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  • Dr Qiang Guo, Lecturer in College of Physical Education, Ningbo University, China (China) - Research Article

    4. ISPAH Early Career Network

    This study conducts an epidemiological investigation to understand the distribution of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and their relations with social support from parents and exercise benefits at the individual and family level.

  • Kabir Sadarangani (Chile) - Research Article

    2. ISPAH Early Career Network

    To investigate the relationship between active travel and metabolic syndrome and its components in a national representative sample of Chilean adults.

  • Alpa V. Patel, PhD, Janet S. Hildebrand, MPH, Corinne R. Leach, PhD, Peter T. Campbell, PhD, Colleen Doyle, MS, Kerem Shuval, PhD, Ying Wang, PhD, Susan M. Gapstur, PhD. (Australia) - Research Article

    857. Walking in Relation to Mortality in a Large Prospective Cohort of Older U.S. Adults

    Walking in relation to mortality in a large US prospective cohort of older adults.

  • Kate E Mason, Prof Neil Pearce, Prof Steven Cummins (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    858. Associations between fast food and physical activity environments and adiposity in mid-life: cross-sectional, observational evidence from UK Biobank

    The authors examined whether neighbourhood exposure to fast-food outlets and physical activity facilities were associated with adiposity in UK adults.

  • Scott A Lear, Weihong Hu, Sumathy Rangarajan, Danijela Gasevic, Darryl Leong, Romaina Iqbal, Amparo Casanova, Sumathi Swaminathan, R M Anjana, Rajesh Kumar, Annika Rosengren, Li Wei, Wang Yang, Wang Chuangshi, Liu Huaxing, Sanjeev Nair, Rafael Diaz, Hany Swidon, Rajeev Gupta, Noushin Mohammadifard, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Aytekin Oguz, Katarzyna Zatonska, Pamela Seron, Alvaro Avezum, Paul Poirier, Koon Teo, Salim Yusuf (Canada) - Research Article

    849. The effect of physical activity on mortality and cardiovascular disease in 130 000 people from 17 high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: the PURE study

    Explore new findings on the healthy benefits of physical activity worldwide.

  • The International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    845. Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes: meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials

    Find out how physical activity in pregnancy affects weight gain in pregnancy and birth outcomes in the new study from The International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group.

  • [1] Althoff T, Hicks JL, King AC, Delp SL, Leskovec J [2] Evenson KR, Wen F, Furberg RD (Australia) - Research Article

    842. Big data opportunities from new technologies – iPhone and Fitbit

    Discover the opportunities new technologies offer through wearable devices and smart phones with these two articles on iPhones and Fitbits for physical activity measurement.

  • Jancey, J., Holt, Anne-Marie., Lee, Andy., Kerr, Deborah., Robinson, Suzanne., Tang, Li., Anderson, A.S., Hills, Andrew., and Howat, Peter (Australia) - Research Article

    841. Effects of a physical activity and nutrition program in retirement villages: a cluster randomised controlled trial

    Learn about the effects of an intervention for older people in residential settings.

  • Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi, Mats Hallgren, Joseph Firth, Justin Richards, Felipe Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Nicola Veronese, Jouni Lahtio (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    833. Physical activity and anxiety: A perspective from the World Health Survey

    Discover how physical activity might be associated with anxiety in a new study with data from 47 countries worldwide.

  • Silvia Stringhini,Cristian Carmeli, Markus Jokela, Mauricio Avendaño, Peter Muennig, Florence Guida, Fulvio Ricceri, Angelo d'Errico, Henrique Barros, Murielle Bochud, Marc Chadeau-Hyam, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Giuseppe Costa, Cyrille Delpierre, Silvia Fraga, Marcel Goldberg, Graham G Giles, Vittorio Krogh, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Richard Layte, Aurélie M Lasserre, Michael G Marmot, Martin Preisig, Martin J Shipley, Peter Vollenweider, Marie Zins, Ichiro Kawachi, Andrew Steptoe, Johan P Macken (Switzerland) - Research Article

    832. Socioeconomic status and the 25 x 25 risk factors as determinants of premature mortality: a multicohort study and meta-analysis of 1·7 million men and women

    Learn about the importance of socioeconomic factors in reducing non-communicable diseases in new data analyses from 48 studies from seven high-income World Health Organization member countries.

  • Mary Malakellis, Erin Hoare, Andrew Sanigorski, Nicholas Crooks, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols, Boyd Swinburn, Cal Chikwendu, Paul M. Kelly, Solveig Petersen and Lynne Millar (Australia) - Research Article

    School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory ‘It’s Your Move!’

    Find out how systems thinking was used to design an intervention for obesity prevention in Australian adolescents.

  • Mary Malakellis, Erin Hoare, Andrew Sanigorski, Nicholas Crooks, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols, Boyd Swinburn, Cal Chikwendu, Paul M. Kelly, Solveig Petersen and Lynne Millar (Australia) - Research Article

    843. School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory ‘It’s Your Move!’

    Find out how systems change was used in the design of this Australian study for obesity prevention in adolescents.

  • Luke Allen, Julianne Williams, Nick Townsend, Bente Mikkelsen, Nia Roberts, Charlie Foster, Kremlin Wickramasinghe (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    824. Socioeconomic status and non-communicable disease behavioural risk factors in low-income and lower-middle-income countries: a systematic review

    Learn about new information on the links between SES and NCDs in different countries around the world.

  • Stenholm S, Head J, Kivimäki M, Kawachi I, Aalto V, Zins M, Goldberg M, Zaninotto P, Magnuson Hanson L, Westerlund H, Vahtera J. (Finland) - Research Article

    812. Smoking, physical inactivity and obesity as predictors of healthy and disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75: a multicohort study

    Find out how risk factors like physical activity can predict healthy life expectancy free from chronic disease across four European countries.

  • Philipe de Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland (Brazil) - Research Article

    809. Physical Activity and Incident Chronic Diseases: A Longitudinal Observational Study in 16 European Countries

    Discover just how much physical activity is required to have an impact on chronic disease.

  • Deborah Salvo, Olga L. Sarmiento, Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Manuel A. Bolivar, Pablo D. Lemoine, Priscilla B. Gonçalves, Michael Pratt (United States) - Research Article

    805. Where Latin Americans are physically active, and why does it matter? Findings from the IPEN-adult study in Bogota, Colombia; Cuernavaca, Mexico; and Curitiba, Brazil

    Take a look at new findings from the International Physical Activity and Environment Network in Mexico, Brazil and Colombia.

  • Deborah Salvo, Olga L. Sarmiento, Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Manuel A. Bolivar, Pablo D. Lemoine, Priscilla B. Gonçalves, Michael Pratt (United States) - Research Article

    802. En que lugares son los latinos físicamente activos y por que es importante? Resultados del estudio IPEN adultos en Bogotá, Colombia; Cuernavaca, México; y Curitiba, Brasil

    Take a look at new findings from the International Physical Activity and Environment Network across three locations in Latin America in the latest GlobalPANet Spanish commentary.

  • Olga L. Sarmiento, Adriana Díaz del Castillo, Camilo A. Triana, María José Acevedo, Silvia A. Gonzalez, Michael Pratt (Colombia) - Research Article

    799. Reclaiming the streets for people: Insights from Ciclovías Recreativas in Latin America

    Learn about the sustainability, flexability and scalability of the successful Ciclovías initiative in the latest GlobalPANet Spanish research commentary.

  • Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Giseli Minatto, Jorge Mota, Kelly Samara Silva, Wagner de Campos, Adair da Silva Lopes (Brazil) - Research Article

    782. Promoting physical activity for children and adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: An umbrella systematic review: A review on promoting physical activity in LMIC

    Discover effective strategies to promote physical activity around this world in this new analysis of interventions for young people.

  • James F Sallis, Ester Cerin, Terry L Conway, Marc A Adams, Lawrence D Frank, Michael Pratt, Deborah Salvo, Jasper Schipperijn, Graham Smith, Kelli L Cain, Rachel Davey, Jacqueline Kerr, Poh-Chin Lai, Josef Mitáš, Rodrigo Reis, Olga L Sarmiento, Grant Schofield, Jens Troelsen, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Neville Owen (United States) - Research Article

    766. Physical activity in relation to urban environments in 14 cities worldwide: a cross-sectional study

    Take a look at new results from the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN), using data from 14 cities in ten countries on five continents.

  • Anne Loyen, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Adrian Bauman, Johannes Brug, Jeroen Lakerveld (Netherlands) - Research Article

    761. European Sitting Championship: Prevalence and Correlates of Self-Reported Sitting Time in the 28 European Union Member States

    Where in Europe do adults spend the most time sitting down? Find out in this comprehensive new study.

  • Ana Paola Rios (Colombia) - Guideline

    726. Salud y Bienestar al ritmo de las comunidades. Experiencias inspiradoras en América Latina El Sedentarismo se combate con ritmo

    Al aprovechar parques, plazas, playas, calles, alamedas, escenarios deportivos, centros comunitarios, centros comerciales y estacionamientos, son fáciles de implementar, tiene bajos costos y se pueden ofrecer de manera regular.

  • Mistry SK, Puthussery S. (Bangladesh) - Research Article

    718. Risk factors of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence in South Asian countries: a systematic review of the evidence

    Read about evidence from studies from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Nepal, Maldives, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, published between 1990-2013.

  • Karen Milton, Joanne Gale, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Adrian Bauman (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    714. Trends in prolonged sitting time among European adults: 27 country analysis

    Compare trends sitting time across multiple European countries in new analyses of the Eurobarometer surveys.

  • David A Shoham, Lara R Dugas, Pascal Bovet, Terrence E Forrester, Estelle V Lambert, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Dale A Schoeller, Soren Brage, Ulf Ekelund, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Richard S Cooper, Amy Luke (United States) - Research Article

    694. Association of car ownership and physical activity across the spectrum of human development: Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS)

    See how car ownership is linked with physical activity levels in this study from Ghana, South Africa, Jamaica, Seychelles and the U.S.

  • Justin Richards, Xiaoxiao Jiang, Paul Kelly, Josephine Chau, Adrian Bauman, Ding Ding (Australia) - Research Article

    691. Don't worry, be happy: cross-sectional associations between physical activity and happiness in 15 European countries

    Don't worry, be happy: cross-sectional associations between physical activity and happiness in 15 European countries.

  • Sonja Kahlmeier, Trudy M A Wijnhoven, Patrick Alpiger, Christian Schweizer, João Breda, Brian W Martin (Switzerland) - Research Article

    692. National physical activity recommendations: systematic overview and analysis of the situation in European countries

    Read about the nature and extent of physical activity guidelines across Europe.

  • Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Gregory S. Kolt (Australia) - Research Article

    661. Is an index of co-occurring unhealthy lifestyles suitable for understanding migrant health?

    Read about how unhealthy lifestyles of Australians differ according to country of birth in these new findings from the 45 & Up study.

  • Azli Baharudin, Ahmad Ali Zainuddin, Mala Manickam, Rashidah Ambak, Mohamad Hasnan Ahmad, Balkish Mahadir Naidu, Cheong Siew Man, Chan Ying Ying, Hazizi Abu Saad, Noor Ani Ahmad (Malaysia) - Research Article

    645. Factors Associated With Physical Inactivity Among School-Going Adolescents: Data From the Malaysian School-Based Nutrition Survey 2012

    Read about relationships between physical activity and other aspects of the school and home environment in this new national study.

  • Karen Milton, Rona Macniven & Adrian Bauman (Australia) - Research Article

    631. Review of the epidemiological evidence for physical activity and health from low- and middle-income countries

    Take a look at this new review of the broad range of health benefits of physical activity in low and middle income countries around the world.

  • Fiona Bull, Karen Milton, Sonja Kahlmeier, Alberto Arlotti, Andrea Backovic Jurican, Olov Belander, Brian Martin, Eva Martin-Diener, Ana Marques, Jorge Mota, Tommi Vasankari, Anita Vlasveld (Australia) - Research Article

    621. Turning the tide: national policy approaches to increasing physical activity in seven European countries

    Learn about physical activity policy in Europe in this commentary on research which won a prize at the 5th International Physical Activity and Public Health Congress (ICPAPH) in Brazil.

  • Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Daniel Girdano, Yi Tong Liu, Stuart JH Biddle, Steven N Blair (Singapore) - Research Article

    582. Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with psychological distress: a cross-sectional study from Singapore

    Find out about the psychological relationships with physical activity and sedentary behaviour in this Singaporean study.

  • Justin Richards, Charlie Foster (Uganda) - Research Article

    581. Sport-for-Development Interventions: Whom Do They Reach and What Is Their Potential for Impact on Physical and Mental Health in Low-Income Countries?

    Learn about the types of participants reached in a sport-for-development intervention for young people in a post-conflict setting in Uganda.

  • Tess Kay and Oliver Dudfield, Commonwealth Secretariat (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    577. The Commonwealth Guide to Advancing Development through Sport

    This Guide has been produced by the Commonwealth Secretariat to provide support for governments and stakeholders seeking to strengthen the contribution of sport to development and peace work.

  • ncdlinks.org (United Kingdom) - Website

    575. ncdlinks.org

    The ncdlinks.org platform connects over 2,000 individuals who are working on urgent issues caused by non-communicable diseases. The networks currently cover the topics of physical activity, nutrition, tobacco and alcohol. All the networks are free to join, but with a strict eligibility criteria.

  • Ding Ding, Marc A Adams, James F Sallis, Gregory J Norman, Melbourn F Hovell, Christina D Chambers, C Hofstetter, Heather R Bowles, Maria Hagströmer, Cora L Craig, Luis Gomez, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Duncan J Macfarlane, Barbara E Ainsworth, Patrick Bergman, Fiona C Bull, Harriette Carr, Lena Klasson-Heggebo, Shigeru Inoue, Norio Murase, Sandra Matsudo, Victor Matsudo, Grant McLean, Michael Sjöström, Heidi Tomten, Johan Lefevre, Vida Volbekiene, Adrian E Bauman (Australia) - Research Article

    547. Perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity in 11 countries: Do associations differ by country?

    See how the built environment relates to physical activity levels across 11 countries in 5 contients, including Brazil, Lithuania and Hong Kong.

  • Christina K. Holub, John P. Elder, Elva M. Arredondo, Simón Barquera, Christina M. Eisenberg, Luz María Sánchez Romero, Juan Rivera, Felipe Lobelo, Eduardo J. Simoes (United States) - Research Article

    526. Obesity Control in Latin American and U.S. Latinos: A Systematic Review

    Find out about interventions to promote physical activity and healthy eating in Latin America populations.

  • Luz M León-Muñoz, David Martínez-Gómez, Theresa Balboa-Castillo, Esther López-García, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo (Spain) - Research Article

    524. Continued Sedentariness, Change in Sitting Time, and Mortality in Older Adults

    Learn more about the effects of changes in sedentary behaviour over time in adults.

  • European Commission (Belgium) - Strategy Document

    522. Sport education in European schools: compulsory but less important than other subjects

    Physical education is a compulsory subject at school but is commonly perceived as being less important than other subjects, according to a new European Commission report on sport education in 30 European countries.

  • World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (Switzerland) - Policy Document

    521. Sport clubs for health

    The World Health Organization Health Enhancing Physical Activity (HEPA) Europe working group is developing and implementing a Sports Club for Health (SCforH) programme in collaboration with TAFISA, the association for international Sport for All.

  • Australian Sports Commission (ASC) (Vanuatu) - Case Study

    518. Women’s Island Cricket Project

    Read about this cricket program in Vanuatu which encouraged local women to be more active and taught them the importance of a healthy diet and lifestyle.

  • Lahjibi E, Heude B, Dekker JM, Højlund K, Laville M, Nolan J, Oppert JM, Balkau B; the RISC Study Group (France) - Research Article

    512. Impact of objectively measured sedentary behaviour on changes in insulin resistance and secretion over 3years in the RISC study: Interaction with weight gain

    Learn more about how sedentary behaviour affects insulin resistance in this new European study.

  • Bita Faam, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Atieh Amouzegar, Arash Ghanbarian, Golaleh Asghari, Fereidoun Azizi (Iran) - Research Article

    507. Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Its Association With Metabolic Risk Factors in Iranian Adults: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, 2005–2008.

    Find out about the associations between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and metabolic syndrome in Iran.

  • Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Benedicte Deforche, James F. Sallis, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij and Delfien Van Dyck (Nigeria) - Research Article

    499. Behavioral Mediators of the Association Between Neighborhood Environment and Weight Status in Nigerian Adults

    Learn about how the built envirnonment is linked to weight of people in Nigeria.

  • World Heart Federation (Switzerland) - Website

    492. World Heart Federation - Healthy diet and physical activity

    As an advocate of putting cardiovascular disease and its risk factors on the global health agenda, the WHF strongly supports initiatives addressing obesity, healthy diet and physical activity and is a sponsor of GlobalPANet.

  • Bunde-Birouste A., Nathan S., McCarroll B., Kemp L., Shwe T., Grand Ortega M. (Australia) - Research Article

    485. Playing for change – improving young Australian migrant’s lives through football

    This report includes Football United impacts measured through the Australian Research Council (ARC) funded study, conducted by the University of New South Wales (UNSW) and other Football United monitoring and evaluation (M & E) results.

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Strategy Document

    486. How Can Parents Increase Children’s Physical Activity?

    Read this article from Canada which points to relevant research and offers suggestions to parents about how they may be able to increase their children’s participation in physical activity.

  • Takemi Sugiyama, Ding Ding, Neville Owen (Australia) - Research Article

    484. Commuting by Car: Weight Gain Among Physically Active Adults

    Find out whether commuting by car was associated with adults' weight gain over 4 years in this Adelaide study.

  • Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Diana C. Parra, Pedro C. Hallal, Ross C. Brownson (Brazil) - Research Article

    483. Bicycling and Walking for Transportation in Three Brazilian Cities

    This study describes the prevalence of cycling and walking for transportation and their association with personal and environmental factors in adults from three state capitals in Brazil.

  • Sedentary Behaviour Research Network (Canada) - Strategy Document

    480. SBRN Definition of Sedentary Behaviour Now Available in Spanish and Portuguese

    The Sedentary Behaviour Research Network (SBRN) has translated their published updated definition of the terms “sedentary” and “sedentary behaviour” into Spanish and Portuguese, supplementary to versions in English and French.

  • Mayor of London (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    477. Shaping neighbourhoods: Play and informal recreation supplementary planning guidance

    This guidance from the Mayor of London gives practical advice about how to create spaces for play in new developments in urban areas for young people.

  • Sport England (United Kingdom) - Epidemiological Report

    481. Active People Survey 6

    Take a look at results from this survey showing a statistically significant increase in sports participation at least once a week for 30 minutes at moderate intensity since 2010/11 with over 750,000 more adults participating.

  • Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (Canada) - Guideline

    475. Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines and Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines

    This 32-page booklet includes all eight of the Canadian Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines, plus sample log books with examples of ways to incorporate regular physical activity.

  • Council of Europe (France) - Strategy Document

    482. Targeting Social Cohesion in Post-Conflict Societies through Sport

    This Handbook examines the role of sport in the context of social cohesion in post-conflict societies and asks how sport as a mediating tool can help to strengthen social cohesion in communities involved in conflict and war.

  • National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    476. Walking and cycling: local measures to promote walking and cycling as forms of travel or recreation

    This guidance aims to set out how people can be encouraged to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes to help meet public health and other goals such as reducing traffic congestion.

  • Steven C. Moore, Alpa V. Patel, Charles E. Matthews, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Yikyung Park, Hormuzd A. Katki, Martha S. Linet, Elisabete Weiderpass, Kala Visvanathan, Kathy J. Helzlsouer, Michael Thun, Susan M. Gapstur, Patricia Hartge, I-Min Lee (United States) - Research Article

    473. Leisure Time Physical Activity of Moderate to Vigorous Intensity and Mortality: A Large Pooled Cohort Analysis

    Read about the importance of the intensity of physical activity in evidence from a number of large scale studies combined.

  • Andrea Torres, Olga L. Sarmiento, Christine Stauber, and Roberto Zarama (Colombia) - Research Article

    474. The Ciclovia and Cicloruta Programs: Promising Interventions to Promote Physical Activity and Social Capital in Bogotá, Colombia

    Find out about these interesting and effective active travel interventions in South America.

