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  • Rissel, C, Crane, M, Standen, C, Wen, L, Ellison, R, Greaves, S. (Australia) - Research Article

    876. Public support for bicycling and transport policies in inner Sydney, Australia: a cross sectional survey

    This paper describes the degree of community support and factors associated with this support, for a number of potential transport policy options among an inner-city sample of residents in Sydney, Australia.

  • Belen Zapata-Diomedi, Luke D. Knibbs, Robert S. Ware, Kristiann C. Heesch, Marko Tainio, James Woodcock, J. Lennert Veerman (Australia) - Research Article

    853. A shift from motorised travel to active transport: What are the potential health gains for an Australian city?

    Find out how increased active travel could improve health in new modelling of achieving active transport targets.

  • Jancey, J., Holt, Anne-Marie., Lee, Andy., Kerr, Deborah., Robinson, Suzanne., Tang, Li., Anderson, A.S., Hills, Andrew., and Howat, Peter (Australia) - Research Article

    841. Effects of a physical activity and nutrition program in retirement villages: a cluster randomised controlled trial

    Learn about the effects of an intervention for older people in residential settings.

  • Mary Malakellis, Erin Hoare, Andrew Sanigorski, Nicholas Crooks, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols, Boyd Swinburn, Cal Chikwendu, Paul M. Kelly, Solveig Petersen and Lynne Millar (Australia) - Research Article

    School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory ‘It’s Your Move!’

    Find out how systems thinking was used to design an intervention for obesity prevention in Australian adolescents.

  • Mary Malakellis, Erin Hoare, Andrew Sanigorski, Nicholas Crooks, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols, Boyd Swinburn, Cal Chikwendu, Paul M. Kelly, Solveig Petersen and Lynne Millar (Australia) - Research Article

    843. School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory ‘It’s Your Move!’

    Find out how systems change was used in the design of this Australian study for obesity prevention in adolescents.

  • Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa’avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione and Lisa Schubert (Australia) - Research Article

    820. Evaluation of the Good Start Program: a healthy eating and physical activity intervention for Maori and Pacific Islander children living in Queensland, Australia

    Find out about the effectiveness of this program on knowledge and behaviour among children aged 6-19 years.

  • Talitha I. Verhoef, Verena Trend, Barry Kelly, Nigel Robinson, Paul Fox and Stephen Morris (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    798. Cost-effectiveness analysis of offering free leisure centre memberships to physically inactive members of the public receiving state benefits: a case study

    Take a look at the economic benefits of free facility membership to people from a socially disadvantaged community in London.

  • Deborah Cohen, Bing Han, Kathryn P. Derose, Stephanie Williamson, Aaron Paley, Christina Batteate (United States) - Research Article

    795. CicLavia: Evaluation of participation, physical activity and cost of an open streets event in Los Angeles

    Read about the impact of an mass cycling event in the U.S.

  • James F Sallis, Ester Cerin, Terry L Conway, Marc A Adams, Lawrence D Frank, Michael Pratt, Deborah Salvo, Jasper Schipperijn, Graham Smith, Kelli L Cain, Rachel Davey, Jacqueline Kerr, Poh-Chin Lai, Josef Mitáš, Rodrigo Reis, Olga L Sarmiento, Grant Schofield, Jens Troelsen, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Neville Owen (United States) - Research Article

    766. Physical activity in relation to urban environments in 14 cities worldwide: a cross-sectional study

    Take a look at new results from the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN), using data from 14 cities in ten countries on five continents.

  • Kaitlin Atkinson, Samantha Lowe, Spencer Moore (Canada) - Research Article

    756. Human development, occupational structure and physical inactivity among 47 low and middle income countries

    Learn about the links between occupation type and physical activity in this new global study.

  • Leonie Cranney, Philayrath Phongsavan, Maina Kariuki, Vicki Stride, Ashleigh Scott, Myna Hua, Adrian Bauman (Australia) - Research Article

    753. Impact of an outdoor gym on park users’ physical activity: A natural experiment

    See how the presence of outdoor fitness facilities relate to physical activity levels.

