, social environment and health behaviors

    The objective was to examine the individual, behavioral, social and built environment correlates of body mass index (BMI) in an Australian adult population. Whilst evidence mounts of built environment correlates to physical activity, translation of these effects on BMI remains elusive.

  • Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Policy Document

    143. National Urban Policy - Our Cities Our Future

    The Australian Government is committed to strengthening the advantages of Australia’s cities and responding to emerging environmental, infrastructure and social challenges. In releasing the first National Urban Policy, the Australian Government is establishing a comprehensive framework of goals, objectives and principles which it has committed to and will apply in determining its future actions in Australia’s major cities, that is, those with population greater than 100,000 people. See http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/files/Our_Cities_National_Urban_Policy_Paper_2

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Research Article

    147. Creating Healthy Neighbourhoods – Consumer Preferences for Healthy Development

    The Heart Foundation is interested in what the community thinks about healthy neighbourhoods. In October 2009 a Newspoll telephone survey was commissioned to find out whether healthy neighbourhood features influence their decision about where to live. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/driving-change/current-campaigns/local-campaigns/Pages/creating-healthy-neighbourhoods.aspx

  • United Nations Human Settlements Programme (Kenya) - Strategy Document

    124. Draft resolution on sustainable urban development through access to quality urban public spaces

    7 submissions from the drafting group of the Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme. See http://www.unhabitat.org/downloads/docs/9771_1_593694.pdf

  • Planet Ark (Australia) - Research Article

    192. Climbing Trees: Getting Aussie Kids Back Outdoors

    Planet Ark commissioned an independent study to investigate childhood interaction with nature and how this interaction is changing. See http://treeday.planetark.org/documents/doc-534-climbing-trees-research-report-2011-07-13-final.pdf

  • Rachel Clark et al (Australia) - Guideline

    128. Local government and obesity prevention : an evidence resource

    This evidence resource has been developed specifically to assist those working in local government with policy and practice-level decisions broadly related to obesity prevention. See http://www.mccaugheycentre.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/450334/local_gov_and_obesity_prevention.pdf

  • New South Wales Government (Australia) - Strategy Document

    97. Draft NSW Walking Strategy

    In September 2011, the NSW Government released NSW 2021 which includes a target to increase walking for short trips and a commitment to develop a NSW Walking Strategy. Development of a NSW draft Walking Strategy is being managed by a whole-of-government steering group chaired by PCAL. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/draft_nsw_walking_strategy

  • Jenny Veitch et al (Australia) - Research Article

    66. Is the Neighbourhood Environment Associated with Sedentary Behaviour Outside of School Hours

    Little is known about neighbourhood environments and children’s sedentary behaviour outside school hours. This study aims to examine the associations between public open spaces (POS), parent perceptions of the neighbourhood and children’s sedentary behaviours.

  • Kim Anderson (Canada) - Research Article

    100. Designed Playgrounds that Engage Children in Physical Activity and More

    This article offers background information on the City of Edmonton’s experience with using a “design” approach for playground developments. See http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/publications/wellspring/2011/feb-playgrounds.pdf

  • Active Living Foundation (United States) - Research Article

    116. Potential of Safe, Secure and Accessible Playgrounds to Increase Children's Physical Activity

    This brief summarizes research on playgrounds and how playgrounds impact physical activity among children. For the purposes of this brief, a playground is defined as a small, publicly owned, outdoor area that features play equipment and provides recreational physical activity for younger children. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/ALR_Brief_SafePlaygrounds.pdf

  • Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Guideline

    103. NSW Developer's Checklist with Case Studies

    This Checklist is a companion document to the Premier’s Council for Active Living (PCAL) publication “Development & Active Living: Designing Projects For Active Living – A Development Assessment Resource & Navigational Tool.” See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/114786/DevChklst_wcasestud_Feb_2011_Lres_18.02.pdf

  • NSW Department of Planning (Australia) - Policy Document

    84. NSW Department of Planning Position Statement Planning for Active Living

    This position statement affirms the commitment of the Department of Planning to pursue initiatives to support the continuing creation and maintenance of environments supportive of active living. See http://www.planning.nsw.gov.au/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=btRhhN-HQA8%3d&tabid=471&language=en-US

  • East of England Public Health Observatory (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    99. Soft measures – hard facts: The value for money of transport measures which change travel