  • Gregg L. Furie, Mayur M. Desai (United States) - Research Article

    472. Active Transportation and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in U.S. Adults

    Take a look at strong evidence for the benefits of active transport in reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors.

  • Andrea Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos and Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article

    470. Access to commercial destinations within the neighbourhood and walking among Australian older adults

    Learn about the influences of walking destinations for older adults in this study from Perth.

  • World Health Organization (WHO) (Switzerland) - Policy Document

    462. Zero Draft, Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. 2013-2020

    Take a look at the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunication Diseases (NCDs) 2013-2020 in this draft from the WHO.

  • Jizzo R. Bosdriesz, Margot I. Witvliet, Tommy L.S. Visscher, Anton E. Kunst (Netherlands) - Research Article

    455. The influence of the macro-environment on physical activity: a multilevel analysis of 38 countries worldwide

    This study examined the associations between macro-level environmental attributes and physical activity in 38 countries using data from the World Health Survey.

  • Diego A.S. Silva, Karen G. Peres, Antonio F. Boing, David A. González-Chica, Marco A. Peres (Brazil) - Research Article

    456. Clustering of risk behaviors for chronic noncommunicable diseases: A population-based study in southern Brazil

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and identify factors associated with simultaneous riskbehaviors for chronicnoncommunicable diseases in adults in asouthern capital in Brazil.

  • Justine E. Leavy, Michael Rosenberg, Adrian E. Bauman, Fiona C. Bull, Billie Giles-Corti, Trevor Shilton, Clover Maitland, Rosanne Barnes (Australia) - Research Article

    450. Effects of Find Thirty every day®: Cross-Sectional Findings From a Western Australian Population-Wide Mass Media Campaign, 2008-2010

    Take a look at new evidence of the effectiveness of WA's mass media campaign.

  • Rodrigo Reis, Pedro Hallal, James F Sallis, Harold W Kohl, Ross C Brownson, Gregory Health, I-Min Lee, Michael Pratt, Adrian Bauman (Australia) - Research Article

    446. A physical activity response to the NCD [non communicable disease] prevention series in Science

    This is a “special communication” in GlobalPAnet. The most recent issue (September 21st, 2012) of the respected journal, Science, focused on non-communicable disease prevention, but made little mention of physical activity. This is a response to Science, written by a group of senior physical activity and public health academics. This response is comprised of their own personal views, but challenges us to stay on the case to continue to advocate for physical activity in global efforts at disease prevention! Although we have made some gains, physical activity is still the ‘elephant in the room’

  • N. V. Christiansen, S. Kahlmeier, F. Racioppi (Denmark) - Research Article

    445. Sport promotion policies in the European Union: results of a contents analysis

    Read about 25 quality sport promotion policies from across Europe.

  • Leigh Gabel, Nicole A. Proudfoot, Joyce Obeid, Maureen J. MacDonald, Steven R. Bray, John Cairney, and Brian W. Timmons (Canada) - Research Article

    441. Step Count Targets Corresponding to New Physical Activity Guidelines for the Early Years

    See how pedometer step count targets related to the new Canadian physical activity guidelines for pre-schoolers.

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Strategy Document

    443. CDC Vital Signs

    Check out this new campaign More People Walk to Better Health from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

  • Debora Rizzuto, Nicola Orsini, Chengxuan Qiu, Hui-Xin Wang, Laura Fratiglioni (Sweden) - Research Article

    439. Lifestyle, social factors, and survival after age 75: population based study

    Learn about what health factors how increase longevity in this new study from Sweden.

  • Damilola A. Alawode and British Journal of Sports Medicine (Nigeria) - Website

    444. Physical inactivity in Nigeria: A short analysis (part 2 of 2)

    In Part 2 of this blog from a GP in Nigeria, published on the British Journal of Sports Medicine website, read about policies and programs to combat the problem of physical inactivity.

  • Blythe J. O'Hara, Philayrath Phongsavan, Kamalesh Venugopal, Elizabeth G. Eakin, Dianne Eggins, Hugh Caterson, Lesley King, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Marion Haas, Adrian E. Bauman (Australia) - Research Article

    440. Effectiveness of Australia's Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service®: Translational research with population wide impact

    Find out about the successes of the 6-month telephone-based coaching campaign Get Healthy.

  • Blake JJ, Benden ME, Wendel ML (United States) - Research Article

    434. Using Stand/Sit Workstations in Classrooms: Lessons Learned From a Pilot Study in Texas

    Take a look at this innovative studies which measured the effects of stand/sit desks in schools.

  • Rahma Ajja, Michael W. Beets, Jennifer Huberty, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Dianne S. Ward (United States) - Research Article

    435. The Healthy Afterschool Activity and Nutrition Documentation Instrument

    Learn about this new tool for recording physical activity and nutritional intake during after-school programs.

  • Glazer NL, Lyass A, Esliger DW, Blease SJ, Freedson PS, Massaro JM, Murabito JM, Vasan RS (United States) - Research Article

    436. Sustained and Shorter Bouts of Physical Activity are Related to Cardiovascular Health

    Examine the health effects of bouts of physical activity of less than 10 minutes.

  • Sharon E. Taverno Ross, Lori A. Francis, Rhonda Z. BeLue, Edna A. Viruell-Fuentes (United States) - Research Article

    431. Associations Between Physical Activity and Overweight Among U.S. Youth by Immigrant Generation: Results From the 2007 National Survey of Children‘s Health

    Explore differences in physical activity and obesity levels in young people and their parents across immigrant generations in the USA.

  • Annette Dobson, Osvaldo Almeida, Wendy Brown, Julie Byles, Leon Flicker, Janni Leung, Derrick Lopez, Kieran McCaul, Deirdre McLaughlin, Graeme Hankey (Australia) - Research Article

    433. Impact of behavioural risk factors on death within 10 years for women and men in their 70s: absolute risk charts

    Learn about the effects of multiple unhealthy lifestyle risk factors in older Australians.

  • Rhian E. Evans, Henrietta O. Fawole, Stephanie A. Sheriff, Philippa M. Dall, P. Margaret Grant, Cormac G. Ryan (United States) - Research Article

    432. Point-of-Choice Prompts to Reduce Sitting Time at Work

    Find out how the presence of point-of-decision prompts to break up sedentary behaviour affected office workers in this intervention.

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Guideline

    430. Factsheet: Do All Children Have Places to be Active?

    Learn about physical activity disparities amongst ethnic and racial minorities and lower income communities.

  • Oyeyemi AL, Adegoke BO, Sallis JF, Oyeyemi AY, De Bourdeaudhuij I. (Nigeria) - Research Article

    429. Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria

    Previous research has explored the association between crime, traffic safety and physical activity, but seldom in low-middle income countries. In a first of its kind, this study documents whether perceived neighbourhood safety is associated with physical activity behaviours amongst Nigerian adults.

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Strategy Document

    428. Yoga for Cancer Survivors

    Read about evidence of the beneifts of yoga in the latest Alberta Centre for Active Living Research Update.

  • Herman Pontzer, David A. Raichlen, Brian M. Wood, Audax Z. P. Mabulla, Susan B. Racette, Frank W. Marlowe (United States) - Research Article

    413. Hunter-Gatherer Energetics and Human Obesity

    This paper on the energy expenditure in Hunter Gather populations compares them with farmers and with western developed populations. The study is by a group of anthropologists from the USA. They measured the Hadza people, a Hunter Gather population in Northern Tanzania. This important work examines total energy expenditure (TEE) and possible reasons for obesity in industrialised society where energy expenditure is less than energy intake is greater.

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Case Study

    418. Active Living Research Infographic

    Learn about the role of communities in promoting physical activity.

  • Keith M. Drake, Michael L. Beach, Meghan R. Longacre, Todd MacKenzie, Linda J. Titus, Andrew G. Rundle, Madeline A. Dalton (United States) - Research Article

    414. Influence of Sports, Physical Education, and Active Commuting to School on Adolescent Weight Status

    In this new study from the U.S., the influence of different types of physical activity on the weight of adolescents was examined, finding sports to be strong strongly associated with weight, as well as active commuting.

  • The Lancet (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    417. The Lancet Series on physical activity

    This recent publication on physical actviity covers the global impact of physical inactivity on non-communicable diseases, current levels of physical activity and trends, reasons for and against participating in physical activity and how to effectively promote physical activity.

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Strategy Document

    427. Supporting Physical Activity Outside of School Time

    Find out ways to promote physical activity out of school in this Active Living Research Factsheet.

  • Charlotte McKercher, Michael D. Schmidt, Kristy Sanderson, Terence Dwyer, Alison J. Venn (Australia) - Research Article

    415. Physical Activity and Depressed Mood in Primary and Secondary School-children

    This study investigates whether a direct link exists between physical activity and depression amongst children.

  • Louise L. Hardy, Tracie Reinten-Reynolds, Paola Espinel, Avigdor Zask, and Anthony D. Okely (Australia) - Research Article

    416. Prevalence and Correlates of Low Fundamental Movement Skill Competency in Children

    Read about the biological and sociodemographic factors of children who have a low compentency of fundamental movement skills.

  • American Institute for Cancer Research (United States) - Strategy Document

    419. 9 Findings That Have Rocked Cancer Prevention Research

    The American Institute for Cancer Research has put together 9 findings that have rocked the field of cancer prevention and survivorship.

  • Groundwork (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    422. Grey Places Need Green Spaces

    Read about why we should invest in green spaces.

  • Sport England (United Kingdom) - Epidemiological Report

    420. Sport England’s Active People Survey

    Read about the rise in sports participation as England prepares for the Olympic Games.

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Strategy Document

    424. Active Transportation - You and Your Community

    FInd out how to boost your active travel using practical tips from the Alberta Centre for Active Living.

  • Change4Life campaign (United Kingdom) - Website

    421. Games4Life

    Take a look at ways to be active at home, on the go, with kids or a disability.

  • Ian Cook (South Africa) - Research Article

    387. Debate. How should steps per day be reported--a proposal using data from Africa

    Take a look at physical activity levels in Africa measured using pedometers.

  • Government of Western Australia (Australia) - Website

    393. Live Lighter WA

    LiveLighter is a new Australian initiative which aims to encourage adults to lead healthier lifestyles.

  • Alberta Center for Active Living (Canada) - Guideline

    392. Pedometer Information Sheet for Adults

    Read these useful guidelines for using pedometers to track physical activity.

  • Paul Branscum and Manoj Sharma (United States) - Research Article

    385. After-school based obesity prevention interventions: a comprehensive review of the literature

    Find out whether after-school programs are effective in prevention obesity.

  • Paul Moon (Australia) - Strategy Document

    391. Links between Maori cultural well-being and participation in sports: a literature review – 2012

    This literature review explores various dimensions of the relationship between participation by Maori in sports and aspects of culture.

  • Walk Score (United States) - Website

    390. Bike Score

    From the people who brought you Walk Score, Bike Score is now available in U.S. cities.

  • Institute of Medicine (United States) - Policy Document

    388. Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention: Solving the Weight of the Nation

    This report from the U.S. Institute of Medicine identifies key obesity-prevention strategies to scale back the 'Weight of the Nation'.

  • Jenny Veitch et al. (Australia) - Research Article

    382. Park Improvements and Park Activity: A Natural Experiment

    This study in Victoria demonstrated increased park usage and physical activity following park upgrades.

  • UNESCO Bangkok (Tanzania) - Strategy Document

    Empowering Girls and Women through Physical Education and Sport

    This advocacy brief from UNESCO Bangkok promotes gender equality and empowerment for girls and women in sport.

  • The Lancet (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    383. Shaping Cities for Health

    Take a look at this Commission published by the Lancet journal which focuses on how policy makers can develop urban areas to foster the health of citizens so that they become healthy cities.

  • PANORG, University of Sydney (Australia) - Strategy Document

    379. Evidence update on obesity prevention; Across the life-course

    This Evidence Update, prepared by PANORG at the University of Sydney provides a summary of evidence on the prevention of overweight and obesity.

  • Australian Government, WHO, SPC (Australia) - Strategy Document

    378. Healthy Islands through Sport

    Take a look at the latest physical activity and sport programs happening across the Pacific region.

  • TY Warren et al (United States) - Research Article

    372. Sedentary Behaviours Increase Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Men

    The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between two sedentary behaviors (riding in car and watching television) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in men in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study.

  • Lisa wood et al (Australia) - Research Article

    376. Sense of community and its relationship with walking and neighborhood design

    The aim of this study is to examine the association between sense of community, walking, and neighborhood design characteristics. The current study is based on a sub-sample of participants (n = 609) from the US Atlanta SMARTRAQ study who completed a telephone survey capturing physical activity patterns, neighborhood perceptions, and social interactions. Objective measures of neighborhood form were also computed.

  • BHF National Centre for Physical Activity & Health (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    196. BHFNC sedentary behaviour evidence briefing

    Take a look at this new sedentary behaviour briefing from the British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health in the UK.

  • Timothy P Gill et al (Australia) - Research Article

    374. Should health policy focus on physical inactivity rather than obesity? No

    Physical inactivity is a major contributor to the global burden of disease, being associated with a range of negative consequences for health, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, reduced functional capacity, and poorer mental health.1 Clearly the promotion of both increased physical activity and reduced inactivity must Richard Weiler and colleagues (doi:10.1136/bmj.c2603) argue that losing weight is not essential to get benefit from physical activity, but Timothy Gill and colleagues believe that tackling all the causes of obesity is essential to improve public health Physical

  • Dylan P. Cliff etal (Australia) - Research Article

    377. Movement Skills and Physical Activity in Obese Children: Randomized Controlled Trial

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Hunter Illawarra Kids Challenge Using Parent Support physical activity program in overweight children.

  • Richard Weiler et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    375. Should health policy focus on physical inactivity rather than obesity? Yes

    Physical inactivity is one of the greatest health threats facing developed nations today. In his latest annual report England’s chief medical officer acknowledged that the benefits of regular physical activity on health, longevity, and well being “easily surpass the effectiveness of any drugs or other medical treatment.”

  • Nicolla Fairhall et al (Australia) - Research Article

    373. Dose-Response Relationship of Resistance Training in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis

    This systematic review by Steib and colleagues aimed to synthesise the best available evidence comparing the effectiveness of different types, intensities, frequencies, volumes and durations of resistance training on strength and functioning in older adults.

  • Alfa Muhihi, Marina Njelekela, Rose Mpembeni et al (Tanzania) - Research Article

    195. Physical activity and cardiovascular disease risk factors among men in urban Mwanza, Tanzania

    Learn about levels of physical activity and cardiovascular disease in Tanzania

  • Mathare Youth Sports Association (MYSA) (Kenya) - Case Study

    192. Mathare Youth Sports Association (MYSA)

    Read about a sport-for-development program in Kenya.

  • Singapore Health Promotion Board (Singapore) - Case Study

    191. National Brisk Walking Programme

    The National Brisk Walking programme is Singapore’s whole of government approach in promoting social bonding and regular physical activity. This multi-agency collaboration aims to increase community participation in brisk walking with a focus on its health benefits.

  • Femke Driehuis et al. (Belgium) - Research Article

    190.Maintenance of lifestyle changes: 3-Year results of the Groningen Overweight and Lifestyle study

    Learn about an intervention that created long term lifestyle behavioural change.

  • VicHealth (Australia) - Website

    186. Walking Maps

    Walking Maps by Victoria Walks enables people to create or discover a range of walking maps for different purposes. See http://www.walkingmaps.com.au/Home.action

  • Department of Sport and Recreation (Australia) - Website

    187. Kidsport - $20M Project to get children 5-18 years into recreation organisations and sport club

    KidSport will make it possible for Western Australian children to participate in community sport and recreation, no matter their financial circumstances. KidSport will allow eligible youth aged 5-18 years to apply for financial assistance to contribute towards club fees. The fees will go directly to the registered KidSport clubs participating in the project through their participating local government. See http://clubsonline.dsr.wa.gov.au/kidsport

  • Department of Health and Aging (Australia) - Website

    164. Do Something Real

    This website celebrates the real stories of real people who are working to deliver better health outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The Attracting More People to Work in Indigenous Health marketing campaign aims to increase the number of health professionals contributing to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and to encourage students to pursue a career in this area. See http://dosomethingreal.govspace.gov.au/

  • Cycling Promotion Fund (Australia) - Website

    140. 2010 Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards

    The 10th Annual Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards were held at Old Parliament House in Canberra on 21 March 2012. The Key Note Address was delivered by The Parliamentary Secretary for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, with addresses from Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasurer, the Shadow Minister for Families, Housing and Human Services and the Greens Spokesman for Transport. The Awards also featured the launch of the survey results of a joint CPF and National Heart Foundation survey of children’s participation in cycling to school. See http://www.cyclingpromotion.com.au/content/

  • Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Guideline

    149. Creating Places for People : an Australian Urban Design Protocol

    The Major Cities Unit was involved in the development of Creating Places for People. It is a collaborative commitment to best practice urban design in Australia. The protocol is the result of two years of collaboration between peak community and industry organisations, States, Territories, Local Governments, and the Australian Government. See http://www.urbandesign.gov.au/

  • Orana Regional Organisation of Councils (Australia) - Case Study

    142. Sharing the Load to Shed the Load

    The purpose of this booklet is to provide councils and communities with the information and encouragement needed to take a stance in addressing healthy weight and physical activity issues at bith loca land regional levels. This booklet features 6 physical activity projects that have worked well in Orana Region's rural communities to address overweight and obesity, improve self esteem, strengthen social connections and promote community action. It also offers a section of information for Local Government and further helpful resources and contact details. See http://www.oroc.com.au/assets/

  • Transport for London (United Kingdom) - Website

    154. Transport for London Walking Benefits

    Walking is a great way to get around London: It's quick and reliable It's good for your health It makes a greener planet It's good for London's economy See http://www.tfl.gov.uk/gettingaround/walking/2896.aspx

  • University of New South Wales Built Environment (Australia) - Website

    150. Healthy Built Environments Literature Review

    City Futures Research Centre's publications include refereed journal articles, books, research papers, issues papers, project reports as well as conference and seminar presentations. All publications and presentations listed on City Futures web site may be downloaded without a charge. See http://www.be.unsw.edu.au/research-centres-and-clusters/city-futures/publications

  • Sustrans (United Kingdom) - Website

    156. Free Range Kids

    Free Range Kids are children and young people who experience freedom from their front door. They have the confidence to travel independently, play outdoors and explore their local community, and have the skills, opportunities and support to do so safely. As a charity promoting travel by foot, bike and public transport for everyday journeys, a key area of Sustrans work has been to reverse the decline in the levels of walking and cycling to school and beyond, making it easier for kids to be out and about and active. See http://www.sustrans.org.uk/freerangekids

  • House of Lords Select Committee (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document

    161. House of Lords Behaviour Change Inquiry

    The House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology has launched an inquiry into the use of behaviour change interventions as a means of achieving government policy goals. See http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/lords-select/science-and-technology-sub-committee-i/inquiries/behaviour/

  • Life Be In It Australia Ltd (Australia) - Website

    152. Life be in it

    'Life. Be in it.' promotes healthy active life styles, leisure and recreational activities and the development of research and service initiatives that have as it's primary object prevention and control of chronic diseases including asthma, cancer, heart disease, kidney conditions, stroke and mental disorders by promoting a greater level of physical activity and greater levels of social inclusion. C

  • Living Streets (United Kingdom) - Website

    148. Making the case for investment in the walking environment

    Living Streets is the national charity that stands up for pedestrians. It works to create safe, attractive, enjoyable streets where it’s great to walk. At Living Streets, they believe streets are worth fighting for. With supporters, Living Streets works to create streets that really put people first. When there are streets we want to walk in, lives are transformed - we are healthier, happier and more sociable. See http://www.livingstreets.org.uk/?cID=651

  • World Heart Foundation (Switzerland) - Guideline

    151. WHF factsheets

    Working with members and partners involved in the “Kids on the Move” project, the World Heart Federation has produced four fact sheets to help members make the case for promoting healthy diet and physical activity as a priority for policy, school curricula, and community activity. See http://www.world-heart-federation.org/what-we-do/awareness/children-youth/fact-sheets/

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Website

    144. Physical Activity Counselling Toolkit

    Physical Activity Counselling Toolkit resources are written in plain language, and are intended to widen the choice of resources available to practitioners. Practitioners will find the resources to be of practical assistance when working with clients and are also available in French and Punjabi. The practitioners clearly identified a real and increasing need for appropriate resources or tools that would help them do physical activity counselling, especially in health care settings. See http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/our-work/toolkit/resources.html

  • Be Active WA (Australia) - Case Study

    369. Physical Activity Taskforce case studies

    This website gives links to physical activity case studies, including best practice local government initiatives in relation to policy and planning, walking, programs and services, the built environment and sample physical activity plans. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/index.php?id=276

  • be active wa (Australia) - Website

    141. Physical Activity Taskforce

    The Physical Activity Taskforce (the Taskforce), promoted under the be active wa brand, links government and community agencies to provide a coordinated and collaborative response to increasing and improving opportunities for physical activity in Western Australia. This site supports the Taskforce's objectives by providing an industry specific information resources portal that promotes and encourages active lifestyles. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/

  • Australian National Preventative Health Agency (Australia) - Website

    169. Preventive Health Research Grants

    The successful applicants in the Preventive Health Research Grant Program 2011-12 have been announced. Details of the 13 projects, their areas of inquiry and their Chief Investigator A can be found here. The successful applicants in the third round of CLI grants have been announced. Details on the 26 organisations and their respective projects designed to reduce risky drinking by young people can be found here See http://www.anpha.gov.au/grants

  • I. De Bourdeaudhuij et al (Australia) - Research Article

    1. Are physical activity interventions equally effective in adolescents

    The aim was to study whether physical activity (PA) interventions in European teenagers are equally effective in adolescents of low versus high socio-economic status (SES).