  • Harvey J. Miller, Calvin P. Tribby, Barbara B. Brown, Ken R. Smith, Carol M. Werner, Jean Wolf, Laura Wilson, Marcelo G. Simas Oliveira (United States) - Research Article

    747. Public transit generates new physical activity: Evidence from individual GPS and accelerometer data before and after light rail construction in a neighborhood of Salt Lake City, Utah, USA

    Consider the transport and health benefits of light rail in light of this new evidence from a natural experiment.

  • Rochelle M Eime, Melanie J Charity, Jack T Harvey, Warren R Payne (Australia) - Research Article

    706. Participation in sport and physical activity: associations with socio-economic status and geographical remoteness

    Find out how physical activity and participation in almost 100 sports across Australia varies according to location of residence and social advantage.

  • Jackson P. Sekhobo, Lynn S. Edmunds, Karen Dalenius, Jan Jernigan, Christopher F. Davis, Mark Giddings, Catherine Lesesne, Laura Kettel Khan (United States) - Research Article

    697. Neighborhood Disparities in Prevalence of Childhood Obesity Among Low-Income Children Before and After Implementation of New York City Child Care Regulations

    See how child care policies influenced childhood obesity levels in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in New York City.

  • Gavin Turrell, Belinda Hewitt, Michele Haynes, Andrea Nathan, Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Research Article

    695. Change in walking for transport: a longitudinal study of the influence of neighbourhood disadvantage and individual-level socioeconomic position in mid-aged adults

    Find out how walking relates to level of disadvantage in this new Australian study.

  • Lauren N. Gase, Noel C. Barragan, Paul A. Simon, Richard J. Jackson, Tony Kuo (United States) - Research Article

    685. Public awareness of and support for infrastructure changes designed to increase walking and biking in Los Angeles County

    Find out the views of Los Angeles residents towards walking and cycling infrastructure developments in the results of this telephone survey.

  • Nancy M. Wells, Beth M. Myers, Charles R. Henderson Jr. (United States) - Research Article

    681. School gardens and physical activity: A randomized controlled trial of low-income elementary schools

    Find out about how school gardens impacted physical activity levels of children in New York City schools.

  • Jana A. Hirsch, Kari A. Moore, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Shannon J. Brines, Melissa A. Zagorski, Daniel A. Rodriguez and Ana V. Diez Roux (United States) - Research Article

    658. Built environment change and change in BMI and waist circumference: Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

    Discover whether supportive environments are positively associated with reduced rates of obesity.

  • C. Rissel, N. Petrunoff, L.M. Wen, M. Crane (Australia) - Research Article

    657. Travel to work and self-reported stress: Findings from a workplace survey in south west Sydney, Australia

    Read about the links between commuting and stress in the results of a new survey of hospital employees in Australia.

  • Lisa K Micklesfield, Titilola M Pedro, Kathleen Kahn, John Kinsman, John M Pettifor, Stephen Tollman and Shane A Norris (South Africa) - Research Article

    609. Physical activity and sedentary behavior among adolescents in rural South Africa: levels, patterns and correlates

    Find out about the determinants of physical activity and sedentary behavior in rural South African adolescents.

  • Anna Goodman, Jenna Panter, Stephen J. Sharp, David Ogilvie (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    606. Effectiveness and equity impacts of town-wide cycling initiatives in England: A longitudinal, controlled natural experimental study

    See how prevelance of cycling changed in this multi-site initiative across England.

  • Shifalika Goenka (India) - Case Study

    601. Increasing density in Indian cities – leading to increased sitting time

    Read about the effects of increased population density in India's large cities from GlobalPANet Regional Correspondant Shifalika Goenka.

  • Translink (Canada) - Policy Document

    587. Integrating health into transportation planning in Metro Vancouver

    Take a look at this new guide which identifies how health can play a crucial role at every step of the transportation planning process.

  • Justin Richards, Charlie Foster (Uganda) - Research Article

    581. Sport-for-Development Interventions: Whom Do They Reach and What Is Their Potential for Impact on Physical and Mental Health in Low-Income Countries?