    Key messages include travel behaviour change measures can provide high benefits compared to costs, changing how we travel can reduce the need for expensive infrastructure, behaviour change measures can be implemented more quickly than infrastructure projects, all measures achieve carbon reductions. See http://www.erpho.org.uk/viewResource.aspx?id=21632

  • City of Sydney (Australia) - Strategy Document

    102. StreetShare Strategy

    To progress its vision for a green, global,connected city by 2030, the City of Sydney has commenced construction of a network of cycle routes with the target of achieving 10% of trips by inner Sydney residents by bicycle by 2016. See http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/AboutSydney/documents/ParkingAndTransport/Cycling/FinalStrategyReport_23112010.pdf

  • Sustrans (United Kingdom) - Website

    356. Quality Streets

    Why do we need Quality Streets? According to the Sustrans campaign, quality streets are needed because they are the key to unlocking a communities' potential. On a quality street, you would know your neighbours and their children and they will know you. On a quality street, you are happy to let your children play out, and that's where you'll find them instead of parked in front of the computer. And if there were more quality streets, more people could choose to walk or cycle rather than drive. See http://www.sustrans.org.uk/resources/in-the-news/Quality-streets-for-all

  • Planning Aid (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    355. Good practice guide to public engagement in development schemes

    This guide is intended to provide practical advice for all those involved in public engagement in development schemes which require planning consent. See http://www.rtpi.org.uk/download/9516/PAE_good_practice_guide.pdf

  • Foster, S et al (Australia) - Research Article

    254. Neighbourhood design and fear of crime

    This study, part of the RESIDE project in Perth, WA examined relationships between neighbourhood design and residents’ fear of crime in new suburban housing developments, finding supportive evidence for walkable neighbourhoods linked to perceived safety.

  • Department of Infrastucture and Planning (Australia) - Guideline

    363. Transit oriented development guide

    Transit oriented development: Guide for practitioners in Queensland is designed to build understanding of the transit oriented development (TOD) concept and good practice in the Queensland context. It has been written for practitioners, including urban planners, urban designers, transport professionals, local and state government officers and industry representatives and developers. A successful TOD will respond to local context and opportunities. See http://www.dlgp.qld.gov.au/resources/guideline/tod/guide-for-practitioners.pdf

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Case Study

    341. PCAL Active Living Case Studies

    In response to the increasing evidence linking urban planning to low levels of community participation in physical activity, the New South Wales Premier's Council for Active Living (PCAL) has developed a web-based resource Designing Places for Active Living . PCAL has also compiled a series of NSW case studies to demonstrate the successful application of Active Living design considerations for each of the specific environments within the Designing Places for Active Living resource. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/case_studies

  • Seaman, Peter J et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    270. It's not just about the park, it's about integration too

    This paper provides interesting new evidence from qualitative research looking at why people in urban areas choose to use, or not use, local public greenspace. It found that improving access to greenspace for all in urban communities needs to take account of social cohesion and broader community factors as well as providing high quality resources such as parks, footpaths, activities and lighting.

  • Pucher, John (United States) - Research Article

    256. Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data

    This paper, by Rutgers University (USA) academic, John Pucher, examines the ecologic association between travel data and health risk. Travel data, and sometimes, health surveys, were used to calculate the proportion of the population that actively commuted by walking or cycling, described as the 'active transport' segment of the population. This study examined ecologic associations, and observed interesting correlates.

  • Nature Play WA (Australia) - Website

    333. Nature Play WA

    The aim of Nature Play WA is to help parents help their children make the most of outdoor activities involving the bush, beach, and national and neighbourhood parks. Nature Play WA is devoted to helping West Australian children and their families connect with nature and help build stronger, healthier communities. See http://www.natureplaywa.org.au/

  • Sugiyama, T et al (Australia) - Research Article

    250. Associations Between Recreational Walking and Attractiveness, Size & Proximity of Neighborhood

    This study of 1366 adults examined whether attractiveness, size or proximity of a neighbourhood open space was more strongly associated with recreational walking. Participants were drawn from the Residential Environments (RESIDE) study in Perth, and geographical information systems and park audit data were used to identify the largest, most attractive and nearest neighbourhood open spaces within a 1.6km radius of where participants lived. Recreational walking was measured by asking participants to report their total time spent walking within their neighbourhood.