  • Trina Hinkley et al (Australia) - Research Article

    67. Preschoolers' Physical Activity, Screen Time and Compliance with Recommendations

    Little evidence exists about the prevalence of adequate levels of physical activity and of appropriate screen-based entertainment in preschool children.This study investigates how much time preschool children spend being physically active and engaged in screen-based entertainment.

  • Australian Sports Commisssion (Australia) - Research Article

    134. Exercise Recreation and Sport Survey

    The Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey (ERASS) was a joint initiative of the Australian Sports Commission and State and Territory Departments of Sport and Recreation, conducted on an annual basis between 2001 and 2010. This presents results from the tenth annual ERASS data collection in 2010. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/information/casro/ERASS

  • British Heart Foundation National Center (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    360. BHFNC Parental Advice booklets

    The parental advice booklets were originally developed as part of the suite of resources for the long term medical conditions course. Long term medical conditions covered include obesity, asthma, heart conditions and diabetes. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/207/index.html

  • Josephine Y. Chau et al (Australia) - Research Article

    48. Validity of the Occupational Sitting and Physical Activity Questionnaire (OSPAQ)

    Sitting at work is an emerging occupational health risk. Few instruments designed for use in population-based research measure occupational sitting and standing as distinct behaviors. This study aimed to develop and validate brief measure of occupational sitting and physical activity.

  • be active WA (Australia) - Guideline

    196. It's Your Move! Getting Students Active

    Schools are in an ideal position to provide physical activity opportunities for children and help them develop the knowledge, skills and habits for lifelong healthy and active living. A whole-school approach will help students be more physically active, more motivated to study and better able to benefit from the learning programs. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/assets/files/Brochures/ItsYourMove_DL%20Brochure.pdf

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    174. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Wellbeing: A focus on children and youth.

    This article provides an overview of the demographic characteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and youth. Data presented are drawn from a range of sources and provide context for the other articles in this series which focus on aspects of wellbeing. The topics covered in this article include: Size and age structure in 2006 Where children and youth live Fertility and mortality Other resources See http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4725.0Chapter250Apr%202011

  • Deepak Patel et al (South Africa) - Research Article

    41. Participation in Fitness-Related Activities of an Incentive-Based Health Promotion Program

    A retrospective, longitudinal study examined changes in participation in fitness-related activities and hospital claims over 5 years amongst members of an incentivized health promotion program offered by a private health insurer.

  • Ara I et al (Spain) - Research Article

    30. Physical fitness and obesity are associated in a dose-dependent manner in children

    This article aims to analyze the relationships between physical fitness, lifestyle-related factors, and obesity in a large population of children. An inverse relationship between physical fitness levels and the risk of being overweight/obese was found inasmuch as children with higher physical fi

  • Australian Bicycle Council (Australia) - Website

    198. Australian Bicycle Council

    The Australian Bicycle Council's role is to: oversee and coordinate implementation of the Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-16 provide a forum for the sharing of information between stakeholders involved in the implementation of the Strategy maintain a repository of information and resources to promote increased cycling in Australia. See http://www.austroads.com.au/abc/

  • Louise Baur (Australia) - Research Article

    195. Broad range of prevention efforts need to target obesity in children

    Effective prevention, as well as treatment, are necessary if we are to respond appropriately to the problem of child and adolescent obesity. Both effective prevention of obesity, as well as treatment of those already affected by it, are necessary if we are to respond appropriately to the problem of child and adolescent obesity. See http://theconversation.edu.au/broad-range-of-prevention-efforts-need-to-target-obesity-in-children-4143 There are a range of potential solutions, but perhaps the biggest challenge is summoning the political will to address them. See

  • Australian Government (Australia) - Guideline

    207. Creating Places for People – an urban design protocol for Australian cities

    Creating Places for People is a collaborative commitment to best practice urban design in Australia. The protocol is the result of two years of collaboration between peak community and industry organisations, States, Territories, Local Governments, and the Australian Government. See http://www.urbandesign.gov.au/

  • Commonwealth Government (Australia) - Policy Document

    209. National Sport and Active Recreational Policy Framework

    The National Sport and Active Recreational Policy Framework (the Framework) was developed by Commonwealth, state and territory government departments responsible for sport and recreation, with feedback provided by a range of national sporting organisations, active recreation organisations and peak bodies. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/asc_news/story_467540_a_significant_step_forward_new_national_framework_to_align_sport_sector

  • National Rural Health Alliance (Australia) - Guideline

    201. Physical Activity in Rural Australia

    The lack of physical activity is the fourth leading cause of disease and a major public health concern in Australia. Latest statistics show that only 30 per cent of the Australian population have sufficient physical activity for health benefits. People living in rural and remote parts of Australia have even lower physical activity levels than those in major cities. See http://nrha.ruralhealth.org.au/cms/uploads/factsheets/Fact-Sheet-26-Physical-Activity.pdf

  • Bicycle Network (Australia) - Research Article

    200. The Bicycle Expenditure Index for Local Government

    BiXE (Bicycle Expenditure Index) 2011 shows how much of their own money local governments are spending on bicycle infrastructure. The index allows Councils and residents to track the level of commitment in their municipality and compare that commitment to other similar councils. See http://www.bv.com.au/media/vanilla/file/BiXE%202011_Final%20Report%20171111.pdf

  • Walk21 (Australia) - Case Study

    199. Making Walking Count in Canberra

    This report presents the findings of a survey conducted for the Australian Capital Territory Government,by the international organisation Walk21, to ascertain an understanding of walkability in Canberra and the attitudes of the citizens of Canberra to walking. See http://www.canwalk.org.au/news/making-walking-count-in-canberra/

  • Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Website

    203. The Future of Australian Sport

    The ASC has partnered with CSIRO to jointly conduct ‘The Future of Australian Sport’ – a project examining the multiple trends that may impact sport out to 2040. Looking across a range of social, economic, political, environmental and technology trends, the project will illustrate what Australian sport will look like in ten, 20 and 30 years from now. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/asc_news/story_464277_the_future_of_australian_sport

  • Outdoors Alliance for Kids (United States) - Policy Document

    202. US Healthy Kids Outdoors Act

    The Healthy Kids Outdoors Act will support state, local and federal strategies to connect youth and families with the natural world, improve children’s health and support future economic growth and conservation efforts. This legislation will help get Americans active outdoors through natural play; outdoor recreation such as camping, hiking, hunting and fishing; public health initiatives; outdoor learning environments; service learning and other initiatives. See https://sites.google.com/site/outdoorsallianceforkids/

  • NSW Ministry of Health (Australia) - Research Article

    206. NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) 2010: Full Report

    The NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) 2010: full report provides in detail the methods, findings and tools used for SPANS 2010. It is the fourth in a series of school-based surveys of NSW school students and provides valuable trend information on the weight status and associated behaviours of a representative sample of 8,100 NSW school students in Years K, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10, conducted in Term 1, 2010. See http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/pubs/2011/spans_full.html

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Research Article

    204. Australian Social Trends Sport and Physical Recreation

    This article looks at the rates of participation in sport and physical recreation across Australia for people aged 15 years and over, by selected characteristics and by selected activities. The article also looks at Australians who had reported low or no exercise and who would therefore not be meeting the National Physical Activity Guidelines See http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features30Jun+2011

  • Two Bulls (Australia) - Website

    208. myparx App

    My Parx is a mobile app for park visitors that lets people find and explore parks that interest them. Discover the secrets of favourite parks through exploring up-to-date information, interactive maps, and personal guided tours. See http://www.myparx.com/go/app/

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Strategy Document

    205. Good for Busine$$ Discussion Paper

    The Heart Foundation (SA) commissioned this discussion paper to bring together the evidence around the financial benefits to retailers and residents in making commercial streets more walking and cycling friendly. Walking and cycling to local shops is good for business and good for the local economy and is essential to the success of revitalisation strategies. Streetscape enhancements add value to an area and are associated with higher rents and the attraction of new businesses. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/GoodforBusinessFINAL_Nov.pdf

  • Séverine Sabia et al (France) - Research Article

    70. Effect of Intensity and Type of Physical Activity on Mortality

    This reseach examined the association of intensity and type of physical activity with mortality. It assessed the duration of physical activity by intensity level and type in 7456 men and women from the Whitehall II Study by questionnaire in 1997-1999 and 5 years later.

  • World Health Organization (Denmark) - Guideline

    191. WHO Good Practice Appraisal Tool for obesity prevention programmes

    This report gives a description of the good practice tool for obesity prevention programmes and describes its development and use. To identify good practice, a tool has been developed to evaluate good practice elements of the planning, monitoring, evaluation and implementation of programmes that can target children, adolescents or adults as well as be nationally, regionally or locally initiated in community, school or workplace settings. See http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/149740/e95686.pdf

  • Kimberly Horn et al (United States) - Research Article

    77. Effects of Physical Activity on Teen Smoking Cessation

    The objective of this study was to understand the influence of physical activity on teen smoking-cessation outcomes.

  • Healthy Parks Healthy People (Australia) - Website

    193. Active in Parks

    A program has been developed to help Geelong get healthier, more active and connected to the great outdoors. Geelong’s Active in Parks website provides advice and tips on locations and activities to plan outdoor activities. See http://activeinparks.org/

  • Andrew J. Atkin et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    82. Non-Occupational Sitting and Mental Well-Being in Employed Adults

    Emerging evidence suggests that sedentary behaviour may be adversely associated with physical health, but few studies have examined the association with mental well-being. This study examined the association of four non-occupational sedentary behaviours with mental well-being.

  • Roma Robertson et al (Australia) - Research Article

    79. Recommendations by Queensland GPs to be more physically active

    The objective of this research was to ascertain the extent to which general practitioners in Queensland recommend physical activity to their patients, the types of patients they target, types of activities they suggest and how patients respond to the recommendations.

  • K. Jolly et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    78. Comparison of range of commercial or primary care led weight reduction programmes

    The objective of this study was to to assess the effectiveness of a range of weight management programmes in terms of weight loss.

  • Rachel C. Shelton et al (United States) - Research Article

    10. The Association Between Social Factors and Physical Activity Among Low-Income Adults

    This articles seeks to examine the association between structural, functional, and normative social factors and physical activity among urban, low-income, racially/ethnically diverse adults

  • Paul T Williams (United States) - Research Article

    72. Exercise Attenuates the Association of Body Weight with Diet in 106,737 Runners

    The high prevalence of obesity in Western societies has been attributed in part to high-fat low-CHO food consumption. However, people have also become less active, and inactivity may have increased the risk for weight gain from poor dietary choices.

  • Beth P. Hands et al (Australia) - Research Article

    42. The associations between physical activity, screen time and weight from 6 to 14 yrs

    To examine the strength and direction of the relationship between physical activity level, screen use and BMI in a cohort at ages 6, 8, 10 and 14 yrs as part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study.

  • Tuomas O Kilpelainen et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    83. Physical Activity Attenuates the Influence of FTO Variants on Obesity Risk

    The FTO gene harbors the strongest known susceptibility locus for obesity. While many individual studies have suggested that physical activity (PA) may attenuate the effect of FTO on obesity risk, other studies have not been able to confirm this interaction.

  • Genevieve N. Healy et al (United States) - Epidemiological Report

    14. Sedentary time and cardio-metabolic biomarkers in US adults: NHANES 2003–06

    Prolonged sedentary time is ubiquitous in developed economies and is associated with an adverse cardio-metabolic risk profile and premature mortality.

  • Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Policy Document

    188. State of Australian Cities 2011 Report

    State of Australian Cities 2011 provides an evidence base to support the national urban policy released earlier this year - Our Cities, Our Future - which sets out concrete steps to make our cities better places to live and work. See http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/soac.aspx

  • Environment and Sustainable Development Directorat (Australia) - Strategy Document

    185. ACT Transport for Canberra policy

    One of the ACT Government’s priorities is to provide an effective and efficient transport system that meets the needs of the community while reducing its environmental and social impacts. Transport for Canberra sets a new policy direction for transport from now to 2031. See http://www.google.com.au/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=act%20transport%20for%20canberra%20policy&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CHgQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.timetotalk.act.gov.au%2Fstorage%2FTransport%2520Policy%252014%2520October%2520Full.pdf&ei=vefOT7btOsatiAfeiKWJDA&usg=AFQjCNHNVaqOny3VxHZry6Kz9k58IRKRjA

  • Department of Health and Aging (Australia) - Website

    178. Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet Physical Activity Yarning Place

    The yarning place is for people across Australia to meet and share ideas about physical activity. Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet has developed a number of yarning places (electronic networks) to assist networking among people working to address various aspects of Indigenous health. See http://www.yarning.org.au/

  • National Obesity Observatory (United Kingdom) - Website

    179. Evaluation data collection tool

    The tool has been developed to assist practitioners to collect standardised summary data from any weight management, diet or physical activity intervention. It will also help to better understand the types of obesity and related interventions across the country. See http://www.noo.org.uk/core/eval_collection

  • City of Sydney (Australia) - Case Study

    181. City of Sydney Regional Bicycle Network Report

    In 2010, the City of Sydney commissioned independent research to quantify the economic benefits of the proposed Inner Sydney Regional Bike Network. The study by AECOM* found the network would deliver at least $506 million - or $3.88 for every dollar spent - in net economic benefits over 30 years, and reduce Sydney's traffic congestion by 4.3 million car trips a year. The study forecasts a 66 per cent increase in bike trips by 2016 and a 71 per cent rise by 2026 if the network is built. See http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/aboutsydney/parkingandtransport/cycling/EcononmicResearchCycling.asp

  • Australian Sports Commisssion (Australia) - Guideline

    176. Play by the Rules website

    Play by the Rules provides information and online learning for community sport and recreation on how to: ¦prevent and deal with discrimination, harassment and child abuse, and ¦develop inclusive and welcoming environments for participation. The site gives information about how schools and sporting organisations can use the resources on Play by the Rules to promote inclusive, safe and fair participation. See http://www.playbytherules.net.au/

  • South Western Sydney Local Health District (Australia) - Guideline

    189. Online NSW Healthy Urban Development Checklist

    The Healthy Urban Development Checklist was developed by SSWAHS and NSW Health as a tool to assist health professionals to provide advice on urban development policies, plans and proposals. It is intended to ensure that the advice provided is both comprehensive and consistent. See http://www.sswahs.nsw.gov.au/populationhealth/healthy_urban_development_checklist.html

  • Department of Health Western Australia (Australia) - Website

    183. New Get on Track Challenge

    The Get On Track Challenge is a free, fun and motivating team-based physical activity and healthy eating program for all WA adults. The site aims to organise a workplace challenge to boost the health of staff for large or small organisations. See http://www.getontrackwa.com.au/

  • D. Merom et al (Australia) - Research Article

    75. Changes in active travel of school children from 2004 to 2010 in New South Wales, Australia

    The purpose of this research was to describe changes in mode of commuting to school among Australia students between 2004 and 2010 and in relation to body mass index (BMI) and cardio respiratory fitness.

  • Michel Lucas et al (United States) - Research Article

    80. Relation Between Clinical Depression Risk and Physical Activity and Time Spent Watch Television

    Although physical activity (PA) has been inversely associated with depressive symptoms, it is not clear whether regular PA and television watching are associated with clinical depression risk.

  • A. Bauman et al (Australia) - Research Article

    76. "Where have all the bicycles gone?"

    The objective of this research was to explore whether the reported increase in bicycle sales in Australia is corroborated by increases in numbers of cyclists.

  • Jeff K. Vallance et al (Canada) - Research Article

    59. Associations of objectively-assessed physical activity and sedentary time with depression

    Studies provide conflicting evidence for the protective effects of moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity on depression. Recent evidence suggests that sedentary behaviors may also be associated with depression.

  • Department of Health (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    171. Health and Wellbeing of Western Australian Adults 2010

    The WA Department of Health released its summary of adult data from the Health and Wellbeing Surveillance Survey (HWSS) on 16 July 2011. The HWSS is a continuous data collection system which was developed by the Department of Health to monitor the health and wellbeing of Western Australians. This report presents what WA adults aged 16 years and over were saying about their health and wellbeing in 2010. See http://beactive.wa.gov.au/index.php?id=1359

  • Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Website

    190. Death by suburban sprawl: better urban planning will combat sedentary lifestyle

    Billie Giles-Corti looks at how the built environment impacts the development of NCDs. See http://theconversation.edu.au/death-by-suburban-sprawl-better-urban-planning-will-combat-sedentary-lifestyles-3395

  • Chiropractors' Association of Australia (Australia) - Website

    163. Just Start Walking Australia

    Just Start Walking is an initiative from the World Federation of Chiropractic, a global non-profit association that was admitted into official relations with the World Health Organization (WHO) as a non-governmental organization in January 1997. As a member organization of the World Federation of Chiropractic, the Chiropractors’ Association of Australia has adapted the program for use in Australia. See http://www.juststartwalking.com.au/

  • Australian Bycling Council (Australia) - Website

    172. National Cycling Participation 2011 (Australia)

    The Cycling Resource Centre is an Australian information hub on all things related to cycling. The site is administered by the Australian Bicycle Council (ABC) which consists of representatives of state, territory and local governments, the cycling industry and bicycle users. The ABC coordinates and implements the Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-2016 and reports on its implementation to Australian Transport ministers. See http://www.cyclingresourcecentre.org.au/post/national_cycling_participation_survey

  • ISPAH (Australia) - Website

    167. Global Advocacy for Physical Activity (GAPA) – Documents cross the Globe

    GAPA has several key principles: The development of actions based on evidence of effectiveness The application of advocacy actions aimed at multiple levels: political advocacy media advocacy professional mobilization community mobilization advocacy within organizations The involvement of a wide range of organizations with direct and indirect interests in the promotion of physical activity across all regions of the world See http://www.globalpa.org.uk/

  • IOC (Switzerland) - Strategy Document

    182. IOC Consensus Statement on Health & Fitness of Children through PA and Sport

    The document defines the health consequences of inactivity; it identifies the determinants of sports participation and drop-outs, and provides recommendations on potential solutions and global partnerships. The ultimate purpose of this scientific effort is to improve the health and fitness of young people throughout the world, thereby decreasing the morbidity and mortality deriving from non-communicable diseases. See http://www.olympic.org/medical-commission?articleid=139477

  • NSW Government (Australia) - Strategy Document

    194. NSW 2021

    NSW 2021 is a plan to make NSW number one. It is a 10 year plan to rebuild the economy, provide quality services, renovate infrastructure,restore government accountability, and strengthen local environment and communities. See http://www.2021.nsw.gov.au/sites/default/files/NSW2021_WEBVERSION.pdf

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    175. Physical Activity in Australia: A Snapshot, 2007-08

    Provides a brief overview of the physical activity levels of people aged 18 years and over in Australia, using data from the 2007-08 ABS National Health Survey. It includes information on a range of characteristics which may influence a person's physical activity levels, as well as the long-term health risks associated with physical inactivity. See http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mediareleasesbyCatalogue/E4A26CF152A501FCCA257905007AA615?Opendocument

  • Dominique A Cadilhac et al (Australia) - Research Article

    15. The economic benefits of reducing physical inactivity: An Australian example.

    Physical inactivity has major impacts on health and productivity. Our aim was to estimate the health and economic benefits of reducing the prevalence of physical inactivity in the 2008 Australian adult population.