    Learn about the types of participants reached in a sport-for-development intervention for young people in a post-conflict setting in Uganda.

  • Jose D. Meisel, Olga L. Sarmiento, Felipe Montes, Edwin O. Martinez, Pablo D. Lemoine, Juan A. Valdivia, Ross C. Brownson, and Roberto Zarama (Colombia) - Research Article

    573. Network Analysis of Bogotá's Ciclovía Recreativa, a Self-Organized Multisectorial Community Program to Promote Physical Activity in a Middle-Income Country

    Read about how the Columbian Ciclovía Recreativa program has been successful through the effective use of multi-sectoral partnerships.

  • Takemi Sugiyama, Ding Ding, Neville Owen (Australia) - Research Article

    484. Commuting by Car: Weight Gain Among Physically Active Adults

    Find out whether commuting by car was associated with adults' weight gain over 4 years in this Adelaide study.

  • Rodrigo S. Reis, Adriano A.F. Hino, Diana C. Parra, Pedro C. Hallal, Ross C. Brownson (Brazil) - Research Article

    483. Bicycling and Walking for Transportation in Three Brazilian Cities

    This study describes the prevalence of cycling and walking for transportation and their association with personal and environmental factors in adults from three state capitals in Brazil.

  • Mayor of London (United Kingdom) - Policy Document

    477. Shaping neighbourhoods: Play and informal recreation supplementary planning guidance

    This guidance from the Mayor of London gives practical advice about how to create spaces for play in new developments in urban areas for young people.

  • Andrea Torres, Olga L. Sarmiento, Christine Stauber, and Roberto Zarama (Colombia) - Research Article

    474. The Ciclovia and Cicloruta Programs: Promising Interventions to Promote Physical Activity and Social Capital in Bogotá, Colombia

    Find out about these interesting and effective active travel interventions in South America.

  • Herman Pontzer, David A. Raichlen, Brian M. Wood, Audax Z. P. Mabulla, Susan B. Racette, Frank W. Marlowe (United States) - Research Article

    413. Hunter-Gatherer Energetics and Human Obesity

    This paper on the energy expenditure in Hunter Gather populations compares them with farmers and with western developed populations. The study is by a group of anthropologists from the USA. They measured the Hadza people, a Hunter Gather population in Northern Tanzania. This important work examines total energy expenditure (TEE) and possible reasons for obesity in industrialised society where energy expenditure is less than energy intake is greater.

  • Ian Cook (South Africa) - Research Article

    387. Debate. How should steps per day be reported--a proposal using data from Africa

    Take a look at physical activity levels in Africa measured using pedometers.

  • The Lancet (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    383. Shaping Cities for Health

    Take a look at this Commission published by the Lancet journal which focuses on how policy makers can develop urban areas to foster the health of citizens so that they become healthy cities.

  • Lisa wood et al (Australia) - Research Article

    376. Sense of community and its relationship with walking and neighborhood design

    The aim of this study is to examine the association between sense of community, walking, and neighborhood design characteristics. The current study is based on a sub-sample of participants (n = 609) from the US Atlanta SMARTRAQ study who completed a telephone survey capturing physical activity patterns, neighborhood perceptions, and social interactions. Objective measures of neighborhood form were also computed.

  • Mathare Youth Sports Association (MYSA) (Kenya) - Case Study

    192. Mathare Youth Sports Association (MYSA)

    Read about a sport-for-development program in Kenya.

  • F. Ogilvie, A. Goodman (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    188. Inequities in usage of a public bicycle sharing scheme

    Read about an evaluation of London's bike hire scheme.

  • Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Guideline

    149. Creating Places for People : an Australian Urban Design Protocol

    The Major Cities Unit was involved in the development of Creating Places for People. It is a collaborative commitment to best practice urban design in Australia. The protocol is the result of two years of collaboration between peak community and industry organisations, States, Territories, Local Governments, and the Australian Government. See http://www.urbandesign.gov.au/

  • Orana Regional Organisation of Councils (Australia) - Case Study

    142. Sharing the Load to Shed the Load

    The purpose of this booklet is to provide councils and communities with the information and encouragement needed to take a stance in addressing healthy weight and physical activity issues at bith loca land regional levels. This booklet features 6 physical activity projects that have worked well in Orana Region's rural communities to address overweight and obesity, improve self esteem, strengthen social connections and promote community action. It also offers a section of information for Local Government and further helpful resources and contact details. See http://www.oroc.com.au/assets/

  • University of New South Wales Built Environment (Australia) - Website

    150. Healthy Built Environments Literature Review

    City Futures Research Centre's publications include refereed journal articles, books, research papers, issues papers, project reports as well as conference and seminar presentations. All publications and presentations listed on City Futures web site may be downloaded without a charge. See http://www.be.unsw.edu.au/research-centres-and-clusters/city-futures/publications

  • Living Streets (United Kingdom) - Website

    148. Making the case for investment in the walking environment

    Living Streets is the national charity that stands up for pedestrians. It works to create safe, attractive, enjoyable streets where it’s great to walk. At Living Streets, they believe streets are worth fighting for. With supporters, Living Streets works to create streets that really put people first. When there are streets we want to walk in, lives are transformed - we are healthier, happier and more sociable. See http://www.livingstreets.org.uk/?cID=651

  • Australian Government (Australia) - Guideline

    207. Creating Places for People – an urban design protocol for Australian cities

    Creating Places for People is a collaborative commitment to best practice urban design in Australia. The protocol is the result of two years of collaboration between peak community and industry organisations, States, Territories, Local Governments, and the Australian Government. See http://www.urbandesign.gov.au/

  • National Rural Health Alliance (Australia) - Guideline

    201. Physical Activity in Rural Australia

    The lack of physical activity is the fourth leading cause of disease and a major public health concern in Australia. Latest statistics show that only 30 per cent of the Australian population have sufficient physical activity for health benefits. People living in rural and remote parts of Australia have even lower physical activity levels than those in major cities. See http://nrha.ruralhealth.org.au/cms/uploads/factsheets/Fact-Sheet-26-Physical-Activity.pdf

  • Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Policy Document

    188. State of Australian Cities 2011 Report

    State of Australian Cities 2011 provides an evidence base to support the national urban policy released earlier this year - Our Cities, Our Future - which sets out concrete steps to make our cities better places to live and work. See http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/soac.aspx

  • City of Sydney (Australia) - Case Study

    181. City of Sydney Regional Bicycle Network Report

    In 2010, the City of Sydney commissioned independent research to quantify the economic benefits of the proposed Inner Sydney Regional Bike Network. The study by AECOM* found the network would deliver at least $506 million - or $3.88 for every dollar spent - in net economic benefits over 30 years, and reduce Sydney's traffic congestion by 4.3 million car trips a year. The study forecasts a 66 per cent increase in bike trips by 2016 and a 71 per cent rise by 2026 if the network is built. See http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/aboutsydney/parkingandtransport/cycling/EcononmicResearchCycling.asp

  • South Western Sydney Local Health District (Australia) - Guideline

    189. Online NSW Healthy Urban Development Checklist

    The Healthy Urban Development Checklist was developed by SSWAHS and NSW Health as a tool to assist health professionals to provide advice on urban development policies, plans and proposals. It is intended to ensure that the advice provided is both comprehensive and consistent. See http://www.sswahs.nsw.gov.au/populationhealth/healthy_urban_development_checklist.html

  • D. Merom et al (Australia) - Research Article

    75. Changes in active travel of school children from 2004 to 2010 in New South Wales, Australia

    The purpose of this research was to describe changes in mode of commuting to school among Australia students between 2004 and 2010 and in relation to body mass index (BMI) and cardio respiratory fitness.