  • Australian Local Government Association (Australia) - Strategy Document

    345. An Australian Vision for Active Transport

    The Vision calls for a national approach to active transport to drive sharp improvements in: > preventative health and physical activity; > sustainable and liveable urban communities; > environment and carbon pollution reduction; > social inclusion; > traffic congestion; and > road safety. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/Active-Vision-for-Active-Transport-Report.pdf

  • MacDonald, John M et al (United States) - Research Article

    246. The Effect of Light Rail Transit on Body Mass Index and Physical Activity

    This study from the U.S. examines the cross-sectional associations between objective and perceived measures of the built environment; BMI; obesity and meeting weekly recommended physical activity (RPA) levels through walking and vigorous exercise. The study also looks at the effect of introducing an LRT system on BMI, obesity, and physical activity levels.

  • Titze, S (Austria) - Research Article

    247. Associations Between Intrapersonal and Neighborhood Environmental Characteristics and Cycling

    These latest findings from the RESIDE study, a longitudinal study in Perth examining associations between neighbourhoods and health, cross-sectionally investigates the relationships of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and intrapersonal factors to cycling. Findings suggest attractive neighbourhoods, low traffic speed and increased street connectivity are associated with increased levels of cycling.

  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Strategy Document

    326. US CDC State indicator report on physical activity 2010

    The State Indicator Report on Physical Activity, 2010, provides information on physical activity behavior and policy and environmental supports within each state. Physical activity, essential to overall health, can help control weight, reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers, strengthen bones and muscles, and improve mental health. See http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/downloads/PA_State_Indicator_Report_2010.pdf

  • Rissel, Chris et al (Australia) - Research Article

    241. Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers

    This study reports on trends in media coverage of cycling in the main broad sheet and tabloid newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne, generally uncovering increasingly positive framing of cycling over the past decade. Newspapers can serve as important tools for promoting healthy behaviours such as cycling due to their wide distribution and high readership rates. Cycling also creates broader societal benefits in terms of the environment, transport and the economy.

  • Lusk, Anne C. et al (United States) - Research Article

    242. Bicycle Riding, Walking, and Weight Gain in Premenopausal Women

    This paper reports the results of a large 16 year prospective cohort study of 18,414 healthy premenopausal women in the United States. The objective of the study was to assess the association between cycling and weight maintenance in premenopausal women.

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Research Article

    323. 2006 Time Use Survey on Recreation & Leisure Activities

    This report presents selected results from the 2006 Time Use Survey (TUS) on how people choose to spend their time, with a focus on activities conducted during free time, in particular, sport and outdoor activities. See http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/91FB93C8E82F220CCA25771F0018AE29/$File/41730_2006.pdf

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article

    310. The Economic Benefits of Open Space, Recreation Facilities and Walkable Community Design

    This research synthesis reviews the sizable body of peer-reviewed and independent reports on the economic value of outdoor recreation facilities, open spaces and walkable community design. It focuses on “private” benefits that accrue to nearby homeowners and to other users of open space. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/Synthesis_Shoup-Ewing_March2010.pdf

  • Pelser, Deborah (Australia) - Research Article

    233. Super size me: is a big Australia good for our health?

    The current government intend to increase the population of Australia to an estimated 35 million persons by 2049, an increase of over 12 million in fewer than 40 years. It is believed the increase in population will result in economic growth with a greater demand for business, increasing the number of jobs. Despite the positive effects on business, what will this population increase mean for the health of all Australians? This paper debates the health consequences of ‘super sizing’ Australia, highlighting the negative effects on health.

  • Quigg, Robin et al (New Zealand) - Research Article

    222. Using accelerometers and GPS units to identify the proportion of daily physical activity

    There are relationships between the built environment and levels of physical activity and obesity. Previous research has identified playgrounds as facilities that can increase physical activity levels in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the location of physical activity in primary school aged children, and identify the proportion of physical activity occurring in public parks with playgrounds.

  • Dance, Matthew (Canada) - Research Article

    309. Using Mapping and Social Networking Tools to Promote Physical Activity

    This article explores the idea of a smart phone (e.g., a BlackBerry, iPhone or Android mobile device) and the Internet adding value to an outdoor activity, helping to promote participation. The author suggests that social networking tools, online mapping tools and mobile devices can enable increased “community building” around outdoor activities, potentially contributing to increased physical activity among the general population.