  • WHO (Switzerland) - Policy Document

    131. United Nations General Assembly on NCDs

    This is only the second time in the history of the UN that the General Assembly meets on a health issue (the last issue was AIDS). The aim is for countries to adopt a concise, action-oriented outcome document that will shape the global agendas for generations to come. See http://www.who.int/nmh/events/un_ncd_summit2011/en/

  • E Webb et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    69. Free bus passes, use of public transport and obesity among older people in England

    All residents of England aged 60 years and older became entitled to free travel on local buses on 1 April 2006. This study examines the impact of this policy on public transport use, a mode of active transport and levels of obesity.

  • Justine E Leavy et al (Australia) - Research Article

    68. Physical activity mass media campaigns and their evaluation

    Internationally, mass media campaigns to promote regular moderate-intensity physical activity have increased recently. Evidence of mass media campaign effectiveness exists in other health areas, however the evidence for physical activity is limited.

  • Jared P. Reis et al (United States) - Research Article

    81. Lifestyle factors and risk for new-onset diabetes. A population-based cohort study

    Epidemiologic data on the combined influence of several lifestyle factors on diabetes risk are rare, particularly among older adults. The objective was to examine how combinations of lifestyle risk factors relate to the 11-year risk for incident diabetes.

  • B. Kelly et al (Australia) - Research Article

    73. "Food company sponsors are kind, generous and cool": (Mis)conceptions of junior sports players

    Children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing influences their food knowledge, preferences and consumption. Sport sponsorship by food companies is widespread and industry investment in this marketing is increasing.

  • Lancet (United States) - Research Article

    168. Lancet obesity series

    This four-part Series critically examines what we know about the global obesity pandemic: its drivers, its economic and health burden, the physiology behind weight control and maintenance, and what science tells us about the kind of actions that are needed to change our obesogenic environment and reverse the current tsunami of risk factors for chronic diseases in future generations. See http://www.lancet.com/series/obesity

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Research Article

    159. Exercise and Pregnancy: Canadian Guidelines for Health Care Professionals

    In Canada, many pregnant women do not exercise enough, gain too much weight during pregnancy, and develop gestational diabetes and hypertension. This article presents some important facts and resources to help medical practitioners, other health care professionals and pregnant women better understand the benefits of physical activity during pregnancy. See http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/publications/wellspring/2011/aug-pregnancy.html

  • Chi Pang Wen et al (Taiwan) - Research Article

    62. Minimum amount of physical activity for reduced mortality and extended life expectancy

    The health benefits of leisure-time physical activity are well known, but whether less exercise than the recommended 150 min a week can have life expectancy benefits is unclear. We assessed the health benefits of a range of volumes of physical activity in a Taiwanese population.

  • Paul D. Loprinzi et al (United States) - Research Article

    64. Association Between Objectively-Measured Physical Activity and Sleep, NHANES 2005-2006

    Epidemiological studies examining the association between physical activity and sleep have relied on self-report measures of physical activity and have primarily been conducted in older adults.

  • DA Crawford et al (Australia) - Research Article

    63. Home and neighbourhood correlates of BMI among children living in socioeconomically disadvantage

    A detailed understanding of the underlying drivers of obesity-risk behaviours is needed to inform prevention initiatives, particularly for individuals of low socioeconomic position who are at increased risk of unhealthy weight gain.

  • Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport (Australia) - Guideline

    302. Games Smart — a guide for schools (QLD)

    Games Smart is a visual resource for fun and engaging physical activity. It has been specifically designed to provide primary school teachers with an easy to use visual resource that enables them to feel more confident and be more competent in delivering fun and engaging daily physical activity. See http://www.communities.qld.gov.au/sportrec/community-programs/school-community/games-smart

  • David Rojas-Rueda et al (Spain) - Research Article

    61. The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use

    The objective was to estimate the risks and benefits to health of travel by bicycle, using a bicycle sharing scheme, compared with travel by car in an urban environment.

  • The Age (Australia) - Website

    158. Tank-driving, car-crushing mayor

    The mayor of Vilnius, Lithuania, has struck a blow for traffic wardens the world over with his novel approach to illegal parking. Car owners in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, may be choosing their parking spaces a little more carefully after the city's mayor drove over - and wrecked - a Mercedes in a stunt to serve as a warning to anyone who thinks about parking illegally. At the end of the video the mayor cleans up the mess of crushed glass before riding away on a bike. See http://theage.drive.com.au/motor-news/tanks-for-the-warning-crushing-take-on-illegal-parking-20110803-1ibjm.html

  • Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Policy Document

    104. Active Living Integrated Planning & Reporting Resource for Council

    The Active Living Integrated Planning and Reporting Resource has been prepared to provide guidance to councils (and other interested parties) on how to address active living principles and practices, as councils prepare and implement the new IPR Framework. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/113389/PCAL_Active_Living_Brochure_Final_2.pdf

  • Barbara E. Ainsworth et al (United States) - Guideline

    50. 2011 Compendium of Physical Activities: A Second Update of Codes and MET Values

    The Compendium of Physical Activities was developed to enhance the comparability of results across studies using self-report physical activity (PA) and is used to quantify the energy cost of a wide variety of PA. We provide the second update of the Compendium, called the 2011 Compendium.

  • Neville Owen et al (Australia) - Research Article

    57. Adults’ Sedentary Behavior: Determinants and Interventions

    Research is now required on factors influencing adults' sedentary behaviors, and effective approaches to behavioral-change intervention must be identified. The strategies for influencing sedentary behavior will need to be informed by evidence on the most important modifiable behavioral determinants.

  • British Heart Foundation National Centre (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    155. BHFNC Information booklets for early years practitioners

    The UK Governments have recently published new physical activity guidelines. For the first time these include guidelines specifically for the under fives. These information booklets are designed to give early years practitioners and health professionals help with using these guidelines effectively and to provide practical tips. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/280/index.html

  • Stuart J H Biddle et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    60. Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews

    The objective was to synthesise reviews investigating physical activity and depression, anxiety, self-esteem and cognitive functioning in children and adolescents and to assess the association between sedentary behaviour and mental health by performing a brief review.

  • Department of Transport Western Australia (Australia) - Case Study

    197. Evaluation of the TravelSmart Local Government and Workplace Programs

    The Western Australian Department of Transport (DoT) commissioned Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA) to undertake the “Evaluation of TravelSmart Local Government and Workplace Programs”. The programs are designed to encourage the use of public transport, cycling and walking and, ultimately, to reduce vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) by car, generating health benefits and a reduction in a range of costs to the community including greenhouse gas emissions, air and noise pollution, and traffic congestion. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/assets/files/Physical%20activity%20programs/TS%20progr

  • Health Promotion Board (Singapore) - Guideline

    166. Singapore guidelines

    The National Physical Activity Guidelines for Singapore provide practical guidance for apparently healthy adults and older adults on the types and volume of physical activities that prevent chronic disease, prolong life and enhance quality of life. The types of physical activity include lifestyle, aerobic and strength which can be performed in the domains of work, home, commuting or leisure time. See http://www.hpb.gov.sg/physicalactivity/article.aspx?id=10368

  • Department of Health (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    146. New UK physical activity guidelines launched

    New physical activity guidelines have been published by the four UK Chief Medical Officers, covering early years; children and young people; adults; and older adults. This is the first time UK-wide physical activity guidelines have been produced and represents the first time guidelines have been produced in the UK for early years (under fives) as well as sedentary behaviour, for which there is now evidence that this is an independent risk factor for ill health. See http://www.dh.gov.uk/health/2011/07/physical-activity-guidelines/

  • Marie-Noël Vercambre et al (United States) - Research Article

    65. Physical Activity and Cognition in Women With Vascular Conditions

    Individuals with vascular disease or risk factors have substantially higher rates of cognitive decline, yet little is known about means of maintaining cognition in this group.

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Guideline

    162. NSW Heart Foundation 10 Step Healthy Workplace Guide

    To assist businesses to improve the health of their employees, the Heart Foundation, Cancer Council NSW and the Physical Activity, Nutrition & Obesity Research Group (PANORG) from the School of Public Health at the University of Sydney, have collaborated to develop a practical, evidence based ten step guide. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/ACTIVE-LIVING/WORKPLACE-WELLNESS/Pages/default.aspx

  • Croakey (Australia) - Website

    157. Action on climate change may also help our obesity problem

    Obesity and climate change are two of the greatest public health challenges facing Australia.Whilst obesity and climate change may appear to be unrelated, there is a growing recognition that these are actually closely connected problems, having some shared causes and solutions.By targeting these shared causes, obesity and climate change can be tackled simultaneously. See http://blogs.crikey.com.au/croakey/2011/07/25/action-on-climate-change-may-also-help-our-obesity-problem/#more-5781

  • Thomas A. Wadden et al (United States) - Research Article

    74. Four-Year Weight Losses in the Look AHEAD Study: Factors Associated With Long-Term Success

    This report provides a further analysis of the year 4 weight losses in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) study and identifies factors associated with long-term success.

  • Anne Kouvonen et al (Poland) - Research Article

    58. Social support and the likelihood of maintaining and improving levels of physical activity

    Evidence on the association between social support and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) is scarce and mostly based on cross-sectional data with different types of social support collapsed into a single index.

  • Temple Healthcare (Australia) - Website

    135. SenseWear

    SenseWear is a highly advanced multi-sensor device that combines algorithm based artificial intelligence and miniaturisation. See http://www.templehealthcare.com.au/pgs-vis/products/bm-sensewear.html?zoom_highlight=sensewear

  • Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Policy Document

    153. Emerging Crises Summit

    The Australian Local Government Association, Bus Industry Confederation, Cycling Promotion fund, National Heart Foundation of Australia, and International Association of Public Transport are calling on the Australian Government to follow this nine point plan to boost national participation in walking, cycling and public transport. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/driving-change/current-campaigns/Pages/australian-vision-active-transport.aspx

  • Erica A. Hinckson et al (New Zealand) - Research Article

    55. School Travel Plans: Preliminary Evidence for Changing School-Related Travel Patterns

    In New Zealand, the School Travel Plan (STP) program was developed to increase school-related active travel rates and decrease traffic congestion. Preliminary findings suggest that the STP program may be successful in creating mode shift changes to favor school-related active travel.

  • Daniel Fuller (Canada) - Research Article

    47. Use of a New Public Bicycle Share Program in Montreal, Canada

    Cycling contributes to physical activity and health. Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use.

  • Peter Kremer et al (Australia) - Guideline

    132. CO-OPS Collaboration new recommendations for establishing a childhood obesity monitoring system

    The Collaboration of Community-based Obesity Prevention Sites (CO-OPS Collaboration) has released new recommendations for establishing a childhood obesity monitoring system. See http://www.co-ops.net.au/Pages/Public/2011_Monitoring_Reports.aspx

  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    160. Young Australians: their health and wellbeing 2011

    This report is the fourth in a series of national statistical reports on young people aged 12-24 years, produced by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. It provides the latest available information on how Australia's young people are faring according to a set of national indicators of health and wellbeing. See http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=10737419261

  • D Mozaffarian et al (United States) - Research Article

    54. Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men

    Specific dietary and other lifestyle behaviors may affect the success of the straightforward-sounding strategy “eat less and exercise more” for preventing long-term weight gain.

  • Catrine Tudor-Locke et al (United States) - Research Article

    51. Patterns of adult stepping cadence in the 2005–2006 NHANES

    Laboratory studies of adult walking behavior have consistently found that a cadence of 100 steps/min is a reasonable threshold for moderate intensity. The purpose of this study was to determine cadence patterns in free-living adults, and in particular, time spent at increasing cadence increments.

  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    137. New AIHW report: Key indicators of progress for chronic disease and associated determinants

    With preventive health now a major focus of health reform in Australia, this report provides information about the prevalence of those chronic diseases for which behavioural changes, or increased screening practices, can reduce onset, assist in management, or prevent death. See http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=10737419245&libID=10737419244&tab=2

  • VicHealth (Australia) - Guideline

    139. Everyone Wins! Booklet for: Community sporting clubs

    Everyone Wins provides practical tools and resources to help Victorian community sports clubs become more inclusive and welcoming of everyone in their community. The toolkit specifically aims to help clubs increase the involvement of women and girls, Aboriginal people and people from culturally diverse communities. See http://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/en/Publications/Physical-Activity/Sport-and-recreation/Everyone-Wins_clubs.aspx

  • NCD Alliance (Switzerland) - Strategy Document

    138. Nutrition, physical activity, and NCD prevention Briefing paper

    Obesity, unhealthy diets and physical inactivity are the most important preventable risk factors for NCDs after tobacco. Up to 80% of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes and over a third of the most common cancers could be prevented by eliminating these shared risk factors (WHO, 2008). The newly launched briefing paper on nutrition, physical activity and NCD prevention the NCD Alliance is calling for action. See http://www.ncdalliance.org/node/3410

  • MJ Douglas et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    53. Are cars the new tobacco?

    Public health must continually respond to new threats reflecting wider societal changes. Ecological public health recognizes the links between human health and global sustainability. We argue that these links are typified by the harms caused by dependence on private cars.

  • Kim Jose et al (Australia) - Research Article

    46. Childhood and adolescent predictors of leisure time physical activity

    Few studies have investigated factors that influence physical activity behavior during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. This study explores the associations of sociodemographic, behavioral, sociocultural, attitudinal and physical factors with physical activity behavior.

  • Nicola D Ridgers et al (Australia) - Research Article

    43. Five-year changes in school recess and lunchtime

    The purpose was to investigate the longitudinal changes in children's recess and lunchtime physical activity levels and in the contribution of recess and lunchtime to daily physical activity levels over 5 years among 5–6- and 10–12-year olds.

  • WHO (Denmark) - Policy Document

    130. New WHO database on nutrition, obesity and physical activity

    WHO/Europe has mapped policies on nutrition, physical activity and obesity throughout the European Region in a new database. The purpose is to assist decision-makers and professionals who want to address the spiralling levels of noncommunicable disease. See http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/health-topics/noncommunicable-diseases/obesity/news/news/2011/05/new-database-on-nutrition,-obesity-and-physical-activity

  • Jolie O'Dell (United States) - Website

    123. Sitting pictures

    Sitting down, which most of us do for at least eight hours each day, might be the worst thing we do for our health all day. Check out these graphically organized stats from Medical Billing and Coding. We like it for the information, but we love it for the Saul Bass, Vertigo-esque graphics. See http://mashable.com/2011/05/09/sitting-down-infographic/?utm_source=iphoneapp&utm_medium=rss&utm_content=textlink&utm_campaign=iphoneapp

  • Hayley Christian et al (Australia) - Research Article

    44. The influence of the built environment, social environment and health behaviors

    The objective was to examine the individual, behavioral, social and built environment correlates of body mass index (BMI) in an Australian adult population. Whilst evidence mounts of built environment correlates to physical activity, translation of these effects on BMI remains elusive.

  • Craig, C. L. et al (Canada) - Research Article

    220. Descriptive epidemiology of youth pedometer-determined physical activity: CANPLAY

    Objective measurement with body worn instrumentation is a preferred and increasingly common way to gather information about young people's physical activity. Measured samples have been typically small and recruited through schools. The purpose of this article was to present the descriptive epidemiology of children and youth pedometer-determined physical activity on the basis of a large national sample.

  • Anne Tiedemann (Australia) - Guideline

    40. Exercise and Sports Science Australia Position Statement on exercise and falls prevention

    Falls affect a significant number of older Australians and present a major challenge to health care providers and health systems. The purpose of this statement is to inform and guide exercise practitioners and health professionals in the safe and effective prescription of exercise for older people.

  • NSW Department of Health (Australia) - Website

    122. NSW Health active & healthy website

    As part of the NSW Falls Prevention Program, this website not only provides information about exercises, but also about your health, making your home environment safe, what to do if you do have a fall, and home and lifestyle checklists to help you reduce your risk. See http://www.activeandhealthy.nsw.gov.au/

  • FIFA (Switzerland) - Website

    121. Women's Football Resource Kit

    FIFA hopes that this new publication will be useful for associations, administrators, players and coaches alike. The kit will help to arm those working day to day in football with the tools and practical knowledge to help them to achieve results. See http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/footballdevelopment/technicalsupport/women/resourcekit.html

  • Bamini Gopinath et al (Australia) - Research Article

    33. Influence of Physical Activity and Screen Time on the Retinal Microvasculature in Young Children

    It is not clear whether physical activity and sedentary behavior affect retinal microvascular caliber. We investigated associations among physical activity (outdoor and indoor sporting activities), sedentary behaviors (including screen time, television [TV] viewing, and computer and videogame usage)

  • Tim Olds et al (Australia) - Research Article

    38. The Place of Physical Activity in the Time Budgets of 10- to 13-Year-Old Australian Children

    Low physical activity has been associated with increased fatness and deceased fitness. This observational study aimed to describe the magnitude, composition, and time-distribution of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in Australian children.

  • National Obesity Observatory (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    129. Knowledge and attitudes towards healthy eating and physical activity briefing paper

    There is a range of data that describes people’s knowledge of and attitudes to physical activity and healthy eating in England. The objective of this paper is to support public health practitioners who wish to gain a greater understanding of these issues. See http://www.noo.org.uk/uploads/doc/vid_11171_Attitudes.pdf

  • PJ Morgan et al (Australia) - Research Article

    8. Efficacy of a workplace-based weight loss program for overweight male shift workers

    To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a workplace-based weightloss program (Workplace POWER-WP) for male shiftworkers. The WP program was feasible and efficacious and resulted in significant weightloss and improved health-related outcomes and behaviours in overweight male shiftworkers.

  • Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Policy Document

    143. National Urban Policy - Our Cities Our Future

    The Australian Government is committed to strengthening the advantages of Australia’s cities and responding to emerging environmental, infrastructure and social challenges. In releasing the first National Urban Policy, the Australian Government is establishing a comprehensive framework of goals, objectives and principles which it has committed to and will apply in determining its future actions in Australia’s major cities, that is, those with population greater than 100,000 people. See http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/files/Our_Cities_National_Urban_Policy_Paper_2

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Research Article

    147. Creating Healthy Neighbourhoods – Consumer Preferences for Healthy Development

    The Heart Foundation is interested in what the community thinks about healthy neighbourhoods. In October 2009 a Newspoll telephone survey was commissioned to find out whether healthy neighbourhood features influence their decision about where to live. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/driving-change/current-campaigns/local-campaigns/Pages/creating-healthy-neighbourhoods.aspx

  • Prof Robert Beaglehol et al (New Zealand) - Strategy Document

    34. Priority actions for the non-communicable disease crisis

    The UN High-Level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in September, 2011, is an unprecedented opportunity to create a sustained global movement against premature death and preventable morbidity and disability from NCDs, mainly heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and respiratory disease

  • Department of Health and Aging (Australia) - Website

    180. Swap It Don't Stop It

    Healthy eating and getting active can help lose centimetres and prevent or delay the onset of chronic diseases such as some cancers, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. There are some simple everyday changes people can make to get them on their way to a healthier lifestyle without losing all the things they love. See http://swapit.gov.au/

  • Boris Gojanovic et al (Switzerland) - Research Article

    37. Electric bikes as a new active transportation modality to promote health

    Electrically assisted bicycles (EAB) are an emerging transportation modality favoured for environmental reasons. Some physical effort is required to activate the supporting engine, making it a potential active commuting option.

  • PR Baker et al (Australia) - Research Article

    35. Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity.

    Multi-strategic community wide interventions for physical activity are increasingly popular but their ability to achieve population level improvements is unknown. The objective was to evaluate the effects of community wide, multi-strategic interventions upon population levels of physical activity.