  • Billie Giles-Corti (Australia) - Website

    190. Death by suburban sprawl: better urban planning will combat sedentary lifestyle

    Billie Giles-Corti looks at how the built environment impacts the development of NCDs. See http://theconversation.edu.au/death-by-suburban-sprawl-better-urban-planning-will-combat-sedentary-lifestyles-3395

  • DA Crawford et al (Australia) - Research Article

    63. Home and neighbourhood correlates of BMI among children living in socioeconomically disadvantage

    A detailed understanding of the underlying drivers of obesity-risk behaviours is needed to inform prevention initiatives, particularly for individuals of low socioeconomic position who are at increased risk of unhealthy weight gain.

  • David Rojas-Rueda et al (Spain) - Research Article

    61. The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use

    The objective was to estimate the risks and benefits to health of travel by bicycle, using a bicycle sharing scheme, compared with travel by car in an urban environment.

  • The Age (Australia) - Website

    158. Tank-driving, car-crushing mayor

    The mayor of Vilnius, Lithuania, has struck a blow for traffic wardens the world over with his novel approach to illegal parking. Car owners in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, may be choosing their parking spaces a little more carefully after the city's mayor drove over - and wrecked - a Mercedes in a stunt to serve as a warning to anyone who thinks about parking illegally. At the end of the video the mayor cleans up the mess of crushed glass before riding away on a bike. See http://theage.drive.com.au/motor-news/tanks-for-the-warning-crushing-take-on-illegal-parking-20110803-1ibjm.html

  • Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Policy Document

    104. Active Living Integrated Planning & Reporting Resource for Council

    The Active Living Integrated Planning and Reporting Resource has been prepared to provide guidance to councils (and other interested parties) on how to address active living principles and practices, as councils prepare and implement the new IPR Framework. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/113389/PCAL_Active_Living_Brochure_Final_2.pdf

  • Department of Transport Western Australia (Australia) - Case Study

    197. Evaluation of the TravelSmart Local Government and Workplace Programs

    The Western Australian Department of Transport (DoT) commissioned Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA) to undertake the “Evaluation of TravelSmart Local Government and Workplace Programs”. The programs are designed to encourage the use of public transport, cycling and walking and, ultimately, to reduce vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) by car, generating health benefits and a reduction in a range of costs to the community including greenhouse gas emissions, air and noise pollution, and traffic congestion. See http://www.beactive.wa.gov.au/assets/files/Physical%20activity%20programs/TS%20progr

  • Daniel Fuller (Canada) - Research Article

    47. Use of a New Public Bicycle Share Program in Montreal, Canada

    Cycling contributes to physical activity and health. Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use.

  • Australian Government Department of Infrastructure (Australia) - Policy Document

    16. Our cities building a productive, sustainable and liveable future

    Our Cities, Our Future sets in place the Australian Government's objectives and directions for our cities as we prepare for the decades ahead. See http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/urbanpolicy/index.aspx

  • Department of Infrastructure and Transport (Australia) - Policy Document

    143. National Urban Policy - Our Cities Our Future

    The Australian Government is committed to strengthening the advantages of Australia’s cities and responding to emerging environmental, infrastructure and social challenges. In releasing the first National Urban Policy, the Australian Government is establishing a comprehensive framework of goals, objectives and principles which it has committed to and will apply in determining its future actions in Australia’s major cities, that is, those with population greater than 100,000 people. See http://www.infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/mcu/files/Our_Cities_National_Urban_Policy_Paper_2

  • Heart Foundation (Australia) - Research Article

    147. Creating Healthy Neighbourhoods – Consumer Preferences for Healthy Development

    The Heart Foundation is interested in what the community thinks about healthy neighbourhoods. In October 2009 a Newspoll telephone survey was commissioned to find out whether healthy neighbourhood features influence their decision about where to live. See http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/driving-change/current-campaigns/local-campaigns/Pages/creating-healthy-neighbourhoods.aspx

  • United Nations Human Settlements Programme (Kenya) - Strategy Document

    124. Draft resolution on sustainable urban development through access to quality urban public spaces

    7 submissions from the drafting group of the Governing Council of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme. See http://www.unhabitat.org/downloads/docs/9771_1_593694.pdf

