PR Baker et al (Australia) - Research Article
35. Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity.
Multi-strategic community wide interventions for physical activity are increasingly popular but their ability to achieve population level improvements is unknown. The objective was to evaluate the effects of community wide, multi-strategic interventions upon population levels of physical activity.
James Dollman et al (Australia) - Research Article
56. Physical activity and screen time behaviour in metropolitan, regional and rural adolescents
Activity levels among Australian adolescents show contrasting patterns of geographical differences to those found in Australian adults. Higher levels of free play among rural Australian adolescents may be due to more available space and less fear of traffic and stranger risks.
Bassett, David R. Jr et al (United States) - Research Article
229. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity and Health Behaviors in United States Adults
The paper describes a large sample of adults who wore pedometers to objectively assess their physical activity levels. The pedometer sample was from 1100 US adults, who were part of the “America on the Move” study. The study was based on a population sample, but those participating in America on the Move, although showing geographic diversity could still be considered a somewhat selected sample.
Furber, Susan et al (Australia) - Research Article
251. Randomised controlled trial of a pedometer-based telephone intervention
This paper reports on a novel pedometer-based telephone intervention to increase physical activity in cardiac patients who do not participate in cardiac rehabilitation, determining the program as a successful alternative to increase and maintain physical activity.
Martinson, Brain C et al (United States) - Research Article
235. Maintaining Physical Activity Among Older Adults: 24-month Outcomes
This study focuses on assessing the maintenance of increases in physical activity at 6-, 12-, and 24-month following the Keep Active Minnesota (KAM), a telephone and mail-based intervention designed to promote physical activity maintenance among currently active adults age 50 to 70. It provides a rare example of successful maintenance of behaviour change to increase physical activity in this mid-older adult population who are often susceptible to declines in physical activity.
Okely, Anthony D. et al (Australia) - Research Article
240. Changes in cardiorespiratory fitness among children and adolescents in Australia: 1997 and 2004
This paper presents trends in cardio-respiratory fitness in young people in New South Wales from 1997-2004. Cardio-respiratory fitness is important as it protects against cardiovascular disease and there is some evidence that it tracks from childhood to adulthood. Overall, there were no significant changes in fitness between surveys, but differences among socioeconomic groups were evident.
Borg, Janelle et al (Australia) - Research Article
210. Staff walking program: a quasi-experimental trial of maintenance newsletters
The Step by Step self-help walking program plus a pedometer previously motivated a community sample of adults to be physically active for up to three months. This study evaluates the effect of enhancement of this program over an additional nine months in a workplace.
Beets, Michael W (United States) - Research Article
215. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity Patterns of Youth: A 13-Country Review
Research indicates there is an increase in children and adolescents who are physically inactive world wide, with considerable disparities among countries. With this increase in physical inactivity there is an increase in the rate of overweight and obesity in young people, making insufficient physical activity in young people aged 5 – 18 years a global public health issue. The purpose of this study was to review studies that used pedometers to measure physical activity to explore the physical activity patterns of young people around the world.