  • United Nations Human Settlements Programme (Kenya) - Strategy Document

    124. Draft resolution on sustainable urban development through access to quality urban public spaces

    7 submissions from the drafting group of the Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme. See http://www.unhabitat.org/downloads/docs/9771_1_593694.pdf

  • Premier's Physical ACtivity Council Tasmania (Australia) - Strategy Document

    114. Tasmania's plan for physical activity 2011-2021

    Tasmania’s plan for physical activity 2011-2021 is a long-term plan for all of Tasmania. The plan is for anyone involved in physical activity, whether as a participant, promoter, provider, researcher, policy maker or funder. See http://www.getmoving.tas.gov.au/article.php?article_id=168

  • Rachel Smith (Australia) - Case Study

    117. On her bike: why women won’t ride

    So why don’t Australian women cycle? In other cities around the world the bicycle is a central part of life for most women. See http://blogs.crikey.com.au/rooted/2011/04/04/on-her-bike-why-women-wont-ride/

  • Massimo F. Piepoli et al (Italy) - Research Article

    32. Exercise training in heart failure: from theory to practice.

    The European Society of Cardiology heart failure guidelines firmly recommend regular physical activity and structured exercise training (ET), but this recommendation is still poorly implemented in daily clinical practice outside specialized centres and in the real world of heart failure clinics.

  • A Holtermann et al (Denmark) - Research Article

    31. The health paradox of occupational and leisure-time physical activity

    Occupational and leisure-time physical activity are considered to provide similar health benefits. The authors tested this hypothesis. The findings indicate opposing effects of occupational and leisure-time physical activity on global health.

  • Alan R. Morton et al (Australia) - Research Article

    49. Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science position statement on exercise and asthma

    Asthma, a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways is associated with variable obstruction to the airways and is provoked by many triggers including exercise. The management of asthma is primarily pharmacological, but exercise is an important adjunct to treatment.

  • Planet Ark (Australia) - Research Article

    192. Climbing Trees: Getting Aussie Kids Back Outdoors

    Planet Ark commissioned an independent study to investigate childhood interaction with nature and how this interaction is changing. See http://treeday.planetark.org/documents/doc-534-climbing-trees-research-report-2011-07-13-final.pdf

  • Chris Rissel (Australia) - Research Article

    115. Ditching bike helmets laws better for health

    With epidemics of diabetes and obesity threatening to bankrupt state health budgets, governments need to broaden their strategies to encourage physical activity. Allowing cyclists to ride without a helmet would remove one common barrier to cycling and encourage more Australians to get on a bike. See http://theconversation.edu.au/ditching-bike-helmets-laws-better-for-health-42

  • Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Guideline

    110. Heart Foundation fact sheets on sitting

    The Heart Foundation has published information sheets to provide information and useful tips on how to decrease your sitting time. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/healthy-eating/mums-united/articles/Pages/sitting.aspx

  • Heart Foundation of Australia (Australia) - Guideline

    109. New walkability tool from the Heart Foundation

    The checklist is a national consumer advocacy tool that asks community residents to be the ‘eyes and feet’ of their Local Government council to provide feedback on the ‘walkability’ of their local neighbourhoods. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/healthy-eating/mums-united/spread-the-message/Pages/walkability-checklist.aspx

  • Department of Health and Ageing (Australia) - Guideline

    111. Swap It Don't Stop It

    Healthy eating and getting active can help you lose centimetres and prevent or delay the onset of chronic diseases such as some cancers, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. There are some simple everyday changes you can make to get you on your way to a healthier lifestyle.

  • British Heart Foundation National Centre (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    113. Physical activity patterns - children in England

    This fact sheet pulls together all the latest statistics from sources such as the Health Survey for England and the National Travel Survey to provide a picture of how active children and young people in England are. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/267/index.html

  • Corneel Vandelanotte et al (Australia) - Research Article

    52. Identifying population subgroups at risk for underestimating weight health risks

    People may incorrectly perceive that their body weight or Physical Activity (PA) meets health recommendations; this provides an obstacle for change. In this study self-reported BMI and PA were assessed in relation to questions regarding perception of meeting weight and PA recommendations.

  • Terry Boyle (Australia) - Research Article

    39. Long-Term Sedentary Work and the Risk of Subsite-specific Colorectal Cancer

    Research suggests that sedentary behavior may increase the risk of some chronic diseases. The aims of the study were to examine whether sedentary work is associated with colorectal cancer and to determine whether the association differs by subsite.

  • Steven Allender et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    27. Policy change to create supportive environments for physical activity and healthy eating

    The objective is to identify and test regulatory options for creating supportive environments for physical activity and healthy eating among local governments in Victoria, Australia. There is a real opportunity for action to prevent obesity at local government level.

  • Adrian Bauman et al (Australia) - Research Article

    29. Changing gears: bicycling as the panacea for physical inactivity?

    This editorial summarises the health benefits and risks of cycling, and describes current controversies and evidence challenges for cycling policy and promotion.

  • E Llargues et al (Spain) - Research Article

    28. Assessment of a school-based intervention in eating habits and physical activity

    Obesity has become a global public health problem, which also affects children. It has been proposed that the educational interventions during childhood could be a key strategy in the prevention of obesity.

  • Rachel Clark et al (Australia) - Guideline

    128. Local government and obesity prevention : an evidence resource

    This evidence resource has been developed specifically to assist those working in local government with policy and practice-level decisions broadly related to obesity prevention. See http://www.mccaugheycentre.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/450334/local_gov_and_obesity_prevention.pdf

  • John R. Sirard et al (United States) - Research Article

    9. Dog Ownership and Adolescent Physical Activity

    Positive associations between dog ownership and adult health outcomes have been observed, but research involving youth is lacking. Dog ownership was associated with more physical activity among adolescents.

  • Premier's Physical Activity Council (Australia) - Strategy Document

    177. Tasmania's plan for physical activity 2011-2021

    This long-term plan, prepared by the Premier’s Physical Activity Council in consultation with many other Tasmanians interested in physical activity, sets a unifying direction and framework for action.

  • New South Wales Government (Australia) - Strategy Document

    97. Draft NSW Walking Strategy

    In September 2011, the NSW Government released NSW 2021 which includes a target to increase walking for short trips and a commitment to develop a NSW Walking Strategy. Development of a NSW draft Walking Strategy is being managed by a whole-of-government steering group chaired by PCAL. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/draft_nsw_walking_strategy

  • National Heart Foundation (Australia) - Research Article

    96. The National Secondary Students Diet and Nutrition 2009/10

    The National Secondary Student's Diet and Activity (NaSSDA) survey 2009-10 is jointly funded by the state Cancer Councils, Cancer Council Australia and the National Heart Foundation of Australia. See http://www.cancer.org.au/policy/Publications/NaSSDA.htm

  • New South Wales Government (Australia) - Website

    98. Healthy Kids website

    The Healthy Kids website provides information, resources and ideas on physical activity and healthy eating for children and young people. See http://www.healthykids.nsw.gov.au/

  • Jenny Veitch et al (Australia) - Research Article

    66. Is the Neighbourhood Environment Associated with Sedentary Behaviour Outside of School Hours

    Little is known about neighbourhood environments and children’s sedentary behaviour outside school hours. This study aims to examine the associations between public open spaces (POS), parent perceptions of the neighbourhood and children’s sedentary behaviours.

  • Cycling Promotion Fund (Australia) - Website

    105. Cycling Promotion Fund 2010 Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards

    The Cycling Promotion Fund, (CPF) established the Australian Bicycling Achievement Awards in 2002. Since the Awards inception, the scope and quality of nominations has increased considerably, illustrating the excellent initiatives being undertaken that are shaping the future of Australian bicycling

  • Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Website

    108. Australian Sports Commission’s Playing for Life Kit

    More Australian children who are enrolled in outside of school hours care programs are set to benefit from the Australian Sports Commission’s successful Playing for Life Kit. The Playing for Life kit is part of the Australian Government’s Active After-school Communities (AASC) program. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/asc_news/story_416475_playing_for_life_keeps_children_active_after_school

  • Mark S. Tremblay et al (Canada) - Guideline

    7. New Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines

    The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEPhas developed the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Children (aged 5–11 years), Youth (aged 12–17 years), Adults (aged 18–64 years), and Older Adults (aged =65 years). See http://www.csep.ca/english/view.asp?x=804

  • MS Tremblay et al (Canada) - Guideline

    6. Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines for Children and Youth

    The Canadian Sedentary Behaviour guidelines include a preamble to provide context, followed by the specific recommendations for sedentary behaviour.

  • Australian Government (Australia) - Strategy Document

    93. Australian Sport: The Pathway to Success

    Australian Sport: The Pathway to Success takes a holistic approach to our sporting system that is aimed at strengthening sport as a whole. See http://www.health.gov.au/internet/budget/publishing.nsf/Content/budget2010-sport-pathways10.htm

  • CSEP (Canada) - Guideline

    94. New Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines

    This webpage from the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology contains a number of resources concerning the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines and the Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines.

  • Flinders University (Australia) - Website

    91. PANORAMA

    The Physical Activity and Nutrition Observatory: Research And Monitoring Alliance "PANORAMA", will build SA Health capacity to support good nutrition and adequate physical activity. See http://www.flinders.edu.au/medicine/sites/panorama/panorama_home.cfm

  • American Geriatrics Society (United States) - Guideline

    95. AGS/BGS Clinical Practice Guideline : Prevention of Falls in Older Persons 2010

    Contains Summary of Recommendations,Guideline, Preventing Serious Falls: Tips for Older Adults and Their Loved Ones, Patient Education Resources on Falls Prevention, Summary of the Updated American Geriatrics Society/British Geriatrics Society Clinical Practice Guideline for Prevention of Falls. See http://www.americangeriatrics.org/health_care_professionals/clinical_practice/clinical_guidelines_recommendations/2010/

  • Kim Anderson (Canada) - Research Article

    100. Designed Playgrounds that Engage Children in Physical Activity and More

    This article offers background information on the City of Edmonton’s experience with using a “design” approach for playground developments. See http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/publications/wellspring/2011/feb-playgrounds.pdf

  • Global Advocacy for Physical Activity (GAPA) (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    106. ‘NCD Prevention: Investments that Work for Physical Activity’

    Investments that work for Physical Activity is a complementary document to the Toronto Charter for Physical Activity and identifies seven best investments to increase population levels of physical activity to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases and promote population health. See http://www.globalpa.org.uk/pdf/investments-work.pdf

  • Active Living Foundation (United States) - Research Article

    116. Potential of Safe, Secure and Accessible Playgrounds to Increase Children's Physical Activity

    This brief summarizes research on playgrounds and how playgrounds impact physical activity among children. For the purposes of this brief, a playground is defined as a small, publicly owned, outdoor area that features play equipment and provides recreational physical activity for younger children. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/ALR_Brief_SafePlaygrounds.pdf

  • Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Guideline

    103. NSW Developer's Checklist with Case Studies

    This Checklist is a companion document to the Premier’s Council for Active Living (PCAL) publication “Development & Active Living: Designing Projects For Active Living – A Development Assessment Resource & Navigational Tool.” See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/114786/DevChklst_wcasestud_Feb_2011_Lres_18.02.pdf

  • WHO Regional Office for Europe (Switzerland) - Guideline

    85. Health economic assessment tool (HEAT) for cycling

    HEAT is an online resource to estimate the economic savings resulting from reductions in mortality as a consequence of regular cycling and/or walking. It is based on best available evidence, with parameters that can be adapted to fit specific situations. Default parameters are valid for Europe. See http://www.euro.who.int/en/what-we-do/health-topics/environment-and-health/Transport-and-health/activities/promotion-of-safe-walking-and-cycling-in-urban-areas/quantifying-the-positive-health-effects-of-cycling-and-walking/health-economic-assessment-tool-heat-for-cycling-and-walking

  • Cancer Council of NSW (Australia) - Policy Document

    101. Alive & Well – Councils for healthy local living

    The main aim of the Alive & Well grants program is to encourage local councils to develop and implement specific initiatives that help reduce the impact of cancer in their community. The program also enhances opportunities for Cancer Council to work with particular councils on healthy initiatives. See http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/19275/reduce-risks/local-government-initiatives/resources-for-localgovernment/alive-well-grants-program/?pp=19275

  • NSW Department of Planning (Australia) - Policy Document

    84. NSW Department of Planning Position Statement Planning for Active Living

    This position statement affirms the commitment of the Department of Planning to pursue initiatives to support the continuing creation and maintenance of environments supportive of active living. See http://www.planning.nsw.gov.au/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=btRhhN-HQA8%3d&tabid=471&language=en-US

  • Bicycle Victoria (Australia) - Research Article

    17. Whitepaper - On Your Bike! How office buildings can accommodate more cyclists

    Ten per cent of all vehicles entering the Melbourne CBD in the morning peak are now bicycles and the total number is increasing by 20% each year. The implications of this for companies and the property sector are profound. See http://www.colliers.com.au/~/media/Files/Corporate/Research/Speciality%20Reports%20and%20Property%20White%20Papers/Colliers%20International%20Bicycle%20Victoria%20Whitepaper%20%20Q4%202010.ashx

  • Centre for Multicultural Youth (Australia) - Guideline

    87. Giving Communities a Sporting Chance: A Multicultural Resource Kit

    Victoria is one of Australia’s most culturally diverse states. Around one in four Victorians were born overseas, or have at least one parent born overseas. This resource offers you practical strategies and resources to encourage greater participation in sport and recreation activities. See http://www.cmy.net.au/Assets/1397/5/GivingCommunitiesaSportingChance.pdf

  • Australian National Preventive Health Agency (Australia) - Website

    127. Australian National Preventive Health Agency (ANPHA) Website

    ANPHA is a new agency that was established on 1 January 2011. ANPHA’s job is to be the catalyst for strategic partnerships, including the provision of technical advice and assistance to all levels of government and in all sectors, to promote health and reduce health risk and inequalities. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/252/index.html

  • Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    107. Experience of Sport and Physical Activity in Northern Ireland

    The report presents data from the Continuous Household Survey (CHS), a Northern Ireland wide household survey administered by Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) Central Survey Unit. The survey provides a regular source of information on a wide range of social and economic issues. See http://www.dcalni.gov.uk/chs_sports_bulletin_200910.pdf

  • East of England Public Health Observatory (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    99. Soft measures – hard facts: The value for money of transport measures which change travel

    Key messages include travel behaviour change measures can provide high benefits compared to costs, changing how we travel can reduce the need for expensive infrastructure, behaviour change measures can be implemented more quickly than infrastructure projects, all measures achieve carbon reductions. See http://www.erpho.org.uk/viewResource.aspx?id=21632

  • Jo Salmon et al (Australia) - Research Article

    19. A translational research intervention to reduce screen behaviours and promote physical activity

    Translational or implementation research that assesses the effectiveness of strategies to promote health behaviours among children that have been previously tested under ‘ideal’ conditions is rarely reported. Switch-2-Activity aimed to examine the effectiveness of an abbreviated programme.

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Research Article

    89. Participation in Sport and Physical Recreation, Australia 2009-10

    Contains details on the number and characteristics of people who participate in a range of sport and physical activities. See http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/4177.0Main%20Features12009-10?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=4177.0&issue=2009-10&num=&view=

  • Arlene L. Hankinson et al (United States) - Research Article

    20. Maintaining a High Physical Activity Level Over 20 Years and Weight Gain

    Data supporting physical activity guidelines to prevent long-term weight gain are sparse, particularly during the period when the highest risk of weight gain occurs.

  • Be Active WA (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    370. WA Physical Activity Taskforce 2009 Adult Survey

    The 2009 Physical Activity Adult Survey report provides an in depth analysis of the physical activity levels of Western Australian adults. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/index.php?id=439

  • Sport Northern Ireland (Ireland) - Case Study

    365. Northern Ireland ACTIVe PEOPLE: healthy communities - The IMPACT of Community Sport

    The purpose of this publication is to demonstrate how Sport Northern Ireland’s investment in community sport contributes towards the achievement of public health outcomes. This report draws information from ‘The Value of Sport and Physical Recreation – Contributing to Improved Public Health,’ completed by FKB Consulting and Dennis McCoy Consulting in early 2010.

  • Leisure Link Up (Australia) - Website

    358. Access for All Abilities

    Leisure Link Up is committed to encouraging all people to join in sport and recreation opportunities and operates the Access for All Abilities program. This program aims to build the capacity of the sport and recreation sector to provide increased active participation opportunities for people of all abilities. See http://www.leisurelinkup.info/

  • Luuk H Engbers et al (Netherlands) - Research Article

    21. Characteristics of a population of commuter cyclists in the Netherlands

    Daily cycling to work has been shown to improve physical performance and health in men and women. This article aims to contribute to a better understanding of the perceived barriers and facilitators of cyclists/non-cyclists and personal factors associated with commuter cycling.

  • ED Williams et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    36. Physical activity behaviour and coronary heart disease mortality among South Asian people

    The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of physical inactivity to the excess mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) observed in the UK South Asian population.

  • American College of Sports Medicine (United States) - Policy Document

    92. Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes

    Although physical activity (PA) is a key element in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, many with this chronic disease do not become or remain regularly active. High-quality studies establishing the importance of exercise & fitness in diabetes were lacking until recently. See http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21115758

  • OECD (France) - Epidemiological Report

    22. Health at a Glance: Europe 2010

    This special edition of Health at a Glance focuses on health issues across the 27 European Union member states, three European Free Trade Association countries (Iceland, Norway and Switzerland) and Turkey. See http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/health-at-a-glance-europe-2010_health_glance-2010-en;jsessionid=97mmen2q2f5hr.delta

  • CR Richardson et al (United States) - Research Article

    3. An online community improves adherence in an internet-mediated walking program. Part 1

    Online communities that allow participants to communicate with each other by posting and reading messages may decrease participant attrition.

  • ASICS Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport (Australia) - Research Article

    23. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Supplement

    Conference Program and book of Abstracts

  • Tahna Pettman (Australia) - Case Study

    119. eat well be active Community Programs - Final Report

    Concern over the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children has resulted in the emergence of community-based obesity prevention initiatives. SA Health funded the eat well be active Community Programs (ewba) as a demonstration project of such an approach. See http://www.health.sa.gov.au/PEHS/branches/health-promotion/ewba/ewbaCPFinalReport2010Electronic.pdf

  • City of Sydney (Australia) - Strategy Document

    102. StreetShare Strategy

    To progress its vision for a green, global,connected city by 2030, the City of Sydney has commenced construction of a network of cycle routes with the target of achieving 10% of trips by inner Sydney residents by bicycle by 2016. See http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/AboutSydney/documents/ParkingAndTransport/Cycling/FinalStrategyReport_23112010.pdf

  • Sustrans (United Kingdom) - Website

    356. Quality Streets

    Why do we need Quality Streets? According to the Sustrans campaign, quality streets are needed because they are the key to unlocking a communities' potential. On a quality street, you would know your neighbours and their children and they will know you. On a quality street, you are happy to let your children play out, and that's where you'll find them instead of parked in front of the computer. And if there were more quality streets, more people could choose to walk or cycle rather than drive. See http://www.sustrans.org.uk/resources/in-the-news/Quality-streets-for-all

  • Department of Education Tasmania (Australia) - Website

    364. Being active matters!

    Being active matters! is a booklet written specifically for parents, about the importance of children being physically active right from birth. The booklet covers five fundamental motor skills and includes suggestions, tips and ideas to help families include more physical activity into the daily routine. See http://www.education.tas.gov.au/earlylearning/Active.pdf

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    368. Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (CPCLA)

    This publication compares results from the surveys of Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (CPCLA) conducted in April of 2000, 2003, 2006 and 2009. While the publication primarily provides information about the participation of children aged 5 to 14 years in cultural, sporting and other leisure activities, some information on children's use of the Internet is also presented. See http://www.wasportsfed.asn.au/downloads/ABS_Report_Children%20Engaging%20in%20Sport%20and%20Leisure%20Time.pdf

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    367. Involvement in Organised Sport and Physical Activity

    This publication presents results from the survey of Involvement in Organised Sport and Physical Activity conducted in April 2010. It presents information on the number of persons aged 15 years and over who were involved in organised sport and physical activity over a 12 month period. See http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/23765F20064D67F3CA2577E6000F8069/$File/62850_April%202010.pdf

  • Irish Sports Council (Ireland) - Research Article

    357. Ireland Children's Participation in Sport and Physical Activity Study

    This major research study which provides a national database of physical activity, physical education and sport participation levels of children and youth in Ireland. See http://www.irishsportscouncil.ie/News_Events/Latest_News/2010_Archive/RESEARCH_Minister_Hanafin_Launches_Major_Research_Study_on_Children's_Participation_in_Sport_and_Physical_Activity.html

  • Planning Aid (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    355. Good practice guide to public engagement in development schemes

    This guide is intended to provide practical advice for all those involved in public engagement in development schemes which require planning consent. See http://www.rtpi.org.uk/download/9516/PAE_good_practice_guide.pdf

  • Kwon, S (United States) - Research Article

    266. Associations of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Fatness With Cardiovascular Risk Factors

    The U. S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) captures cross-sectional, nationally representative data on variables including fitness and weight status. This study used NHANES data to examine both the combined and independent effects of cardiorespiratory fitness and fatness on cardiovascular risk factors among adolescents aged 12-19, finding several risk factors to be associated with low fitness, independently of weight status.