  • Rachel Smith (Australia) - Case Study

    117. On her bike: why women won’t ride

    So why don’t Australian women cycle? In other cities around the world the bicycle is a central part of life for most women. See http://blogs.crikey.com.au/rooted/2011/04/04/on-her-bike-why-women-wont-ride/

  • Chris Rissel (Australia) - Research Article

    115. Ditching bike helmets laws better for health

    With epidemics of diabetes and obesity threatening to bankrupt state health budgets, governments need to broaden their strategies to encourage physical activity. Allowing cyclists to ride without a helmet would remove one common barrier to cycling and encourage more Australians to get on a bike. See http://theconversation.edu.au/ditching-bike-helmets-laws-better-for-health-42

  • Jenny Veitch et al (Australia) - Research Article

    66. Is the Neighbourhood Environment Associated with Sedentary Behaviour Outside of School Hours

    Little is known about neighbourhood environments and children’s sedentary behaviour outside school hours. This study aims to examine the associations between public open spaces (POS), parent perceptions of the neighbourhood and children’s sedentary behaviours.

  • UN HABITAT (Kenya) - Guideline

    90. State of the World's Cities 2010/2011 - Cities for All: Bridging the Urban Divide

    Following on from previous State of the World's Cities reports, this edition uses the framework of 'The Urban Divide' to analyse the complex social, political, economic and cultural dynamics of urban environments. See http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=2917

  • Active Living Foundation (United States) - Research Article

    116. Potential of Safe, Secure and Accessible Playgrounds to Increase Children's Physical Activity

    This brief summarizes research on playgrounds and how playgrounds impact physical activity among children. For the purposes of this brief, a playground is defined as a small, publicly owned, outdoor area that features play equipment and provides recreational physical activity for younger children. See http://www.activelivingresearch.org/files/ALR_Brief_SafePlaygrounds.pdf

  • Premier's Council for Active Living NSW (Australia) - Guideline

    103. NSW Developer's Checklist with Case Studies

    This Checklist is a companion document to the Premier’s Council for Active Living (PCAL) publication “Development & Active Living: Designing Projects For Active Living – A Development Assessment Resource & Navigational Tool.” See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/114786/DevChklst_wcasestud_Feb_2011_Lres_18.02.pdf

  • Bicycle Victoria (Australia) - Research Article

    17. Whitepaper - On Your Bike! How office buildings can accommodate more cyclists

    Ten per cent of all vehicles entering the Melbourne CBD in the morning peak are now bicycles and the total number is increasing by 20% each year. The implications of this for companies and the property sector are profound. See http://www.colliers.com.au/~/media/Files/Corporate/Research/Speciality%20Reports%20and%20Property%20White%20Papers/Colliers%20International%20Bicycle%20Victoria%20Whitepaper%20%20Q4%202010.ashx

  • Tahna Pettman (Australia) - Case Study

    119. eat well be active Community Programs - Final Report

    Concern over the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children has resulted in the emergence of community-based obesity prevention initiatives. SA Health funded the eat well be active Community Programs (ewba) as a demonstration project of such an approach. See http://www.health.sa.gov.au/PEHS/branches/health-promotion/ewba/ewbaCPFinalReport2010Electronic.pdf

  • City of Sydney (Australia) - Strategy Document

    102. StreetShare Strategy

    To progress its vision for a green, global,connected city by 2030, the City of Sydney has commenced construction of a network of cycle routes with the target of achieving 10% of trips by inner Sydney residents by bicycle by 2016. See http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/AboutSydney/documents/ParkingAndTransport/Cycling/FinalStrategyReport_23112010.pdf

  • Sustrans (United Kingdom) - Website

    356. Quality Streets

    Why do we need Quality Streets? According to the Sustrans campaign, quality streets are needed because they are the key to unlocking a communities' potential. On a quality street, you would know your neighbours and their children and they will know you. On a quality street, you are happy to let your children play out, and that's where you'll find them instead of parked in front of the computer. And if there were more quality streets, more people could choose to walk or cycle rather than drive. See http://www.sustrans.org.uk/resources/in-the-news/Quality-streets-for-all