  • Department of State Development, Infrastructure (Australia) - Strategy Document

    301. Draft Queensland Greenspace Strategy

    The Queensland Greenspace Strategy supports delivery of the government’s Toward Q2: Tomorrow’s Queensland statewide target of protecting 50 per cent more land for nature conservation and public recreation by 2020 in line with the strategic directions and vision for our state. Green space represents those places where people play, recreate and socialise. See http://growthsummit.premiers.qld.gov.au/resources/plan/greenspace/draft-greenspace-strategy.pdf

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article

    282. Parks, Playgrounds and Active Living: Research Synthesis

    This synthesis summarizes the growing body of evidence concerning the role of parks in shaping active lifestyles across a variety of study populations, including children, seniors, lower-income families, specific racial and ethnic groups and other populations at high risk of being inactive. The need to further substantiate these findings and to extend park, playground and active living research into other topical areas using more sophisticated research designs also is discussed. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/Synthesis_Mowen_Feb2010.pdf

  • Liverpool JMU Centre for Public Health (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    283. Urban Green Space and Public Health Fact Sheet

    Urban green space is defined as any vegetated land within, or adjoining an urban area.The extent of urban green space is difficult to estimate as it may include a wide variety of amenities (such as allotments, playgrounds, canal towpaths as well as parks). Public parks only represent about one third of all urban green space in the UK. There are inextricable links between human beings and the natural environment Urban green spaces impact positively on the health of local populations in many ways. See http://www.cph.org.uk/showPublication.aspx?pubid=618

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Website

    273. Active Living Research

    Active Living Research is a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The primary goal is to support and share research on environmental and policy strategies that can promote daily physical activity for children and families across the United States. They place special emphasis on research related to children of color and lower-income children who are at highest risk for obesity. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/

  • Rissel, Chris (Australia) - Research Article

    217. The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion

    Cycling has many benefits as a low-cost form of health-enhancing physical activity and a means of reducing environmental impact through sustainable transport. However, in Australia’s car dominated towns and cities, finding effective ways of promoting increases in cycling is challenging. The effects of changes to infrastructure on physical activity behaviour have rarely been investigated. This paper reports on the Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project, a community-based cycling promotion program in low-economic areas of urban Sydney.

  • NSW Health (Australia) - Guideline

    343. Healthy Urban Development Checklist

    The purpose of the checklist is to assist health professionals to provide advice on urban development policies, plans and proposals. It is intended to ensure that the advice provided is both comprehensive and consistent. The checklist is principally about helping to answer the questions: What are the health effects of the urban development policy, plan or proposal? How can it be improved to provide better health outcomes? See http://www.sswahs.nsw.gov.au/populationhealth/healthy_urban_development_checklist.html

  • Interdisciplinary Centre for Environment & Society (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    293. Nature, Childhood, Health and Life Pathways

    There is growing evidence to show that children’s contact with nature and consequent levels of physical activity affects not only their well-being but also their health in later life.It is well established that exposure to natural places can lead to positive mental health outcomes, whether a view of nature from a window, being within natural places or exercising in these environments. Green space is important for mental wellbeing, longevity and decreased risk of mental ill-health across a number of countries. See http://www.essex.ac.uk/ces/occasionalpapers/Nature%20Childhood%20and%20Health%

  • Australian Research Alliance for Children & Youth (Australia) - Research Article

    272. Parks and open space: for the health and wellbeing of children and young people

    Parks and open space: for the health and wellbeing of children and young people was developed in partnership with the Centre for the Built Environment and Health, University of Western Australia. The report examines the evidence and knowledge gaps relating to the contribution that parks and open space can make to the health and wellbeing of children and young people. See http://www.aracy.org.au/publicationDocuments/REP_parks_and_open_space_for_the_health_and_wellbeing_of_children_and_young_people_2009.pdf

  • World Health Organisation (Denmark) - Guideline

    303. A healthy city is an active city: a physical activity planning guide

    This planning guide provides a range of ideas, information and tools for developing a comprehensive plan for creating a healthy, active city by enhancing physical activity in the urban environment. By developing, improving and supporting opportunities in the built and social environments, city leaders and their partners can enable all citizens to be physically active in day-to-day life. See http://www.euro.who.int/document/E91883.pdf