  • Cole, Rachel (Australia) - Research Article

    265. Perceptions of representatives of public, private, and community sector

    This paper reports findings of qualitative research examining perceived barriers and enablers for active transport in Queensland, with issues arising around infrastructure delivery, public transport services, walk- and cycle-friendly community attributes, political leadership and government coordination, and societal norms and culture.

  • Chau, Josephine Y. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    258. Are workplace interventions to reduce sitting effective? A systematic review

    Researchers from The University of Queensland, The University of Sydney and Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute collaborated to produce a set of systematic reviews examining [i] the association between occupational sitting and health outcomes, and [ii] to identify whether workplace interventions to reduce sitting are effective.

  • Foster, S et al (Australia) - Research Article

    254. Neighbourhood design and fear of crime

    This study, part of the RESIDE project in Perth, WA examined relationships between neighbourhood design and residents’ fear of crime in new suburban housing developments, finding supportive evidence for walkable neighbourhoods linked to perceived safety.

  • Biddle, Stuart J.H. et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    248. Tracking of sedentary behaviors of young people: A systematic review

    This review examines evidence of the tracking of sedentary behaviours from childhood and adolescence, demonstrating moderate levels of tracking into adulthood. Finding out about the tracking of sedentary behaviour is important for decision making around the most effective age groups to focus interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour.

  • Sirriyeh, Reema et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    223. Physical activity and adolescents: An exploratory randomized controlled trial

    This study, an exploratory randomized control trial, tests the feasibility and acceptance of a novel intervention using different types of persuasive short messaging service (SMS) text messages in an attempt to increase physical activity levels amongst young adults (aged 16 – 19 years) over a two week period.

  • Department of Infrastucture and Planning (Australia) - Guideline

    363. Transit oriented development guide

    Transit oriented development: Guide for practitioners in Queensland is designed to build understanding of the transit oriented development (TOD) concept and good practice in the Queensland context. It has been written for practitioners, including urban planners, urban designers, transport professionals, local and state government officers and industry representatives and developers. A successful TOD will respond to local context and opportunities. See http://www.dlgp.qld.gov.au/resources/guideline/tod/guide-for-practitioners.pdf

  • James Dollman et al (Australia) - Research Article

    56. Physical activity and screen time behaviour in metropolitan, regional and rural adolescents

    Activity levels among Australian adolescents show contrasting patterns of geographical differences to those found in Australian adults. Higher levels of free play among rural Australian adolescents may be due to more available space and less fear of traffic and stranger risks.

  • VicHealth (Australia) - Strategy Document

    361. Building health through sport action plan 2010-13

    This action plan details the role of VicHealth and the sports sector in promoting health and outline specific activities that will be undertaken with the sports sector over the next three years to address priority health areas for action. See http://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/~/media/ResourceCentre/PublicationsandResources/Physical%20activity/Building_health_through_sport_VicHealth_action_plan.ashx

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Case Study

    341. PCAL Active Living Case Studies

    In response to the increasing evidence linking urban planning to low levels of community participation in physical activity, the New South Wales Premier's Council for Active Living (PCAL) has developed a web-based resource Designing Places for Active Living . PCAL has also compiled a series of NSW case studies to demonstrate the successful application of Active Living design considerations for each of the specific environments within the Designing Places for Active Living resource. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/case_studies

  • Department of Transport (Australia) - Strategy Document

    340. Victoria Pedestrian Access Strategy

    The Pedestrian Access Strategy sets out the Victorian Government’s vision for a more pedestrian-friendly transport system for Victorians. The aim of the strategy is to encourage more Victorians to walk, especially for short trips. The strategy establishes broad policy principles and the first steps to guide the Victorian Government’s investment in walking over the next 10 years – including infrastructure,planning and design, safety and behaviour change programs. See http://www.transport.vic.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/31375/Pedestrian_Access_Strategy_2010.pdf

  • Global Advocacy for Physical Activity (United Kingdom) - Website

    346. Toronto Charter - show your support

    This website allows individuals or organisations to register support of the Toronto Charter and to indicate how they intend to use the charter, whether to discuss physical activity with decision makers, to build multi sector partnerships or other specified purposes. They may also agree to being listed as a supporter of the Toronto Charter on this website. See http://www.globalpa.org.uk/charter/register.php

  • BHFNC (United Kingdom) - Website

    344. BHFNC website

    The aim of this site is to help keep professionals up-to-date with all the latest developments in the field of physical activity and health. The British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (BHFNC) was established in April 2000 with funding from the British Heart Foundation (BHF). See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/home/index.html

  • Kerry A Brown (Australia) - Research Article

    86. Public ­private partnerships in the promotion of sport and well­being : a governance model

    This research focuses on exploring the links between sport, Indigenous self determination and deeper engagement within mainstream Australia especially with regard to the issue of promoting healthy lifestyles and the role of governance, through sport governance. See http://eprints.qut.edu.au/38967/1/c38967.pdf

  • Seaman, Peter J et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    270. It's not just about the park, it's about integration too

    This paper provides interesting new evidence from qualitative research looking at why people in urban areas choose to use, or not use, local public greenspace. It found that improving access to greenspace for all in urban communities needs to take account of social cohesion and broader community factors as well as providing high quality resources such as parks, footpaths, activities and lighting.

  • Hardy, Louise et al (Australia) - Research Article

    269. Munch and Move: evaluation of a preschool healthy eating and movement skill program

    Findings from an evaluation of a low intensity physical activity and healthy eating intervention in New South Wales indicate improved fundamental movement skills and reductions in sweetened drinks are achievable over a short time span but other improvements may take longer to occur. Preschools and other early childhood services are important settings to initiate lifelong healthy lifestyles, but evidence of effective programs is scarce. Munch and Move is a state-wide program focusing on professional development of early childhood professionals to promote physical activity and healthy eating.

  • Wakefield, Melanie A. et al (United States) - Research Article

    264. Use of mass media campaigns to change health behaviour

    The paper describes the role of mass media in changing self behaviour. It also includes a systematic review of mass media campaigns in different areas, including campaigns to influence physical activity. In general they conclude that there is moderately good evidence for physical activity mass media campaigns, especially in motivated individuals.

  • Smith, Ben J. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    262. Parental influences on child physical activity and screen viewing time

    This cross-sectional study surveyed parents of 4006 children attending long day care centres, primary and high school in New South Wales to examine perceived parental barriers and self efficacy in relation to children’s’ physical activity participation and screen time viewing.

  • Pucher, John (United States) - Research Article

    256. Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data

    This paper, by Rutgers University (USA) academic, John Pucher, examines the ecologic association between travel data and health risk. Travel data, and sometimes, health surveys, were used to calculate the proportion of the population that actively commuted by walking or cycling, described as the 'active transport' segment of the population. This study examined ecologic associations, and observed interesting correlates.

  • van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    257. Occupational Sitting and Health Risks A Systematic Review

    Researchers from The University of Queensland, The University of Sydney and Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute collaborated to produce a set of systematic reviews examining [i] the association between occupational sitting and health outcomes, and [ii] to identify whether workplace interventions to reduce sitting are effective.

  • Bassett, David R. Jr et al (United States) - Research Article

    229. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity and Health Behaviors in United States Adults

    The paper describes a large sample of adults who wore pedometers to objectively assess their physical activity levels. The pedometer sample was from 1100 US adults, who were part of the “America on the Move” study. The study was based on a population sample, but those participating in America on the Move, although showing geographic diversity could still be considered a somewhat selected sample.

  • OECD (France) - Epidemiological Report

    173. OECD report on obesity and the economics of prevention

    This book contributes to evidence-based policy making by exploring multiple dimensions of the obesity problem. It examines the scale and characteristics of the epidemic, the respective roles and influence of market forces and governments, and the impact of interventions. It outlines an economic approach to the prevention of chronic diseases that provides novel insights relative to a more traditional public health approach. See http://www.oecd.org/document/31/0,3343,en_2649_33929_45999775_1_1_1_1,00.html#Executive_Summary

  • NSW Health (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    354. NSW Falls Prevention Baseline Survey 2009

    The mains aims of the NSW Falls Prevention Survey are to provide information about falls carers, falls status, risk and protective factors, consultation with health professionals, and falls knowledge, among community-dwelling older people. See http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/resources/publichealth/surveys/hso_09falls_pdf.asp

  • VicHealth (Australia) - Case Study

    366. VicHealth Raising a racket - new Australian arrivals revive badminton

    This project is part of a VicHealth funding program known as PICSAR, which aims to increase participation levels in community sport and active recreation amongst people with disabilities and those from low socioeconomic, Indigenous and new arrival communities. See http://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/~/media/ResourceCentre/PublicationsandResources/Physical%20activity/PICSAR%202010/Badminton2010.ashx

  • Department of Sport and Recreation WA (Australia) - Website

    335. Active Parent Education Kit

    The Active Parent Education Kit provides parents of Western Australia with resources to optimise their child’s sport and recreation experience. The kit targets parents, schools, clubs, officials, coaches and any community groups that are seeking information about the parent’s role in a sport or recreation environment. See http://www.dsr.wa.gov.au/active-parent-education-kit

  • Active Tasmania (Australia) - Website

    337. Active UTAS

    The Active UTAS pilot project offered free activity sessions for staff (yoga/pilates etc), free nutrition lectures, some gym membership subsidy, free exercise science consults, free water bottles and free 2010 health and wellbeing awareness desk calendars. A pre and post pilot project survey was completed to enable an understanding of the health of employees and to measure the impact of the pilot project. See http://www.activelaunceston.com.au/about.aspx?id=66 See

  • Zurich Financial Services (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    352. Zurich Heart Health Index

    The Zurich Heart Foundation Heart Health Index (Heart Health Index) survey measures awareness, knowledge, perceptions and behaviours relating to cardiovascular disease and associated risk factors. It specifically seeks to measure heart health related behaviours and compares them with perceptions of whether they meet current population health guidelines. See http://www.zurich.com.au/zportal/cs/BlobServer?blobtable=GSDocument&blobcol=urldoclink&blobkey=id&blobwhere=1278891135786&blobheader=application/pdf

  • OECD (France) - Epidemiological Report

    351. Obesity and the Economics of Prevention: Fit not Fat

    This book contributes to evidence-based policy making by exploring multiple dimensions of the obesity problem. It examines the scale and characteristics of the epidemic, the respective roles and influence of market forces and governments, and the impact of interventions. It outlines an economic approach to the prevention of chronic diseases that provides novel insights relative to a more traditional public health approach. The analysis was undertaken by the OECD, partly in collaboration with the World Health Organization. See http://www.austroads.com.au/abc/national-cycling-strategy

  • Australian Bicycle Strategy (Australia) - Strategy Document

    349. Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-16

    The Strategy has been developed as a coordinating framework identifying responsibilities of all levels of government, community and industry stakeholders to encourage more people to get on their bicycles and start riding for a better life. The strategy recognises that increasing the number of people who ride a bike for transport and recreation has a host of benefits to individuals and society. The vision for the Strategy is to double the number of people cycling in Australia by 2016. See http://www.austroads.com.au/abc/national-cycling-strategy

  • Nature Play WA (Australia) - Website

    333. Nature Play WA

    The aim of Nature Play WA is to help parents help their children make the most of outdoor activities involving the bush, beach, and national and neighbourhood parks. Nature Play WA is devoted to helping West Australian children and their families connect with nature and help build stronger, healthier communities. See http://www.natureplaywa.org.au/

  • Cooper, Rachel (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    267. Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality

    This paper is an interesting systematic review and meta analysis assessing the benefits of grip strength, walking speed, rising from a chair [all measures of physical capability] and subsequent risks of all cause mortality. These measures of physical capability are slightly different to the usual measures of physical activity that we investigate in epidemiological research. Much of the research in this area has been done in the elderly, so that the public health implications are for older adults, and extend the potential for health benefits in older adult populations.

  • Look AHEAD Research Group (United States) - Research Article

    263. Long-term effects of a lifestyle intervention on weight and cardiovascular risk factors

    This paper describes rarely reported long-term effects of a large-scale lifestyle intervention to reduce weight and improve cardiovascular risk factors, including fitness, in adults with type 2 diabetes. It is one of the first randomised control trials to demonstrate favourable outcomes over a period as long as four years.

  • Holtermann, A. et al (Denmark) - Research Article

    259. Long work hours and physical fitness

    This large cohort study investigated the association between long working hours and the risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) among middle aged Caucasian men.

  • Lee, Andy H et al (Australia) - Research Article

    255. Effectiveness of a Home-Based Postal and Telephone Physical Activity and Nutrition Program

    This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the Physical Activity and Nutrition Program for Seniors (PANS), a home-based intervention of 248 Perth adults aged between 65 and 74 years.

  • Sugiyama, T et al (Australia) - Research Article

    250. Associations Between Recreational Walking and Attractiveness, Size & Proximity of Neighborhood

    This study of 1366 adults examined whether attractiveness, size or proximity of a neighbourhood open space was more strongly associated with recreational walking. Participants were drawn from the Residential Environments (RESIDE) study in Perth, and geographical information systems and park audit data were used to identify the largest, most attractive and nearest neighbourhood open spaces within a 1.6km radius of where participants lived. Recreational walking was measured by asking participants to report their total time spent walking within their neighbourhood.

  • Caperchione, Cristina (Australia) - Research Article

    261. WALK Community Grants Scheme: Lessons Learned

    This paper outlines the development and administration of the Women’s Active Living Kits (WALK) Community Grant Scheme. It outlines challenges and barriers encountered, and provides practical insights for replicating such an initiative. The purpose of this paper is to describe a model of community walking grants schemes for practitioners.

  • World Health Organization (Switzerland) - Guideline

    334. Global physical activity guidelines

    WHO developed the "Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health" with the overall aim of providing national and regional level policy makers with guidance on the dose-response relationship between the frequency, duration, intensity, type and total amount of physical activity needed for the prevention of NCDs. See http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_recommendations/en/index.html

  • Australian Local Government Association (Australia) - Strategy Document

    345. An Australian Vision for Active Transport

    The Vision calls for a national approach to active transport to drive sharp improvements in: > preventative health and physical activity; > sustainable and liveable urban communities; > environment and carbon pollution reduction; > social inclusion; > traffic congestion; and > road safety. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/Active-Vision-for-Active-Transport-Report.pdf

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Guideline

    348. PCAL Workplace Travel Resource

    A Workplace Travel Plan is developed by an organisation to make getting to and from the workplace easier for employees, and to reduce dependence on private vehicles and parking space. A travel plan typically includes support for walking, cycling, public transport and car sharing reinforced with promotion and incentives and the management of workplace parking. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/100527/Brochure_FINAL_23.08.10.pdf

  • Espinel, PT et al (Australia) - Research Article

    331. An examination of the demographic characteristics and dietary intake of people

    The purpose of this report is to examine the association between physical activity and dietary intake using self reported data from the 2007 NSW Population Health Survey. This report first investigates whether being physically active is associated with healthy dietary behaviours, and then describes the sociodemographic profile of physically active people who do not engage in healthy eating behaviours. See http://sydney.edu.au/medicine/public-health/panorg/pdfs/MonitorUpdate_PAnutrition_2010.pdf

  • Parliament of New South Wales (Australia) - Research Article

    336. Parliamentary briefing Cycling and Transport Policy in NSW

    This briefing paper presents an overview of the contemporary debate on cycling. It summarises the transport issues facing NSW, presents an account of the state of cycling in NSW and in Sydney in particular, and compares cycling in Sydney with the other Australian capital cities and with selected international cities. See http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/publications.nsf/0/601E3A73A8F37D91CA25778200194A6B

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Policy Document

    327. PCAL Why active living?

    There is a rapidly growing body of evidence, which demonstrates that being active in everyday life not only has substantial positive impacts on our health, but also has potential environmental, social and economic benefits. To assist and support leaders in the public, private and community sectors to make decisions that will facilitate and encourage active living, PCAL has summarised in this Active Living Statement the key evidence demonstrating the benefits of active living and the individual and social costs of a sedentary lifestyle. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/

  • Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Website

    328. Australian Sports Commission's campaign 'Play for life...join a sporting club'

    Play for life...join a sporting club is all about the benefits of children and families participating in club sports.The club finder can help people connect with sporting clubs in specific areas. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/news/asc_news/new_campaign_highlights_benefits_of_club_sports_for_kids

  • USA Today (United States) - Website

    350. Bike-sharing programs spin across U.S. campuses

    Nearly 90 American universities, from New York University to the University of Alaska-Anchorage, offer some form of campus bike program, according to the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education. See http://www.usatoday.com/news/education/2010-09-21-college-bike-sharing_N.htm?csp=34news

  • Red Dust Role Models (Australia) - Website

    329. Red Dust Role Models

    Red Dust Role Models is a non-profit health promotion charity that seeks to improve the health and wellbeing of disadvantaged youth in remote communities. See http://www.reddust.org.au/

  • ACT Sport and Recreation Services (Australia) - Research Article

    339. Building an active community - The economic contribution of sport and recreation in the ACT

    The ACT’s sport and recreation sector is a diverse and vibrant part of the economy. It encompasses the wide range of activities considered to be sport and physical recreation, as well as supporting services such as the provision of sporting facilities and sports-related retail activities and tourism, far beyond its direct economic contribution. In short, sport and physical recreation activities make a substantial and pervasive contribution to community wellbeing. See http://www.ausleisure.com.au/default.asp?PageID=2&ReleaseID=2811&Display=True

  • CO-OPS Collaboration (Australia) - Website

    332. CO-OPS Resource library

    The CO-OPS library is an online collection of resources to support community-based obesity prevention. These include tools for planning, implementation and evaluation of community-based obesity prevention activities and a range of supporting documents. See http://www.co-ops.net.au/Pages/Public/Resource_Library.aspx

  • National Instite for Health & Clinical Excellence (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    333. Dietary interventions and physical activity interventions for weight management

    This guidance is for NHS and other commissioners, managers and professionals who have a direct or indirect role in, and responsibility for women who are pregnant or who are planning a pregnancy and mothers who have had a baby in the last 2 years. See http://guidance.nice.org.uk/PH27

  • Ullrich-French, Sarah C et al (United States) - Research Article

    268. Examination of adolescents' screen time and physical fitness as independent correlates

    Evidence of the science behind sedentary behaviour is emerging in adult and younger populations, with both sedentary behaviour and physical inactivity now thought carry independent health risks including overweight and obesity. This cross-sectional study of 11-15 year olds in the U.S builds on previous evidence of links between weight and fitness and sedentary behaviour. It reports additional associations of screen time with weight related health markers as well as blood pressure.

  • Shengxu, Li et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    260. Physical Activity Attenuates the Genetic Predisposition to Obesity in 20,000 Men and Women

    This very large population based-study drew middle-aged adult participants from the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk cohort. 20,430 people of white European descent had baseline data available, of which 11,936 had BMI data at the second health examination conducted 3-7 years later. Physical activity was measured using a validated self administered questionnaire.

  • Furber, Susan et al (Australia) - Research Article

    251. Randomised controlled trial of a pedometer-based telephone intervention

    This paper reports on a novel pedometer-based telephone intervention to increase physical activity in cardiac patients who do not participate in cardiac rehabilitation, determining the program as a successful alternative to increase and maintain physical activity.