  • Planning Aid (United Kingdom) - Guideline

    355. Good practice guide to public engagement in development schemes

    This guide is intended to provide practical advice for all those involved in public engagement in development schemes which require planning consent. See http://www.rtpi.org.uk/download/9516/PAE_good_practice_guide.pdf

  • James Dollman et al (Australia) - Research Article

    56. Physical activity and screen time behaviour in metropolitan, regional and rural adolescents

    Activity levels among Australian adolescents show contrasting patterns of geographical differences to those found in Australian adults. Higher levels of free play among rural Australian adolescents may be due to more available space and less fear of traffic and stranger risks.

  • Premier's Council for Active Living (Australia) - Case Study

    341. PCAL Active Living Case Studies

    In response to the increasing evidence linking urban planning to low levels of community participation in physical activity, the New South Wales Premier's Council for Active Living (PCAL) has developed a web-based resource Designing Places for Active Living . PCAL has also compiled a series of NSW case studies to demonstrate the successful application of Active Living design considerations for each of the specific environments within the Designing Places for Active Living resource. See http://www.pcal.nsw.gov.au/case_studies

  • Let's Move (United States) - Strategy Document

    353. New Food Markets and The Healthy Food Financing Initiative

    A key part of the First Lady’s Let’s Move! initiative to combat childhood obesity, the Healthy Food Financing Initiative (HFFI) will help revitalize neighborhoods by eliminating “food deserts,” locations with limited access to affordable and nutritious food, within seven years. See http://www.letsmove.gov/blog/2010/10/15/opening-near-you-new-food-markets-and-healthy-food-financing-initiative

  • Seaman, Peter J et al (United Kingdom) - Research Article

    270. It's not just about the park, it's about integration too

    This paper provides interesting new evidence from qualitative research looking at why people in urban areas choose to use, or not use, local public greenspace. It found that improving access to greenspace for all in urban communities needs to take account of social cohesion and broader community factors as well as providing high quality resources such as parks, footpaths, activities and lighting.

  • Pucher, John (United States) - Research Article

    256. Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data

    This paper, by Rutgers University (USA) academic, John Pucher, examines the ecologic association between travel data and health risk. Travel data, and sometimes, health surveys, were used to calculate the proportion of the population that actively commuted by walking or cycling, described as the 'active transport' segment of the population. This study examined ecologic associations, and observed interesting correlates.

  • Parliament of New South Wales (Australia) - Research Article

    336. Parliamentary briefing Cycling and Transport Policy in NSW

    This briefing paper presents an overview of the contemporary debate on cycling. It summarises the transport issues facing NSW, presents an account of the state of cycling in NSW and in Sydney in particular, and compares cycling in Sydney with the other Australian capital cities and with selected international cities. See http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/publications.nsf/0/601E3A73A8F37D91CA25778200194A6B

  • Red Dust Role Models (Australia) - Website

    329. Red Dust Role Models

    Red Dust Role Models is a non-profit health promotion charity that seeks to improve the health and wellbeing of disadvantaged youth in remote communities. See http://www.reddust.org.au/

  • Lombard, Catherine et al (Australia) - Research Article

    249. A low intensity, community based lifestyle programme to prevent weight gain in women

    This community based, cluster randomized controlled trial in urban Australia involved 250 adult women recruited through 12 primary schools. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community behavioural intervention to prevent weight gain and improve health related behaviours in women with young children.