  • MacDonald, John M et al (United States) - Research Article

    246. The Effect of Light Rail Transit on Body Mass Index and Physical Activity

    This study from the U.S. examines the cross-sectional associations between objective and perceived measures of the built environment; BMI; obesity and meeting weekly recommended physical activity (RPA) levels through walking and vigorous exercise. The study also looks at the effect of introducing an LRT system on BMI, obesity, and physical activity levels.

  • Hendriksen, Ingrid J.M. et al (Netherlands) - Research Article

    236. The association between commuter cycling and sickness absence

    This cross-sectional study found an association between commuter cycling and all-cause sickness absence in a sample of over 1000 Dutch employees. Previous evidence has established links between commuter cycling and a reduced risk of premature mortality and cardiovascular disease and in preventing becoming overweight but absenteeism has not been a focus of past research. Additionally, this study explores the influence of distance, frequency and speed of commuter cycling on the relationship between commuter cycling and absenteeism.

  • Morgan, P.J. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    253. The 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids' randomized controlled trial

    This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the ‘Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids’ (HDHK) program which took place in Newcastle, NSW. It was designed to help overweight fathers lose weight and be a role model of positive health behaviors for their children and resulted in reductions in fathers’ weight over the 6-month assessment period.

  • Gwynn, josephine D et al (Australia) - Research Article

    334. The validation of a self-report measure and physical activity of Australian Aboriginal

    The purpose of this paper was to validate a self-report measure of physical activity for both Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous rural children, and to describe their physical activity participation. See http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00555.x/abstract

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Guideline

    327. PCAL Workplace Travel Plan resource

    The PCAL Workplace Travel Plan resource gives an overview of ‘Workplace Travel Plans’ based on established best practice. It will help you to understand what a Workplace Travel Plan is and why it might be of value to your organisation. The resource will also lead you through the process for developing a Plan, based on the experiences of one employer. Furthermore, there are links to better Workplace Travel Plan examples as well as lists of key Australian and international references. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/workplace_travel_plan

  • Hardy, Louise L. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    244. Screen Time and Metabolic Risk Factors Among Adolescents

    This cross-sectional study of year 10 students in Sydney high schools examined the association between screen time guidelines and risk factors for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and fatty liver diseases. A total of 496 students from 28 metropolitan schools participated in the study.

  • Patel, Alpha V. et al (United States) - Research Article

    252. Leisure Time Spent Sitting in Relation to Total Mortality in a Prospective Cohort of US Adults

    This was a large cohort study examining cancer incidence and mortality begun by the American Cancer Society in 1992. The analysis looked at time spent sitting and physical activity, and examined data from questionnaires completed by 184,190 US adults who were aged between 50-74 years at baseline. Approximately 19,000 deaths were identified during the 14-year follow-up.

  • Merom, Dafna et al (Australia) - Research Article

    243. Public Health Perspectives on Household Travel Surveys: Active Travel Between 1997 and 2007

    This study reports on trends in active transportation over the past decade, and describes the contributions of walking and cycling for transportation to meeting physical activity recommendations. The study utilized data from the Sydney Greater Metropolitan Area Household Travel Survey (HTS) which is continuously collected since 1997 by the Transport Data Centre of the NSW Government .

  • Lombard, Catherine et al (Australia) - Research Article

    249. A low intensity, community based lifestyle programme to prevent weight gain in women

    This community based, cluster randomized controlled trial in urban Australia involved 250 adult women recruited through 12 primary schools. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community behavioural intervention to prevent weight gain and improve health related behaviours in women with young children.

  • Titze, S (Austria) - Research Article

    247. Associations Between Intrapersonal and Neighborhood Environmental Characteristics and Cycling

    These latest findings from the RESIDE study, a longitudinal study in Perth examining associations between neighbourhoods and health, cross-sectionally investigates the relationships of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and intrapersonal factors to cycling. Findings suggest attractive neighbourhoods, low traffic speed and increased street connectivity are associated with increased levels of cycling.

  • Martinson, Brain C et al (United States) - Research Article

    235. Maintaining Physical Activity Among Older Adults: 24-month Outcomes

    This study focuses on assessing the maintenance of increases in physical activity at 6-, 12-, and 24-month following the Keep Active Minnesota (KAM), a telephone and mail-based intervention designed to promote physical activity maintenance among currently active adults age 50 to 70. It provides a rare example of successful maintenance of behaviour change to increase physical activity in this mid-older adult population who are often susceptible to declines in physical activity.

  • Spengler, John O et al (United States) - Research Article

    237. Policies to Promote the Community Use of Schools: A Review of State Recreational User Statutes

    This study reviewed recreational user statutes for all 50 American states in relation to community use of public school sport and recreation facilities outside of school hours. The review determined the number of states with appropriate legislation, examined the intent of this legislation, determined the types of activities that were provided with liability protection and examined these activities in context. The findings revealed that the majority of states (42) had statutes that were potentially applicable to public schools. Considerable variations in the statutes were found, primarily in th

  • Cocker, Katrien A. et al (Belgium) - Research Article

    245. Associations between sitting time and weight in young adult Australian women

    This research, from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (ALSWH) examined associations between time spent sitting and weight. In overweight and obese women, links between weight and sitting time were found, however these relationships were not evident longitudinally.

  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    338. Australia's Health 2010

    Australia's health 2010 is the 12th biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. It's the nation's premier source of statistics and informed commentary on: determinants of health and keys to prevention; diseases and injury; how health varies across population groups; health across the life stages; health services, expenditure and workforce; the health sector's performance. See http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442468376

  • Lee, Alison et al (Australia) - Case Study

    332. Recognising the economic role of bikes: sharing parking in Lygon Street, Carlton

    This study demonstrates that, in appropriate areas, economic benefits may be achieved from replacing car parking with bike parking in public space areas, particularly as intensification of activity occurs as part of urban change, and as transport mode shifts over time. See http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07293681003767785

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Research Article

    329. Trends in the prevalence of physical activity: National YRBS: 1991—2009 - 2010

    The national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) monitors priority health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults in the United States. See http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/pdf/us_physical_trend_yrbs.pdf

  • VicHealth (Australia) - Research Article

    330. VicHealth Community Attitudes Survey - Healthy Sporting Environments

    These VicHealth survey results provide evidence of Victorian community support for reducing community sporting clubs' reliance on alcohol and junk food sales and sponsorship. The results suggest that improved approaches to alcohol and junk food would make clubs more family-friendly and increase participation in clubs. They demonstrate the importance of sport settings for promoting healthy behaviours in addtion to physical activity. See http://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/en/Publications/Research/Community-Attitudes-Survey-Healthy-Sporting-Environments.aspx

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Research Article

    331. Square eyes and couch potatoes: Children's participation in screen-based activities

    Using data from the 2009 ABS survey of Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (cat. no. 4901.0) this article will investigate the time that Australian children aged 5-14 years are spending on screen-based activities and how this may interact with their participation in organised sport and other physical recreation activities. See http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/4156.0.55.001~June+2010~Main+Features~Square+Eyes+and+Couch+Potatoes,Children%27s+Participation+in+Screen-based+Activities?OpenDocument

  • Victoria Walks (Australia) - Website

    319. Victoria Walks

    Victoria Walks has tips, information and resources to inspire people to walk. See http://www.victoriawalks.org.au/

  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Strategy Document

    326. US CDC State indicator report on physical activity 2010

    The State Indicator Report on Physical Activity, 2010, provides information on physical activity behavior and policy and environmental supports within each state. Physical activity, essential to overall health, can help control weight, reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers, strengthen bones and muscles, and improve mental health. See http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/downloads/PA_State_Indicator_Report_2010.pdf

  • Department of Transport (Australia) - Website

    325. Walking School Buses in WA 2010

    The Walking School Bus is a popular way of encouraging young children to walk to school together. It works like a bus, picking up 'passengers' along the way at designated 'bus stops' except everyone is walking. See http://www.transport.wa.gov.au/activetransport/24619.asp

  • Rissel, Chris et al (Australia) - Research Article

    241. Representations of cycling in metropolitan newspapers

    This study reports on trends in media coverage of cycling in the main broad sheet and tabloid newspapers in Sydney and Melbourne, generally uncovering increasingly positive framing of cycling over the past decade. Newspapers can serve as important tools for promoting healthy behaviours such as cycling due to their wide distribution and high readership rates. Cycling also creates broader societal benefits in terms of the environment, transport and the economy.

  • Vandelanotte, Corneel et al (Australia) - Research Article

    239. Physical Activity Trends in Queensland (2002-2008): are women becoming more active then men?

    This paper reports trend results from annual population surveys over seven years in Central Queensland, geographically defined as between the towns of Mackay in the north to Bundaberg in the south and from the eastern seaboard to the state border in the west. Physical activity trend data is important at the population level in order to monitor participation rates and as a measure to establish the effectiveness of overall public health policies and programs to increase physical activity levels.

  • Lusk, Anne C. et al (United States) - Research Article

    242. Bicycle Riding, Walking, and Weight Gain in Premenopausal Women

    This paper reports the results of a large 16 year prospective cohort study of 18,414 healthy premenopausal women in the United States. The objective of the study was to assess the association between cycling and weight maintenance in premenopausal women.

  • Healthy Cities Illawarra (Australia) - Case Study

    25. Child Friendly by Design Project

    The Child-Friendly by Design (CFbD) Project based in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia commenced in 2008 as part of Communities for Children (CfC) Shellharbour, which is supported by the Australian Government under the Stronger Families and Communities Strategy. See http://www.healthyillawarra.org.au/healthycities/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=71&Itemid=80

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Policy Document

    362. Time for Action

    Evidence indicates that many chronic diseases, including CVD, are heavily influenced by neighbourhood design, access to recreational facilities and services, access to healthy food and a sense of social connection with the community. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/Local-Government-Time-for-Action02.pdf See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/support-us/Whats-On/Pages/A-time-for-action.aspx

  • Department of Sport and Recreation (Australia) - Research Article

    342. Brain boost: Sport and physical activity enhance children’s learning

    Sport and physical activity participation are generally promoted for their positive impact on children’s physical and mental health. However, increased participation in sport and other forms of physical activity are also thought to lead to enhancement of cognitive functioning (information processing), memory, concentration, behaviour and academic achievement for children. The link between physical activity and academic achievement is of increasing interest in the field of education and sport. See http://www.dsr.wa.gov.au/assets/files/Research/Brain%20boost_emailer.pdf

  • Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (Canada) - Guideline

    324. CFLRI Research File Physical Activity at Childcare among Preschool-aged Children

    In the United States, researchers developed the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) environmental self-assessment instrument.to help assess the quality of physical activity and play opportunities provided in childcare facilities. Based on this tool, this is a list of questions parents should ask their childcare provider to make sure their children are getting a healthy start in life. See http://www.cflri.ca/node/457

  • Commonwealth of Australia (Australia) - Strategy Document

    322. Australian Sport: The Pathway to Success

    Australian Sport: The Pathway to Success takes a holistic approach to our sporting system that is aimed at strengthening sport as a whole. Through renewed focus and strategy, enhanced partnerships across tiers of government, a close co-operative approach with sporting organisations and an increase to sports funding in Australia’s history, Australian Sport: The Pathway to Success show ways to increase opportunities for Australians to participate in sport and activity and Australia’s continued sporting excellence. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/about/pathway_to_success

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Research Article

    323. 2006 Time Use Survey on Recreation & Leisure Activities

    This report presents selected results from the 2006 Time Use Survey (TUS) on how people choose to spend their time, with a focus on activities conducted during free time, in particular, sport and outdoor activities. See http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/91FB93C8E82F220CCA25771F0018AE29/$File/41730_2006.pdf

  • National Preventative Health Taskforce (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    314. Government response to Taskforce recommendations on Obesity

    Taking Preventative Action outlines the Government’s response to Australia: the Healthiest Country by 2020, the final report of the National Preventative Health Taskforce, which put forward a range of strategies to address the growing economic and health burden associated with obesity, tobacco and alcohol. For the Obesity recommendations, The Taskforce recognised that in proposing measures to tackle obesity, the evidence for intervention was more variable than in other public health issues. See http://www.preventativehealth.org.au/internet/preventativehealth/publishing.nsf/Content/taking-p

  • Roads and Traffic Authority (Australia) - Strategy Document

    317. NSW BikePlan

    The NSW BikePlan aims to make NSW one of the world’s best places to ride a bike. Following the Metropolitan Transport Plan’s $158 million commitment to improve urban cycle networks, the NSW BikePlan details the State’s largest cycle program to date. The NSW BikePlan outlines how the NSW Government will work in partnership with local councils, communities and businesses to grow bike-riding over ten years. See http://www.bicyclensw.org.au/content/nsw-bike-plan

  • National Physical Activity Plan (United States) - Strategy Document

    311. US National Physical Activity Plan

    The National Physical Activity Plan is a comprehensive set of policies, programs, and initiatives that aim to increase physical activity in all segments of the American population. The Plan is the product of a private-public sector collaborative. Hundreds of organizations are working together to change communities in ways that will enable every American to be sufficiently physically active. See http://www.physicalactivityplan.org/

  • ACT Greens (Australia) - Policy Document

    313. ACT Greens Active Transport Plan

    The ACT Greens’ Active Transport Plan describes actions that the Greens want to see the ACT Government take to achieve a change in transport patterns, away from private car use, in favour of active transport. Active transport is physically active travelling. Primarily, this means walking and cycling. It also refers to public transport that is effectively integrated with cycling and walking. This document primarily deals with the active part – walking and cycling. See http://act.greens.org.au/content/active-transport-plan-%E2%80%93-new-ways-getting-around

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article

    310. The Economic Benefits of Open Space, Recreation Facilities and Walkable Community Design

    This research synthesis reviews the sizable body of peer-reviewed and independent reports on the economic value of outdoor recreation facilities, open spaces and walkable community design. It focuses on “private” benefits that accrue to nearby homeowners and to other users of open space. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/Synthesis_Shoup-Ewing_March2010.pdf

  • Global Advocacy Council for Physical Activity (United Kingdom) - Strategy Document

    285. Toronto Charter for Physical Activity and Public Health

    The Toronto Charter for Physical Activity is a call for action and an advocacy tool to create sustainable opportunities for physically active lifestyles for all. Organizations and individuals interested in promoting physical activity can use this Charter to influence and unite decision makers, at national, regional and local levels, to achieve a shared goal. These Organizations include health, transport, environment, sport and recreation, education, urban design and planning as well as government, civil society and the private sector. See http://www.globalpa.org.uk/charter/

  • BHF National Centre Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    289. BHFNC ‘Physical activity and health’ fact sheet

    This Factsheet examines obesity among UK adults and topics covered include: Measuring obesity and overweight; Causes of overweight and obesity; Current prevalence of overweight and obesity across the UK; Future trends; and Health risks of overweight and obesity. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/95/index.html

  • Pelser, Deborah (Australia) - Research Article

    233. Super size me: is a big Australia good for our health?

    The current government intend to increase the population of Australia to an estimated 35 million persons by 2049, an increase of over 12 million in fewer than 40 years. It is believed the increase in population will result in economic growth with a greater demand for business, increasing the number of jobs. Despite the positive effects on business, what will this population increase mean for the health of all Australians? This paper debates the health consequences of ‘super sizing’ Australia, highlighting the negative effects on health.

  • Quigg, Robin et al (New Zealand) - Research Article

    222. Using accelerometers and GPS units to identify the proportion of daily physical activity

    There are relationships between the built environment and levels of physical activity and obesity. Previous research has identified playgrounds as facilities that can increase physical activity levels in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the location of physical activity in primary school aged children, and identify the proportion of physical activity occurring in public parks with playgrounds.

  • Duncan, Glen E (United States) - Research Article

    211. The "fit but fat" concept revisited: population-based estimates using NHANES

    Low cardiovascular fitness is an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adults. The "fit but fat" concept suggests that cardiovascular fitness attenuates risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease independent of body mass index (BMI), even among the obese. However, the proportion of U.S. adults considered both fit and obese is unknown. Thus, the purposes of this short paper were to estimate the proportion of U.S. adults who are obese yet have a high cardiovascular fitness level (fit but fat), and determine the independent effect of obesity on cardiovascular

  • Waters, Elizabeth et al (Australia) - Research Article

    315. Preventing Childhood Obesity: Evidence Policy and Practice

    This book brings together contributors from around the world and showcases the latest evidence-based research on community and policy interventions to prevent unhealthy weight gain and improve the health and well-being of children. See http://au.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1405158891,descCd-description.html

  • Dance, Matthew (Canada) - Research Article

    309. Using Mapping and Social Networking Tools to Promote Physical Activity

    This article explores the idea of a smart phone (e.g., a BlackBerry, iPhone or Android mobile device) and the Internet adding value to an outdoor activity, helping to promote participation. The author suggests that social networking tools, online mapping tools and mobile devices can enable increased “community building” around outdoor activities, potentially contributing to increased physical activity among the general population.

  • Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Website

    307. Hotel offers 'cycle for your supper' deal

    A Danish hotel is pioneering a pedal-power electricity generation scheme it hopes will catch on in other countries. The Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers, 15 minutes from the center of the Danish capital and five minutes from Scandinavia's main airport, is installing two exercise bicycles hooked up to generators. See http://www.smh.com.au/travel/travel-news/hotel-offers-cycle-for-your-supper-deal-20100415-sf9c.html

  • Pedestrian Council of Australia (Australia) - Website

    305. Walk Safely to School Day

    Walk Safely to School Day (WSTSD) is an annual, national event when all Primary School children will be encouraged to walk and commute safely to school. It is a Community Event seeking to promote Road Safety, Health, Public Transport and the Environment. See http://www.walk.com.au/wstsd01/page.asp?PageID=268

  • Active Healthy Kids Canada (Canada) - Epidemiological Report

    320. 2010 Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card

    In an ongoing effort to advance knowledge to effect change, Active Healthy Kids Canada release the annual Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth, a comprehensive assessment of the current state of physical activity among Canadian children and youth. See http://www.activehealthykids.ca/ See

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Research Article

    298. Alberta Centre for Active Living Physical Activity for All: Understanding Inclusion: Summary

    The project studied the barriers that prevent or limit people from being physically active and the supports or facilitators that help to overcome barriers and encourage an active lifestyle.

  • Department of Health State Government of Victoria (Australia) - Guideline

    292. VIC Prevention and Population Health Branch evidence and evaluation website

    The information provided on this website aims to support the health promotion and disease prevention workforce to make better use of the evidence and to improve how programs/interventions are evaluated. It aims to do this by providing tools and guidelines, acting as a repository or link for evidence syntheses and evaluations and providing links to selected external sources of evidence. See http://www.health.vic.gov.au/healthpromotion/evidence_evaluation/index.htm

  • O'Donovan, Gary et al (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    238. The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: A consensus statement

    This paper is a distillation of the evidence for physical activity and health. It is a document prepared through a consensus process by the British Association for Sport and Exercise Sciences, an organisation similar to Sports Medicine Australia. It has many emanate authors, and it describes a consensus process for updating the evidence on being physically active for three groups, those who are healthy adults, those who are healthy adults but who are inactive, and those who are healthy adults but already active. The recommendations are similar to those already published in the United States

  • Borg, Janelle et al (Australia) - Research Article

    210. Staff walking program: a quasi-experimental trial of maintenance newsletters

    The Step by Step self-help walking program plus a pedometer previously motivated a community sample of adults to be physically active for up to three months. This study evaluates the effect of enhancement of this program over an additional nine months in a workplace.

  • Department of State Development, Infrastructure (Australia) - Strategy Document

    301. Draft Queensland Greenspace Strategy

    The Queensland Greenspace Strategy supports delivery of the government’s Toward Q2: Tomorrow’s Queensland statewide target of protecting 50 per cent more land for nature conservation and public recreation by 2020 in line with the strategic directions and vision for our state. Green space represents those places where people play, recreate and socialise. See http://growthsummit.premiers.qld.gov.au/resources/plan/greenspace/draft-greenspace-strategy.pdf

  • Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (Canada) - Research Article

    300. CLFRI Research File Life Events and Their Impact on Women’s Physical Activity

    Knowledge of the potential impact of life events on the physical activity of women can help in anticipating when potential declines in physical activity may occur. Supporting the care-giver role of women throughout various life stages will likely help them to find time for physical activity. See http://www.cflri.ca/node/308

  • Guthold, Regina et al (Switzerland) - Research Article

    297. Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Among Schoolchildren : A 34 Country Comparison

    This paper describes international data from 34 countries using the Global school health survey. This survey is organised through the World Health Organisation and collects data on school aged children in many developed and developing countries. This paper is a report on the physical activity data collected between 2003 and 2007.

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Guideline

    287. CDC Youth Physical Activity Guidelines Toolkit

    Despite the many health benefits associated with regular physical activity, many children and adolescents do not participate in physical activity for 60 minutes or more each day. To promote the guidelines and support youth physical activity, CDC and several partner organizations developed the Youth Physical Activity Guidelines Toolkit, which highlights strategies that schools, families, and communities can use to support youth physical activity. See http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/physicalActivity/guidelines.htm#1

  • Lee, I-Min et al (United States) - Research Article

    228. Physical Activity and Weight Gain Prevention

    This study provides strong confirmation of the importance of 60 minutes a day of moderate-intensity physical activity in successful weight maintenance in adults, from a well-designed longitudinal study of over 34,000 middle-aged women in the US. Physical activity guidelines in the majority of countries worldwide promote at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity for health benefits and this is the message that is usually promoted to the public.

  • Colagiuri, Stephen et al (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    226. The cost of overweight and obesity in Australia

    This study provides a comprehensive estimate of the direct health care and non-health care costs of overweight and obesity in Australia in 2005, calculated to be over $10 billion. This provides us with an accurate, quantifiable effect of current overweight and obesity levels and gives values that can be used to advocate for programs, resources and policies for prevention and management.

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Research Article

    282. Parks, Playgrounds and Active Living: Research Synthesis

    This synthesis summarizes the growing body of evidence concerning the role of parks in shaping active lifestyles across a variety of study populations, including children, seniors, lower-income families, specific racial and ethnic groups and other populations at high risk of being inactive. The need to further substantiate these findings and to extend park, playground and active living research into other topical areas using more sophisticated research designs also is discussed. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/Synthesis_Mowen_Feb2010.pdf

  • Department for Transport (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    286. UK Active travel strategy - commentary by Rohan Greenland

    Cycling and walking are simple ways to incorporate more physical activity intolife and are very important for increasing access to jobs and services for many people. When replacing trips by car they can also help reduce emissions and ease local congestion. There is a wealth of evidence and good practice that local authorities and the NHS can use to develop their own walking and cycling programmes in their Local Transport Plans . See http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Publications/PublicationsPolicyAndGuidance/DH_113102

  • BHF National Centre Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Epidemiological Report

    294. Economic costs of physical inactivity fact sheet

    Evaluating the economic burdens of preventable disease and disability is becoming increasingly popular in the health sector. This fact sheet summarises some of the key facts and figures on the disease burden of physical inactivity and the associated healthcare and economic costs. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/183/index.html

  • Australian Sports Commission (Australia) - Guideline

    280. Australian Sports Commission’s All Cultures program

    The All Cultures web pages are designed to provide information to coaches, trainers and volunteers delivering sport and recreation programs for people from migrant and refugee backgrounds. Whilst this information is specially directed towards people from migrant and refugee backgrounds, the strategies that have been suggested apply to all and are an integral part of general coaching practices. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/participating/all_cultures

  • BHF National Centre Physical Activity and Health (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    288. UK Change4Life one year on

    The BHFNC have summarised the key findings of the Department of Health report, ‘Change4Life one year on’ to provide professionals with the key information and implications following the review of the high profile social marketing campaign. 'Change4Life'. See http://www.bhfactive.org.uk/homepage-resources-and-publications-item/117/index.html

  • Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (Canada) - Research Article

    284. Impact of Parental Attitudes on Children’s Physical Activity

    How much does the value parents place on physical activity influence their children’s attitude and participation? This article looked at parental beliefs about specific types and intensities of physical activity and their relationship to children’s physical activity and sedentary behaviour. See http://www.cflri.ca/node/307

  • NSW Department of Health (Australia) - Guideline

    290. Healthy Urban Development Checklist

    The purpose of the Checklist is to help build the capacity of NSW Health to provide valuable feedback to local councils, and other relevant organisations, on health issues in relation to urban development plans and proposals. It is intended that the use of the Guideline will facilitate strengthened partnerships and collaboration between NSW Health and urban planners and developers as part of NSW Health's initiatives to promote healthy communities in NSW. See http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/pubs/2010/hud_checklist.html

  • Liverpool JMU Centre for Public Health (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    283. Urban Green Space and Public Health Fact Sheet

    Urban green space is defined as any vegetated land within, or adjoining an urban area.The extent of urban green space is difficult to estimate as it may include a wide variety of amenities (such as allotments, playgrounds, canal towpaths as well as parks). Public parks only represent about one third of all urban green space in the UK. There are inextricable links between human beings and the natural environment Urban green spaces impact positively on the health of local populations in many ways. See http://www.cph.org.uk/showPublication.aspx?pubid=618

  • Task Force on Childhood Obesity (United States) - Website

    279. Michelle Obama "Let's Move" campaign

    Let’s Move! is a comprehensive initiative, launched by the First Lady of the United States, dedicated to solving the problem of obesity within a generation. At the launch of the initiative, President Barack Obama signed a Presidential Memorandum creating the first-ever Task Force on Childhood Obesity to conduct a review programs and policies relating to child nutrition and physical activity and develop a national action plan to maximize federal resources and set concrete benchmarks toward the First Lady’s national goal. See http://www.letsmove.gov/

  • de Silva-Sanigorski, Andrea M et al (Australia) - Research Article

    234. Reducing obesity in early childhood: results from Romp & Chomp

    This study reports on the evaluation of Romp and Chomp, a community-wide intervention to reduce childhood obesity in pre-school children aged 0-5 years which took place in Geelong, Victoria from 2004-2008. Its findings demonstrate the program effectiveness in reducing obesity, improving dietary behaviour, active play and sedentary behaviours.

  • Kriemler, Susi et al (Switzerland) - Research Article

    225. Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS) on fitness and adiposity

    This study is a rare example of a school based physical activity intervention with positive outcomes of increased physical activity, reduced body fat, improved aerobic fitness and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors.

  • Touvier, Mathilde et al (France) - Research Article

    221. Changes in leisure-time physical activity and sedentary behaviour at retirement: a prospective

    With increases in life expectancy worldwide, retirees are an increasing population group. During retirement, it is expected that time barriers to physical activity will reduce and increases in physical activity participation are likely to occur. However, increased leisure-time may also lead to increased sedentary behaviour. This longitudinal study investigates relationships between retirement and 3-year changes in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) patterns and sedentary behaviour, in form of TV watching, in middle-aged French adults.

  • Beets, Michael W (United States) - Research Article

    215. Pedometer-Measured Physical Activity Patterns of Youth: A 13-Country Review

    Research indicates there is an increase in children and adolescents who are physically inactive world wide, with considerable disparities among countries. With this increase in physical inactivity there is an increase in the rate of overweight and obesity in young people, making insufficient physical activity in young people aged 5 – 18 years a global public health issue. The purpose of this study was to review studies that used pedometers to measure physical activity to explore the physical activity patterns of young people around the world.

  • Teychenne, Megan (Australia) - Research Article

    224. Physical activity, sedentary behavior and depression among disadvantaged women

    This study demonstrates the associations that exist between the risk of depression in women and is novel due to its large number of participants, focus on disadvantaged neighbourhoods and, as it took place in urban and rural Victoria, is of particular interest to those of us working in physical activity in Australia.

  • Eime, R. M. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    227. Transition in participation in sport and unstructured physical activity

    This study provides perspectives on physical activity and sport participation from teenage girls in rural Victoria and helps us understand factors which influence motivation and participation in this population group often at risk of declines in physical activity.

  • Granich, Joanna et al (Australia) - Research Article

    231. Understanding children's sedentary behaviour

    This study describes influences of the family home environment on children’s electronic-based sedentary behaviour (TV and computer games) finding parent and sibling modelling and reinforcement, personal cognitive factors, the physical home environment and household rules and restrictions determined electronic media use. Electronic sedentary behaviour is associated with overweight & obesity and may displace potential time spent in physical activity.

  • Ballew, Paula et al (United States) - Research Article

    230. Dissemination of effective physical activity interventions: are we applying the evidence?

    In 2002, the US Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) produced the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide) consisting of eight evidence-based areas of intervention which contributed to the physical activity recommendations. This study examines perceptions of the dissemination of the Community Guide including key benefits, barriers and contextual factors that are thought by surveyed experts to be important in the adoption and implementation of the ‘Community Guide’s’ evidence-based physical activity recommendations.

  • Bergman, Patrick et al (Sweden) - Research Article

    214. Congestion Road Tax and Physical Activity

    As western societies increasingly rely on private motorised transport and when many populations do not obtain sufficient physical activity to benefit health, policy and environmental measures such as congestion charging hold potential to provide duel benefits in increasing transport-related and incidental activity and environmental gain. This Swedish study looked at the potential effect of a congestion road tax on physical activity behaviour.

  • Roberts, Christian K et al (United States) - Research Article

    296. Sedentary Behaviours Low Aerobic Fitness and Obesity Are Associated with Lower Standardized

    Optimising student academic achievement is generally seen as the primary goal for schools. New evidence suggests childhood obesity and fitness may influence learning and measured academic performance, which is particularly relevant to schools. The objective of this study was to investigate whether aerobic fitness and obesity in ethnically diverse school children is associated with academic performance.

  • Active Living Research (United States) - Website

    273. Active Living Research

    Active Living Research is a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The primary goal is to support and share research on environmental and policy strategies that can promote daily physical activity for children and families across the United States. They place special emphasis on research related to children of color and lower-income children who are at highest risk for obesity. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/

  • van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z. (Australia) - Research Article

    295. Sitting Time Is Associated With Weight, but Not With Weight Gain in Mid-Aged Australian Women

    This paper, written by researchers at the University of Queensland, examines associations between sitting time, weight, and weight gain in Australian women born in 1946–1951 as part of the Australian Longitudinal Study on women’s Health (ALSWH). Their research finds that time spent sitting is associated with weight but not weight gain over time.

  • Etgen, Thorleif et al (Germany) - Research Article

    218. Physical Activity and Incident Cognitive Impairment in Elderly Persons The INVADE Study

    The benefits of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases is well-established and there is also emerging evidence of the benefits of physical activity for mental health, although less well-known. The links between physical activity and cognitive impairment or decline is currently equivocal. This German study examined longitudinal associations between physical activity and incident cognitive impairment.

  • Rissel, Chris (Australia) - Research Article

    217. The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion

    Cycling has many benefits as a low-cost form of health-enhancing physical activity and a means of reducing environmental impact through sustainable transport. However, in Australia’s car dominated towns and cities, finding effective ways of promoting increases in cycling is challenging. The effects of changes to infrastructure on physical activity behaviour have rarely been investigated. This paper reports on the Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project, a community-based cycling promotion program in low-economic areas of urban Sydney.

  • Dunstan, D. W. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    213. Television Viewing Time and Mortality

    The AusDiab (Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study) study is a large-scale longitudinal population-based investigation of diabetes and other lifestyle diseases which started in 1999. Participants are a cohort of several thousand adults from across Australia. This paper examines the relationships between TV watching, the most common form of sedentary behaviour, and disease, reporting on associations of television viewing time with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and non-CVD/noncancer mortality.

  • Sun, Qi (United States) - Research Article

    216. Physical Activity at Midlife in Relation to Successful Survival in Women at Age 70 Years

    Physical activity is a well-established approach to reducing risks of many chronic diseases and premature death. Whether physical activity is also associated with improved overall health and wellbeing at older ages is unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the relation between midlife physical activity, including walking, and successful aging as measured by a full spectrum of health outcomes, including incidence of chronic diseases, cognitive and physical functioning and mental status.

  • NSW Health (Australia) - Guideline

    343. Healthy Urban Development Checklist

    The purpose of the checklist is to assist health professionals to provide advice on urban development policies, plans and proposals. It is intended to ensure that the advice provided is both comprehensive and consistent. The checklist is principally about helping to answer the questions: What are the health effects of the urban development policy, plan or proposal? How can it be improved to provide better health outcomes? See http://www.sswahs.nsw.gov.au/populationhealth/healthy_urban_development_checklist.html

  • Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Research Article

    304. Urban public transport: recent bus transport statistics

    This information sheet compiles data on urban public bus services by government and outsourced private sector providers in Australia’s capital cities. Statistics examined include: total passenger boardings; passenger kilometres; in-service bus kilometres; boardings per service kilometre; bus services by capital city; and an overview of Australia’s current bus systems. See http://www.bitre.gov.au/publications/2009/is_033.aspx

  • Centre for Epidemiology and Research (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    321. NSW Population Health Survey 2009

    This summary report on adult health presents the first results from the 2009 New South Wales Population Health Survey and compares those results with previous years. Seehttp://www.health.nsw.gov.au/resources/publichealth/surveys/hsa_09summary.pdf

  • European Commission (Belgium) - Research Article

    299. Eurobarometer Survey on Sport and Physical Activity

    A special Eurobarometer Survey on Sport and Physical Activity was carried out in late 2009. The results show that while a majority of European citizens play sport or do some other form of physical exercise at least once a week, a worrying 25% of respondents say that they are almost completely inactive. Men play more sport and also exercise more than women. Health-related concerns are the most common reason for exercising. See http://ec.europa.eu/sport/news/eurobarometer-survey-on-sport-and-physical-activity_en.htm

  • CO-OPS collaboration (Australia) - Website

    316. 'Best of the West' Case Studies and Web Forums

    A listing of community based obesity prevention links. See http://email.correspond.com.au/t/ViewEmailArchive/r/2A8476046CEAE16A/C67FD2F38AC4859C/#11AF20D65B0DA8D7

  • Schwantes, Timothy H (United States) - Case Study

    281. Active Living By Design: Using Active Living Principles to Promote Physical Activity in Rural

    This document is meant for community advocates, leaders, policy makers, or any other stakeholders that are interested in creating supports for active living within rural communities. See http://www.activelivingbydesign.org/events-resources/resources/using-active-living-principles-promote-physical-activity-rural-areas

  • Department of Health (United Kingdom) - Epidemiological Report

    291. UK Chief Medical Officer's Annual Report 2009

    The Chief Medical Officer of the UK Department of Health has produced an Annual Report on the state of Public Health in most years since the mid 19th century. In each of its predecessors, and in this current report, items focus on health problems, challenges and subjects where action is necessary or that awareness needs to be raised. See http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/@dh/@en/@ps/documents/digitalasset/dh_114012.pdf

  • Interdisciplinary Centre for Environment & Society (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    293. Nature, Childhood, Health and Life Pathways

    There is growing evidence to show that children’s contact with nature and consequent levels of physical activity affects not only their well-being but also their health in later life.It is well established that exposure to natural places can lead to positive mental health outcomes, whether a view of nature from a window, being within natural places or exercising in these environments. Green space is important for mental wellbeing, longevity and decreased risk of mental ill-health across a number of countries. See http://www.essex.ac.uk/ces/occasionalpapers/Nature%20Childhood%20and%20Health%

  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    271. Prevention of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease

    A new report released today by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) shows that while a lot is being done to reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease, significant levels of risk still remain. Seehttp://www.aihw.gov.au/media-release-detail/?id=6442464858

  • Public Health Advocacy Institute of WA (Australia) - Guideline

    275. Advocacy in Action toolkit

    This toolkit will provide an introduction to public health advocacy, an outline and examples of key advocacy strategies and samples of practical tools to get you started. Not all organisations have staff dedicated to advocacy, and many public health professionals work in organisations with limited funding and find themselves responsible for many advocacy strategies. This toolkit is designed to support health professionals in these positions. See http://www.phaiwa.org.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=158:advocacy-toolkit-2nd-ed&catid=84&Itemid=143

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    274. Perspectives on Sport

    Issues and debates relating to sport and sporting programs are common place in Australia. The National Centre for Culture and Recreation Statistics (NCCRS), through the 'Perspectives on Sport' series attempts to provide informed commentary to assist those interested in these major issues. See http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/4156.0.55.001Main%20Features1Dec%202009?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=4156.0.55.001&issue=Dec%202009&num=&view=

  • Australian Research Alliance for Children & Youth (Australia) - Research Article

    272. Parks and open space: for the health and wellbeing of children and young people

    Parks and open space: for the health and wellbeing of children and young people was developed in partnership with the Centre for the Built Environment and Health, University of Western Australia. The report examines the evidence and knowledge gaps relating to the contribution that parks and open space can make to the health and wellbeing of children and young people. See http://www.aracy.org.au/publicationDocuments/REP_parks_and_open_space_for_the_health_and_wellbeing_of_children_and_young_people_2009.pdf

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Strategy Document

    212. Blueprint for an Active Australia (commentary)

    Blueprint for an active Australia provides key information to formulate a national physical activity plan for action for governments, organisations, associations and agencies. It details key cost-effective government,non-government and community actions that willincrease physical activity evels in Australia from 2010 to 2013. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/Blueprint-for-an-active-Australia.pdf

  • Helu, S.L. et al et al (New Zealand) - Epidemiological Report

    277. Youth'07 The Health and Wellbeing of Secondary School Students in New Zealand

    This report presents selected findings for 1190 Pacific secondary school students who took part in New Zealand’s second national youth health and wellbeing survey, conducted in 2007. The findings are compared with those from the first survey conducted in 2001. See http://www.youth2000.ac.nz/publications/reports-1142.htm

  • Olds, T. S. (Australia) - Research Article

    219. Trends in the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in Australia between 1985 and 2008

    Overweight and obesity amongst young people has received increasing media coverage and political interest over the last couple of decades in Australia and other developed countries. Some research estimates overweight and obesity and young people to be as high as one in four which has led to reports of an ‘obesity epidemic’. This study reviewed trends in the prevalence of Australian childhood overweight and obesity since 1985, aiming to determine whether there have been overall increases in average body mass index (BMI), differential patterns of change within age groups, increases in BMI.

  • Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council (Australia) - Case Study

    26. 10 out of 10 deadly health stories

    The 10 out of 10 Deadly Health Stories – nutrition and physical activity booklet presents 10 successful nutrition and physical activity programs from NSW Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs). See http://www.ahmrc.org.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=63:10-out-of-10-deadly-health-stories&catid=57:chronicdisease&Itemid=61

  • NSW Department of Education and Training (Australia) - Policy Document

    306. Community Use of School Facilities Policy

    In this policy schools are encouraged to make their facilities available for use by their community outside of school hours for appropriate purposes, provided this does not interfere with the school’s provision of quality learning programs for its students. See https://www.det.nsw.edu.au/policies/administrative/facilities/comm_use/PD20090400.shtml?level=Schools&period=months&number=6

  • Australian Sports Commisssion (Australia) - Policy Document

    276. The economic contribution of sport to Australia

    In mid-2009 the Australian Sports Commission engaged Frontier Economics to investigate the economic contribution of sport to Australia. See http://www.ausport.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/341072/Frontier_Research_The_Economic_Contribution_of_Sport_summary_report.pdf

  • World Health Organisation (Denmark) - Guideline

    303. A healthy city is an active city: a physical activity planning guide

    This planning guide provides a range of ideas, information and tools for developing a comprehensive plan for creating a healthy, active city by enhancing physical activity in the urban environment. By developing, improving and supporting opportunities in the built and social environments, city leaders and their partners can enable all citizens to be physically active in day-to-day life. See http://www.euro.who.int/document/E91883.pdf

  • National Preventative Health Taskforce (Australia) - Epidemiological Report

    318. Australia: the healthiest country by 2020

    The discussion paper outlines the case for reform in our approach to the prevention of illness and the promotion of health. Major changes in the way we behave as individuals, as families, as communities, as industries, as states and as a nation will be required. The solutions are not only about individual choice and personal responsibility but also about the role of governments, business and industry, and non-government organisations. See http://www.health.gov.au/internet/preventativehealth/publishing.nsf/Content/discussion-healthiest

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Website

    371. Unplug and play

    The Unplug and Play campaign is a state-wide Western Australian campaign targeting parents to increase physical activity and decrease sedentary behaviour in children. The campaign urges parents to put in place strategies to limit their children s electronic media use for entertainment and provides tips on how to encourage and support active play. See http://www.unplugandplay.com.au/