  • Lee, Alison et al (Australia) - Case Study

    332. Recognising the economic role of bikes: sharing parking in Lygon Street, Carlton

    This study demonstrates that, in appropriate areas, economic benefits may be achieved from replacing car parking with bike parking in public space areas, particularly as intensification of activity occurs as part of urban change, and as transport mode shifts over time. See http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07293681003767785

  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention (United States) - Strategy Document

    326. US CDC State indicator report on physical activity 2010

    The State Indicator Report on Physical Activity, 2010, provides information on physical activity behavior and policy and environmental supports within each state. Physical activity, essential to overall health, can help control weight, reduce the risk of heart disease and some cancers, strengthen bones and muscles, and improve mental health. See http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/downloads/PA_State_Indicator_Report_2010.pdf

  • Pelser, Deborah (Australia) - Research Article

    233. Super size me: is a big Australia good for our health?

    The current government intend to increase the population of Australia to an estimated 35 million persons by 2049, an increase of over 12 million in fewer than 40 years. It is believed the increase in population will result in economic growth with a greater demand for business, increasing the number of jobs. Despite the positive effects on business, what will this population increase mean for the health of all Australians? This paper debates the health consequences of ‘super sizing’ Australia, highlighting the negative effects on health.

  • Alberta Centre for Active Living (Canada) - Research Article

    298. Alberta Centre for Active Living Physical Activity for All: Understanding Inclusion: Summary

    The project studied the barriers that prevent or limit people from being physically active and the supports or facilitators that help to overcome barriers and encourage an active lifestyle.

  • NSW Department of Health (Australia) - Guideline

    290. Healthy Urban Development Checklist

    The purpose of the Checklist is to help build the capacity of NSW Health to provide valuable feedback to local councils, and other relevant organisations, on health issues in relation to urban development plans and proposals. It is intended that the use of the Guideline will facilitate strengthened partnerships and collaboration between NSW Health and urban planners and developers as part of NSW Health's initiatives to promote healthy communities in NSW. See http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/pubs/2010/hud_checklist.html

  • Eime, R. M. et al (Australia) - Research Article

    227. Transition in participation in sport and unstructured physical activity

    This study provides perspectives on physical activity and sport participation from teenage girls in rural Victoria and helps us understand factors which influence motivation and participation in this population group often at risk of declines in physical activity.

  • Rissel, Chris (Australia) - Research Article

    217. The effectiveness of community-based cycling promotion

    Cycling has many benefits as a low-cost form of health-enhancing physical activity and a means of reducing environmental impact through sustainable transport. However, in Australia’s car dominated towns and cities, finding effective ways of promoting increases in cycling is challenging. The effects of changes to infrastructure on physical activity behaviour have rarely been investigated. This paper reports on the Cycling Connecting Communities (CCC) Project, a community-based cycling promotion program in low-economic areas of urban Sydney.

  • NSW Health (Australia) - Guideline

    343. Healthy Urban Development Checklist

    The purpose of the checklist is to assist health professionals to provide advice on urban development policies, plans and proposals. It is intended to ensure that the advice provided is both comprehensive and consistent. The checklist is principally about helping to answer the questions: What are the health effects of the urban development policy, plan or proposal? How can it be improved to provide better health outcomes? See http://www.sswahs.nsw.gov.au/populationhealth/healthy_urban_development_checklist.html

  • Schwantes, Timothy H (United States) - Case Study

    281. Active Living By Design: Using Active Living Principles to Promote Physical Activity in Rural

    This document is meant for community advocates, leaders, policy makers, or any other stakeholders that are interested in creating supports for active living within rural communities. See http://www.activelivingbydesign.org/events-resources/resources/using-active-living-principles-promote-physical-activity-rural-areas

  • Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council (Australia) - Case Study

    26. 10 out of 10 deadly health stories

    The 10 out of 10 Deadly Health Stories – nutrition and physical activity booklet presents 10 successful nutrition and physical activity programs from NSW Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs). See http://www.ahmrc.org.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=63:10-out-of-10-deadly-health-stories&catid=57:chronicdisease&Itemid=61

  • World Health Organisation (Denmark) - Guideline

    303. A healthy city is an active city: a physical activity planning guide

    This planning guide provides a range of ideas, information and tools for developing a comprehensive plan for creating a healthy, active city by enhancing physical activity in the urban environment. By developing, improving and supporting opportunities in the built and social environments, city leaders and their partners can enable all citizens to be physically active in day-to-day life. See http://www.euro.who.int/document/E91883.pdf

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